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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #638 - ἀποπνίγω

Word Origin
from (575) and (4155)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to choke
    1. to suffocate with water, drown
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2614 ‑ חָנַק (khaw‑nak');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (3) NAS (3) HCS (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 2
Matthew 1
Luke 2
Luke 2
V-2API-3S 1
V-AAI-3P 2
V-2API-3S 1
V-AAI-3P 1
V-2API-3S 1
V-AAI-3P 2
V-API-3S 1
V-2API-3S 1
V-AAI-3P 2

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀποπνίγω [ ],

fut. -πνίξω Pl. Com.198, Antiph. 171: aor. inf. ἀποπνεῖξαι GDI 2171.18 (Delph., i B. C.):

1. choke, throttle, Hdt. 2.169,al.; τὰς ἀναπνοάς Hp. Morb.Sacr. 9; τοὺς πατέρας τ' ἦγχον.. καὶ τοὺς πάππους ἀπέπνιγον Ar. V. 1039; suffocate, Id. Eq. 893; of plants, choke, Matthew 13:7, Luke 8:7 : Pass., fut. -πνῐγήσομαι Ar. Nu. 1504; also -πεπνίξομαι Eun. VS p.463 B.: aor. I ἀπεπνίχθην Aret. SA 1.7: aor. 2 ἀπεπνίγην [ ] (v. infr.): pf. part. -πεπνιγμένος Hdt. 4.72: to bechoked, suffocated, τρώγων ἐρεβίνθους ἀπεπνίγη Pherecr. 159, cf. Alex. 266; to be drowned, Democr. 172, D. 32.6, Aesop. 352. generally, cut off, kill, λιμῷ τινα Aret. CA 1.9: Pass., πόλις ἀ. τῇ τῶν ἀναγκαίων σπάϝει Procop. Arc. 26.

2. metaph., choke one with vexation, ἀποπνίξεις με λαλῶν Antiph. l.c.; ἦ γάρ [με] γειτονεῦσ' ἀποπνίγεις Call. Iamb. 1.300: Pass., to be choked with rage, ἐπί τινι at a thing, D. 19.199, cf. Alex. 16.7; πρός τι Lib. Or. 63.15.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀποπνίγω: 1 aorist ἀπεπνιξα; 2 aorist passive ἀπεπνιγην; (ἀπό as in ἀποκτείνω which see (cf. to choke off)); to choke: Matthew 13:7 (T WH marginal reading ἔπνιξαν); Luke 8:7 (of seed overlaid by thorns and killed by them); to suffocate with water, to drown, Luke 8:33 (as in Demosthenes 32, 6 (i. e., p. 883, 28 etc.; schol. ad Euripides, Or. 812)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀπο -πνίγω ,

[in LXX: Nahum 2:13 (H2614 pi.), Tobit 3:8*;]

to choke: Matthew 13:7, Luke 8:7; pass., of drowning (= καταποντίζομαι ), Luke 8:33.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Herwerden cites from BCH xvi. p. 384, no. 81, a deed of manumission from Delphi in which the inhuman clause is inserted—εἰ δέ τι γένοιτο ἐγ Διοκλέας τέκνον ἐν τῶι τᾶς παραμονᾶς χρόνωι, εἴ κα μὲν θέληι ἀποπνεῖξαι, ἐξουσίαν ἔχειν. A literary citation may be added from the new fragments of Callimachus, P Oxy VII. 1011.299 f. (late iv/A.D.),

ὡς δὴ μἴ ἡμέων καὶ σὺ μή με ποιῆσαι

εὔστεκτον, ἦ γὰρ γειτονεῦς᾽ ἀποπνίγεις

which Prof. Hunt renders, ";Don’t you prescribe patience to me, as if you were one of us; your very presence chokes me.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απεπνιγη απεπνίγη ἀπεπνίγη απεπνιξαν απέπνιξαν ἀπέπνιξαν απέπνιξε απεποιήσω αποποίη αποποιήσηται αποποιού αποπομπαίου αποπομπαίω αποπομπήν ἔπνιξαν apepnige apepnigē apepníge apepnígē apepnixan apépnixan epnixan épnixan
Lectionary Calendar
Friday, October 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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