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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #792 - ἀστήρ

Transliteration
astḗr
Phonetics
as-tare'  
Word Origin
probably from the base of (4766)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
1:503,86
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a star
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3556 ‑ כּוֹכָב (ko‑kawb');  6635 ‑ צְבָאָה (tsaw‑baw', tseb‑aw‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (24) NAS (24) HCS (24)
Matthew 5
Mark 1
1 Corinthians 1
Jude 1
Revelation 13
Matthew 5
Mark 1
1 Corinthians 1
Jude 1
Revelation 13
Matthew 5
Mark 1
1 Corinthians 3
Jude 1
Revelation 14
BYZ TIS TR
N-APM 3
N-ASM 4
N-GPM 5
N-GSM 3
N-NPM 5
N-NSM 4
N-APM 3
N-ASM 4
N-GPM 5
N-GSM 3
N-NPM 5
N-NSM 4
N-APM 3
N-ASM 4
N-GPM 5
N-GSM 3
N-NPM 5
N-NSM 4
NA WH
N-APM 3
N-ASM 4
N-GPM 5
N-GSM 3
N-NPM 5
N-NSM 4
N-APM 3
N-ASM 4
N-GPM 5
N-GSM 3
N-NPM 5
N-NSM 4


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀστήρ, ὁ,

gen. έρος: dat. pl. ἀστράσι Il. 22.28, 317 (Aristarch.; ἄστρασι Sch.Ven., Choerob.):

I

1. star (v. ἄστρον), ἀστέρ' ὀπωρινῷ Il. 5.5; οὔλιος ἀ. 11.62; Σείριος ἀ. Hes. Op. 417; ἀ. Ἀρκτοῦρος the chief star in the constellation, ib. 565, etc.; shooting star or meteor, Il. 4.75; οἱ διατρέχοντες ἀ. Ar. Pax 838; ᾄττοντας ὥσπερ ἀστέρας Pl. R. 621b, cf. Arist. Mete. 341a33, Plu. Agis 11.

2. flame, light, fire, E. Hel. 1131 (lyr.).

3. ἀστὴρ πέτρινος meteoric stone, Placit. 2.13.9.

II metaph. of illustrious persons, etc., φανερώτατον ἀστέρ' Ἀθήνας E. Hipp. 1122 (lyr.); Μουσάων ἀστέρα καὶ Χαρίτων AP 7.1.8 (Alc. Mess.)

III

1. star-fish, Hp. Nat.Mul. 32, Arist. HA 548a7, PA 681b9, etc. name of a bird, perh. goldfinch, Dionys. Av. 3.2. blue daisy, Aster Amellus, Nic. Fr. 74.66, Dsc. 4.119. Samian clay used as sealing-wax, and in Medicine, Thphr. Lap. 63, Dsc. 5.153, Gal. 12.178, al. architectural ornament, IG 4.1484.83 (Epid.), SIG 241 B 111 (Delph., iv B. C.). bandage, Gal. 18 (1).823.

2. name of various remedies, Id. 12.761, al. birthmark in form of star, Carcin. ap. Arist. Po. 1454b22: in Palmistry, a mark on the hand, τῷ ύ στοιχείῳ παραπλήσιον Cat.Cod.Astr. 7.238.28. (Cf. Skt. stár - `star', Lat. stella (from stçr-la), Goth. stairnô.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀστήρ, ἀστέρος, (from the root, star (probably, as strewn over the sky), cf. ἄστρον, Latinstella, German Stern, English star; Fick, Part i. 250; Curtius, § 205; Vanicek, p. 1146; from Homer down); a star: Matthew 2:7, 9, 10 (accusative, ἀστεραν א* C; see ἄρσην at the end); ; Mark 13:25; 1 Corinthians 15:41; Revelation 6:13; Revelation 8:10-12; Revelation 9:1; Revelation 12:1, 4; ἀστήρ αὐτοῦ, the star betokening his birth, Matthew 2:2 (i. e. 'the star of the Messiah,' on which cf. Bertholdt, Christologia Judaeorum § 14; Anger, Der Stern der Weisen, in Niedner's Zeitschr. f. d. histor. Theol. for 1847, fasc. 3; (B. D. under the word )); by the figure of the seven stars which Christ holds in his right hand, Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:1; Revelation 3:1, are signified the angels of the seven churches under the direction of Christ, Revelation 1:20; see what was said under the word ἄγγελος, 2. ἀστήρ πρωϊνός the morning star, Revelation 22:16 (Rec. ὀρθρινός); Revelation 2:28 (δώσω αὐτῷ τόν ἀστέρα τόν πρωινόν I will give to him the morning star, that he may be irradiated with its splendor and outshine all others, i. e. I will cause his heavenly glory to excel that of others). ἀστέρες πλανῆται, wandering stars, Jude 1:13 (these are not planets, the motion of which is scarcely noticed by the commonalty, but far more probably comets, which Jude regards as stars which have left the course prescribed them by God, and wander about at will — cf. Enoch 18:15, and so are a fit symbol of men πλανῶντες καί πλανώμενοι, 2 Timothy 3:13).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀστήρ , -έρος , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3556;]

a star: Matthew 2:2; Matthew 2:7-10 :, Mark 13:25, 1 Corinthians 15:41, Revelation 6:13; Revelation 8:10-12; Revelation 9:1; Revelation 12:1; Revelation 12:4; metaph., ὁ ἀ . ὁ πρωϊνός Revelation 2:28; Revelation 22:16; . πλαῆται , Judges 1:13; . ἑπτά , symbolizing the angels of the seven churches, Revelation 1:16; Revelation 1:20; Revelation 2:1; Revelation 3:1 (cf. ἄστρον , and v. DCG, ii, 674 f.; MM, s.v.).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Syll 140.111 (late iv/B.C.), a list of payments on account of the temple at Delphi, has το [ῦ ξ ]υλ [ ]νου ἀστέρος τοῦ παρδείγματος ";the pattern of the wooden star"; : see note. In OGIS 194.19 (i/B.C.) it is said of the Egyptian Amon Ra that ὥσπερ λαμπρὸς ἀστὴρ καὶ δαίμων ἀγαθ [ὸς τοῖς ἀπελπίζουσι ]ν ἐπέλαμψε . The use made of the same figure in the Apocalypse undoubtedly suggested the fourth century epitaph which Ramsay (Luke, p. 366) discovered on a stone now built into the wall of an early Turkish Khan in Lycaonia—

Νεστόριος πρεσβύτερος ἐνθάδε κῖτε

ἀστὴρ ὃς ἐνέλαμπεν ἐν ἐκλησίεσιν θεοῦ .

";Nestorius, presbyter, lies here, who shone a star among the Churches of God."; One might suspect the ultimate origin of the phrase in Plato’s exquisite epitaph on his friend Aster—

Ἀστὴρ πρὶν μὲν ἔλαμπες ἔνι ζωοῖσιν ἑῷος ,

νῦν δὲ θανὼν λάμπεις ἕσπερος ἐν φθιμένοις .

Other instances of ἀστήρ are P Petr III. 134.2 (an astronomical fragment relating to the 36 decans presiding over the ten days’ periods), P Par 1 (Eudoxus treatise, ii/B.C.) in the opening acrostic .10 χρόνος διοικῶν ἀστέρων γνωρίσματα , P Leid W xiii. 11 τῶν ζ ̄ἀστέρων (magic), ib. V xiii..23 ἀστὴρ ἀπὸ κεφαλῆς , etc. But we cannot quote it from papyri outside those on astrological or astronomical subjects and magic. It survives, however, in MGr ἀστέρας .

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αστερα αστέρα ἀστέρα αστερας αστέρας ἀστέρας αστερες αστέρες ἀστέρες αστερος αστέρος ἀστέρος αστερων αστέρων ἀστέρων αστηρ αστήρ ἀστὴρ aster astēr astḕr astera astéra asteras astéras asteres astéres asteron asterōn astéron astérōn asteros astéros
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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