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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #02891 - טָהֵר

Transliteration
ṭâhêr
Phonetics
taw-hare'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
792
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to be clean, be pure

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to be clean (physically — of disease)

1a2) to be clean ceremonially

1a3) to purify, be clean morally, made clean

1b) (Piel)

1b1) to cleanse, purify

1b1a) physically

1b1b) ceremonially

1b1c) morally

1b2) to pronounce clean

1b3) to perform the ceremony of cleansing

1c) (Pual) to be cleansed, be pronounced clean

1d) (Hithpael)

1d1) to purify oneself

1d1a) ceremonially

1d1b) morally

1d2) to present oneself for purification

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 48 ‑ ἁγνίζω (hag‑nid'‑zo);  2513 ‑ καθαρός (kath‑ar‑os');  169 ‑ ἀκάθαρτος (ak‑ath'‑ar‑tos);  273 ‑ ἄμεμπτος (am'‑emp‑tos);  49 ‑ ἁγνισμός (hag‑nis‑mos');  1026 ‑ βρέχω (brekh'‑o);  2511 ‑ καθαρίζω (kath‑ar‑id'‑zo);  2512 ‑ καθαρισμός (kath‑ar‑is‑mos');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (94) NAS (96) HCS (94)
Genesis 1
Leviticus 35
Numbers 8
Joshua 1
2 Kings 4
2 Chronicles 7
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 4
Job 2
Psalms 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 9
Malachi 1
Genesis 1
Leviticus 35
Numbers 8
Joshua 1
2 Kings 4
2 Chronicles 7
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 4
Job 2
Psalms 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 9
Malachi 1
Genesis 1
Leviticus 43
Numbers 10
Joshua 1
2 Kings 4
2 Chronicles 7
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 5
Job 2
Psalms 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 12
Malachi 2
BYZ TIS TR
v-PPfs 1
v-pc 5
v-pi1cs 2
v-pp1cp 1
v-pp1cs 1
v-pp2ms 2
v-pp3cp 2
v-pp3ms 5
v-pw3mp 3
v-pw3ms 1
v-qi1cs 1
v-qi2fs 4
v-qi2mp 2
v-qi3fs 2
v-qi3ms 4
v-qp1cs 2
v-qp2mp 1
v-qp3fs 2
v-qp3ms 17
v-qvms 2
v-qw3ms 1
v-tPmp 2
v-tPms 13
v-tp1cp 1
v-tp3cp 3
v-tp3mp 1
v-tvmp 1
v-PPfs 1
v-pc 5
v-pi1cs 2
v-pp1cp 1
v-pp1cs 1
v-pp2ms 2
v-pp3cp 2
v-pp3ms 5
v-pw3mp 3
v-pw3ms 1
v-qi1cs 1
v-qi2fs 4
v-qi2mp 2
v-qi3fs 2
v-qi3ms 4
v-qp1cs 2
v-qp2mp 1
v-qp3fs 2
v-qp3ms 17
v-qvms 2
v-qw3ms 1
v-tPmp 2
v-tPms 12
v-tp1cp 1
v-tp3cp 3
v-tp3mp 1
v-tvmp 1
v-PPfs 1
v-pc 5
v-pi1cs 2
v-pp1cp 1
v-pp1cs 1
v-pp2ms 2
v-pp3cp 2
v-pp3ms 5
v-pw3mp 3
v-pw3ms 1
v-qi1cs 1
v-qi2fs 4
v-qi2mp 2
v-qi3fs 2
v-qi3ms 4
v-qp1cs 2
v-qp2mp 1
v-qp3fs 2
v-qp3ms 17
v-qvms 2
v-qw3ms 1
v-tPmp 2
v-tPms 12
v-tp1cp 1
v-tp3cp 3
v-tp3mp 1
v-tvmp 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1204) ru (תהר ThR) AC: Contain CO: Wall AB: ?: The pictograph u is a picture of a basket or other container, the r is a picture of a man. Combined these mean "contain man". A wall that contains one for protection or as a jail.

A) ru (תהר ThR) AC: ? CO: Watch AB: ?

af1 ) erum (מתהרה MThRH) - I. Target:As aimed at. [df: arjm]II. Prison:A place watched and surrounded by walls. [df: arjm] KJV (16): mark, prison - Strongs: H4307 (מַטָּרָא)

fm ) iru (תהרי ThRY) - Fresh: Something that is moist. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (2): new, putrify - Strongs: H2961 (טָרִי)

C) rua (אתהר AThR) AC: Shut CO: ? AB: ?: The closing of the doors to the wall.

V) rua (אתהר AThR) - Shut: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) shut - Strongs: H332 (אָטַר)

Nm) rua (אתהר AThR) - Shut: Something that is not used such as the left hand. KJV (2): left - Strongs: H334 (אִטֵּר)

G) reu (תההר ThHR) AC: ? CO: Clean AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

V) reu (תההר ThHR) - Clean: KJV (94): (vf: Paal, Hitpael, Pual, Piel) clean, purify, purge, purifier - Strongs: H2891 (טָהֵר)

Nf1) ereu (תההרה ThHRH) - Cleansing: KJV (13): cleansing, purifying, purification, cleansed - Strongs: H2893 (טָהֳרָה)

cm) rfeu (תההור ThHWR) - Clean: KJV (96): clean, pure, fair - Strongs: H2889 (טָהֹר), H2890 (טְהוֹר)

gm) refu (תהוהר ThWHR) - Cleanness: KJV (4): purify, clearness, - Strongs: H2892 (טֹהַר)

J) rfu (תהור ThWR) AC: ? CO: Row AB: ?: As the wall as a row.

Nm) rfu (תהור ThWR) - I. Row: II. Range:A row of mountains. [Aramaic only] KJV (28): row, mountain - Strongs: H2905 (טוּר), H2906 (טוּר)

M) riu (תהיר ThYR) AC: ? CO: Village AB: ?: A place carefully watched over.

Nf1) eriu (תהירה ThYRH) - Village: KJV (7): castle, palace, row, habitation - Strongs: H2918 (טִירָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 טָהֵר verb be clean, pure (Arabic , id.; Late Hebrew id., Pi`el make or declare ceremonially clean; Aramaic טְהַר emptiness, טִיהֲרָא brightness; Sabean טהר Hal682; Ethiopic purify, wash oneself with water) —

Qal Perfect ׳ט Leviticus 11:32 12t.; 3 feminine singular טָֽהֲרָה Leviticus 12:7; Leviticus 15:28; טָהֵ֑רָה Leviticus 12:8 etc., + 5t. Perfect; Imperfect יִטְהַר Leviticus 15:13; Job 4:17 etc., + 9t. Imperfect; Imperative טְהָ֑ר 2 Kings 5:10,13; —

1 be clean, i.e. (miraculously) freed from leprosy by washing in the Jordan 2 Kings 5:10,12,13,14.

2 be clean ceremonially (only H P), Leviticus 15:13,28 (twice in verse) (P), Leviticus 22:4 (H); by washing with water, the flesh Leviticus 22:7 (H); garments Leviticus 13:6,34,58; Numbers 31:24 (all P); both flesh and garments Leviticus 17:5 (H), Leviticus 14:8,9; Leviticus 15:13; Numbers 19:19 (all P); other articles Leviticus 11:32 (P); passing things through the fire Numbers 31:23 (P); offering sin-offerings Leviticus 12:7,8; Leviticus 14:20 (P); by the ceremony of the two birds Leviticus 14:53 (P); by ashes of red heifer Numbers 19:12 (twice in verse) (P).

3 be clean morally, of people, made clean by ׳י s scattering clean water upon them Ezekiel 36:25; of Jerusalem, specifically made clean from idolatry, under figure of adultery Jeremiah 13:27; also followed by מִן Ezekiel 24:13 (twice in verse) (purification by ׳י); made clean מִכָּלחַֿטּאֹתֵיכֶם Leviticus 16:30 (P; by the sin-offering of the atonement day); also of the individual, be clean מֵחַטָּאוֺת Proverbs 20:9 ("" זכה); become clean by use of hyssop Psalm 51:9 ("" אַלְבִּין); more Generally אִםמֵֿעשֵֹׁהוּ יִטְהַרגָּֿ֑בֶר Job 4:17 shall a man be more pure than his maker? ("" יִצְדָּ֑ק).

Pi`el Perfect טִהַר Leviticus 13:3 4t.; suffix טִהֲרוֺ Leviticus 13:6 5t.; 2 masculine singular טִהַרְתָּ Numbers 8:6,15 etc. + 7t. Perfect; Imperfect; יְטַהֵר 2 Chronicles 34:5 etc. + 4t. Imperfect; Imperative suffix טַהֲרֵנִי Psalm 51:4; Infinitive construct טַהֵר Ezekiel 39:12 5t.; suffix טַהֲרִי Ezekiel 36:33 etc. + 4t. Infinitive; Participle מְטַחֵר Leviticus 14:11; Malachi 3:3; — chiefly P;

1 cleanse, purify:

a. physically, metals from dross Malachi 3:3; land from corpses Ezekiel 39:12,14,16; heavens from clouds Job 37:21; temple from unclean things 2 Chronicles 29:15,16,18; land and city from Asherim and images 2 Chronicles 34:3,5,8; store-chambers of temple from household stuff Nehemiah 13:9; priesthood by exclusion of alien blood Nehemiah 13:30.

b. ceremonially, the altar of incense by the blood of the annual sin-offering Leviticus 16:19 (P); the people, gates, and wall (by some undefined ceremony) Nehemiah 12:30; the altar of the court by the blood of sin-offerings Ezekiel 43:26; of consecration of Levites by מֵי חטאת Numbers 8:6,7 (P), and חטאת Numbers 8:15,21 (P).

c. morally Leviticus 16:30 (P), Ezekiel 37:23; Malachi 3:3; מֵחַטָּאֹת Psalm 51:4; מֵעונ(ותׅ Jeremiah 33:8; Ezekiel 36:33; מִטּמא(ו)ת Ezekiel 24:13; Ezekiel 36:25.

2 pronounce clean, ceremonially Leviticus 13:6; Leviticus 13:13; Leviticus 13:17; Leviticus 13:23; Leviticus 12:28; Leviticus 13:34,37,59; Leviticus 14:7,48 (all P).

3 perform the ceremony of cleansing Leviticus 14:11 (P).

Pu`al Perfect 3 masculine singular טֹהַר 1 Samuel 20:26 (so. read for ᵑ0טהור ᵐ5 We Dr, he is not clean, because he hath not been cleansed); Participle אֶרֶץ לֹאמְטֹהָרָה a land not cleansed Ezekiel 22:24 (but ᵐ5 Hi Ew Co SS read a land not rained upon, see מטר).

Hithpa`el Perfect 3 plural הִטָּֽהֲרוּ Ezra 6:20; הִטֶּהָ֑רוּ (Kö i. 271) 2 Chronicles 30:18; Numbers 8:7; 1 plural הִטַּהַרְנוּ Joshua 22:17; Imperfect יִטָּֽהֲרוּ Nehemiah 12:30; Imperative הִטָּֽהֲרוּ Genesis 35:2; Participle מִטַּהֵר Leviticus 14:7 11t.; plural מִטַּהֲרִים Nehemiah 13:22; Isaiah 66:17; — reflexive:

1 purify oneself:

a. ceremonially, especially in preparation for sacred duties Genesis 35:2 (R), Numbers 8:7; 2 Chronicles 30:18; Ezra 6:20; Nehemiah 13:22; also for heathen mysteries Isaiah 66:17; of purifying priests, people, and wall Nehemiah 12:30 (compare Pi`el 1 b).

b. morally Joshua 22:17 (P).

2 present oneself for purification, only participle הַמִּטַּהֵר the candidate for purification Leviticus 14:4,7,8,11,14,17,18,19,25,28,29,31 (P).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

טָהֵר fut. יִטֵהַר

(1)  to shine, to be bright, like the kindred roots זָהַר, צָהַר. [“Syr. ܛܰܗܪܙܳ noon, Ch. טִיהֲרָא id.”] Hence טֹהַר No. 1, טֳהָר.

(2) to be, or to become clean, or pure

(a) in a physical sense (as opposed to the filth of leprosy), 2 Kings 5:12, 14 2 Kings 5:14.

(b) in a Levitical sense, opp. to טָמֵא Leviticus 11:32, 12:8 13:6, 34 Leviticus 13:34, 58 Leviticus 13:58.

(c) in a moral sense, Job 4:17; Proverbs 20:9. (Arab. طهر to be pure, clean, specially from the catamenia; cogn. ظهر to be manifest, to be conspicuous. Ethiop. አጥሀረ፡ to purify, to wash one’s self in water.)

Piel טִהַר, fut. יְטַהֵר

(1) to purify, to cleanse, [whether physically or Levitically, or spiritually,] as a land from dead bodies, Ezekiel 39:12, 16 Ezekiel 39:16 from the pollution of idols, Ezekiel 37:23 the temple from filth, 2 Chronicles 29:15, 16 2 Chronicles 29:16, 34:8 the sky from clouds, Job 37:21 men from sins, like metal from dross, Malachi 3:3.

(2) to declare some one or something clean

(a) in a Levitical sense, Levit. 13:6, seq.; 14:7 16:19.

(b) in a moral sense, Psalms 51:4.

Pual, to be cleansed [“part. fem.”], Ezekiel 22:24.

Hithpael הִטָּהֵר and הִטַּהֵר to cleanse one’s self, Genesis 35:2; Leviticus 14:4, seq.; Numbers 8:7; Ezra 6:20; Nehemiah 12:30, 13:22.

The derivatives follow, except טָהוֹר.

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List of Word Forms
אֲטַהֵ֥ר אטהר הִֽטַּהֲר֞וּ הִטֶּהָ֔רוּ הִטַּהַ֙רְנוּ֙ הַֽמְטַהֵ֗ר הַמִּטַּהֵ֑ר הַמִּטַּהֵ֖ר הַמִּטַּהֵ֛ר הַמִּטַּהֵ֨ר הַמִּטַּהֵר֙ הטהרו הטהרנו המטהר וְאֶטְהָ֑ר וְהִֽטַּהֲר֔וּ וְהִטֶּהָֽרוּ׃ וְהַמִּֽטַּהֲרִ֜ים וְטִ֣הֲר֔וֹ וְטִ֣הַרְתִּ֔ים וְטִֽהֲר֖וּ וְטִֽהֲרוֹ֙ וְטִֽהַרְתִּ֖ים וְטִֽהַרְתָּ֣ וְטִהֲר֖וֹ וְטִהֲר֣וֹ וְטִהֲר֤וֹ וְטִהֲר֥וּ וְטִהַ֖ר וְטִהַ֤ר וְטִהַ֧ר וְטִהַרְתִּ֤י וְטִהַרְתָּ֖ וְטָהֲרָ֖ה וְטָהֵ֑ר וְטָהֵ֔ר וְטָהֵ֥ר וְטָהֵֽרָה׃ וְטָהֵֽר׃ וְטָהָ֑רְתִּי וַֽיְטַהֲר֖וּ וַֽיְטַהֲרוּ֙ וַֽתְּטַהֲרֵֽם׃ וַיְטַהֵ֥ר וַיִּֽטַּהֲר֔וּ וַיִּטְהָֽר׃ וּֽטֳהָר־ וּטְהַרְתֶּ֑ם וּטְהָֽר׃ וּמְטַהֵר֙ ואטהר והטהרו והטהרו׃ והמטהרים וטהר וטהר־ וטהר׃ וטהרה וטהרה׃ וטהרו וטהרת וטהרתי וטהרתים וטהרתם ויטהר ויטהר׃ ויטהרו ומטהר ותטהרם׃ טִֽהַרְתִּיךְ֙ טִהַ֖רְנוּ טַהֲרִ֣י טַהֲרֵֽנִי׃ טַהֵ֣ר טָ֝הַ֗רְתִּי טָהֲרָ֖ה טָהַ֔רְתְּ טהר טהרה טהרי טהרנו טהרני׃ טהרת טהרתי טהרתיך יִטְהַ֤ר יִטְהַר־ יִטְהָ֑ר יִטְהָֽר׃ יטהר יטהר־ יטהר׃ לְטַֽהֲרָ֑הּ לְטַֽהֲרָ֔ם לְטַהֲר֖וֹ לְטַהֲרָֽם׃ לְטַהֵ֔ר לְטַהֵ֖ר לְטַהֵ֣ר לְטַהֵ֥ר לְטַהֵר֒ לַמִּטַּהֵ֛ר לטהר לטהרה לטהרו לטהרם לטהרם׃ למטהר מְטֹהָרָ֖ה מִֽטַּהֲרִים֙ מטהרה מטהרים תִּטְהָֽר׃ תִּטְהָֽרוּ׃ תִטְהֲרִ֔י תִטְהֲרִי־ תטהר׃ תטהרו׃ תטהרי תטהרי־ ’ă·ṭa·hêr ’ăṭahêr ataHer ham·miṭ·ṭa·hêr ham·ṭa·hêr hammittaHer hammiṭṭahêr hamtaHer hamṭahêr hiṭ·ṭa·hă·rū hiṭ·ṭa·har·nū hiṭ·ṭe·hā·rū hittaHarnu hiṭṭaharnū hittahaRu hiṭṭahărū hitteHaru hiṭṭehārū lam·miṭ·ṭa·hêr lammittaHer lammiṭṭahêr lə·ṭa·hă·rāh lə·ṭa·hă·rām lə·ṭa·hă·rōw lə·ṭa·hêr letahaRah ləṭahărāh letahaRam ləṭahărām letahaRo ləṭahărōw letaHer ləṭahêr mə·ṭō·hā·rāh metohaRah məṭōhārāh miṭ·ṭa·hă·rîm mittahaRim miṭṭahărîm ṭā·hă·rāh ṭa·hă·rê·nî ṭa·hă·rî ṭā·har·tî ṭā·hart ṭa·hêr tahaRah ṭāhărāh tahaReni ṭahărênî tahaRi ṭahărî taHart ṭāhart taHarti ṭāhartî taHer ṭahêr ṭi·har·nū ṭi·har·tîḵ tiHarnu ṭiharnū tihartiCh ṭihartîḵ ṯiṭ·hă·rî ṯiṭ·hă·rî- tiṭ·hā·rū tiṭ·hār titHar tiṭhār tithaRi ṯiṭhărî ṯiṭhărî- titHaru tiṭhārū ū·mə·ṭa·hêr ū·ṭə·hār ū·ṭə·har·tem ū·ṭo·hār- umetaHer ūməṭahêr uteHar ūṭəhār uteharTem ūṭəhartem ūṭohār- utohor vaiyitHar vaiyittahaRu VattetahaRem vaytahaRu vaytaHer veetHar vehammittahaRim vehittahaRu vehitteHaru vetahaRah vetaHareti vetaHer vetaHerah vetiHar vetihaRo vetiharTa vetiharTi vetiharTim vetihaRu wat·tə·ṭa·hă·rêm wattəṭahărêm way·ṭa·hă·rū way·ṭa·hêr way·yiṭ·hār way·yiṭ·ṭa·hă·rū wayṭahărū wayṭahêr wayyiṭhār wayyiṭṭahărū wə’eṭhār wə·’eṭ·hār wə·ham·miṭ·ṭa·hă·rîm wə·hiṭ·ṭa·hă·rū wə·hiṭ·ṭe·hā·rū wə·ṭā·hă·rāh wə·ṭā·hā·rə·tî wə·ṭā·hê·rāh wə·ṭā·hêr wə·ṭi·hă·rōw wə·ṭi·hă·rū wə·ṭi·har wə·ṭi·har·tā wə·ṭi·har·tî wə·ṭi·har·tîm wəhammiṭṭahărîm wəhiṭṭahărū wəhiṭṭehārū wəṭāhărāh wəṭāhārətî wəṭāhêr wəṭāhêrāh wəṭihar wəṭihărōw wəṭihartā wəṭihartî wəṭihartîm wəṭihărū yiṭ·har yiṭ·hār yiṭ·har- yitHar yiṭhar yiṭhār yiṭhar-
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the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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