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ver. 2.0.19.10.21
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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5536 - χρῆμα

Transliteration
chrēma
Phonetics
khray'-mah  
Word Origin
a primitive word
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
9:480,1319
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a thing, a matter, affair, event, business
    1. spec. money, riches
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1697 ‑ דָּבָר (daw‑bawr');  3701 ‑ כֶּסֶף (keh'‑sef);  4242 ‑ מְחִיר (mekh‑eer');  5223 ‑ נָכֶה (naw‑keh');  7399 ‑ רְכֻשׁ (rek‑oosh', rek‑oosh');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (7) NAS (6) HCS (6)
Mark 2
Luke 1
Acts 4
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 4
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 4
BYZ TIS TR
N-APN 4
N-ASN 1
N-DPN 1
N-GPN 1
N-APN 4
N-ASN 1
N-GPN 1
N-APN 4
N-ASN 1
N-DPN 1
N-GPN 1
NA WH
N-APN 3
N-ASN 1
N-GPN 1
N-NPN 1
N-APN 4
N-ASN 1
N-GPN 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

χρῆμα, ατος, τό:

(χράομαι):

need, in the phrase παρὰ χ. or παραχρῆμα (q. v.); a thing that one needs or uses, cf. X. Oec. 1.9 sq. (pl.): hence in pl., goods, property (χρήματα λέγομεν πάντα ὅσων ἡ ἀξία νομίσματι μετρεῖται Arist. EN 1119b26), Od. 2.78, 203, al. (never in Il.), Hes. Op. 320, 407, etc.; of temple- treasures, heirlooms, etc., Mnemos. 57.208 (Argos, vi B. C.); τὰ ἱρὰ χ. τῆς Ἀθηναίης Hdt. 2.28, cf. 9.81; θησαυρούς.. ἄλλα τε χρύσεα ἄφατα χ. Id. 7.190; πολλῶν χ. ἐξαίρετον ἄνθος A. Ag. 954; πειρῶ τὸν πλοῦτον χρήματακαὶ κτήματα κατασκευάζειν· ἔστι δὲ χ. μὲν τοῖς ἀπολαύειν ἐπισταμένοις, κ. δὲ τοῖς κτᾶσθαι δυναμένοις Isoc. 1.28; τοῖς σκεύεσι καὶ τοῖς χρήμασιν ἀποθήκη Th. 6.97; πρόβατα καὶ ἄλλα χ. X. An. 5.2.4; τὰ ἀνδράποδα.. καὶ χρήματα τὰ πλεῖστα ἀπέδρα αὐτούς ib. 7.8.12: prov., χρήματα ψυχὴ πέλεται.. βροτοῖσι a man's money is his life, Hes. Op. 686; χρήματ' ἄνηρ ' money makes the man', Alc. 49, Pi. I. 2.11; ἐν χρήμασιν οἰκεῖ πατρώοις A. Eu. 757, cf. Ch. 135; also χρημάτων πένητες E. El. 37; τὰ χρήματ' ἐνεχυράζομαι Ar. Nu. 241; χρήματα πορίζειν Id. Ec. 236; ἄτιμοι ἦσαν τὰ σώματα, τὰ δὲ χ. εἶχον And. 1.74; χρημάτων ἥσσων Democr. 50; χρημάτων κρείσσων Th. 2.60; χρήμασι νικώμενος ibid.; χρημάτων ἀδωρότατος ib. 65; ἐλπίδα χρήμασιν ὠνητήν Id. 3.40; μήτε χρημάτων φειδομένους μήτε πόνων Pl. Phd. 78a; ζημιοῦσθαι χρήμασιν Id. Lg. 721b; even of debts, διαλῦσαι τὰ χ. D. 20.12; δεθέντ' ἐπὶ χρήμασιν ἐν τῷ δεσμωτηρίῳ Id. 24.168. Acc. to Poll. 9.87 the Ion. used also the sg. in this sense, and so we find, ἐπὶ κόσῳ ἂν χρήματι..; for how much money.. ? Answ. ἐπ' οὐδενί, Hdt. 3.38; ταύτην (sc. τὴν χλανίδα) πωλέω μὲν οὐδενὸς χ. δίδωμι δὲ ἄλλως ib. 139; also in Thgn. 197, χ. δ' ὃ μὲν Διόθεν καὶ σὺν δίκῃ ἀνδρὶ γένηται; in Att., οὐδενὸς ἂν χ. δεξάμενοι at no price, And. 2.4; and in later Prose, fund, sum of money, Arch. f. Religionswiss. 10.211 (Cos, ii B. C.); τὸ πλῆθος τοῦ χ. D.S. 13.106, cf. Acts 4:37, Luc. VH 1.20; χρήματα merchandise, Heraclit. 90, X. HG 1.6.37, Th. 3.74; property, substance, Berl.Sitzb. 1927.161 (Cyrene).

II generally, thing, matter, affair, esp. in and Ion., h.Merc. 332, Hes. Op. 344, 402; χρημάτων ἄελπτον οὐδέν Archil. 74; πάντων χ. δικαιότατον Mimn. 8; πρῶτον χρημάτων πάντων Hdt. 7.145; ἀντὶ πάντων χ. on every account, And. 2.21; δεινότατον ἁπάντων χρημάτων ib. 1; πᾶν χ. ἐκίνεε 'left no stone unturned', Hdt. 5.96; τεκμαίρει χρῆμ' ἕκαστον 'deeds show the man', Pi. O. 6.74; πάντων χ. μέτρον ἄνθρωπος Protag. 1; περαίνεται τὸ χ. the issue is being decided, Plu. Caes. 47: pl., simply, things, ὁμοῦ πάντα χ. ἦν Anaxag. 1, cf. Pl. Cra. 440a, Euthd. 294d, Plot. 4.2.1.

2. χρῆμα is freq. expressed where it might be omitted, δεινὸν χ. ἐποιεῦντο Hdt. 8.16; οἷόν τι χ. ποιήσειε ib. 138; ἐς ἀφανὲς χ. ἀποστέλλειν ἀποικίην to send out a colony without any certain destination, Id. 4.150; freq. in Trag., τί χρῆμα; = τί; what? τί χ. λεύσσω; A. Pr. 300, Ch. 10; or why? E. Alc. 512; so in gen., τοῦ χ. (sc. ἕνεκα); Ar. Nu. 1223; τί χ. δρᾷς; S. Aj. 288, cf. Ph. 1231; τί χ. πάσχει; E. Hipp. 909; τί δ' ἐστὶ χρῆμα; what is the matter? A. Ch. 885; πικρόν τί μοι δοκεῖ χ. εἶναι Pl. Grg. 485b; ἡδύ Id. Tht. 209e, al.; μάλιστα χρημάτων most of anything, i. e. certainly, Anon. Oxy. 1611.68 (iii A. D.); cf. χρέος 11.2.

3. used in periphrases to express something strange or extraordinary of its kind, ὑὸς χ. μέγα a huge monster of a boar, Hdt. 1.36; ἦν τοῦ χειμῶνος χ. ἀφόρητον Id. 7.188; τὸ χ. τῶν νυκτῶν ὅσον what a business the nights are! Ar. Numbers 2:1-34; λιπαρὸν τὸ χ. τῆς πόλεως what a grand city! Id. Av. 826, cf. Lys. 83; κλέπτον τὸ χ. τἀνδρός a thievish sort of fellow, Id. V. 933; τὸ χ. τοῦ νοσήματος Id. Lys. 1085; μακάριον.. λέγεις τυράννου χ. your tyrant- creature, Pl. R. 567e; χ. θαυμαστὸν γυναικός Plu. Ant. 31: without a gen., ἔλαφον, καλόν τι χ. καὶ μέγα X. Cyr. 1.4.8; σοφόν τοι χρῆμ' ἄνθρωπος truly a clever creature is he! Theoc. 15.83; κοῦφον χ. ποιητής ἐστιν καὶ πτηνὸν καὶ ἱερόν, of the poet, Pl. Ion 534b; χ. καλόν τι such a fine thing! Theoc. 15.23; also in a periphrastic use, οὐδὲν χ. τοῦ ἀγκῶνος κάμψαι δύνανται cannot bend the elbow at all, Hp. Fract. 42. so, to express a great number or mass, as we say, a deal, a heap of.., πολλόν τι χ. τῶν τέκνων, χ. πολλὸν ἀρδίων, νεῶν, Hdt. 3.109, 4.81, 6.43; χ. πολλόν τι χρυσοῦ Id. 3.130; σμικρὸν τὸ χ. τοῦ βίου E. Supp. 953; ὅσον τὸ χ. παρνόπων what a lot of locusts! Ar. Ach. 150; ὅσον τὸ χ. τοῦ πλακοῦντος Id. Eq. 1219; πολὺ χ. τεμαχῶν Id. Pl. 894; τὸ χ. τῶν κόπων ὅσον what a lot of them! Id. Ra. 1278; τῶν λαμπάδων ὅσον τὸ χ. Id. Th. 281; also of persons, χ. θηλειῶν woman kind, E. Ph. 198; σφενδονητῶν πάμπολύ τι χ. X. Cyr. 2.1.5; μέγα χ. Λακαινᾶν Theoc. 18.4: without a gen., ὅσον τὸ χ. ἐπὶ δεῖπνον ἦλθε what a crowd.. ! Ar. Pax 1192.

III (χράω (B) A)

oracle, Emp. 115.1.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

χρῆμα, χρηματος, τό (χράομαι), in Greek writings whatever is for use, whatever one uses, a thing, matter, affair, event, business; specifically, money (rarely so in the singular in secular authors, as Herodotus 3, 38; Diodorus 13, 106 (cf. Liddell and Scott, under the word I. under the end)): Acts 4:37; plural riches (often in Greek writings from Homer, Odyssey 2, 78; 16, 315 etc. down), Mark 10:24 (T WH omit; Tr marginal reading brackets the clause); οἱ τά χρήματα ἔχοντες, they that have riches, Mark 10:23; Luke 18:24; money, Acts 8:18, 20; Acts 24:26 (for כֶּסֶף, silver, Job 27:17; for נִכָסִים, riches, Joshua 22:8; 2 Chronicles 1:11f).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

χρῆμα , -τος , τό (<χράομαι ),

[in LXX: Joshua 22:8, 2 Chronicles 1:11-12 (H5233), Job 27:17 (H3701), etc.; freq. in Sir (5:1, 8, al.), 2 and 4 Mac;]

a thing that one uses or needs (and generally, a matter, event, business); hence in pl.,

(a) wealth, riches: οἱ τά χ . ἔχοντες , Mark 10:23-24, Luke 18:24;

(b) money: Acts 8:18; Acts 8:20; Acts 24:26; sing. (rare in cl.) of a special sum of money, Acts 4:37.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
χρημα χρήμα χρῆμα χρήμασι χρημασιν χρήμασιν χρηματα χρήματα χρηματων χρημάτων chrema chrêma chrēma chrē̂ma chremasin chrēmasin chrḗmasin chremata chrēmata chrḗmata chrematon chremáton chrēmatōn chrēmátōn
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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