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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #02856 - חָתַם

Transliteration
châtham
Phonetics
khaw-tham'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
780
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to seal, seal up, affix a seal

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to seal, affix one’s seal

1a2) to seal up, fasten up by sealing

1b) (Niphal) to seal

1c) (Piel) to lock up

1d) (Hiphil) to be stopped

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1863 ‑ ἐπάγω (ep‑ag'‑o);  2696 ‑ κατασφραγίζω (kat‑as‑frag‑id'‑zo);  4931 ‑ συντελέω (soon‑tel‑eh'‑o);  4921 ‑ συνίστημι (soon‑is‑tah'‑o, soon‑is‑tah'‑an'‑o, soon‑is‑tah'‑ay‑mee);  4972 ‑ σφραγίζω (sfrag‑id'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (27) NAS (26) HCS (26)
Leviticus 1
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 1
Nehemiah 2
Esther 3
Job 5
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 1
Daniel 3
Leviticus 1
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 1
Nehemiah 2
Esther 3
Job 5
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 1
Daniel 3
Leviticus 1
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 1
Nehemiah 2
Esther 4
Job 5
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 1
Daniel 3
BYZ TIS TR
v-hp3ms 1
v-nPms 1
v-na 2
v-pp3cp 1
v-qPms 1
v-qa 1
v-qc 2
v-qi3ms 3
v-qsmp 2
v-qsms 7
v-qvms 2
v-qw1cs 1
v-qw3fs 1
v-qw3ms 1
v-hp3ms 1
v-nPms 1
v-na 2
v-pp3cp 1
v-qPms 1
v-qa 1
v-qc 2
v-qi3ms 3
v-qsmp 2
v-qsms 8
v-qvms 2
v-qw1cs 1
v-qw3fs 1
v-qw3ms 1
v-hp3ms 1
v-nPms 1
v-na 2
v-pp3cp 1
v-qPms 1
v-qa 1
v-qc 2
v-qi3ms 3
v-qsmp 2
v-qsms 8
v-qvms 2
v-qw1cs 1
v-qw3fs 1
v-qw3ms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2223) mth (ההתמ HhTM) AC: Seal CO: Signet AB: ?: A document is rolled up and sealed with wet clay. The signet ring of the owner bears the image of his seal and is pressed into the clay. [from: mt- a completed document]

V) mth (ההתמ HhTM) - Seal: To seal something closed. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (28): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) seal, mark, stop - Strongs: H2856 (חָתַם), H2857 (חֲתַם)

gm) mtfh (ההותמ HhWTM) - Signet: A ring or cylinder with the owners seal that is pressed into clay to show ownership. KJV (14): signet, seal - Strongs: H2368 (חֹתָמ)

gf2) tmtfh (ההותמת HhWTMT) - Signet: A ring or cylinder with the owners seal that is pressed into clay to show ownership. KJV (1): signet - Strongs: H2858 (חֹתֶמֶת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 חָתַם verb seal, affix seal, seal up (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic חֲתַם, ; Ethiopic Arabic (whence ) is loan-word according to Frä252) —

Qal Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַחְתֹּם Job 9:7; Job 33:6, יַחְתּוֺם Job 37:7, וַיַּחְתֹּם Esther 8:10, etc.; Imperative חֲתֹם Daniel 12:4, חֲתוֺם Isaiah 8:16, חִתְמוּ Esther 8:8; Infinitive absolute חָתוֺם Jeremiah 32:44; construct לַחְתֹּם Daniel 9:24, + Daniel 9:24 Kt (Qr לְהָתֵם); Participle active חוֺתֵם Ezekiel 28:12; pass. חָתוּם Deuteronomy 32:24 2t., etc.; —

1 seal, affix one's seal, in attestation; seal with king's seal (בְּחֹתָמוֺ) 1 Kings 21:8, בְּטַבַּעַת המלך Esther 8:8,10; of covenant with ׳י, attested by seal (passive) Nehemiah 10:1; Nehemiah 10:2; figurative, of ׳י putting his seal upon (בְּ) discipline, i.e. ratifying it, Job 33:16; perhaps also upon hand of man (that man may know ׳י s ways) Job 37:7 see De; Di below

2 seal up hand of Prayer of Manasseh , so that he cannot work with it (in winter).

2 seal up, fasten up by sealing, a deed of sale Jeremiah 32:10,11(opposed to הַגָּלוּי that which was left open,), Jeremiah 32:14; Jeremiah 32:44, a book of prophecy Daniel 12:4 ("" סְתֹם הַדְּבָרים), compare Daniel 12:9 ("" id.), Daniel 9:24 b; so in simileof unintelligible prophecy Isaiah 29:11 (twice in verse); חֲתֹם תּוֺרָה בְּלְמֻּדָ֑י Isaiah 8:16 seal up the teaching among my disciples, i.e. keep it securely ("" צוֺר); of ׳י s remembrance of offences חָתוּםבְּאוֺצְרֹתָ֑י Deuteronomy 32:34 ("" כָּמֻס עְמָּדִי), so חָתוּם בִּצְרוֺר מִּשְׁעִי Job 14:17 ("" וַתִּטְמֹּל עַלעֲֿוֺנִי); מַעְיָן חָתוּם Song of Solomon 4:12 a fountain sealed up, metaphor of chaste woman ("" גַּן (גַּל) נָעוּל); ׳וּבְעַד כּוֺכָבִים יַח Job 9:7 and about the stars he putteth a seal ("" of forbidding sun to rise). — אַתָּה חוֺתֵם תָּכְנִית Ezekiel 28:12 is obscure: thou wast one sealing proportion, i.e. perfection, — wast complete perfection, Ges Sm.; wast a sealer of symmetry see Da; wast a seal (ring) — i.e. חוֺתַם construct — of proportion Manuscripts ᵐ5ᵑ9 Hi compare Ew; text perhaps corrupt, see suggestions in Co. — Daniel 9:24 a read Qr לְהָתֵם (see תמם). Job 33:16; Job 37:7 see below

1. Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular [or Participle?] נִכְתָּ֔בוְנֶחְתָּ֖ם Esther 3:12 (it was) written and sealed בְּטַבַּעַתהַמֶּלֶךְ; Infinitive absolute וְנַחְתּוֺם Esther 8:8 (continuing participle נִכְתָּ֣ב) also + ׳בְּטַבַּעַת הַמּ; both passive of

Qal 1. Pi`el Perfect 3 plural יוֺמָם חִתְּמוּלָֿמוֺ Job 24:16 literally by day they seal up for themselves, i.e. according to most, they shut themselves up, do not shew themselves ("" לֹאיָדְעוּ אוֺר); ᵐ5 C has ἡμέρας ἐσφράγισαν εἀυτοῖ ς (B and others εἁυτους), whence Siegf conjecture plausibly ׳ל׳יָמִים ח they seal up the days unto themselves, i.e. daytime is for them sealed up and unused.

Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular אוֺהֶֿחְתִּים בְּשָׁרוֺ מִזּוֺבוֺ Leviticus 15:3 or hath his flesh (genital organ) shewn stoppage by reason of his flux.

[חֲתַם] verb seal (see Biblical Hebrew); —

Pe`al Perfect 3 masculine singular suffix (of stone) חַתְמֶהּ Daniel 6:18 (ב instrumental).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָתַם fut. יַחְתֹּם

(1)  to seal, to seal up, to set a seal upon. A kindred root to other verbs of shutting, as חָטַם, אָטַם, עָצַם. Arab. ختم id. Conj. IV. to lock up. The general sense of shutting is also found in some forms of the Ethiopic root ኀተመ፡ see Ludolph, p. 282. Construed absol. Jeremiah 32:10, 44 Jeremiah 32:44 followed by בְּ of the signet ring, 1 Kings 21:8; Esther 8:8 with an accus. Isaiah 8:16, חֲתֹם תּוֹרָה “seal up the oracle” [rather, the law]; also בְּעַד Job 9:7 (compare בְּעַד No. 3), and בְּ Job 37:7, בְּיַד כָּל־אָדָם יַחְתֹּם “he seals up the hand of every man,” i.e. restrains them from labour, hinders them from using their hands. Job 33:16, בְּמֹסָרָם יַחְתֹּם properly “he seals up their instruction,” i.e. instructs them privately. (In this sense it answers to the Arab. حتم followed by ب to reveal to some one; see Schult. ad h. l.) Part. pass. חָתוּם sealed up, Song of Solomon 4:12; Job 14:17. The ancients were accustomed to put a seal on many things for which we use a lock (Lips. ad Tac. Annal. ii. 2; Salmas. Exercitatt. cap. 45), Cant. loc. cit.; compare Daniel 6:18; Matthew 27:66. From a roll or letter when completed receiving a seal, the signification arises

(2) to complete (like Arab. ختم to mark with a sign of conclusion, finis, to finish). Daniel 9:24, לַחְתֹּם חָזוֹן וְנָבִיא “until the predictions of the prophets be fulfilled,” [too loose a rendering of the Hebrew].

Niphal pass. of No. 1, to be sealed, Esther 3:12, 8:8.

Piel, to shut (see under Kal No. 1), followed by לְ as though it were, to put a barrier, to set a lock on something. Job 24:16, יוֹמָם חִתְּמוּ לָמוֹ “in the day they hide themselves,” properly “they shut up an enclosure around themselves.”

Hiphil, i.q. Piel, once occurs, Leviticus 15:3, אוֹ הֶחְתִּים בְּשָׂרוֹ מִזּוֹבוֹ “whether he stop his flesh from flowing,” i.e. the passage be so stopped that the issue cannot run freely.

Derivatives חוֹתָם, חֹתֶמֶת.

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List of Word Forms
בְּחֹתָמ֑וֹ בחתמו הֶֽחָת֔וּם הֶֽחָת֛וּם הֶֽחָתוּם֒ הֶחְתִּ֤ים הֶחָת֗וּם הַחֲתוּמִ֑ים החתום החתומים החתים וְחִתְמ֖וּ וְחָתוֹם֮ וְלַחְתֹּם֙ וְנֶחְתָּ֖ם וְנַחְתּ֛וֹם וַחֲתֹ֥ם וַחֲתֻמִ֛ים וַיַּחְתֹּ֖ם וָֽאֶחְתֹּ֔ם וּלְהָתֵ֤ם ואחתם וחתום וחתם וחתמו וחתמים ויחתם ולהתם ולחתם ונחתום ונחתם חֲת֥וֹם חִתְּמוּ־ חָת֖וּם חָתֻ֖ם חָתֻ֣ם חָתֽוּם׃ חוֹתֵ֣ם חותם חתום חתום׃ חתם חתמו־ יַחְתֹּֽם׃ יַחְתּ֑וֹם יחתום יחתם׃ bə·ḥō·ṯā·mōw bechotaMo bəḥōṯāmōw chaTom chaTum chittemu choTem ha·ḥă·ṯū·mîm ḥă·ṯō·wm ḥā·ṯum ḥā·ṯūm hachatuMim haḥăṯūmîm ḥăṯōwm ḥāṯum ḥāṯūm he·ḥā·ṯūm hechaTum hechTim heḥ·tîm heḥāṯūm heḥtîm ḥit·tə·mū- ḥittəmū- ḥō·w·ṯêm ḥōwṯêm ū·lə·hā·ṯêm ulehaTem ūləhāṯêm vachaTom vachatuMim vaechTom vaiyachTom vechatOm vechitMu velachTom venachTom venechTam wā’eḥtōm wā·’eḥ·tōm wa·ḥă·ṯōm wa·ḥă·ṯu·mîm waḥăṯōm waḥăṯumîm way·yaḥ·tōm wayyaḥtōm wə·ḥā·ṯō·wm wə·ḥiṯ·mū wə·laḥ·tōm wə·naḥ·tō·wm wə·neḥ·tām wəḥāṯōwm wəḥiṯmū wəlaḥtōm wənaḥtōwm wəneḥtām yachTom yaḥ·tō·wm yaḥ·tōm yaḥtōm yaḥtōwm
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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