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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #06663 - צָדַק

Transliteration
tsâdaq
Phonetics
tsaw-dak'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1879
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to be just, be righteous

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to have a just cause, be in the right

1a2) to be justified

1a3) to be just (of God)

1a4) to be just, be righteous (in conduct and character)

1b) (Niphal) to be put or made right, be justified

1c) (Piel) justify, make to appear righteous, make someone righteous

1d) (Hiphil)

1d1) to do or bring justice (in administering law)

1d2) to declare righteous, justify

1d3) to justify, vindicate the cause of, save

1d4) to make righteous, turn to righteousness

1e) (Hithpael) to justify oneself

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 273 ‑ ἄμεμπτος (am'‑emp‑tos);  1342 ‑ δίκαιος (dik'‑ah‑yos);  398 ‑ ἀναφαίνω (an‑af‑ah'ee‑no);  1342 ‑ δίκαιος (dik'‑ah‑yos);  2511 ‑ καθαρίζω (kath‑ar‑id'‑zo);  1342 ‑ δίκαιος (dik'‑ah‑yos);  1344 ‑ δικαιόω (dik‑ah‑yo'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (41) NAS (41) HCS (40)
Genesis 2
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 17
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
Daniel 2
Genesis 2
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 17
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
Daniel 2
Genesis 2
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 17
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 3
Daniel 2
BYZ TIS TR
v-hPmpc 2
v-hc 2
v-hi1cs 2
v-hi3ms 1
v-hp3cp 1
v-hvmp 1
v-np3ms 1
v-pp3fs 1
v-pw2fs 1
v-qi1cs 1
v-qi2ms 4
v-qi3fp 2
v-qi3mp 2
v-qi3ms 5
v-qp1cs 3
v-qp2ms 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3fs 1
v-ti1cp 1
v-hPmpc 2
v-hPms 1
v-hc 2
v-hi1cs 2
v-hi3ms 1
v-hp3cp 1
v-hvmp 1
v-np3ms 1
v-pp3fs 1
v-pw2fs 1
v-qi1cs 2
v-qi2ms 4
v-qi3fp 2
v-qi3mp 2
v-qi3ms 6
v-qp1cs 3
v-qp2ms 2
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3fs 1
v-ti1cp 1
v-hPmpc 2
v-hPms 1
v-hc 2
v-hi1cs 2
v-hi3ms 1
v-hp3cp 1
v-hvmp 1
v-np3ms 1
v-pp3fs 1
v-pw2fs 1
v-qi1cs 2
v-qi2ms 4
v-qi3fp 2
v-qi3mp 2
v-qi3ms 6
v-qp1cs 3
v-qp2ms 2
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3fs 1
v-ti1cp 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2658) qdy (תסדק TsDQ) AC: ? CO: Straight AB: Righteous: One who is upright or righteous is one who walks a straight path. [from: dy- The straightness of the side]

V) qdy (תסדק TsDQ) - Straight: To be straight. KJV (41): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) justify, righteous, just, justice, cleanse, clear, righteousness - Strongs: H6663 (צָדַק)

Nm) qdy (תסדק TsDQ) - Straight: KJV (116): righteousness, just, justice, righteous, right - Strongs: H6664 (צֶדֶק)

Nf1) eqdy (תסדקה TsDQH) - Straightness: KJV (157): righteousness, justice, right, righteous, moderate - Strongs: H6666 (צְדָקָה)

bm) qidy (תסדיק TsDYQ) - Straight: KJV (206): righteous, just, lawful - Strongs: H6662 (צַדִּיק)

ef1) eqdiy (תסידקה TsYDQH) - Straightness: [Aramaic only] KJV (1): righteousness - Strongs: H6665 (צִדְקָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [צָדֵק, צָדֹק] verb denominative be just, righteous; —

Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular צָֽדְקָה Isaiah 38:26; 2 masculine singular צָדַקְתָּ Job 33:12; Job 35:7; etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִצְדַּק Job 9:2 +; יִצְדָּ֑ק Job 4:17; Job 11:2; 3 feminine plural תִּצְדַּקְנָה Ezekiel 16:52 (ᵐ5 Co תְּצַדְּקִין, not Berthol Toy Krae), etc; —

1 have a just cause, be in the right, Job 9:15,20; Job 13:18; Job 34:5; in complaint Job 33:12; with מִן person Genesis 38:26 (J; of Tamar).

2 be justified, in one's plea Job 11:2; with עִם (man with God) Job 9:2; Job 25:4; ׳בי Isaiah 45:25; by witnesses Isaiah 43:9; by acquittal Psalm 143:2; Isaiah 43:26; by condemnation of opponent Job 40:8.

3 be just: of God, in his government, in charging with sin Psalm 51:6; of ׳מִשְׁמְּטֵייֿ Psalm 19:10.

4 be just, righteous, in conduct and character: of men Job 10:15; Job 15:14; Job 22:3; Job 35:7, with מִן compare, Job 4:17 (more than God; Dr at God's hand, מִן 2 d), Ezekiel 16:52 (< ᵐ5 Co Pi`el).

Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular וְנִצְדַּק קֹדֶשׁ consecutive Daniel 8:14 the holy place shall be put right, in a right condition (Marti Kau Buhl SS; Bev Dr Marti Comm. be justified, its cause vindicated).

Pi`el Perfect 3 feminine singular צִדְּקָה Jeremiah 3:11; Imperfect 2 feminine singular תְּצַדְּקִי Ezekiel 16:51; Infinitive construct suffix צַדְּקֶ֑ךָּ Job 33:32; צַדֶּקְתֵּךְ (Ges§ 52 p) Ezekiel 16:52; צַדְּקוֺ Job 32:2; — justify: עַל צַדְּקוֺנַפְשׁוֺ מֵאֱלֹהִים Job 32:2 because he justified himself rather than God (compare Qal 1); make to appear righteous Jeremiah 3:11; Ezekiel 16:51,52 (all with מִן compare); חָפַצְתִּי צַדְּקֶ֑ךָּ Job 33:32 I desire to justify thee (in thy plea, compare Qal 2).

Hiph`il Perfect 1 singular suffix הִצְדַּקְתִּיו 2 Samuel 15:4; 3 masculine plural הִצְדִּיקוּ Deuteronomy 25:1; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַצְדִּיק Isaiah 53:11; 1 singular אַצְדִּיק Exodus 23:7; Job 27:5; Infinitive construct הַצְדִּיק 1 Kings 8:32 2 Chronicles 6:23; Imperative masculine plural הַצְדִּיקוּ Psalm 82:3; Participle מַצְדִּיק Proverbs 17:15, etc.; —

1 do justice, in administering law 2 Samuel 15:4; Psalm 82:3.

2 declare righteous, justify, with accusative (ה)צַדִּיק Deuteronomy 25:1; 1 Kings 8:32 2 Chronicles 6:23; רָשָׁע Exodus 23:7 (E) Isaiah 5:23; Proverbs 17:15; Justify accusers, by recognizing charge as just Job 27:5.

3 justify, vindicate the cause of, save, with accusative, Isaiah 50:8 (of God), with לְ of object Isaiah 53:11 (of servant of ׳י).

4 make righteous, turn to righteousness, Daniel 12:3, compare Aboth Daniel 5:26,27 Bev.

Hithpa`el Imperfect 1 plural נִצְטַדָּ֑ק Genesis 44:16 (J) how shall we justify ourselves, clear ourselves from suspicion?

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

צָדַק fut. יִצְדַּק pr. to be right, straight, i.q. יָשַׁר as of a straight way (see צֶדֶק Psalms 23:3). (Arab. صدق prop. to be stiff, rigid, e.g. used of a lance; see Schultens, De Defect. Hodiernis Ling. Hebrææ, § 214-224; hence, to be true, sincere. Syr. ܐܕܩܰ to be right, suitable.) Hence

(1) to be just, righteous (gerecht fehn), used of God, Psalms 51:6 of laws, Psalms 19:10.

(2) to have a just cause (Recht haben)

(a) in a forensic sense. Genesis 38:26, צָֽדְקָה מִמֶּנִּי “her (Thamar’s) cause is more just than mine.” Job 9:15, 20 Job 9:20, 10:15 13:18 34:5. Opp. to רָשַׁע to have an unjust cause.

(b) to speak the truth, or what is right, amongst disputants, Job 33:12. Hence

(c) to obtain one’s cause [to be justified, in a forensic sense], Isaiah 45:25.

(3) to be upright, righteous (see צַדִּיק No. 3 ), Job 15:14, 22:3 35:7 followed by לִפְנֵי יְיָ Psalms 143:2 עִם אֵל Job 9:2, 25:4 מֵאֱלוֹהַּ Job 4:17 i.e. in the judgment of God. Also to declare righteous, Ezekiel 16:52.

Niphal, prop. to be declared just; hence to be vindicated from wrongs. Daniel 8:14, נִצְדַּק קֹדֶשׁ Vulg. not amiss, mundabitur sanctuarium.

Piel

(1) to render just, or righteous, or innocent (Eccl. Lat. justificavit [to declare righteous]). Ezekiel 16:15, “thou hast justified thy sisters by thy crimes;” i.e. thou hast caused that they should seem almost innocent. Similarly, Jeremiah 3:11, צִדְּקָה נַפְשָׁהּיִשְׂרָאֵל מִן וְגו׳ “Israel has justified herself more than Judah,” appears just in comparison with her.

(2) to declare any one just or innocent, Job 33:32 followed by נַפְשׁוֹ oneself, Job 32:2.

Hiphil

(1) to make just, or upright, or pious, by one’s example and doctrine; followed by an acc., Daniel 12:3 followed by לְ [to justify, i.e. declare righteous, see No. 2], Isaiah 53:11.

(2) i.q. Piel No. 2, to declare any one just.

(a) in a forensic sense, to absolve, to acquit, Exodus 23:7; Deuteronomy 25:1; 2 Samuel 15:4; Isaiah 5:23 to make any one’s cause to prevail, Isaiah 50:8.

(b) to declare any one to have given a right opinion (iem. Recht geben), to approve of any one’s opinion; see Kal No. 2, b, Job 27:5.

Hithpael, to purge oneself (from suspicion), Genesis 44:16.

Derived nouns, צִדְקִיָּהוּ־צֶדֶק, צַדִּיק, צָדוֹק.

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List of Word Forms
אֶ֭צְדָּק אֶצְדָּֽק׃ אַצְדִּ֖יק אַצְדִּ֪יק אצדיק אצדק אצדק׃ בְּצַדֶּקְתֵּ֖ךְ בצדקתך הַצְדִּֽיקוּ׃ הצדיקו׃ וְ֭צָדַקְתִּי וְהִצְדִּ֙יקוּ֙ וְהִצְדַּקְתִּֽיו׃ וְיִצְדָּ֔קוּ וְנִצְדַּ֖ק וַתְּצַדְּקִי֙ וּלְהַצְדִּ֣יק וּמַצְדִּיקֵי֙ והצדיקו והצדקתיו׃ ויצדקו ולהצדיק ומצדיקי ונצדק וצדקתי ותצדקי יִ֝צְדַּ֗ק יִּצְדַּ֖ק יִּצְדַּ֣ק יִצְדְּק֥וּ יִצְדַּ֖ק יִצְדָּ֑ק יִצְדָּֽק׃ יַצְדִּ֥יק יצדיק יצדק יצדק׃ יצדקו מַצְדִּ֣יק מַצְדִּיקִ֔י מַצְדִּיקֵ֥י מצדיק מצדיקי נִּצְטַדָּ֑ק נצטדק צִדְּקָ֥ה צַדְּק֥וֹ צַדְּקֶֽךָּ׃ צָ֭דַקְתִּי צָ֭דַקְתָּ צָֽדְק֥וּ צָֽדְקָ֣ה צָדַ֑קְתִּי צָדַ֣קְתָּ צדקה צדקו צדקך׃ צדקת צדקתי תִּצְדַּ֣קְנָה תִּצְדַּ֥ק תִּצְדָּֽק׃ תִצְדָּ֑ק תצדק תצדק׃ תצדקנה ’aṣ·dîq ’aṣdîq ’eṣ·dāq ’eṣdāq atzDik bə·ṣad·deq·têḵ bəṣaddeqtêḵ betzaddekTech etzDak Etzdok haṣ·dî·qū haṣdîqū hatzDiku maṣ·dî·qê maṣ·dî·qî maṣ·dîq maṣdîq maṣdîqê maṣdîqî matzDik matzdiKei matzdiKi niṣ·ṭad·dāq niṣṭaddāq nitztadDak ṣā·ḏaq·tā ṣā·ḏaq·tî ṣā·ḏə·qāh ṣā·ḏə·qū ṣad·də·qe·kā ṣad·də·qōw ṣāḏaqtā ṣāḏaqtî ṣaddəqekā ṣaddəqōw ṣāḏəqāh ṣāḏəqū ṣid·də·qāh ṣiddəqāh tiṣ·daq tiṣ·dāq ṯiṣ·dāq tiṣ·daq·nāh tiṣdaq tiṣdāq ṯiṣdāq tiṣdaqnāh titzDak titzDaknah tzaDakta Tzadakti tzaddeKeka tzaddeKo tzadeKah tzadeKu tziddeKah ū·lə·haṣ·dîq ū·maṣ·dî·qê ūləhaṣdîq ulehatzDik ūmaṣdîqê umatzdiKei vattetzaddeKi vehitzdakTiv vehitzDiku venitzDak Vetzadakti veyitzDaku wat·tə·ṣad·də·qî wattəṣaddəqî wə·hiṣ·daq·tîw wə·hiṣ·dî·qū wə·niṣ·daq wə·ṣā·ḏaq·tî wə·yiṣ·dā·qū wəhiṣdaqtîw wəhiṣdîqū wəniṣdaq wəṣāḏaqtî wəyiṣdāqū yaṣ·dîq yaṣdîq yatzDik yiṣ·daq yiṣ·dāq yiṣ·də·qū yiṣdaq yiṣdāq yiṣdəqū yitzDak yitzdeKu
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