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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #07186 - קָשֶׁה

Transliteration
qâsheh
Phonetics
kaw-sheh'  
Word Origin
from (07185)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TWOT
2085a
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) hard, cruel, severe, obstinate

1a) hard, difficult

1b) severe

1c) fierce, intense, vehement

1d) stubborn, stiff of neck, stiff-necked

1e) rigorous (of battle)

Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (36) NAS (34) HCS (36)
Genesis 2
Exodus 7
Deuteronomy 4
Judges 2
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 2
Job 1
Psalms 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 6
Ezekiel 2
Genesis 2
Exodus 7
Deuteronomy 4
Judges 2
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 2
Job 1
Psalms 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 6
Ezekiel 2
Genesis 2
Exodus 7
Deuteronomy 4
Judges 2
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 2
Job 1
Psalms 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 6
Ezekiel 2
BYZ TIS TR
a-fp 2
a-fs 16
a-fsc 1
a-ms 5
a-msc 6
p-i2ms 1
a-fp 2
a-fs 17
a-fsc 1
a-ms 5
a-msc 1
p-i2ms 1
a-fp 2
a-fs 17
a-fsc 1
a-ms 5
a-msc 1
p-i2ms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1435) sq (קסה QSh) AC: Gather CO: Stalk AB: ?: The pictograph q is a picture of the sun at the horizon and the gathering of the light, the s is a picture of the teeth representing pressure. Combined these mean "bring together and pressed". Once the grain stalks are harvested from the field, it is gathered into bundles and secured with a cord in the middle.

A) sq (קסה QSh) AC: ? CO: Stubble AB: ?: The stiff part of the stalk that remains in the ground. The stiffness a branch for making bows or snares.

Nm) sq (קסה QSh) - Stubble: KJV (16): stubble - Strongs: H7179 (קַשׁ)

Nf2) tsq (קסהת QShT) - Bow: Made from a stiff branch to shoot arrows. KJV (77): bow - Strongs: H7198 (קֶשֶׁת)

fm) isq (קסהי QShY) - Stubbornness: As stiff. KJV (1): stubbornness - Strongs: H7190 (קְשִׁי)

B) ssq (קסהסה QShSh) AC: Gather CO: Stalk AB: ?: The stalks of the grain harvested are gathered together and tied into tight bundles. The stiffness of the stalks or a branch.

V) ssq (קסהסה QShSh) - Gather: KJV (8): (vf: Paal) gather - Strongs: H7197 (קָשַׁשׁ)

Nm) ssq (קסהסה QShSh) - Chaff: [df: ssx] KJV (2): chaff - Strongs: H2842 (חֲשַׁשׁ)

E) asq (קסהא QShA) AC: ? CO: Cucumber AB: ?: A hard vegetable.

df) afsq (קסהוא QShWA) - Cucumber: A hard vegetable. KJV (1): cucumber - Strongs: H7180 (קִשֻּׁאָה)

hf1) easqm (מקסהאה MQShAH) - Cucumber: A hard vegetable. [df: hsqm] KJV (1): cucumber - Strongs: H4750 (מִקְשָׁה)

H) esq (קסהה QShH) AC: ? CO: Hard AB: ?: The stiffness of the stubble or branch.

V) esq (קסהה QShH) - Hard: KJV (28): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) harden, hard, grievous - Strongs: H7185 (קָשָׁה)

Nm) esq (קסהה QShH) - Hard: KJV (36): hard, roughly, cruel, grievous, sore, churlish, hardhearted, heavy - Strongs: H7186 (קָשֶׁה)

hm) esqm (מקסהה MQShH) - Hairdo: A well dressed hair. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): hair - Strongs: H4748 (מִקְשֶׁה)

hf1) esqm (מקסהה MQShH) - Work: A metal that is formed by being beaten by a hammer. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (10): beaten, piece, upright - Strongs: H4749 (מִקְשָׁה)

J) sfq (קוסה QWSh) AC: Gather CO: Snare AB: ?: A snare for trapping animals is constructed of a bent branch (as a spring) tied to a trap.

V) sfq (קוסה QWSh) - Snare: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) snare - Strongs: H6983 (קוּשׁ)

L) sqi (יקסה YQSh) AC: Gather CO: Snare AB: ?: A snare for trapping animals is constructed of a bent branch (as a spring) tied to a trap.

V) sqi (יקסה YQSh) - Snare: KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual, Participle) snare - Strongs: H3369 (יָקַשׁ)

am) sqfm (מוקסה MWQSh) - Snare: KJV (27): snare, gin, trap, ensnared - Strongs: H4170 (מֹקֵשׁ)

cm) sfqi (יקוסה YQWSh) - Snarer: KJV (1): fowler - Strongs: H3352 (יָקוֹשׁ)

dm) sfqi (יקוסה YQWSh) - Snare: KJV (3): fowler, snare - Strongs: H3353 (יָקוּשׁ)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 קָשֶׁה adjective hard, severe; — absolute ׳ק Exodus 18:26 +; construct Exodus 32:9 +; feminine singular קָשָׁה Deuteronomy 26:6 +; construct קְשַׁת 1 Samuel 1:15; masculine plural קָשִׁים 2 Samuel 3:39; construct קְשֵׁי Ezekiel 2:4; Ezekiel 3:7; feminine plural קָשׁוֺת Genesis 42:7,30; —

1 hard, difficult, of a legal question (דָּבָר) Exodus 18:26 (E).

2. a. severe, of battle 2 Samuel 2:17, wind Isaiah 27:8, servitude (עֲבֹדָה) 1 Kings 12:4 2 Chronicles 10:4; Deuteronomy 26:6; Isaiah 14:3; Exodus 1:14; Exodus 6:9 (both P); as n.collective הִרְאִיתָ עַמְּךָ קָשָׁה Psalm 60:5 thou hast made thy people see severe things; קְשֵׁה יוֺם Job 30:25i.e. one whose time (life) is hard, Song of Solomon 1Samuel 1:15 (reading קְשַׁת יוֺם for רוּחַ׳ק, ᵐ5 Th We Dr and others); severe, rough, of lord (אֲדֹנִים) Isaiah 19:4, compare 2 Samuel 3:39 (with מִן compare [מִמֶּנּוּ? see HPS]); הָלוֺח וְקָשָׁה עַלֿ Judges 4:24 the hand of the sons of Israel went on being more and more severe upon Jabin; fierce, relentless, of ׳י's sword Isaiah 27:1 (in figurative); rough, rude 1 Samuel 25:3; severe things, of language Genesis 42:7,30 (E; with דִּדֶּר), 1 Samuel 20:10; 1 Kings 12:13 2 Chronicles 10:13 (all with עָנָה); וְאָנֹכִי שָׁלוּחַ אֵלַיִח קָשָׁה 1 Kings 14:6 I am commissioned with a severe (message) unto thee (Ges§ 121 d. N.2Da Synt. §§ 75 (d), 80); חָזוּת קָשָׁה Isaiah 21:2.

b. fierce, intense, vehement, of קִנְאָה Song of Solomon 8:6 ("" עַזָּה; compare Genesis 49:9).

3עַםקְֿשֵׁהעֹֿרֶף a people stiff of neck, stubborn, Exodus 32:9; Exodus 33:3,5; Exodus 34:9 (all J E), Deuteronomy 9:6,13; עָרְמְּךָ הַקָּשֶׁה Deuteronomy 31:27; compare דַּרְכָּם הַקָּשָׁה Judges 2:19; קְשֵׁי פָנִים Ezekiel 2:4 (+ חִזְקֵילֵֿב), קְשֵׁאלֵֿב Ezekiel 3:7 (+ חִזְקֵימְֿצַח); ׳ק alone = stubborn Isaiah 48:4.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

קָשֶׁה m. adj. קָשָׁה f.

(1)  hard, used of hard servitude, Exodus 1:14, 6:9 1 Kings 12:4 hard, i.e. harsh words, Genesis 42:7, 30 Genesis 42:30; Job 30:25, קְשֵׁה־יוֹם “whose day is hard,” whose lot is hard, unhappy.

(2) firm, fast, σκληρός, Song of Solomon 8:6 and in a bad sense, hardened. קְשֵׁה עֹרֶף stubborn, Exodus 32:9, 34:9 קְשֵׁה פָנִים hard-faced, impudent, Ezekiel 2:4 קְשֵׁה לֵב stubborn of heart, Ezekiel 3:7 without לֵב id., Isaiah 48:4.

(3) heavy

(a) i.q. vehement, of a wind, Isaiah 27:8 of a battle, 2 Samuel 2:17.

(b) i.q. powerful, strong, 2 Samuel 3:39.

(c) קְשֵׁה רוּחַ heavy in spirit, sad in spirit, 1 Samuel 1:15.

(4) difficult, hard, Exodus 18:26.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
הַקָּשֶׁ֑ה הַקָּשֶׁה֙ הַקָּשָֽׁה׃ הַקָּשָׁ֖ה הַקָּשָׁ֗ה הַקָּשָׁ֜ה הקשה הקשה׃ וְקָשָׁ֔ה וּקְשֵׁי־ וקשה וקשי־ לִקְשֵׁה־ לקשה־ קְשֵׁ֤י קְשֵׁה־ קְשַׁת־ קָשִׁ֣ים קָשֶׁ֑ה קָשֶׁ֖ה קָשֶׁ֛ה קָשָֽׁה׃ קָשָׁ֑ה קָשָׁ֖ה קָשָׁ֗ה קָשָׁ֥ה קָשׁ֑וֹת קָשׁ֗וֹת קשה קשה־ קשה׃ קשות קשי קשים קשת־ hakkaShah hakkaSheh haq·qā·šāh haq·qā·šeh haqqāšāh haqqāšeh kaShah kaSheh kaShim kaShot keshat kesheh keShei liksheh liq·šêh- liqšêh- qā·šāh qā·šeh qā·šîm qā·šō·wṯ qāšāh qāšeh qāšîm qāšōwṯ qə·šaṯ- qə·šê qə·šêh- qəšaṯ- qəšê qəšêh- ū·qə·šê- ukeshei ūqəšê- vekaShah wə·qā·šāh wəqāšāh
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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