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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #833 - αὐλή

Transliteration
aulḗ
Phonetics
ow-lay'  
Word Origin
from the same as (109)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. among the Greeks in Homer's time, an uncovered space around the house, enclosed by a wall, in which the stables stood, hence among the Orientals that roofless enclosure by a wall, in the open country in which the flocks were herded at night, a sheepfold
  2. the uncovered courtyard of the house. In the O.T. particularly of the courts of the tabernacle and of the temple in Jerusalem. The dwellings of the higher classes usually had two, one exterior, between the door and the street; the other interior, surrounded by the buildings of the dwelling itself. The latter is mentioned Mat. 26:69.
  3. the house itself, a palace
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1927 ‑ הֲדָרָה (had‑aw‑raw');  2682 ‑ חָצִיר (khaw‑tseer');  2691 ‑ חָצֵר (khaw‑tsare');  3957 ‑ לִשְׁכָּה (lish‑kaw');  5592 ‑ סַף (saf);  5835 ‑ עֲזָרָה (az‑aw‑raw');  6607 ‑ פֶּתַח (peh'‑thakh);  8179 ‑ שַׁעַר (shah'‑ar);  8651 ‑ תְּרַע (ter‑ah');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (12) NAS (12) HCS (12)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
Luke 2
John 3
Revelation 1
Matthew 3
Mark 3
Luke 2
John 3
Revelation 1
Matthew 3
Mark 3
Luke 2
John 3
Revelation 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASF 6
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4
N-ASF 6
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4
N-ASF 6
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4
NA WH
N-ASF 6
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4
N-ASF 6
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

αὐλή, ἡ,

I

1. open court before the house, courtyard, Il. 4.433, 11.774, SIG 1044.17 (Halic., iv/iii B. C.), etc.

2. steading for cattle, αὐλῆς ὑπεράλμενον Il. 5.138, cf. Od. 14.5.

II later, court or quadrangle, round which the house was built, Hdt. 3.77, Ar. V. 131, Pl. Prt. 311a, etc.

III generally, court, hall, Ζηνὸς αὐ. Od. 4.74, cf. Il. 6.247; τὴν Διὸς αὐλήν A. Pr. 122 (lyr.); αὐ. νεκύων E. Alc. 260 (lyr.); court of a temple, ἱεροῦ IG 22.1299.28 (Eleusis, iii B. C.), cf. ib.1126.35, LXX Psalms 84:3(83).3; any dwelling, abode, chamber, S. Ant. 946 (lyr.), etc.; of a cave, Id. Ph. 153 (lyr.); ἀγρόνομοι αὐλαί homes of dwellers in the wild, Id. Ant. 786 (lyr.); later, country-house, D.H. 6.50. ἡ αὐλή the Court, αὐλὰς θεραπεύειν Men. 897, Diph. 97, Com.Adesp. 145, cf. Plb. 5.26.9; οἱ περὶ τὴν αὐλήν the courtiers, ib. 36.1, cf. OGI 735.4 (ii B. C.), Inscr.Mus.Alex. 31; at Rome, Arr. Epict. 1.10.3; ἡ βασίλειος αὐ. Hdn. 3.11.7. (Wrongly expld. as τόπος διαπνεόμενος (cf. αὐλός) by Ath. 5.189b.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

αὐλή, αὐλῆς, (ἄω to blow; hence) properly, a place open to the air (διαπνεόμενος τόπος αὐλή λέγεται, Athen. 5, 15, p. 189 b.);

1. among the Greeks in Homers time an uncovered space around the house, enclosed by a wall, in which the stables stood (Homer, Odyssey 9, 185; Iliad 4, 433); hence, among the Orientals that roofless enclosure in the open country in which flocks were herded at night, a sheepfold: John 10:1, 16.

2. the uncovered court-yard of the house, Hebrew חָצֵר, the Sept. αὐλή, Vulg. atrium. In the O. T. particularly of the courts of the tabernacle and of the temple at Jerusalem; so in the N. T. once: Revelation 11:2 (τήν αὐλήν τήν ἔξωθεν (Rec.st ἔσωθεν) τοῦ ναοῦ). The dwellings of the higher classes usually had two αὐλαί, one exterior, between the door and the street, called also προαύλιον (which see); the other interior, surrounded by the buildings of the dwelling itself. The latter is mentioned Matthew 26:69 (where ἔξω is opposed to the room in which the judges were sitting); Mark 14:66; Luke 22:55. Cf. Winers RWB under the word Häuser; (B. D. American edition under the word ; BB. DD. under the word ).

3. the house itself a palace: Matthew 26:3, 58; Mark 14:54; Mark 15:16; Luke 11:21; John 18:15, and so very often in Greek writings from Homer, Odyssey 4, 74 down (cf. Eustathius 1483, 39 τῷ τῆς αὐλῆς ὀνόματι τά δώματα δηλοῖ, Suidas col. 652 c. αὐλή. τοῦ βασιλέως οἰκία. Yet this sense is denied to the N. T. by Meyer et al.; see Meyer on Matthew, the passage cited).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

αὐλή , -ῆς , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H2691;]

1. in Hom., an open courtyard before a house, hence, an enclosure in the open, a sheepfold: John 10:1; John 10:16

2. the court, courtyard, round which a house is built: Matthew 26:3; Matthew 26:58; Matthew 26:69, Mark 14:54; Mark 14:66; Mark 15:16 Luke 11:21; Luke 22:55, John 18:15; τ . ναοῦ ,, Revelation 11:2. a dwelling, a palace (so, acc to Grimm-Th., s.v.): Matthew 26:3; Matthew 26:58, Mark 14:54; Mark 15:16, Luke 11:21, John 18:15 (but v. MM, s.v.; cf. also DB, ii, 25, 287).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

A Cairo papyrus (iii/B.C.), Chrest. I. 224 b. .11, has ἀπογεγράμμεθα τὴν [ ]πάρχουσα (l.-αν ) ἡμῖν οἰκίαν [κ ]αὶ αὐλὴν καὶ ἄλλο [ο ]ἴκημα . P Lond 45.15 (B.C. 160–59) (= I. p. 36) has a complaint against marauders who had not only sacked a house, but had appropriated to their own uses τὴν προσοῦσαν αὐλὴν καὶ τὸν τῆς οἰκίας τόπον ψιλόν . These will serve as good specimens of the normal use in the papyri, where the word is extremely common, denoting the ";court"; attached to a house : cf. BGU I. 275.6 f. (A.D. 215) αὐλῇ προσκυρούσῃ οἰκίᾳ μου . It could be used for ";lumber"; : see the ostracon from Syene, Archiv v. p. 179, no. 34.5 τὸ ξύλον το ̣̣ [μυρί ]κινον τὸ ἐν τῇ αὐλῇ . Note that οἶκος could include both : P Fay 31.16 (c. A.D. 129) πέμπτον μέρος ὅλνς τῆς οἰκίας καὶ αὐλῆς καὶ τοῦ ὅλου οἴκου ";the fifth part of the whole house and court and of the whole tenement."; So far as we have observed, there is nothing in the Κοινή to support the contention that in the NT αὐλή ever means the house itself : see Meyer on Matthew 26:3. The plural is used of ";guest-chambers,"; as in the interesting P Tebt I. 33.8 (B.C. 112) (= Selections, p. 28) where, amongst the preparations for a Roman visitor, we read—φρόντισον ὡς ἐπὶ τῶν καθηκόντων τόπων αἵ τε αὐλαὶ κατασκ ̣ευα ̣σ ̣[θ ]η ̣σ ̣[ο ]ν ̣ται .

Like the Latin aula and our own court, the word readily comes to denote a Royal entourage, e.g. P Par 49.17 (B.C. 164–58) (= Witkowski .2, p. 70) δόξαντα ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ ἐν τῇ αὐλῇ εἶναι , ";since he has a brother at Court";; OGIS 735.4 (ii/B.C.) τῶν περὶ αὐλὴν δια [δόχων ], referring to certain officials attached to the court of Ptolemy Philometor; Vettius, p. 89.15, ἐν βασιλικαῖς αὐλαῖς : so also Preisigke 1568 (B.C. 146–17) πρῶτοι φίλοι καὶ χιλίαρχοι καὶ ἄλλοι οἱ περὶ αὐλήν . When, therefore, Suidas defined αὐλή as ἡ τοῦ βασιλέως οἰκία , he was not far out, though αὐλή seemingly cannot mean an ordinary house. BGU IV. 1098.1 (c. B.C. 17) τῷ δεῖν ]ι τῶι ἐπὶ τοῦ ἐν τῆι αὐλῆι κριτηρίου presents a court sitting in the αὐλή , as against Mark 14:66, where the αὐλή is clearly outside the room where the Sanhedrists were in session. Syll 192.28 (B.C. 290–87) ἐν τῆι αὐλεῖ τοῦ ἱεροῦ (al.) illustrates Psa. 83꞉11 [MT Psalms 84:2]; Psa. 83꞉10 [MT Psalms 84:11] : cf. also ib. 734.34 (Cos), where it is forbidden ἀποθήκηι χρᾶσθαι τ [ῆι αὐλ ]ῆι τῆι ἐν τῶι ἱερῶι μηδ᾽ ἐν τῶι περιπάτω [ι , ]μ μὴ πόλεμος ἦι . In MGr = ";court.";

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αυλαί αυλαίς αυλάς αυλη αυλή αὐλῇ αυλην αυλήν αὐλήν αὐλὴν αυλης αυλής αύλης αὐλῆς αυλών aule aulē aulêi aulē̂i aulen aulēn aulḗn aulḕn aules aulês aulēs aulē̂s
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