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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #08056 - שָׂמֵחַ

Transliteration
śâmêach
Phonetics
saw-may'-akh  
Word Origin
from (08055)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TWOT
2268a
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) joyful, merry, glad

1a) joyful, showing joy

1b) you who rejoice (substantive)

Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (23) NAS (21) HCS (21)
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 2
Esther 3
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 5
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 1
Amos 1
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 2
Esther 2
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 4
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 1
Amos 1
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 2
Esther 2
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 4
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 1
Amos 1
BYZ TIS TR
a-fs 1
a-mp 7
a-mpc 2
a-ms 9
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 1
a-fs 1
a-mp 9
a-mpc 2
a-ms 9
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 1
a-fs 1
a-mp 9
a-mpc 2
a-ms 7
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2487) hmx (סמהה SMHh) AC: Rejoice CO: ? AB: Joy: A spontaneous expression of excitement and cheer.

V) hmx (סמהה SMHh) - Rejoice: [df: xmV] KJV (152): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) rejoice, glad, joy, merry - Strongs: H8055 (שָׂמַח)

Nm ) hmx (סמהה SMHh) - Rejoicing: [df: xmV] KJV (23): rejoice, glad, joyful, merry, merryhearted - Strongs: H8056 (שָׂמֵחַ)

Nf1 ) ehmx (סמההה SMHhH) - Joy: [df: hxmV] KJV (94): joy, gladness, mirth, rejoice - Strongs: H8057 (שִׂמְחָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 שָׂמֵחַ verbal adjective glad, joyful, merry; — absolute ׳שׂ Deuteronomy 16:15 +, feminine שְׂמֵחָה Psalm 119:9; plural שְׂמֵחִים 1 Kings 1:45 +, construct שִׂמְחֵי Isaiah 24:17, שְׂמֵחֵי Psalm 35:26; —

1. a. as adjective joyful, shewing joy, 1 Kings 1:45; Esther 5:9 (+ טוֺב לֵב), Esther 5:14; אֵם שְׂמֵחָה Psalm 113:9; ׳לֵב שׂ Proverbs 15:13; Proverbs 17:22; at feast of tabernacle Deuteronomy 16:15, in thankfulness to ׳י Psalm 126:3 (both predicate with הָיָה), 1 Kings 8:66 (+ טוֺבֵי לֵב) = 2 Chronicles 7:10.

b. = participle 1 Kings 1:40 ("" מְחַלְּלִים piping), 1 Kings 4:20; 2 Kings 11:14 (+ תֹּקֵעַ ב) = 2 Chronicles 23:13, מִן of thing Ecclesiastes 2:10.

2 as substantive ׳הַשׂ Amos 6:13 (+ ל of thing), Proverbs 2:14 (ל infinitive), Job 3:22 (+ אֱלֵיגִֿיל; "" יָשְׂישׂוּ); שִׂמְחֵילֵֿב Isaiah 24:7; of malicious joy ׳שׂ Proverbs 17:5 (ל of thing), שְׂמֵחֵי רָעָתִי Psalm 35:26.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׂמֵחַ fut. יִשְׂמַת to rejoice, to be glad. (The primary idea appears to be that of a joyful and cheerful countenance, Proverbs 13:9, compare Arab. سمح to be clement, liberal, mild, see Schult. on Har. Cons. ii. p. 100; iii. p. 146; but its use is more widely extended, and it is even used for louder expressions of joy, as of those who make merry with wine, 1 Kings 4:20; Ecclesiastes 8:15 and who utter merry cries, see שִׂמְחָה No. 2, 3. The primary idea is similar of the verb נָהַר No. II. Other verbs of rejoicing prop. designate merry voices, as עָלַץ, עָלַכ, עָלַז, ἀλαλάζω, or have the force of leaping for joy, as גִּיל. And this latter is stronger than שָׂמַח, see Job 3:22.) Ecclesiastes 3:12. It is often applied to the heart, Psalms 16:9, 33:21 Proverbs 23:15 once to a light (see above, as to the primary idea), Proverbs 13:9, “the light of the righteous” יִשְׂמַח i.e. shall shine, as it were, with joyful brightness. Constr. followed by בְּ1 Samuel 2:1; Psalms 122:1 עַל Isaiah 9:16, 39:2 Jonah 4:6 מִן Proverbs 5:18 (where several MSS. have בְּ), with any thing; followed by בִּי Nehemiah 12:43 but followed by לְ specially to rejoice at another’s misfortune, or destruction, Psalms 35:19, 24 Psalms 35:24, 38:17 Isaiah 14:8; Micah 7:8. There is often said, שָׂמַח בַּיהוָֹה to rejoice concerning Jehovah, because of aid to be expected from him, and because of his protection, Ps. 9:3 32:11 97:12 104:34 שָׂמַח לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה to rejoice before Jehovah, said of those who held sacred feasts in the courts of the sanctuary, Leviticus 23:40; Deuteronomy 12:7, 12 Deuteronomy 12:12, 18 Deuteronomy 12:18, 14:26 (compare Isaiah 9:2).

Piel, שִׂמַּח to gladden, to make joyful, Deuteronomy 24:5; Proverbs 27:11 used of joy felt at the ills of others, followed by לְ Psalms 30:2 followed by עַל Lamentations 2:17 מִן 2 Chronicles 20:27.

Hiphil, i.q. Piel, Psalms 89:43.

[Derivatives, the two following words.]

שָׂמֵחַ fem. שְׂמֵחָה verbal adj. rejoicing, joyful, Deuteronomy 16:15 followed by מִן concerning any thing, Ecclesiastes 2:10 followed by a gerund. Proverbs 2:14, שְׂמֵחִים לַעֲשׂוֹת רַע “those who rejoice to do evil.” Pl. constr. once שְׂמֵחֵי Psalms 35:26 elsewhere שִׂמְחֵי Isaiah 24:7, etc.

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List of Word Forms
הַ֭שְּׂמֵחִים השמחים וְשִׂמְחִי֙ וְשַׂמַּ֣ח וְשָׂמֵ֔חוּ וְשָׂמַ֥ח וְשָׂמַחְתָּ֣ וּשְׂמֵחִ֖ים וּשְׂמֵחִֽים׃ ושמח ושמחו ושמחי ושמחים ושמחים׃ ושמחת יִשְׂמְח֤וּ ישמחו מח שְׂמֵחִ֔ים שְׂמֵחִֽים׃ שְׂמֵחִים֙ שְׂמֵחֵ֪י שְׂמֵחָ֗ה שִׂמְחֵי־ שִׂמְחָ֥ה שִׂמֳּחָֽהוּ׃ שַׂמֵּ֖חַ שָׂ֭מֵחַ שָׂמֵ֑חַ שָׂמֵ֔חַ שָׂמֵ֖חַ שָׂמֵ֥חַ שָׂמֵֽחַ׃ שמח שמח׃ שמחה שמחהו׃ שמחי שמחי־ שמחים שמחים׃ תִּשְׂמְחִ֤י תשמחי haś·śə·mê·ḥîm Hassemechim haśśəmêḥîm mê·aḥ meach mêaḥ śā·mê·aḥ śam·mê·aḥ saMeach śāmêaḥ samMeach śammêaḥ śə·mê·ḥāh śə·mê·ḥê śə·mê·ḥîm semeChah semeChei semeChim śəmêḥāh śəmêḥê śəmêḥîm śim·ḥāh śim·ḥê- śim·mo·ḥā·hū simChah simchei śimḥāh śimḥê- simmoChahu śimmoḥāhū tiś·mə·ḥî tismeChi tiśməḥî ū·śə·mê·ḥîm usemeChim ūśəmêḥîm vesaMach vesamachTa vesaMechu vesamMach vesimChi wə·śā·maḥ wə·śā·maḥ·tā wə·śā·mê·ḥū wə·śam·maḥ wə·śim·ḥî wəśāmaḥ wəśāmaḥtā wəśāmêḥū wəśammaḥ wəśimḥî yiś·mə·ḥū yismeChu yiśməḥū
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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