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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #05676 - עֵבֶר

Transliteration
‛êber
Phonetics
ay'-ber  
Word Origin
from (05674)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
1556a
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) region beyond or across, side

1a) region across or beyond

1b) side, opposite side

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1445 ‑ Ἑβραῖος (heb‑rah'‑yos);  3313 ‑ μέρος (mer'‑os);  4008 ‑ πέραν (per'‑an);  4420 ‑ πτέρυξ (pter'‑oox);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (90) NAS (44) HCS (85)
Genesis 2
Exodus 4
Numbers 6
Deuteronomy 11
Joshua 24
Judges 4
1 Samuel 5
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 5
1 Chronicles 4
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 3
Job 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 4
Ezekiel 3
Zephaniah 1
Genesis 2
Exodus 4
Numbers 6
Deuteronomy 11
Joshua 23
Judges 4
1 Samuel 5
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 5
1 Chronicles 3
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 3
Job 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 3
Ezekiel 3
Zephaniah 1
Genesis 2
Exodus 4
Numbers 7
Deuteronomy 11
Joshua 24
Judges 4
1 Samuel 6
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 7
1 Chronicles 3
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 3
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 3
Ezekiel 3
Zephaniah 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-cmpc 2
n-cms 25
n-cmsc 52
n-p 1
v-hp2ms 1
v-qi1cp 1
n-cmpc 2
n-cms 25
n-cmsc 52
n-p 1
v-hp2ms 1
v-qi1cp 1
n-cmpc 2
n-cms 25
n-cmsc 52
n-p 1
v-hp2ms 1
v-qi1cp 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2520) rbo (אהבר AhBR) AC: Cross CO: ? AB: ?: The crossing over or passing through a land or water to gain access to the side beyond. [from: rb- filling a land] (eng: over; ford - with the exchange of the f and b; ferry)

V) rbo (אהבר AhBR) - Cross: To cross over a river or cross through a land. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (573): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) over, pass, through, go, away - Strongs: H5674 (עָבַר), H5675 (עֲבַר)

Nm) rbo (אהבר AhBR) - I. Side:As being across from the other side. II. Beyond:Across the other side. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (91): over, pass, through, go, away - Strongs: H5676 (עֵבֶר)

Nf1) ero (אהברה AhBRH) - Wrath: As crossing over from peace. KJV (37): wrath, rage, anger - Strongs: H5678 (עֶבְרָה), H5679 (עֲבָרָה)

am) rbom (מאהבר MAhBR) - Crossing: A place in the river for crossing. KJV (11): ferry - Strongs: H4569 (מַעֲבָר)

dm) rfbo (אהבור AhBWR) - I. Produce:As what passes over the land. II. Purpose:In the sense of crossing over to something KJV (10): corn, sake, that, because, intent, deed, to - Strongs: H5668 (עָבֻר), H5669 (עֲבוּר)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. עֵ֫בֶר91 noun masculine 1 Samuel 14:40 region across or beyond, side (on formation compare Ba NB 144; compare especially Assyrian êbru, êbirtu, id., êbirtan, adverb beyond); — ׳י absolute 1 Samuel 14:4 +; construct Joshua 24:4 +; suffix עֶבְרוֺ Isaiah 47:15; plural construct עֶבְרֵי Isaiah 7:20; Jeremiah 48:28 (si vera lectio, see below); suffix עֲבָרָיו 1 Kings 5:4; Jeremiah 49:32 (read probably עֶבְרֵיהֶם, so Vrss), עֶבְרֵיהֶם Exodus 32:15; —

1 region across or beyond anything (usually wady, river, or sea), mostly with preposition:בְּעֵבֶר אַרְנוֺן Numbers 21:13 (JE) Judges 11:18, compare Jeremiah 25:22; הַיָּם׳אֶלעֿ Deuteronomy 30:13b, מַעֵבֶר לַיָּם Deuteronomy 30:13 a beyond the sea; לְנַהֲרֵיכֿוּשׁ׳מֵע Isaiah 18:1, compare ׳עַדמֵֿע 1 Kings 4:12 (מִן on the side of, on, see מִן

1 c; so usually with׳ע); but also (rarely) ׳מֵע from the other side of Zephaniah 3:10; Job 1:19; 2 Chronicles 20:2; absolute ׳הַע 1 Samuel 26:13 to the other side (that Isaiah , of a ravine; after וַיַּעֲבֹר); בְּעֵבֶר הָעֵמֶק 1 Samuel 31:7, read perhaps ׳בְּעָרֵי הָע, so Klo Bu HPS; בְּעֶבְרֵי פִיפָֿ֑חַת Jeremiah 48:28 beyond the mouth of a chasm is dubious; Gie proposes בְּחֹרֵי כֵפֵי בַתֹּת in the rock-holes of the precipices; especially (chiefly Hexateuch, 37t.) הַיַּרְדֵּן׳ע (30t.), or (less often, Joshua 13:32 13t.), לַיַּרְדֵּן, לְיַרְדֵּן יְרֵחוֺ (only with ׳מֵע), of either east Jordan (36t.) or west Jordan land (9t.) according to standpoint of speaker or writer:

A. east Jordan (from standpoint of writer) Genesis 50:10,11 (J) Joshua 17:5 (JE) Deuteronomy 1:1,5; Deuteronomy 4:41,46,47,49; Joshua 1:14; Joshua 12:1; Joshua 13:8 (D), Numbers 22:1; Numbers 32:19; Numbers 34:15; Joshua 13:27,32; Joshua 14:3; Joshua 20:8 (P), Judges 7:25; Judges 10:8; 1 Samuel 31:7; Isaiah 8:23; 1 Chronicles 6:63; 1 Chronicles 12:37; from standpoint of speaker, Joshua 7:7 (JE), Joshua 24:8 (E), Joshua 1:15; Joshua 2:10; Joshua 9:10; Joshua 18:7; Joshua 22:4 (D), Judges 5:17; in Numbers 35:14 (Moses speaks) it is land opposed to to Can., compare Numbers 32:32; in Deuteronomy 3:8 (Moses speaks) writer (D) ascribes his own standpoint to Moses; (often further topographical note is added, e.g. מִזְרָ֫חָה Deuteronomy 4:49 +, מִזְרַח הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ Joshua 1:15 +, etc.); ׳אֶלעֵֿבֶר בְּנֵי יִשְׂר Joshua 22:11 toward the region opposite the sons of Israel apparently also refers to east side (see Steuern on text).

B. West Jordan (9t.), from standpoint of speaker Deuteronomy 3:20,25 (Moses), also Deuteronomy 11:30 (but here + מְכוֺא הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ, and in all following some special designation of West), + יָ֫מָּה Joshua 5:1 (D; from standpoint of those just crossed), Joshua 12:7 ( opposite East Joshua 12:1-6), Joshua 22:7 ( id.; Kt מעבר, Qr בְּעֵבֶר), compare Joshua 9:1 (as Joshua 5:1); + וָהָ֑לְאָה Numbers 32:19 a ( opposite East v b); in 1 Chronicles 26:30 מַעֲרָ֑בָה׳לַיַּר ׳מֵע׳ע seems = side (see below). Also הַנָּהָר׳בְּע beyond the river (Euphrates) Joshua 24:2,14,15 (E; Kt Qr ׳מֵע), ׳מֵע 2 Samuel 10:16 = 1 Chronicles 19:16 beyond, and 1 Kings 14:5 to the other side of (see מִן 1 c); ׳מֵע from beyond the river only Joshua 24:3 (E), in all these = beyond the Euphrase eastward, from standpoint of those west of Euphrase; so plural ׳בְּעֶבְרֵי הַנּ Isaiah 7:20; possibly also ׳ע alone (si vera lectio) in the difficult passage Numbers 24:24; הַנָּהָר׳ע = region beyond the river (Euphrase) westward (from standpoint of those in Babylonia or Persia) Nehemiah 2:7,9; Nehemiah 3:7; Ezra 8:36; also 1 Kings 5:4 (twice in verse) (written in Babylonian; compare Biblical Aramaic עֲבַר, and Dr Intr (6) 504). ** Compare late Assyrian ebir nari Schr KB iv. 304, l. 7 from below; KAT 3. 188,437.

2 (Opposite) side, side: הַלָּז׳מֵע 1 Samuel 14:1 on yonder side seems transition to this meaning; מִזֶּה׳מֵהָע twice, 1 Samuel 14:4 = on one side, on the other side, so אֶחָד׳לְע twice 1 Samuel 14:40; even מִשְּׁנֵי עִבְרֵיהֶם Exodus 32:15 (E) on their two sides (i.e. of tablets); הָאֵפוֺד בָּ֑יְתָה׳אֶלעֿ Exodus 28:26 (P) toward the inner side of theephod; in 1 Kings 7:20,30 ׳ע apparently = at the side of or opposite, but the architectural details are obscure; מִכָּלעֲֿבָרָיו מִסָּבִיב 1 Kings 5:4 on all sides of him, round about, מִכָּלעֲֿבָרָיו Jeremiah 49:32 (read עֶבְרֵיהֶם Vrss Gie) from all sides of them (all directions, = מִכָּלסְֿבִיבָ֑יִךְ Jeremiah 49:5); אֶלעֵֿבֶר מָּנָיו יֵלֵ֑כוּ to the side of their faces (i.e. in front, straight forward) they (always) went Ezekiel 1:9,12; Ezekiel 10:22, compare מָּנֶיהָ׳עַלעֿ Exodus 25:37 to give light upon the space in front of it; אִישׁ לְעֶבְרוֺ תָּעוּ Isaiah 47:15 they wander away each in his own direction (regardless of thee). — On 1 Chronicles 26:30 see above

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עֵבֶר m. with suff. עֶבְרוֹ

(1)  region on the other side, situated across a stream, or the sea. עֵבֶר אַרְנוֹן the region situated across the Arnon, Judges 11:18 בְּעֵבֶר הַיָּם in the region beyond the sea, Jeremiah 25:22 especially עֵבֶר הַיַּרְדֵּן τὸ πέραν τοῦ Ἰορδάνου, the region of Palestine beyond Jordan, i.e. situated to the east of Jordan, Genesis 50:10, 11 Genesis 50:11; Deuteronomy 1:1, 3:8, 20, 25 4:41, 46, 47 Joshua 1:14, 15 Joshua 1:15, 2:10 9:10 12:1 13:8, 32 Joshua 13:32, 14:3 17:5 20:8 22:4 Judges 5:17 Isa. 8:23 although the same expression is used five times, Joshua 5:1, 9:1 12:7 1 Chronicles 26:30, of the region on this side Jordan, by a later usage of language which seems to have arisen in the Babylonish captivity; [but observe it is so found in Joshua]. Similar also is the phrase עֵבֶר הַנָּהָר the region beyond the Euphrates, Joshua 24:2, Joshua 24:3; 2 Samuel 10:16; 1 Chronicles 19:16 which is used of provinces on this side, i.e. west of the Euphrates, 1 Kings 5:4; Ezra 8:36; Nehemiah 2:7 (compare Ch. Ezra 4:10, 16 Ezra 4:16); all of which were written by men living to the east of the Euphrates. [?] Plur. עֶבְרֵי נָהָר the regions beyond the Euphrates, Isaiah 7:20.

(2) the opposite region, a region over against, the opposite side, whether there be a valley or whatever else may be between. 1 Samuel 26:13, וַיַּעֲבֹר דָּוִר הָעֵבֶר “and David went over to the other side,” i.e. a mountain situated opposite. Hence, in opposition to each other, are put מֵהָעֵבֶר מִזֶּה and מֵהָעֵבֶר מִזֶּה 1 Samuel 14:4 and לְעֵבֶר אֶחָד, לְעֵבֶר אֶחָד ib. ver. 40; Exodus 28:26. Pl. מִכָּל־עֲבָרָיו from all sides, Jeremiah 49:32 מִשְּׁנֵי עֶבְרֵיהֶם on both sides, Exodus 32:15.

(3) with prefixes it often becomes a prep.

(a) אֶל־עֵבֶר (α) to the region beyond, Deuteronomy 30:13.

(β) to the opposite region, Joshua 22:11.

(γ) towards a region, towards, Exodus 28:26. More fully

(δ) אֶל עֵבֶר פָּנָיו towards the region opposite one’s face, i.e. right before one (Borwärts, gerade vor fich hin), Ezekiel 1:9, 12 Ezekiel 1:12, 10:22. עַל עֵבֶר פּ׳ idem, Exodus 25:37.

(b) לְעֶבְרוֹ i.q. אֶל עֶבְרוֹ straight before one, Isaiah 47:15.

(c) מֵעֵבֶר followed by a genit. and suff. and מֵעֵבֶר לְ (α) from the other side, from beyond, after verbs of motion, Joshua 24:3; Zephaniah 3:10.

(β) beyond, e.g. לַיָּם, מֵעֵבֶל beyond the sea, Deuteronomy 30:13 מֵעֵבֶר לְנַהֲרֵי כוּשׁ beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, Isaiah 18:1.

(4) pr.n. Eber

(a) the ancestor of the race of the Hebrews, Genesis 10:24, 25 Genesis 10:25, 11:14, 15 Genesis 11:15(see my observations on this, Gesch. d. Hebr. Sprache u. Schrift, p. 11); hence בְּנֵי עֵבֶר Genesis 10:21 and poet. עֵבֶר Numbers 24:24, i.q. עִבְרִים Hebrews; as to the difference between this and Israelites, see under עִבְרִי.

(b) Nehemiah 12:20.

(c) 1 Chronicles 8:12.

(d) 1 Chronicles 8:22.

(e) 1 Chronicles 5:13.

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List of Word Forms
בְּעֵ֖בֶר בְּעֵ֣בֶר בְּעֵ֤בֶר בְּעֵ֥בֶר בְּעֵ֨בֶר בְּעֶבְרֵ֤י בְּעֶבְרֵ֥י בְּעֵ֥בֶר בעבר בעברי הָעֵ֔בֶר העבר וּמֵעֵ֜בֶר וּמֵעֵ֣בֶר ומעבר לְעֵ֣בֶר לְעֶבְרוֹ֙ לעבר לעברו מֵהָעֵ֖בֶר מֵהָעֵ֙בֶר֙ מֵעֵ֖בֶר מֵעֵ֛בֶר מֵעֵ֣בֶר מֵעֵ֤בֶר מֵעֵ֥בֶר מהעבר מעבר עֲבָרָ֖יו עֲבָרָ֛יו עֵ֖בֶר עֵ֣בֶר עֵ֤בֶר עֵ֥בֶר עֶבְרֵיהֶ֔ם עבר עבריהם עבריו ‘ă·ḇā·rāw ‘ăḇārāw ‘ê·ḇer ‘eḇ·rê·hem ‘êḇer ‘eḇrêhem avaRav bə‘êḇer bə‘eḇrê bə·‘ê·ḇer bə·‘eḇ·rê beEver beevRei Ever evreiHem hā‘êḇer hā·‘ê·ḇer haEver lə‘êḇer lə‘eḇrōw lə·‘ê·ḇer lə·‘eḇ·rōw leEver leevRo mê‘êḇer mê·‘ê·ḇer mê·hā·‘ê·ḇer meEver mêhā‘êḇer mehaEver ū·mê·‘ê·ḇer ūmê‘êḇer umeEver
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