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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #08081 - שֶׁמֶן

Transliteration
shemen
Phonetics
sheh'-men  
Word Origin
from (08080)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
2410c
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) fat, oil

1a) fat, fatness

1b) oil, olive oil

1b1) as staple, medicament or unguent

1b2) for anointing

1c) fat (of fruitful land, valleys) (metaphorically)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1637 ‑ ἔλαιον (el'‑ah‑yon);  2167 ‑ εὐφροσύνη (yoo‑fros‑oo'‑nay);  3464 ‑ μύρον (moo'‑ron);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (193) NAS (192) HCS (190)
Genesis 2
Exodus 19
Leviticus 36
Numbers 31
Deuteronomy 4
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 9
2 Kings 7
1 Chronicles 3
2 Chronicles 3
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 1
Esther 1
Job 1
Psalms 10
Proverbs 5
Ecclesiastes 3
Song of Solomon 2
Isaiah 10
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 15
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Micah 2
Haggai 1
Genesis 2
Exodus 19
Leviticus 36
Numbers 31
Deuteronomy 4
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 9
2 Kings 7
1 Chronicles 3
2 Chronicles 3
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 1
Esther 1
Job 1
Psalms 10
Proverbs 5
Ecclesiastes 3
Song of Solomon 2
Isaiah 10
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 15
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Micah 2
Haggai 1
Genesis 2
Exodus 24
Leviticus 42
Numbers 34
Deuteronomy 4
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 9
2 Kings 7
1 Chronicles 3
2 Chronicles 3
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 1
Esther 1
Job 1
Psalms 9
Proverbs 5
Ecclesiastes 3
Song of Solomon 3
Isaiah 10
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 15
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Micah 2
Haggai 1
BYZ TIS TR
P-d 1
n-cmp 5
n-cms 175
P-d 1
n-cmp 5
n-cms 166
P-d 1
n-cmp 5
n-cms 164
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2850) nms (סהמנ ShMN) AC: ? CO: Oil AB: ?: [from: ms- oil as the breath]

V) nms (סהמנ ShMN) - Fat: To be fat or full of oil. KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) fat - Strongs: H8080 (שָׁמֵן)

Nm) nms (סהמנ ShMN) - Oil: Usually olive oil and used as a medicinal ointment. Also meaning fat or rich. KJV (203): oil, ointment, olive, oiled, fat, things, plenteous, lusty - Strongs: H8081 (שֶׁמֶן), H8082 (שָׁמֵן)

cm/f) nfms (סהמונ ShMWN) - Eight: In the sense of being fat or rich. [Also meaning thirty when written in the plural form - minfms] [df: hnwms hnms]KJV (147): eight, eighth, eighty, eightieth - Strongs: H8083 (שְׁמוֹנָה), H8084 (שְׁמוֹנִים)

hm ) nmsm (מסהמנ MShMN) - Fat: A place of fatness. KJV (7): fatness, fat, fattest - Strongs: H4924 (מִשְׁמָן)

bfm) inims (סהמיני ShMYNY) - Eighth: KJV (28): eighth - Strongs: H8066 (שְׁמִינִי)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 שֶׁ֫מֶן192 noun masculine 2 Kings 20:13 (on apparently feminine Song of Solomon 1:3 compare Albr ZAW xvi (1896), 99,106) fat, oil; — ׳שׁ absolute Genesis 28:28 +, construct Leviticus 8:2 +; ׳שָׁ֑ 2 Kings 4:6 +; suffix שַׁמְנִי Hosea 2:7 +, etc.; plural שְׁמָנִים Amos 6:6 +; suffix שְׁמָנֶיךָ Song of Solomon 1:3, נַיִח- Song of Solomon 4:10; —

1 fat, fatness: ׳קֶרֶן בֶּןשֿׁ Isaiah 5:1 (of fertile slope); plural גֵּיאשְֿׁמָנִים Isaiah 28:1,4; of food (in figurative) Isaiah 25:6 (twice in verse); literal כְּשָׂרִי כָּחַשׁ מִשָּׁ֑מֶן Psalm 109:24 (compare צוֺם v a), compare ׳מִמְּנֵי שׁ Isaiah 10:27 (in figurative, si vera lectio, meaning obscure; most now emend by conjecture; RS JPH xili (1885), 62 עָלָה מִצָּפוֺן שֹׁרֵד [see also II. חבל], joining to Isaiah 10:28; Du Marti has gone up from Pene-Rimmon [??], compare Di-Kit).

2. a. oil, specifically olive-oil, as rich product Deuteronomy 8:8 + (see זַיִת); hence ׳עֵץ שׁ Isaiah 41:19 oil-tree, usually explained as wild olive, oleaster, so Nehemiah 8:15 ("" וַיִת), ׳עֲצֵי שׁ oleaster-wood 1 Kings 6:23,31,32,33; once הַמֹּר׳שׁ Esther 2:2 (see מֹר p. 600:b; ׳מ also in holy anointing oil Exodus 30:23).

b.׳שׁ as staple (codiment) Numbers 11:8 (J; see לשׁד), of value 1 Kings 17:12,14,16; 2 Kings 2:4,6,7 4t.; symbol of plenty Deuteronomy 32:13; Deuteronomy 33:24; Job 29:6; ascribed (fassely) to gift of Baals Hosea 2:7; as royal treasure 2 Kings 20:13 = Isaiah 39:2, compare 1 Kings 5:25 (כָּ תִית׳שׁ, see ׳כ) = 2 Chronicles 2:9; 2 Chronicles 2:14 3t.; tribute Hosea 12:2, article of trade Ezekiel 27:17; odoriferous Proverbs 27:9; Song of Solomon 1:3; Song of Solomon 4:10, רוֺקֵחַ׳שׁ Ecclesiastes 10:1, so (figurative) Song of Solomon 1:3; Ecclesiastes 7:1; Proverbs 27:16 is corrupt, see Toy; sign of luxury Ezekiel 16:13; Proverbs 21:17, of prosperity Ezekiel 16:20.

c. ׳שׁ as medicament Isaiah 1:6; as unguent, for shield 2 Samuel 1:21, person Amos 6:6; Micah 6:15; Deuteronomy 28:40; Ezekiel 16:9; Esther; Psalm 92:11; Psalm 104:15, not for mourner 2 Samuel 14:2; on head token of happiness Ecclesiastes 9:8, of hospitality, ראֹשִׁי׳דִּמַּנְתָּ בַּמֹּ Psalm 23:5 (figurative), in simile Psalm 133:2; Psalm 141:5.

d. for anointing king, ׳מַּח הַשּׂ 1 Samuel 10:1; 2 Kings 9:1,3, compare 2 Kings 9:6, with קֶרֶן 1 Samuel 16:1,13; 1 Kings 1:39; compare קָדְשִׁי מְשַׁחְתִּיו׳בְּשׁ Psalm 89:21.

e. in various figs., of joy שָׂשׂוֺן׳שׁ Isaiah 61:3; Psalm 45:8; soft words Psalm 55:22; Proverbs 5:3; as penetrating Proverbs 109:18; as clear, transparent Ezekiel 32:14.

f. used in primitive worship, poured on stone Genesis 28:18 (E), Genesis 35:14 (J).

g. in later ritual: for anointing priests, tabernacle, altar utensils, etc. (P), made of various ingred., וַיִת׳שׁ among them, Exodus 30:24, הַמִּשְׁתָה׳שׁ Exodus 25:6; Leviticus 8:2,10,12 11t.; מִשְׁחַתקֹֿדֶשׁ׳שׁ Exodus 30:25 (twice in verse) + 2t.; ׳י׳מ ׳שׁ Leviticus 10:7, אֱםהָיו׳מ ׳שׁ Leviticus 21:12; ׳הקּ׳שׁ Numbers 35:25; ׳שׁ alone Leviticus 14:10 12t. Leviticus 14; for lighting Exodus 25:6 6t. + זַיִת זָח כָּ חִית׳שׁ Exodus 27:20; Leviticus 24:2 (see כָּ תִית); poured upon מִנְחָה Leviticus 2:1 5t., compare Leviticus 5:11; Numbers 5:15; smeared (see מָשַׁח) upon wafers Exodus 29:2; Leviticus 2:4 +, and cakes (or mixed in the making? compare בָּלַל) Exodus 29:2; Leviticus 2:4,5 +, so ׳סֹלֶת בַּשׁ Leviticus 2:7 etc. (c. 45t. in all), ׳חַלַּת לֶחֶם שׁ Exodus 29:23; Leviticus 8:26.

h. for use in temple 1 Chronicles 9:29.

i. for תְּרוּמָה in Ezekiel's temple Ezekiel 45:14 (twice in verse) + 7t. 45,46.

j. efficacy denied Micah 6:7

k. offered to idols Isaiah 57:9; Ezekiel 16:18,19; Ezekiel 23:41. — See Macalister Hast. DB OIL ARSK Ency. Bib. OIL.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
List of Word Forms
בְּשֶׁ֖מֶן בְּשֶׁ֣מֶן בְּשֶׁ֤מֶן בְּשֶׁ֥מֶן בַּשֶּׁ֔מֶן בַּשֶּׁ֖מֶן בַּשֶּׁ֙מֶן֙ בַּשֶּׁ֛מֶן בַּשָּֽׁמֶן׃ בַּשָּׁ֑מֶן בַשֶּׁ֔מֶן בַשֶּׁ֖מֶן בַשֶּׁ֛מֶן בַשֶּׁ֥מֶן בַשָּׁ֑מֶן בשמן בשמן׃ הַשֶּׁ֔מֶן הַשֶּׁ֕מֶן הַשֶּׁ֖מֶן הַשֶּׁ֗מֶן הַשֶּׁ֙מֶן֙ הַשֶּׁ֛מֶן הַשֶּׁ֜מֶן הַשֶּׁ֣מֶן הַשֶּׁ֣מֶן ׀ הַשֶּׁ֤מֶן הַשֶּׁ֧מֶן הַשָּֽׁמֶן׃ הַשָּׁ֑מֶן השמן השמן׃ וְ֝כַשֶּׁ֗מֶן וְהַשֶּׁ֔מֶן וְכַשָּֽׁמֶן׃ וְשֶׁ֕מֶן וְשֶׁ֖מֶן וְשֶׁ֗מֶן וְשֶׁ֙מֶן֙ וְשֶׁ֛מֶן וְשֶׁ֣מֶן וְשֶׁ֥מֶן וְשַׁמְנִ֖י וְשַׁמְנִי֙ וָ֝שֶׁ֗מֶן וָ֭שֶׁמֶן וָשֶׁ֖מֶן וָשֶׁ֗מֶן וָשֶׁ֙מֶן֙ וָשֶׁ֤מֶן וּבָקָ֥ר וּלְשֶׁ֙מֶן֙ וּמִשֶּׁ֣מֶן וּמִשַּׁמְנָ֔הּ ובקר והשמן וכשמן וכשמן׃ ולשמן ומשמן ומשמנה ושמן ושמני כַּשֶּׁ֣מֶן כַּשֶּׁ֤מֶן כשמן לְשֶׁ֣מֶן לשמן מִשֶּׁ֗מֶן מִשֶּׁ֣מֶן מִשָּֽׁמֶן׃ מִשָּׁ֑מֶן מן משמן משמן׃ שְׁמָנִ֑ים שְׁמָנִ֖ים שְׁמָנִים֙ שְׁמָנֶ֣יךָ שְׁמָנַ֖יִךְ שֶׁ֔מֶן שֶׁ֖מֶן שֶׁ֗מֶן שֶׁ֚מֶן שֶׁ֛מֶן שֶׁ֠מֶן שֶׁ֣מֶן שֶׁ֤מֶן שֶׁ֥מֶן שֶׁ֧מֶן שֶׁמֶן֒ שַׁמְנִ֖י שַׁמְנָ֔הּ שָֽׁמֶן׃ שָׁ֑מֶן שמן שמן׃ שמנה שמני שמניך שמנים baš·šā·men ḇaš·šā·men baš·še·men ḇaš·še·men bashShamen bashShemen baššāmen ḇaššāmen baššemen ḇaššemen bə·še·men bəšemen beShemen haš·šā·men haš·še·men hashShamen hashShemen haššāmen haššemen kaš·še·men kashShemen kaššemen lə·še·men ləšemen leShemen men miš·šā·men miš·še·men mishShamen mishShemen miššāmen miššemen šā·men šam·nāh šam·nî šāmen šamnāh šamnî šə·mā·na·yiḵ šə·mā·ne·ḵā šə·mā·nîm še·men šəmānayiḵ šəmāneḵā šəmānîm šemen Shamen shamNah shamNi shemaNayich shemaNeicha shemaNim Shemen ū·ḇā·qār ū·lə·še·men ū·miš·šam·nāh ū·miš·še·men ūḇāqār ūləšemen uleShemen umishshamNah umishShemen ūmiššamnāh ūmiššemen uvaKar vaShemen vashShamen vashShemen vechashShamen vechashShemen vehashShemen veshamNi veShemen wā·še·men wāšemen wə·haš·še·men wə·ḵaš·šā·men wə·ḵaš·še·men wə·šam·nî wə·še·men wəhaššemen wəḵaššāmen wəḵaššemen wəšamnî wəšemen

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the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
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