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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #899 - βάθος

Transliteration
báthos
Phonetics
bath'-os  
Word Origin
from the same as (901)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
1:517,89
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. depth, height
    1. of "the deep" sea
    2. metaph.
      1. deep, extreme, poverty
      2. of the deep things of God
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2436 ‑ חֵק (khake, khake, khoke);  3411 ‑ יְרֵכָה (yer‑ay‑kaw');  4615 ‑ מַעֲמַקִּים (mah‑am‑awk');  4688 ‑ מְצוּלָה ((1,2) mets‑o‑law', (3,4) mets‑oo‑law');  6009 ‑ עָמַק (aw‑mak');  6013 ‑ עָמֹק (aw‑moke');  7172 ‑ קַרְקַע (kar‑kah');  8482 ‑ תַּחְתִּי (takh‑tee');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (9) NAS (8) HCS (8)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-APN 1
N-ASN 3
N-GSN 1
N-NSN 3
N-APN 1
N-ASN 3
N-GSN 1
N-NSN 3
N-APN 2
N-ASN 3
N-GSN 1
N-NSN 3
NA WH
N-APN 1
N-ASN 3
N-GSN 1
N-NSN 3
N-APN 1
N-ASN 3
N-GSN 1
N-NSN 3


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βάθος [ ], εος, τό, (βαθύς)

1. depth or height, acc. as measured up or down, Ταρτάρου βάθη A. Pr. 1029; αἰθέρος βάθος E. Med. 1297, cf. Ar. Av. 1715; βάθους μετέχειν to be a solid, possessing depth as well as length and breadth, Pl. R. 528b; εἴτ' ἐν βάθεσιν εἴτ' ἐν τάχεσιν Id. Plt. 299e; βάθους αὔξη Id. R. 528d; opp. μῆκος, πλάτος, Arist. Ph. 209a5; μεγέθους τὸ ἐπὶ τρία [συνεχὲς] β. Id. Metaph. 1020a12: with Preps., ἐκ βάθεος in depth, Hdt. 1.186; ἐκ βάθους through and through, Plot. 5.8.10; εἰς βάθος Arist. Mete. 386a23, al.; ἐν βάθει Id. Sens. 440a14, etc.; κατὰ βάθους Id. Mete. 339b12; κατὰ βάθος in a descending scale, metaph. of causation, Dam. Pr. 95: freq. in military sense, depth of a line of battle, X. HG 3.4.13, etc.; ἐπὶ βάθος τάσσεσθαι in depth of line, Th. 5.68; ἐς β. ἐκτάξαι Arr. An. 1.2.4; β. τριχῶν, of long thick hair, Hdt. 5.9; ἄτομα πώγωνος βάθη Ephipp. 14.7; interior of a country, Str. 3.3.7, al.; depth, of perspective in a picture, Procop.Gaz. Ecphr. p.157 B.: pl., βάθη depths, Pl. Ti. 44d, etc.; deep water, opp. shallows near shore, LXX Psalms 68:2(69).2, al., Luke 5:4; ἐν τοῖς βάθεσιν Arist. HA 599b9. Astron., = ταπείνωμα, Vett.Val. 241.26.

2. metaph., κακῶν ὁρῶν β. A. Pers. 465; ἢ μακροῦ πλούτου βάθει S. Aj. 130, cf..Romans 11:33; β. ἡγεμονίας Plu. Pomp. 53; depth of mind, β. τι ἔχειν γενναῖον, of Parmenides, Pl. Tht. 184a; ἐν βάθει πόσιος deep in drink, Theoc. 14.29; β. καρδίας ἀνθρώπου LXX Ju. 8.14; τὰ β. τοῦ θεοῦ, τοῦ Σατανᾶ, 1 Corinthians 2:10, Revelation 2:24.

3. of lit. style, bathos, ὕψους ἢ β. Longin. 2.1. (Substituted for βένθος under the influence of βαθύς.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

βάθος, βαθέος (βάθους), τό (connected with the obsolete verb βάζω, βάω (but cf. Curtius, § 635; Vanicek, p. 195); cf. βαθύς, βάσσων, and βυθός, βύσσος; German Boden), depth, height — (accusative, as measured down or up);

1. properly: Matthew 13:5; Mark 4:5; Romans 8:39 (opposed to ὕψωμα); Ephesians 3:18 (opposed to ὕψος); of 'the deep' sea (the 'high seas'), Luke 5:4

2. metaphorically: κατά βάθους πτωχεία αὐτῶν, deep, extreme, poverty, 2 Corinthians 8:2; τά βάθη τοῦ Θεοῦ the deep things of God, things hidden and above man's scrutiny, especially the divine counsels, 1 Corinthians 2:10 (τοῦ Σατανᾶ, Revelation 2:24 Rec.; καρδίας ἀνθρώπου, Judith 8:14; (τά βαθα τῆς θείας γνώσεως, Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 40, 1 [ET] (cf. Lightfoot at the passage))); inexhaustible abundance, immense amount, πλούτου, Romans 11:33 (so also Sophocles Aj. 130; βαθύς πλοῦτος, Aelian v. h. 3, 18; κακῶν (Aeschylus Pers. 465, 712); Euripides, Hel. 303; the Sept. Proverbs 18:3).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βάθος , -εος (-ους ), τό ,

[in LXX for H8482, H4688 etc.;]

depth: Matthew 13:5, Mark 4:5, Romans 8:39, Ephesians 3:18; τὸ β ., the deep sea: Luke 5:4; metaph., β . πλούτου . . . Θεοῦ , Romans 11:33; τὰ β . τ . Θεοῦ (the Divine counsels), 1 Corinthians 2:10; ἡ κατὰ βάθους πτωχεία , deep poverty, 2 Corinthians 8:2.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The literal meaning is illustrated by P Fay 110.8 (A.D. 94) σκάψον ἐπὶ βάθος , ";dig a deep trench"; : cf. BGU II. 647.13, .25 (A.D. 130) ἐπὶ βάθους , ib. IV. 1122.16 (B.C. 14) . . .] ε ̣̀χο ̣ν ̣ τὸ καθῆκον βάθος , of the setting of plants in trenches in a garden—cf. Mark 4:5. The ordinary use in connexion with πλάτος is seen, e.g., in measurements for excavations in the construction of a canal, P Giss I. 42 (A.D. 117) passim, as .5 βο (ρρᾶ ) ἐχόμ (ενα ) σχοι (νία ) δ ̄ ξύλ (α ) ρ ̣̄κ ̣̄[̄η ̄]̄, πλ (άτος ) γ ̄, βάθ (ος ) ε ̄, ν (αύβια ) ξδ ̄. Herwerden Lex. s.v. cites Papiers du Louvre (ed. Letronne) 64 (ii/B.C.) μή σ᾽ ἐπὶ βάθος (= παντελῶς ?) τοῦτο πεποηκέναι . The astrological use of β . to denote the space below the horizon out of which the stars rise (e.g. Dieterich Mithrasliturgie, p. 8.5, ἐγώ εἰμι σύμπλανος ὑμῖν ἀστὴρ καὶ ἐκ τοῦ βάθους ἀναλάμπων ) may throw some light on Romans 8:39 (see Lietzmann in HZNT ad loc). For the true ";Greek"; character of the Pauline phraseology in Romans 11:33 ὦ βάθος πλούτου κτλ ., see Norden Agnostos Theos, p. 243 f.

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βάθει βαθέων βαθη βάθη βαθος βάθος βαθους βάθους bathe bathē báthe báthē bathos báthos bathous báthous
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, September 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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