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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #890 - ἄχρηστος

Word Origin
from (1) (as a negative particle) and (5543)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. useless, unprofitable
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5869 ‑ עַיִן (ah'‑yin);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Philemon 1
Philemon 1
Philemon 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄχρησ-τος, ον,


1. useless, unprofitable, μετάνοια Batr. 70; νέες Hdt. 1.166; ἄ. ὁ ὀφθαλμὸς γίνεται Hp. Prorrh. 2.19; οὐκ ἄ. ἥδ' ἡ ἄνοια Th. 6.16; χρεομένῳ ἄχρηστα useless if you try to use them, Hp. Art. 14; πεσεῖν ἄ. θέσφατον without effect, E. IT 121; ἄ. ἐς πόλεμον Hdt. 8.142, Lycurg. 53; πρός τι Arist. HA 560b14: c. gen. rei, ἄ. τῶν ἔργων Id. Oec. 1345a35; ἄ. τινι useless to a person, Hdt. 1.80, cf. X. Oec. 8.4 (Sup.); τῇ πόλει E. Heracl. 4; τὸ διηπορηκέναι οὐκ ἄ. Arist. Cat. 8b24.

2. = cross ἀχρεῖος (which it almost superseded in the Oratt. and later Greek), useless, do-nothing, D. 19.135 (Comp.), etc.; ἄ. πολῖται Isa 7.37; σοφισταί prob. l. in Lys. 33.3; non-effective, unwarlike, Eun.Hist.p.239D.; so (with a pun not having received an oracle) Ath. 3.98c. Adv. -τως, ἔχειν πρός τι D. 61.43.

II unkind, cruel, θεοί Hdt. 8.111; λόγος Id. 9.111.

III Act.,

1. making no use of, c. dat., ξυνέσει τ' ἄχρηστον τῇ φύσει τε λείπεται E. Tr. 672. not used, i.e. new, ἱμάτια Luc. Lex. 9, Ath. 3.97e.

2. obsolete, Eust. 118.25, Sch.rec. S. El. 132.

3. not to be used, unseemly, EM 463.26.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἄχρηστος, ἄχρηστον (χρηστός, and this from χράομαι), useless, unprofitable: Philemon 1:11 (here opposed to εὔχρηστος). (In Greek writings from Homer (i. e. Batrach. 70; Theognis) down.) (Synonyms: cf. Tittmann ii. 11f; Trench, § c. 17; Ellicott on Philemon 1:11.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ά -χρηατος , -ον ,

[in LXX: Hosea 8:8 (H2656 H369), Wisdom of Solomon 2:11, Sirach 16:1, al.;]

useless; unserviceable: opp. to εὔχρηστος , Philemon 1:11.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Tebt I. 74.36, .70, 75.56 .36 (both ii/B.C.) of ";unproductive"; land. So in CPHerm 7iii. 6 (ii/A.D.), but hiat contextus. It describes a pig in P Flor II. 127.14 (A.D. 256) ἀλλὰ καλὸν πάλιν ἔστω , μὴ ὡς πρώην ̣ καὶ λεπτὸν καὶ ἄχρηστον . Ib. 185.7 (A.D. 254) κατεαγμένα καὶ ἄχρηστα , of panniers, and P Oxy X. 1346 (ii/A.D. ?) ἄχρηστος [γ ]έγωναι (l. γέγονε ), of a garment. Cagnat IV. 293.14 (Pergamon, B.C. 127–6) κατεφθαρμέ [νον . . . καὶ ] . . . γεγονὸς ἄχρησ ̣[τον , of a gymnasium. The moral sense of the word comes out in P Oxy VII. 1070.50 ff. (iii/A.D.) μὴ ἀμελήσῃς μὴ ἄρα ποτὲ θέλῃς μ ̣[ε ]τὰ σ ̣[ο ] [Ἡρ ]αε ̣ι ̣δ ̣ι ̣ τὴν τήρησιν τῆς ὅλης οἰκίας παραδιδόναι ἀχρήστου ̣ οὔσης αὐτῆς , ";do not neglect this, lest indeed you choose to hand over the keeping of the whole house to Heraïs, who is unworthy"; (Ed.). The resemblance to Philem .11 is obvious. Vettius (p. 62.7) speaks of ἄχρηστα βρέφη .



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αχρηστον άχρηστον ἄχρηστον achreston achrēston áchreston áchrēston
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 12th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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