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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #97 - ἄδολος

Word Origin
from (1) (as a negative particle), and (1388)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. guileless
    1. in things: unmixed, unadulterated, pure
    2. in persons: without dishonest intent, guileless
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
1 Peter 1
1 Peter 1
1 Peter 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄδολος, ον,

I guileless, honest, σοφία Pi. O. 7.53; in Att. esp. of treaties, ἄ. εἰράνα Ar. Lys. 169; σπονδαὶ ἄ. καὶ ἀβλαβεῖς Th. 5.18. Adv., freq. in the phrase ἀδόλως καὶ δικαίως without fraud or covin, Th. 5.23, cf. IG 1.42e; ἁπλόως καὶ ἀ. GDI 5024 (Gort.): generally, πλουτεῖν ἀδόλως Scol. 8; ἀδολώτερον λέγεσθαι, opp. πιστότερον, Antipho 3.3.4: also, genuinely, truly, τεθνάκην ἀ. θέλω Sapph. Supp. 23.1, cf. Theoc. 29.32.


1. unadulterated, genuine, χρίματος ἀδόλοισι παρηγορίαις A. Ag. 95; στύραξ Dsc. 1.66; χρυσός Eupolem. ap. Alex.Polyh. 18; ἀργύριον Poll. 3.86; σῖτος, πυρός, PHib. 1.85, PGrenf. 1.18; ἀ. ἀπὸ παντός ib. 2.29.14: metaph., αὔραις ἀδόλοις pure, E. Supp. 1029 (lyr.); τὸ λογικὸν ἄ. γάλα 1 Peter 2:2.

2. unpretentious, Plu. Pel. 3.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἄδολος, (δόλος) (from Pindar down), guileless; of things, unadulterated, pure: of milk, 1 Peter 2:2. (Cf. Trench, § lvi.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* -δολος , ον ,

1. guileless (Find., Thuc.).

2. Of liquids (Æsch., Eur., and late prose writers), genuine, pure (in Papyri and in MGr. of wine, also of corn: MM, VGT, s.v.; Milligan, NTD, 77): of milk, metaph., 1 Peter 2:2.†

SYN.: ἀκέραιος G185 (q.v.) ἄκακος G172, ἁπλοῦς G573.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The sense of this adjective in 1 Peter 2:2 is now set at rest by its constant occurrence in the papyri in the sense of ";pure,"; ";unadulterated."; Thus P Hib I. 85.16 f. (B.C. 261–0) σῖτον καθαρὸν ἄδολον ἀπὸ πάντων μετρήσει, ib. 98.19 (B.C. 251–0) σῖτον κα [θαρὸν ἄ ]δ [ο ]λον κεκοσκιν [ευμένον ] (";sifted";). Six examples come from this volume of iii/B.C. all referring to ";unadulterated"; corn. From i/A.D. we may cite P Oxy VIII. 1124.11 (A.D. 26) πυρὸν νέο [ν ] καθαρὸν ἄδολον ἄκρειθον, ";wheat that is new, pure, unadulterated, and unmixed with barley."; PSI 31.21 (A.D. 164) τὰ ἐκφόρ ̣ι ̣α ̣ παραδώσω ἐν τῇ κώμῃ καθαρὰ καὶ ἄδωλα gives the adj. a general application to all farm produce. P Oxy IV. 729.19 (A.D. 137) ἀπ ]οδότωσαν τῷ μεμισθ [ω ]κότι τὸν μὲν οινον παρὰ ληνὸν νέον ἄδολον gives the rare application to liquids : cf. P Ryl II. 97.3 (A.D. 139), of oil. The word is used of λαχανοσπέρμον, ";vegetable seed,"; in P Fay 89.11 (A.D. 9), and of λάχανον in BGU IV. 1015.12 (A.D. 222–3). Cf. Syll 653.100 (i/B.C.) οἱ πωλοῦντες ἄδολα καὶ καθαρά. So of χρῖμα in Aeschylus Agam. 95 (but cf. Verrall), and in MGr of wine (Abbott, Songs of Modern Greece, p. 68). The figurative use appears in the late P Par 21.15 (a deed of sale, A.D. 616), ὁμολογοῦμεν. . . ἀδόλῳ συνειδήσει.




The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αδολον άδολον ἄδολον αδοξήσει adolon ádolon
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Thursday, October 29th, 2020
the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30
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