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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #852 - ἀφανής

Word Origin
from (1) (as a negative particle) and (5316)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. not manifest, hidden
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Hebrews 1
Hebrews 1
Hebrews 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀφᾰν-ής, ές, (φαίνομαι)

1. unseen, esp. of the nether world, Ταρτάρου πυθμήν Pi. Fr. 207, cf. A. Th. 860 (lyr.); ἀ. κἀν Ἀΐδα δόμῳ φοιτάσῃς Sapph. 68; χάσμα ἀ. a blind pit, Hdt. 6.76; ἡ ἀ. θεός, of Persephone, S. OC 1556 (lyr.); ὁ ἀ. πόλος, i. e. the south pole, Arist. Cael. 285b21, Mu. 394b31 (but ἀ. κόσμος starless, Vett.Val. 6.22).

2. ἀ. γίγνεσθαι, = ἀφανίζεσθαι, disappear, ὑπὸ γῆν Hdt. 3.104, cf. E. IT 757, Pl. R. 360a; so ἀ. ἦν disappeared, Hdt. 7.37, cf. X. An. 1.4.7; of soldiers missing after a battle, Th. 2.34; runaway, absconded, PGen. 5.4 (ii A. D.). στήλας ἀ. ποιῆσαι obliterate, SIG 38.38 (Teos).

3. unnoticed, secret, ἀ. νόος ἀθανἁτων Sol. 17; ἀ. νεῦμα a secret sign, Th. 1.134; ἀ. χωρίον out of sight, Id. 4.29, cf. ib. 67; ἀ. ξιφίδιον concealed, Id. 8.69; δι' ἐπιστολῶν ἀφανῶν secret or invisible writings, Ph. Bel. 102.29: c. part., ἀ. εἶναι ἀπιόντες depart without being noticed, X. An. 4.2.4; ἀ. ὄντες ἠδίκουν Th. 1.68; μαντικῇ χρώμενος οὐκ ἀ. ἦν he was well known to do.., X. Mem. 1.1.2. uncertain, doubtful, ἀ. νοῦσοι Hdt. 2.84; σὺν ἀφανεῖ λόγῳ on an uncertain charge, S. OT 657 (lyr.); ἐν ἀφανεῖ λ. Antipho 5.59; μόρος S. OC 1682 (lyr.); ὄνομα E. Tr. 1322 (lyr.); ἐλπίς Th. 5.103; πρόφασις ἀφανεστάτη λόγῳ Id. 1.23; οὐκ ἀ. τεκμήρια X. Ages. 6.1; μεθέντας τἀφανῆ, opp. τὸ πρὸς ποσί, S. OT 131; ἀ. χάρις a favour from an unknown hand, D. 19.240; ἐς ἀφανὲς τὸν μῦθον ἀνενείκας Hdt. 2.23; μισῶ μὲν ὅστις τἀφανῆ περισκοπῶν S. Fr. 737; τὰ ἀ. μεριμνᾶν Ar. Fr. 672; ὑπὲρ τῶν ἀ. φανεροῖς μαρτυρίοις χρῆσθαι Arist. EN 1104a13; of what is beyond the evidence of sense, opp. φανερόν, ἁρμονίη ἀ. φανερῆς κρείττων Heraclit. 54, cf. Phld. Sign. 1, al.; τἀφανὲς διὰ τοῦ φαινομένου συλλογίζεσθαι Epicur. Nat. 14.4; τὸ τῆς τύχης ἀ. οἷ προβήσεται E. Alc. 785; τὸ ἀ. τοῦ κατορθώσειν Th. 2.42; ἐν ἀφανεῖ ἔτι κεῖσθαι, ἐν τῷ ἀ. εἶναι, Id. 1.42, 3.23; ἐν ἀ. κεκτῆσθαί τι secretly, Pl. Lg. 954e; ἐκ τοῦ ἀφανοῦς Th. 1.51, 4.96, etc.; ἐξ ἀ. A. Fr. 57.9, Ar. Ra. 1332: neut. pl. as Adv., E. Hipp. 1289 (lyr.). Regul. Adv. ἀφανῶς Th. 3.43, etc.: Sup. -έστατα X. HG 5.1.27.

4. of persons and things, unnoticed, obscure, E. Tr. 1244; also οὐ γὰρ ἀ. κρινεῖτε τὴν δίκην Th. 3.57; ἀ. καὶ ταπεινὴ φύσις D. 61.35.

5. ἀ. οὐσία personal property, as money, which can be secreted and made away with (cf. ἀφανίζω 1.7), opp. φανερά (real), as land, Lys. 32.4, cf. BCH 27.219 (Crete); opp. ἐμφανής, IG 12(2).15.8 (Mytil.), SIG 554.17; but simply, concealed, ἀφανῆ καταστῆσαι τὴν οὐσίαν Lys. 20.23: in lit. sense, ἀ. πλοῦτος Ar. Ec. 602; πλοῦτος ἀ. ὃν σὺ κατορύξας ἔχεις Men. 128.16.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀφανής, ἀφανες (φαίνω), not manifest, hidden: Hebrews 4:13. (Often in Greek writings from (Aeschylus and) Herodotus down.) (Cf. δῆλος, and Schmidt, chapter 130.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀφανής , -ές

(< φαίνω ),

[in LXX: Nehemiah 4:8(2), Job 24:20, Sirach 20:30; Sirach 41:14, 2 Maccabees 3:34 *;]

unseen, hidden: Hebrews 4:13.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Gen I. 28.16 (A.D. 136) ]φανὴς ἐγένετο : similarly P Grenf II. 61.16, P Lond 342.9 (= II. p. 174), BGU I. 163.6, ib. II. 467.15 (all ii/A.D.). Syll 923.16 (late iii/B.C.) τὰ μὲν ἐμφανέα . . τῶν δὲ ἀφανέων κτλ . (Aetolia—in dialect). Ib. 544.2 (Aug.) ἀφανοῦς γεγενημένου τοῦ πα [ρατειχίσ ]ματος , 891.15 καὶ εἴη ἀφανῆ τὰ κτήματα αὐτοῦ , 809.11 (iv/iii B.C.) ἀνόνητα αὐτῷ γένοιτο καὶ ἄχωρα καὶ ἄμοιρα καὶ ἀφανῆ αὐτῷ [ ]παντα γένοιτο .



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αφανης αφανής ἀφανὴς aphanes aphanēs aphanḕs
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, July 6th, 2020
the Week of Proper 9 / Ordinary 14
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