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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #05352 - נָקָה

Transliteration
nâqâh
Phonetics
naw-kaw'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1412
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to be empty, be clear, be pure, be free, be innocent, be desolate, be cut off

1a) (Qal) to be empty, be clean, be pure

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to be cleaned out, be purged out

1b2) to be clean, be free from guilt, be innocent

1b3) to be free, be exempt from punishment

1b4) to be free, be exempt from obligation

1c) (Piel)

1c1) to hold innocent, acquit

1c2) to leave unpunished

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2511 ‑ καθαρίζω (kath‑ar‑id'‑zo);  121 ‑ ἀθῶος (ath'‑o‑os);  2513 ‑ καθαρός (kath‑ar‑os');  2641 ‑ καταλείπω (kat‑al‑i'‑po);  121 ‑ ἀθῶος (ath'‑o‑os);  1439 ‑ ἐάω (eh‑ah'‑o);  1567 ‑ ἐκζητέω (ek‑zay‑teh'‑o);  2512 ‑ καθαρισμός (kath‑ar‑is‑mos');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (44) NAS (40) HCS (42)
Genesis 2
Exodus 3
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
Job 2
Psalms 2
Proverbs 7
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 5
Joel 1
Nahum 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 2
Exodus 3
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
Job 2
Psalms 2
Proverbs 7
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 5
Joel 1
Nahum 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 2
Exodus 3
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
Job 2
Psalms 2
Proverbs 7
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 11
Joel 2
Nahum 2
Zechariah 2
BYZ TIS TR
v-ni2mp 1
v-ni2ms 4
v-ni3ms 7
v-np1cs 3
v-np2ms 1
v-np3fs 2
v-np3ms 5
v-pa 2
v-pi3ms 8
v-pp1cs 2
v-ni2mp 1
v-ni2ms 4
v-ni3ms 7
v-np1cs 3
v-np2ms 1
v-np3fs 2
v-np3ms 5
v-pa 2
v-pi3ms 8
v-pp1cs 2
v-ni2mp 1
v-ni2ms 4
v-ni3ms 7
v-np1cs 3
v-np2ms 1
v-np3fs 2
v-np3ms 5
v-pa 2
v-pi3ms 8
v-pp1cs 2
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1318) qn (נק NQ) AC: Suckle CO: Breast AB: Innocent: The pictograph n is a picture of a seed and represents the sons of the next generation, the q is a picture of the sun at the horizon and the drawing in of light. Combined these mean "child drawn in". The bringing in and holding close of an infant to the breast.

A) qn (נק NQ) AC: ? CO: Bowl AB: Innocent: Where the infant suckles.

fm) iqn (נקי NQY) - Innocent: A state of innocence as an infant. [df: ayqn] KJV (44): innocent, guiltless, quit, blameless, clean, clear - Strongs: H5355 (נָקִי)

kf4 ) tiqnm (מנקית MNQYT) - Bowl: From the shape of a bowl that holds liquids like a breast that holds milk. KJV (4): bowl, cup - Strongs: H4518 (מְנַקִּית)

fjm) nfiqn (נקיונ NQYWN) - Innocent: A state of innocence as an infant. KJV (5): innocency, cleanness - Strongs: H5356 (נִקָּיֹן)

B) qqn (נקק NQQ) AC: ? CO: Breast AB: ?

bm ) qiqn (נקיק NQYQ) - Cleavage: A cleft in the rocks. KJV (3): hole - Strongs: H5357 (נָקִיק)

C) qna (אנק ANQ) AC: Cry CO: ? AB: ?: The crying out of a child or one who is helpless.

V) qna (אנק ANQ) - Cry: KJV (4): (vf: Paal, Niphal) cry, groan - Strongs: H602 (אָנַק)

Nf1) eqna (אנקה ANQH) - I. Crying: II. Anaqa:An unknown animal whose sound is like a cry. KJV (5): sighing, crying, groaning, ferret - Strongs: H603 (אֲנָקָה), H604 (אֲנָקָה)

D) qan (נאק NAQ) AC: Cry CO: ? AB: ?: The crying out of one who is helpless.

V) qan (נאק NAQ) - Cry: KJV (2): (vf: Paal) groan - Strongs: H5008 (נָאַק)

Nf1) eqan (נאקה NAQH) - Crying: KJV (4): groaning - Strongs: H5009 (נְאָקָה)

G) qen (נהק NHQ) AC: Cry CO: ? AB: ?

V) qen (נהק NHQ) - Cry: KJV (2): (vf: Paal) bray - Strongs: H5101 (נָהַק)

H) eqn (נקה NQH) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Innocent: The innocence of an infant.

V) eqn (נקה NQH) - Innocent: One who is innocent of a crime or oath. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (45): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) unpunished, guiltless, innocent, clear, cleanse, free, acquit, altogether, cut off, blameless, pure - Strongs: H5343 (נְקֵא), H5352 (נָקָה)

J) qfn (נוק NWQ) AC: Suckle CO: Breast AB: ?

V) qfn (נוק NWQ) - Suckle: KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) nurse - Strongs: H5134 (נוּק)

L) qni (ינק YNQ) AC: Suckle CO: Sapling AB: ?

V) qni (ינק YNQ) - Suckle: KJV (32): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Participle) suck, nurse, suckling, milch, mother - Strongs: H3243 (יָנַק)

bf1) eqini (יניקה YNYQH) - Sapling: A sucking branch. KJV (1): twig - Strongs: H3242 (יְנִיקָה)

gm) qnfi (יונק YWNQ) - Sapling: A sucking branch. KJV (1): plant - Strongs: H3126 (יוֹנֵק)

gf2) tqnfi (יונקת YWNQT) - Sapling: A sucking branch. KJV (6): branch, twig - Strongs: H3127 (יוֹנֶקֶת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [נָקָה] verb be empty(?), clean ( Sirach 16:11 b Niph`al Imperfect ינקה be unpunished, so Sirach 40:15; Sirach 31:5 = Proverbs 28:20; Late Hebrew Pi`el = Biblical Hebrew; Aramaic נְקָא Pa`el = Biblical Hebrew, adjective נְקֵא clean; Phoenician נקי adjective pure; Palmyrene נקא be clean (perhaps) in proper name Sachau ZMG xxxv (1881), 735 Lzb325; Assyrian nâkû, pour out, pour libation, make offering, nikû, libation, offering; Old Aramaic נקיה perhaps = נוּקָיָה libation (Lzb326), compare Syriac Cook83; Syriac Pa`el pour out, make a libation; on the other hand, Arabic purus, mundus fuit Kam Frey; II. cleanse, etc., Lane3037. — Original meaning probably empty out, hence pour and be empty, clean); **ᵑ7נְקָא Pa`el = cleanse (with lye) Isaiah 1:25; adjective נְקֵא clean of bread or fruit Genesis 40:16 ᵑ7 J i, Deuteronomy 6:3 ᵑ7 J ii, = exempt (Biblical Hebrew נָקִי) 1 Kings 15:22. —

Qal Infinitive absolute נָקֹה Jeremiah 49:12 (נָקֹה תִּנָּקֶה, probably error for ׳הנקה ת, compare Jeremiah 25:29).

Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נִקָּה Zechariah 5:3 5t.; feminine נִקְּתָה Numbers 5:28; נִקָּ֑תָה Isaiah 3:26; 2 masculine singular נִקֵּיתָ Genesis 24:8; 1 singular נִקֵּיתִי Judges 15:3 2t.; Imperfect יִנָקֶה Proverbs 6:29 6t.; 2 masculine singular תִּנָּקֶה Genesis 24:41 2t.; plural תִּנָּקוּ Jeremiah 25:29 (twice in verse); Imperative הִנָּקֹי Numbers 5:19; Infinitive הִנָּקִה Jeremiah 25:29; —

1 be cleaned out, of a plundered city Isaiah 3:26; purged out, of liars and perjurers Zechariah 5:3 (twice in verse).

2 be clean, free from guilt, innocent, Jeremiah 2:35 with מִן, מִמֶּשַׁע Psalm 19:14; מֵעָוֺן Numbers 5:31(P); מִמְּלִשְׁתִּים from (at the hands of) the Philistines Judges 15:3.

3 be free, exempt from punishment, absolute Exodus 21:19 (E) Numbers 5:28 (P) 1 Samuel 26:9; לֹא יִנָּקֶה Proverbs 6:29; Proverbs 11:21; Proverbs 16:5; Proverbs 17:5; Proverbs 19:5,9; Proverbs 28:20; Jeremiah 25:29 (3t. in verse); Jeremiah 49:12b, נָקֹה תִּנָּקֶה Jeremiah 49:12a.

4 free, exempt from obligation, with מִן, from oaths Genesis 24:8,41 (J); מִמֵּי הַמָּרִים from effects of drinking the bitter water Numbers 5:19 (P).

Piel Perfect 1 singular נִקֵּיתִי Joshua 4:21 (ᵐ5ᵑ6 נִקַּמְתִּי; so Now SS Buhl); Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְנַקֶּה Exodus 20:7 2t.; יְנַקֵּ֑ה Numbers 14:18; Nahum 1:3; 2 masculine singular suffix תְּנַקֵּנִי Job 9:28; Job 10:14; תְּנַקֵּהוּ 1 Kings 2:9; 1 singular suffix אֲנַקֶּ֑ךָּ Jeremiah 30:11; Jeremiah 46:28; Imperative suffix נַקֵּנִי Psalm 19:13; Infinitive absolute נַקֵּה Exodus 34:7 4t.; —

1. hold innocent, acquit, Job 9:28; מֵעֲוֺנִי Job 10:4; מִנִּסְתּרוֺת Psalm 19:13.

2 leave unpunished: of Prayer of Manasseh , with accusative 1 Kings 2:9; elsewhere of God: absolute נַקֵּה לאֹ יְנַקֶּה Exodus 34:7 (twice in verse) = Numbers 14:18 (twice in verse) (all J) = Nahum 1:3 (twice in verse); with accusative לאֹ יְנַקֶּה Exodus 20:7 = Deuteronomy 5:11; נַקֵּה לאֹ אֲנַקֶּךָּ Jeremiah 30:11 (twice in verse) = Jeremiah 46:28 (twice in verse), compare Joel 4:21 (twice in verse) (but see above).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

נָקָה to be pure, Arab. id. نَقِىَ id.; Syriac to sprinkle water of purifying (prop. to purge), to offer a libation, to sacrifice, whence מְנַקִּית a sacrificial cup. In Kal only found, Jeremiah 49:12 where נָקֹה inf. pleon. is joined to the conjugation Niphal.

Niphal נִקָּה

(1) to be pure, metaph. innocent, followed by מִן to be void of any fault. Psalms 19:14; Numbers 5:31 followed by מִן of person, Judges 15:3, נִקֵּיתִי מִפְּלִשְׁתִּים “I am free from blame towards the Philistines,” i.e. if I attack the Philistines it is not my fault, but their own.

(2) to be free from punishment, to be quit, Exodus 21:19; Numbers 5:19; Proverbs 6:29, בָּהּ לֹא יִנָּקֶה כָּל־הַנֹּגֵעֲ “whoever toucheth her shall not be unpunished;” 11:21.

(3) to be clear, free, from an oath, or obligation, Genesis 24:8, 41 Genesis 24:41.

(4) to be vacant, empty (spoken of a city), i.e. laid waste (like the Arab. Conj. X); Isaiah 3:26. Also used of men who are destroyed, extirpated, Zechariah 5:3.

Piel נִקָּה

(1) to declare innocent, to absolve, Job 9:28 followed by מִן Psalms 19:13; Job 10:14.

(2) to leave unpunished, to pardon, with an acc. of pers., Exodus 20:7; 1 Kings 2:9; Jeremiah 30:11, 46:28 with an acc. of the crime. Joel 4:21, וְנִקֵּתִי (better [but this is a conjecture]. נִקַּמְתִּי LXX. ἐκζητήσω) דָּמָם לֹא נִקֵּיתִי “I will avenge their blood, and will not leave it unavenged.” [But see Eng. Ver.] Absol. Exodus 34:7, “forgiving iniquity, and transgression, and sin, וְנַקֵּה לֹא יְנַקֶּה but will not always pardon;” Numbers 14:18; Nahum 1:3.

Derivatives, נָקִי, נָקִיא, נִקָּיוֹן, מְנַקִּית.

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List of Word Forms
אֲנַקֶּֽךָּ׃ אנקך׃ הִנָּקִ֕י הִנָּקֵ֣ה הנקה הנקי וְ֝נִקֵּ֗יתִי וְנִקְּתָ֖ה וְנִקִּ֕יתָ וְנִקֵּ֖יתִי וְנִקָּ֖תָה וְנִקָּ֣ה וְנִקָּ֥ה וְנִקָּֽה׃ וְנַקֵּ֖ה וְנַקֵּה֙ ונקה ונקה׃ ונקית ונקיתי ונקתה יְנַקֶּ֑ה יְנַקֶּ֔ה יְנַקֶּה֙ יִ֝נָּקֶ֗ה יִנָּ֣קֶה יִנָּקֶ֑ה יִנָּקֶֽה׃ ינקה ינקה׃ נִקֵּ֑יתִי נִקֵּ֔יתִי נִקֵּ֥יתִי נִקָּ֔ה נִקָּֽה׃ נַקֵּֽנִי׃ נָקֹ֖ה נקה נקה׃ נקיתי נקני׃ תְּנַקֵּ֔הוּ תְנַקֵּֽנִי׃ תִּנָּקֶ֑ה תִּנָּקֶה֙ תִנָּק֑וּ תִנָּק֔וּ תִנָּקֶ֔ה תנקה תנקהו תנקו תנקני׃ ’ă·naq·qe·kā ’ănaqqekā anakKeka hin·nā·qêh hin·nā·qî hinnaKeh hinnaKi hinnāqêh hinnāqî nā·qōh nakKeni naKoh naq·qê·nî nāqōh naqqênî nikKah nikKeiti niq·qāh niq·qê·ṯî niqqāh niqqêṯî tə·naq·qê·hū ṯə·naq·qê·nî tenakKehu tenakKeni tənaqqêhū ṯənaqqênî tin·nā·qeh ṯin·nā·qeh ṯin·nā·qū tinnaKeh tinnaKu tinnāqeh ṯinnāqeh ṯinnāqū venakKeh venikKah venikKatah venikKeiti venikkeTah venikKita wə·naq·qêh wə·niq·qā·ṯāh wə·niq·qāh wə·niq·qə·ṯāh wə·niq·qê·ṯî wə·niq·qî·ṯā wənaqqêh wəniqqāh wəniqqāṯāh wəniqqəṯāh wəniqqêṯî wəniqqîṯā yə·naq·qeh yenakKeh yənaqqeh yin·nā·qeh yinnaKeh yinnāqeh
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