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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #712 - ἄριστον

Transliteration
áriston
Phonetics
ar'-is-ton  
Word Origin
apparently neuter of a superlative from the same as (730)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the first food taken early in the morning before work, breakfast
  2. later usage: dinner
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3899 ‑ לֶחֶם (lekh'‑em);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (3) NAS (3) HCS (3)
Matthew 1
Luke 2
Matthew 1
Luke 2
Matthew 1
Luke 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASN 3
N-GSN 1
N-ASN 2
N-GSN 1
N-ASN 2
N-GSN 1
NA WH
N-ASN 2
N-ASN 2
N-GSN 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄριστον, τό,

morning meal, breakfast, twice in Hom., ἐντύνοντ' ἄ. ἅμ' ἠοῖ Od. 16.2, cf. Il. 24.124; ἄριστα, δεῖπνα, δόρπα θ' αἱρεῖσθαι τρίτα A. Fr. 182, cf. Ag. 331: later, breakfast was called ἀκράτισμα, and ἄριστον was the midday meal, our luncheon, cf. Th. 4.90, 7.81; ἄ. αἱρεῖσθαι, ποιεῖσθαι, Hdt. 3.26, 6.78; ἀπ' ἀρίστου μέχρι δείλης Arist. HA 619a15. [ ; contr. from (y) ερι-στον, cf. Goth. air, OHG. çr 'early', Avest. ayar[schwa] 'day'; also (y) ερ - in ἦρι, ἠέριος; -στο- from -d-to-, root ed- 'eat'.]

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἄριστον, ἀρίστου, τό (from Homer down);

a. the first food, taken early in the morning before work, breakfast; dinner was called δεῖπνον. But the later Greeks called breakfast; τό ἀκράτισμα, and dinner ἄριστον i. e. δεῖπνον μεσηβρινον, Athen. 1, 9, 10, p. 11b.; and so in the N. T. Hence,

b. dinner: Luke 14:12 (ποιεῖν ἄριστον δεῖπνον, to which others are invited); Luke 11:38; Matthew 22:4 (ἑτοιμάζειν). (B. D. under the word ; Becker's Charicles, namely, vi. excurs. i. (English translation, p. 312f).)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἄριστον , -ου , τό ,

[in LXX: 1 Kings 3:1 (H3899), Tobit 2:1; Tobit 2:4, al.;]

1, prop., breakfast.

2. In late Gk. = cl. δεῖτνον , dinner: Matthew 22:4, Luke 11:38; Luke 14:12.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Oxy III. 519.17 (ii/A.D.) παιδίοις ἀρίστου ὀβ (ολοὶ) ς ̄ is presumably the account of a meal, which from the price was probably a light one! So ib. IV.736.28 (c. A.D. I) πράσων ἀρίστῳ γερδί (ου) (ὀβολός) ";leeks for the weaver’s breakfast"; (Edd.). P Tebt I. 112 introd..17 (B.C. 112) ἀρίστου σὺν Ἡλιοδώ (ρωι) Ἀθη ( ) κ ̄, ib. 116.36 (late ii/B.C.) σῦκα ἐ ̣π ̣ι ἀρίστου ι ̄. A more considerable meal seems intended in P Tebt I. 120.82 (i/B.C.) εἰς τὸ Ἰσιῆν τοῦ ἀρίστ [ο ]υ ι ̄ε ̄—it was a repast in the temple of Isis. Ib. 121.93 (i/B.C.) ὄψου ἐπ᾽ ἀρίστῳ ξ ̄. We have not noticed the verb ἀριστάω.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αριστον άριστον άριστόν ἄριστον ἄριστόν αριστου αρίστου ἀρίστου αριώθ ariston áriston áristón aristou arístou
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