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ver. 2.0.19.10.19
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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #664 - ἀποτόμως

Transliteration
apotómōs
Phonetics
ap-ot-om'-oce  
Word Origin
from a derivative of a comparative of (575) and temno (to cut)
Parts of Speech
Adverb
TDNT
8:106,1169
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. abruptly, precipitously
  2. sharply, severely, curtly
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (2) HCS (2)
2 Corinthians 1
Titus 1
2 Corinthians 1
Titus 1
2 Corinthians 1
Titus 1
BYZ TIS TR
ADV 2
ADV 2
ADV 2
NA WH
ADV 2
ADV 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀποτοìμως

Adverb from a derivative of a compound of G575 and τεìμνω temnō (to cut)

τέμνω

(A), Ion., Dor., and τάμνω, Il. 3.105, al. (τέμνω once in Hom., Od. 3.175), Hdt. 2.65, Democr. 263, Hp. Acut. 22, SIG 1026.20 (Cos, Pass.), cf. ἀποτέμνω, διατέμνω: 3 sg. pres. τέμει only in Il. 13.707 (2 sg. τέμεις prob. in Epigr. ap. Suid. s.v. βοῦς ἕβδομος): τέμνω is f.l. in Pi. P. 3.68 and v.l. in O. 13.57, cf. τάμνω ib. 12.6, B. 5.17, 16.4, but is the only Att. pres., Th. 3.26, IG 12.76.56, etc. (v. also τμήγω): Iterat. τέμνεσκον A.R. 1.1215, Q.S. 6.217: fut. τεμῶ E. Ba. 493, Th. 1.82, etc.; Ion. τεμέω Hp. Jusj.: aor. Ion. and Dor. ἔτᾰμον, τάμον, Il. 3.292, al., SIG 4.10 (Cyzicus, vi B.C.), Pi. N. 3.33, Hdt. 7.132; inf. ταμέειν Il. 19.197; Att. ἔτεμον Th. 6.7, IG 22.1666 A 8, etc.: pf. τέτμηκα Arist. SE 178a21, (ἀπο-) Pl. Men. 85a; Dor. 3 sg. τετμάκει Archim. Con.Sph. 22, 26; Ion. and part. (in pass. sense) τετμηώς A.R 4.156: Med., fut. τεμοῦμαι (ὑπο-) Ar. Eq. 291 (lyr.), X. Cyr. 1.4.19, etc.: aor. ἐταμόμην, inf. ταμέσθαι Il. 9.580; Att. ἐτεμόμην Pl. Plt. 280d (ἀπ-), Luc. Pr.Im. 24: Pass., fut. τμηθήσομαι Arist. LI 968b17; Dor. τμα- Archim. Aequil. 2.2; also τετμήσομαι Philostr. VA 4.24, (ἐκ-) Pl. R. 564c: aor. ἐτμήθην E. Tr. 480, Th. 2.18, etc.; Dor. ἐτμα- Archim. Con.Sph. 11: pf. τέτμημαι Od. 17.195, Th. 3.26, etc.; Dor. τετμα- Archim. Con.Sph. 12 (τετμη- Pi. I. 6(5).22 codd.):

I cut, in Hom. and elsewhere usu.

1. of particular kinds of cutting (v. infr.); generally, ὀδόντας οἵους τέμνειν fit for cutting, X. Mem. 1.4.6; τοιοῦτον τμῆμα τέμνεται τὸ τεμνόμενον, οἷον τὸ τέμνον τέμνει; Pl. Grg. 476d.

2. cut, wound, maim, ἀλλήλων ταμέειν χρόα χαλκῷ Il. 13.501, 16.761; πρὸς δέρην τ. wound her in the neck, A. Eu. 592; οἱ στενοὶ (sc. τελαμῶνες) τέμνουσι narrow bandages cut the patient, Sor. 1.83.

3. of a surgeon, cut, ἐκ μηροῦ τ. βέλος Il. 11.844; τ. τὰν κοιλίαν IG 42(1).122.40 (Epid., iv B.C.); τὴν χεῖρα (in blood-letting) Gal. 16.810: abs., use the knife, as opp. to cautery (κάειν), ἤτοι κέαντες ἢ τεμόντες A. Ag. 849, cf. X. An. 5.8.18, Pl. Grg. 456b, 480c, 521e, etc.: Pass., to be operated upon, Hp. Aph. 7.44, Pl. Grg. 479a.

4. cut, castrate, ἐρίφους, βοῦν, κάπρον, Hes. Op. 786, 791; of men, Luc. Syr. D. 15.

5. prune vines, LXX Leviticus 25:3, cf. Isaiah 5:6 (Pass.); cut, i.e. gather, herbs, Dsc. 3.132 (Pass.).

II

1. cut up, cut to pieces, of animals, Il. 9.209; τ. μελεϊστί, διὰ μελεϊστί, κατὰ μέλη, 24.409, Od. 9.291, Pi. O. 1.49; τ. ἰχθῦς Hdt. 2.65, cf. 3.42, etc.: Med., ταμνομένους κρέα πολλά Od. 24.364. slaughter, sacrifice, ταμέειν Διί τ' Ἠελίῳ τε Il. 19.197; σφάγια τ. E. Supp. 1196: Pass., σφάγια τέμνεται Id. Heracl. 400.

2. ὅρκια τάμνειν sacrifice in attestation of an oath, and hence, take solemn oaths, Il. 2.124, Od. 24.483, etc. (also in late Prose, as Plb. 21.24.3, 21.32.15, al.); Φιλότητα καὶ ὅρκια πιστὰ ταμόντες Il. 3.73, etc.; θάνατόν νύ τοι ὅρκι' ἔταμνον I made a truce which was death to thee, 4.155; ἐπὶ τούτοισι τ. ὅρκιον on these terms, Hdt. 7.132; without ὅρκιον, τ. τισὶ μένειν τὸ ὅρκιον make a covenant that.., Id. 4.201; also σπονδὰς τέμωμεν E. Hel. 1235; ἆρα φίλιά μοι τεμεῖ; Id. Supp. 376 (lyr.): Med., of two parties, ὅρκια τάμνεσθαι Hdt. 4.70.

3. φάρμακον τέμνειν cut or chop up a plant for purposes of medicine or witchcraft, Pl. Lg. 836b: metaph., ib. 919b, 353e: hence πόρον or ἄκος τέμνειν contrive a means or remedy, A. Supp. 807 (lyr., dub.l.), E. Andr. 121 (lyr.).

4. divide, of a river, μέσην τ. Λιβύην cut it in twain, Hdt. 2.33, cf. E. El. 411; of a mountain-chain, D.P. 340, 890; τ. δίχα cleave in two, Pl. Smp. 190d:- Med., ἑπτὰ μέρη τεμόμενος having divided it into seven parts, Id. Lg. 695c: Pass., γραμμὴ δίχα τετμημένη Id. R. 509d; τετμημένος ἐξ ἑνὸς δύο cut from one into two, Id. Smp. 191d. διὰ τῆς δριμυφαγίας εἰ καὶ τὸ πάχος τέμνοιτο τοῦ γάλακτος were to be diluted, thinned, Sor. 1.98; ἡ τῆς πτισάνης [ὕλη] τ. καὶ ὑγραίνει τὰ τῆς ἀναπτύσεως δεόμενα Gal. 15.507, cf. 6.352, 14.742; τέμνειν καὶ λεπτύνειν τὰ παχέα τῶν ὑγρῶν Id. 6.760, cf. Vict.Att. 1, al.

5. divide logically, τ. δίχα Pl. Phlb. 49a, Plt. 287b; τ. τὸν ἀριθμὸν ἀρτίῳ καὶ περιττῷ into even and odd, ib. 262e, cf. 266e, al.; εἰς δύο μέρη τέμνουσι [τὴν πραγματείαν ] Sor. 1.1: Pass., διχῇ τέμνεσθαι Pl. Sph. 223c.

III

1. cut off, sever ἐκ κεφαλέων τρίχας Il. 3.273; κεφαλὴν ἀπὸ δειρῆς 18.177; δρακόντοιν κάρα A. Ch. 1047, cf. S. Ph. 619; λαιμούς τινος Ar. Av. 1560; πλόκον, φόβας, βόστρυχον, S. Aj. 1179, El. 449, 901 (Pass.), etc.; τράχηλον σώματος χωρίς E. Ba. 241; Ὕδραν τ. Pl. R. 426e: with double acc., ἐρινεὸν ὀξέϊ χαλκῷ τάμνε νέους ὄρπηκας cut the branches off the fig-tree, Il. 21.38 (ἐρινεοῦ cj. Agar): Pass., τρίχας ἐτμήθην had them cut off, E. Tr. 480.

2. part off, mark off, τέλσον ἀρούρης Il. 13.707; τέμενος 6.194; so in Med., 9.580; also τάμνοντ' ἀμφὶ βοῶν ἀγέλας

1. they cut them off, surrounded them, 18.528. cut down, fell, of trees and timber, δένδρεα, δρῦς, φιτρούς, 11.88, 23.119, Od. 12.11, etc.; δοῦρα Hes. Op. 807; τίς.. ἔτεμε τὰν δακρυόεσσαν Ἰλίῳ πεύκαν; E. Hel. 231 (lyr.); τ. ὕλην Th. 2.98; τ. ξύλα ἐκ τοῦ Κιθαιρῶνος ib. 75; χάρακας ἐκ τοῦ τεμένους Id. 3.70: Pass., [ μελίη] χαλκῷ ταμνομένη Il. 13.180; ῥόπαλον τετμημένον Od. 17.195; ἡ ὕλη ἡ τετμ. the felled timber, D. 42.30: Med., δοῦρα τάμνεσθαι fell oneself timber, Od. 5.243, cf. Hdt. 5.82, E. Hec. 634 (lyr.).

2. λίθον τ. hew or quarry it, IG 12.76.56, cf. 22.1666 A 8, 42(1).102.41, al. (Epid., iv B.C.), Pl. Criti. 116a, PPetr. 2p.6 (iii B.C.), D.S. 5.13; τ. μέταλλον open or work a mine, Hyp. Eux. 35 (Pass.): Med., λίθους τάμνεσθαι have them wrought or hewn, Hdt. 1.186.

3. cut down for purposes of destruction, γῆς τ. βλαστήματα E. Hec. 1204; τ. τὸν σῖτον X. Mem. 2.1.13; also τ. τὴν γῆν lay waste the country by felling the fruit-trees, cutting the corn, etc., Hdt. 9.86, cf. Th. 2.19, 55, And. 3.8 (Pass.); τῆς γῆς ἔτεμον οὐ πολλήν Th. 6.7: c. partit. gen., τῆς γῆς τ. waste part of it, Id. 1.30, 2.56: Pass., ib. 18, 20.

1. cut into shape, δέρμα βόειον Od. 14.24; ἱμάντας ἐκ τοῦ δέρματος Hdt. 5.25: Med., νομέας ταμόμενοι Id. 1.194. cut lengthwise, τ. γῆν, ἄρουραν, plough it, Sol. 13.47, A. Fr. 196.

2. τ. ὁδόν cut or make a road, τ. ὁδοὺς εὐθείας Th. 2.100; τ. διάπλους ἐκ τῶν διωρύχων Pl. Criti. 118e; τάφρον τεμέσθαι PHal. 1.107 (iii B.C.); ὁ τέμνων (sc. τὴν τάφρον) ib. 110: metaph., ὀχετοὺς ἐπὶ τὸν πλεύμονα ἔτεμον carried channels or ducts to the lungs, Pl. Ti. 70d, cf. 77c; οὐκ.. ἐγὼ πρῶτος ταύτην ἐτεμόμην τὴν ὁδόν Luc. Pr.Im. 24: Pass., μυρίαι τέτμηνται κέλευθοι Pi. I. 6(5).22; οὐ τετμημένων [τῶν] ὁδῶν Hdt. 4.136, etc. make one's way, advance, ὦ τὴν ἐν ἄστροις.. τέμνων ὁδὸν.. Ἥλιε E. Ph. 1; διὰ μέσου.. αἰθέρος τέμνων κέλευθον Ar. Th. 1100; τὴν μεσόγαιαν τ. τῆς ὁδοῦ take the inland road, strike through the interior, Hdt. 7.124, 9.89: metaph., μέσον τι τέμνειν hold a middle course, Pl. Prt. 338a; τὴν μέσην τ. Plu. 2.7b; μέσον τινὰ [βίον] τ. Pl. Lg. 793a; βιότοιο τ. τρίβον AP 9.359 (Posidipp. or Pl.Com.), 360 (Metrod.): abs., make one's way, A.R. 2.1244, 4.771.

3. of ships, cut through the waves, plough the sea, τ. πέλαγος μέσον, κύματα θαλάσσης, Od. 3.175, 13.88, cf. Pi. P. 3.68: metaph., ψεύδη.. τάμνοισαι κυλίνδοντ' ἐλπίδες men's hopes are tossed about as they cut through the sea of lies, Id. O. 12.6: of birds, αἰθέρος αὔλακα τ. cleave the air, Ar. Av. 1400, cf. h.Cer. 383, E. Epigr. 2. cut short, bring to a crisis or decision, μαχᾶν τ. τέλος Pi. O. 13.57; κίνδυνον τ. σιδάρῳ E. Heracl. 758 (lyr.); λόγῳ τὰ διάφορα τεμεῖν Lib. Or. 18.164; τὰς δίκας τ. Cod.Just. 3.1.12, cf. 2.12.27.2, al. ταμών metaph.for ἀρύσας, Emp. 143. (Cf.Slovenian τνèμ τéęti 'to hack', Ir. tamnaim 'I mutilate'.)

τέμνω

(B), only in τέμνοντα· ἀμέλγοντα, Hsch.; ἔτεμεν· ἤμελγεν, Id. (Perh. cf. Skt. â-câmati, pl. -camanti, 'sip', Icel. hvóma 'swallow'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀποτόμως, adverb (cf. ἀποτομία);

a. abruptly, precipitously.

b. tropically, sharply, severely (cf. our curtly): Titus 1:13; 2 Corinthians 13:10. On the adjective ἀπότομος cf. Grimm on Sap., p. 121 (who in illustration of its use in Wis. 5:20, 22 Wis. 6:5, 11 Wis. 11:10 Wis. 12:9 Wis. 18:15, refers to the similar metaphorically, use in Diodorus 2, 57; Longinus, de sublim. 27; and the use of the Latinabscisus in Valerius Maximus, 2, 7, 14, etc.; see also Polb. 17, 11, 2; Polycarp, ad Phil. 6, 1 [ET]).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἀποτόμως ,

adv.,

[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 5:22 *;]

abruptly, curtly, hence sharply, severely: 2 Corinthians 13:10, Titus 1:13 (MM, s.v.).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the adj. in its literal sense ";cut off,"; cf. an inscription from Delos .BCH xxvii. p. 102.149 (B.C. 250) τῶν στροφέων ἀπότομον μῆκος πήχεων πέντε. In Cagnat III. 360.9 (Pamphylia, Imperial) ὀξέσι σιδηροῖς καὶ ἀποτόμοις is believed to describe regular sharp weapons dealt out to gladiators for combat, in place of the blunt ones which the blasé populace found insufficiently exciting. In Wisdom of Solomon 11:10 it denotes God’s retributive purposes towards Egypt, in contrast with His fatherly attitude to Israel at the Exodus.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αποτομως αποτόμως ἀποτόμως apotomos apotomōs apotómos apotómōs
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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