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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #04751 - מַר

Transliteration
mar, mârâh
Phonetics
mar, maw-raw'  
Word Origin
from (04843)
Parts of Speech
N/A
TWOT
1248a,1248c
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) bitter, bitterness (adjective)

1a) of water or food

1b) of harlot’s end, end of wickedness, cry (figuratively)

1c) of pain (substantive)

2) bitterly (adverb)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1650 ‑ ἔλεγχος (el'‑eng‑khos);  3601 ‑ ὀδύνη (od‑oo'‑nay);  4088 ‑ πικρία (pik‑ree'‑ah);  4089 ‑ πικρός (pik‑ros');  4090 ‑ πικρῶς (pik‑roce');  3601 ‑ ὀδύνη (od‑oo'‑nay);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (38) NAS (37) HCS (38)
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Numbers 5
Judges 1
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 2
Esther 1
Job 4
Psalms 1
Proverbs 3
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 3
Amos 1
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 1
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Numbers 5
Judges 1
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 2
Esther 1
Job 4
Psalms 1
Proverbs 3
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 3
Amos 1
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 1
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Numbers 6
Judges 1
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 2
Esther 1
Job 4
Psalms 1
Proverbs 3
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 4
Amos 1
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 1
BYZ TIS TR
a-fs 6
a-fsc 1
a-mp 3
a-mpc 3
a-ms 16
a-msc 4
a-fs 6
a-fsc 1
a-mp 7
a-mpc 4
a-ms 16
a-msc 4
a-fs 6
a-fsc 1
a-mp 4
a-mpc 4
a-ms 16
a-msc 4
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1296) rm (מר MR) AC: ? CO: Bitter AB: Weak: The pictograph m is a picture of water, the r is a picture of a head. Combined these mean "water head" or headwaters. (eng: marine; marsh)

A) rm (מר MR) AC: ? CO: Bitter AB: ?: The headwaters of a river are only a trickle and have stagnant pools causing the water to be bitter. Something that is bitter of taste or attitude. Rebellion is one with a bitter attitude.

Nm) rm (מר MR) - I. Bitter: II. Trickle:From the little water at the headwaters of a river. KJV (39): bitter, bitterness, bitterly, chafed, angry, discontented, heavy - Strongs: H4751 (מַר), H4752 (מַר)

Nf1) erm (מרה MRH) - Bitterness: KJV (1): bitterness - Strongs: H4787 (מָרָּה)

fm) irm (מרי MRY) - Bitter: KJV (23): rebellious, rebellion, bitter, rebel - Strongs: H4805 (מְרִי)

km) rmm (ממר MMR) - Bitterness: KJV (1): bitterness - Strongs: H4470 (מֶמֶר)

B) rrm (מרר MRR) AC: ? CO: Bitter AB: ?: The headwaters of a river are only a trickle and have stagnant pools causing the water to be bitter. Rebellion is one with a bitter attitude.

V) rrm (מרר MRR) - Bitter: KJV (16): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) bitterness, bitter, bitterly, choler, grieve, provoke, vex - Strongs: H4843 (מָרַר)

Nf1) errm (מררה MRRH) - Bile: The bitter stomach fluid. KJV (1): gall - Strongs: H4845 (מְרֵרָה)

bf3) tfrirm (מרירות MRYRWT) - Bitter: Bitterness KJV (1): bitterness - Strongs: H4814 (מְרִירוּת)

cm) rfrm (מרור MRWR) - Bitter: KJV (3): bitter, bitterness - Strongs: H4844 (מְרוֹר)

cf1) erfrm (מרורה MRWRH) - Venom: The bitter fluids of a serpent. KJV (4): gall, bitter - Strongs: H4846 (מְרוֹרָה)

acm) rfrmm (ממרור MMRWR) - Bitter: KJV (1): bitterness - Strongs: H4472 (מַמְּרֹרִים)

bfm) irirm (מרירי MRYRY) - Bitter: KJV (1): bitter - Strongs: H4815 (מְרִירִי)

idm) rfrmt (תמרור TMRWR) - Bitter: KJV (3): bitter, bitterly - Strongs: H8563 (תַּמְרוּרִים)

C) rma (אמר AMR) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Weak: A weakness from a bitter sickness.

V) rma (אמר AMR) - Weak: [df: lma] KJV (16): (vf: Paal) languish, feeble, weak - Strongs: H535 (אָמַל)

Nm ) rma (אמר AMR) - Weak: [df: llma] KJV (1): feeble - Strongs: H537 (אֲמֵלָל)

em ) rmia (אימר AYMR) - Lamb: A weak animal. [Aramaic only] KJV (3): lamb - Strongs: H563 (אִמַּר)

om) rmfa (אומר AWMR) - Weak: [df: llma] KJV (1): weak - Strongs: H536 (אֻמְלַל)

D) ram (מאר MAR) AC: Irritate CO: ? AB: ?: A bitter irritation from disease.

V) ram (מאר MAR) - Irritate: KJV (4): (vf: Hiphil) fretting, pricking - Strongs: H3992 (מָאַר)

F) rme (המר HMR) AC: ? CO: Pit AB: ?: The bitterness of the water in a stagnant pit.

af1) ermem (מהמרה MHMRH) - Pit: A deep hole. KJV (1): deep pit - Strongs: H4113 (מַהֲמֹרוֹת)

G) rem (מהר MHR) AC: Hurry CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

V) rem (מהר MHR) - I. Hurry: II. Purchase:To pay the price for a wife. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (66): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) haste, swift, quick, soon, speed, headlong, rash, fearful, ready, short, straightway, suddenly, endow - Strongs: H4116 (מָהַר), H4117 (מָהַר)

Nm) rem (מהר MHR) - Quickly: KJV (18): quickly, speedily, hastily, soon, suddenly, at once - Strongs: H4118 (מַהֵר)

Nf1) erem (מהרה MHRH) - Quickly: KJV (20): quickly, speedily, speed, soon, swiftly, hastily, shortly - Strongs: H4120 (מְהֵרָה)

bm) riem (מהיר MHYR) - Ready: In the sense of being quick. KJV (4): ready, diligent, hasting - Strongs: H4106 (מָהִר)

gm) refm (מוהר MWHR) - Dowry: [Unknown connection to root] KJV (3): dowry - Strongs: H4119 (מֹהַר)

H) erm (מרה MRH) AC: ? CO: Bitter AB: ?

V) erm (מרה MRH) - Bitter: To be bitter or rebellious. KJV (44): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) rebel, rebellious, provoke, disobedient, against, bitter, change, disobey, grievously, provocation - Strongs: H4784 (מָרָה)

gm) erfm (מורה MWRH) - I. Razor:[Unknown connection to root] II. Archer:One who throws an arrow. III. Razor:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (3): razor - Strongs: H4177 (מוֹרָה)

J) rfm (מור MWR) AC: Exchange CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

V) rfm (מור MWR) - Exchange: KJV (14): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil) change, remove, exchange - Strongs: H4171 (מוּר)

Nm) rfm (מור MWR) - Myrrh: A sweet smelling spice. Used as an exchange due to its monetary value. KJV (12): myrrh - Strongs: H4753 (מוֹר)

Nf1) erfm (מורה MWRH) - Grief: As an exchange. KJV (1): grief - Strongs: H4786 (מֹרָה)

if1) erfmt (תמורה TMWRH) - Exchange: KJV (6): exchange, change, recompense, restitution - Strongs: H8545 (תְּמוּרָה)

L) rmi (ימר YMR) AC: ? CO: Exchange AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

V) rmi (ימר YMR) - Exchange: KJV (2): (vf: Hiphil, Hitpael) change, boast - Strongs: H3235 (יָמַר)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. מַר adjective and substantive bitter, bitterness; — absolute ׳מ Proverbs 27:7 +, הַמַּר Habakkuk 1:6, מָ֑ר Psalm 64:4 +; construct מַר 1 Samuel 22:2 +; feminine מָרָה Genesis 27:34 +, מָרָא Ruth 1:20; construct מָרַת 1 Samuel 1:10; masculine plural מָרִים Exodus 15:23 +; construct מָרֵי Judges 18:25; Proverbs 31:6; — bitter:

1 literally, of water Exodus 15:23 (J); food Proverbs 27:7 (opposed to מָתוֺק); wormwood (לַעֲנָה Proverbs 5:4 (in simile of end of harlot, compare Ecclesiastes 7:26 below); as substantive plural, of physical pain, result of curse לְמָרִים Numbers 5:24,27, whence מֵי הַמָּרִים Numbers 5:18 (compare Di) Numbers 5:19; Numbers 5:23; Numbers 5:24; of harmful result of ruthless fighting 2 Samuel 2:26; of wickedness Jeremiah 2:19; Jeremiah 4:18; = injurious, hurtful Isaiah 5:20 (twice in verse) (opposed to מָתוֺק).

2 figurative,

a. of cry (צְעָקָה, זְעָקָה) Genesis 27:34 (J), Esther 4:1; מִסְמֵּד מָ֑ר Ezekiel 27:31 (strike out Co); דָּבָר מָ֑ר Psalm 64:4; as adverb (cry, weep) bitterly Ezekiel 27:30 (מָרָה), Zephaniah 1:14; Isaiah 33:7 (both מַר).

b. of feeling, temper, especially withנֶפֶשׁ: אֲנָשִׁיםמָרֵי נֶפֶשׁ Judges 18:25 men fierce (GFM acrid) of temper, Song of Solomon 2Samuel 17:8 (like a bear robbed of whelps); הַגּוֺי הַמַּר Habakkuk 1:6 the fierce nation; מַרנֶֿפֶשׁ = discontented 1 Samuel 22:2; מַרֵי נֶפֶשׁ = the bitterly wretched Job 3:20; Proverbs 31:6, so ׳מָרַת נ 1 Samuel 1:10; compare יוֺם מָ֑ר Amos 8:10; as substantive abstract מַרנֶֿפֶשׁ bitterness of soul Isaiah 38:15; Ezekiel 27:31 (strike out Co), Job 7:11; Job 10:1 = נפשׁ מָרָה Job 21:25; compare מָרָא Ruth 1:20 (name given to Naomi by herself); מַרהַֿמָּוֶת 1 Samuel 15:32 the bitterness of death; מַרמִֿמָּוֶת Ecclesiastes 7:26 (metaphor of harlot); in Ezekiel 3:14 I went bitterly, strike out מַר Co. — Isaiah 38:17 see מרר.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

מַר m. (from the root מָרַר).

(1) subst. a drop, so called from flowing down (see מָרַר No. 1 ), Isaiah 40:15.

(2) adj. f. מָרָה bitter, Isaiah 5:20; Proverbs 27:7 bitter, acrid (fcharf), of brackish water, Exodus 15:23. Neutr. as a substantive, bitterness (of death), 1 Samuel 15:32. Metaph.

(a) sad, sorrowful, Ezekiel 3:14 often used of the mind, Job 21:25. מַר נֶפֶשׁ adj. sad of soul, 1 Samuel 1:10, 22:2 and subst. sadness, Job 7:11, 10:1.

(b) bitter, of a cry or weeping, Germ. bitterlich. צְעָקָה גְדוֹלָה וּמָרָה “a loud and bitter cry,” Genesis 27:34; Esther 4:1; Ezekiel 27:31, מִסְפֵּד מַר “a bitter (violent) lamentation;” also used of a bitter fate, Proverbs 5:4; Amos 8:10. Adv. מַר Isaiah 33:7, and מָרָה Ezekiel 27:30, bitterly.

(c) fierce, i.e. vehement, powerful, raging, i.q. Arab. مرير (whence it is at the same time manifest how עַז strong, Judges 14:14, can be opposed to sweet), Habakkuk 1:6 מַר נֶפֶשׁ id. Judges 18:25; 2 Samuel 17:8.

(d) destructive, pernicious, Psalms 64:4; Jeremiah 2:19. מֵי הַפָּרִים bitter waters, i.e. which would be destructive to the perjured wife, Numbers 5:18, 19.

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List of Word Forms
בְּמַ֣ר בְּמַר־ במר במר־ הַמַּ֣ר הַמָּרִ֖ים הַמָּרִ֥ים הַמָּרִֽים׃ המר המרים המרים׃ וָמָ֔ר וּמָרֵ֥י וּמָרָ֖ה וּמָרָֽה׃ ומר ומרה ומרה׃ ומרי לְמָ֣רֵי לְמָֽר׃ לְמָרִ֔ים לְמָרִֽים׃ למר׃ למרי למרים למרים׃ מַ֖ר מַ֛ר מַ֣ר מַ֥ר מַר֙ מַר־ מָ֑ר מָ֔ר מָ֣רֵי מָ֣רַת מָֽר׃ מָרִ֖ים מָרַּ֣ת מָרָ֑ה מָרָ֣ה מָרָ֥ה מר מר־ מר׃ מרה מרי מרים מרת bə·mar bə·mar- beMar bəmar bəmar- ham·mā·rîm ham·mar hammar hammaRim hammārîm lə·mā·rê lə·mā·rîm lə·mār leMar ləmār ləmārê leMarei lemaRim ləmārîm mā·rāh mā·raṯ mā·rê mā·rîm mar mār mar- mār·raṯ maRah mārāh Marat māraṯ mārê Marei maRim mārîm marRat mārraṯ ū·mā·rāh ū·mā·rê umaRah ūmārāh ūmārê umaRei vaMar wā·mār wāmār
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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