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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1115 - בִּלְתִּי

Word Origin
constructive fem. of (01086) (equivalent to (01097))
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) not, except (substantive)

2) not (adverb)

3) except (after preceding negation) (adverb)

4) except (after an implied or expressed negation) (conjunction)

5) so as not, in order not (with preposition)

6) an account of not, because...not (with preposition)

7) until not (with preposition)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 512 ‑ ἀνωφελής (an‑o‑fel'‑ace);  2527 ‑ καθόλου (kath‑ol'‑oo);  4133 ‑ πλήν (plane);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (30) NAS (27) HCS (109)
Genesis 5
Exodus 3
Leviticus 1
Numbers 3
Joshua 1
Judges 1
Ruth 1
1 Samuel 2
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 1
Daniel 1
Hosea 1
Amos 2
Genesis 4
Exodus 2
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 7
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 1
Job 2
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 9
Ezekiel 3
Daniel 1
Hosea 1
Amos 2
Genesis 8
Exodus 5
Leviticus 3
Numbers 6
Deuteronomy 7
Joshua 8
Judges 4
Ruth 3
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 3
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 5
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 2
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 24
Ezekiel 14
Daniel 2
Hosea 1
Amos 2
P-p 29
P-p 29
P-p 29

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2021) qlb (בלק BLQ) AC: Empty CO: ? AB: ?: [from: lb- as a flowing away]

V) qlb (בלק BLQ) - Empty: KJV (2): (vf: Pual, Participle) waste - Strongs: H1110 (בָּלַק)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [בֵּ֫לֶת] substantive (from בָּלָה, of the form דֶּלֶת Ol§ 146 b) properly failure, hence used as

particle of negation, not, except (compare בְּלִי, אֶפֶס), twice with suffix (see below), elsewhere always בִּלְתִּי (with binding vowel יִ֯, as mark of construct state: Sta§ 343 Ges§ 90, 3), (Phoenician בלת only: Tabnith-Inscription5) —

1. adverb not, with an adjective 1 Samuel 20:26 בִּלְתִּי טָהוֺר not clean, with a substantive Isaiah 14:6 מַכַּת בִּלְתִּי סָרָה a stroke of non#NAME? verb (si vera lectio) Ezekiel 13:3 (RVm: but see Dr§ 41Obs.).

2 after a preceding negation, not = except (synonym זוּלָתִי), Genesis 21:26 I have not heard בִּלְתִּי הַיּוֺם except to-day, Exodus 22:19 he that sacrificeth ׳בִּלְתִּי לי except unto ׳י, Numbers 32:12; Joshua 11:19: so בִּלְתִּי אִם Genesis 47:18; Judges 7:14 (compare כִּי אִם Genesis 28:17; Nehemiah 2:2). With suffix (attached to the ground-form בֵּלֶת) בִּלְתִּי except me Hosea 13:4, בִּלְתֶּ֑ךָ expect thee 1 Samuel 2:2.

3. conjunction (likewise after a negative, expressed or implied) Genesis 43:3 בִּלְתִּי אֲחִיכֶם אִתְּכֶם except your brother (be) with you, Genesis 43:5; Numbers 11:6 our soul is dry, there is nothing at all; save that our eyes are toward the manna, Isaiah 10:4 (and where will ye leave your glory ?) save that they bow down under the prisoners, and fall under the slain! i.e. (iron.) their only refuge will be among the corpses of a battle-field. So בִּלְתִּי אִם Amos 3:3,4. — Daniel 11:18, where no negative precedes, it is difficult to extract a sense consistent with the General usage of בִּלְתִּי: Ges besides that his reproach he will return unto him, Ew only, nothing but, Hi certainly, Drechsler (on Isaiah 10:4) nay, even (compare RV).

4 With prepositions

a.לְבִלְתִּי86 so as not..., in order not... negation of לְ followed by infinitive), usually followed by infinitive construct, as Genesis 4:15 gave a sign to Cain לְבִלְתִּי הַכּוֺתאֹֿתוֺ in order that any finding him should not smite him, Genesis 19:21; Genesis 38:9; Exodus 8:18; Exodus 8:25; Exodus 9:17; Leviticus 18:30; Leviticus 20:4; Leviticus 26:15; Deuteronomy 8:11; Deuteronomy 17:12 the man that doeth presumptuously לְבִלְתִּי שְׁמֹעַ so as not to hearken etc. (compare Jeremiah 16:12; Jeremiah 17:23; Jeremiah 18:10; Jeremiah 42:13; Daniel 9:11) Daniel 9:20; Judges 2:23 +; לְבִלְתִּי הוֺעִיל in order not to profit (the result represented forcibly as the design; compare below לְמַעַן) Isaiah 44:10; Jeremiah 7:8; after verbs of commanding Genesis 3:11 which I commanded thee לְבִלְתִּי אֲכָלמִֿמֶּנּוּ not to eat thereof, 2 Kings 17:15; Jeremiah 35:8f.; Jeremiah 35:14; Ruth 2:9, swearing Deuteronomy 4:21; Joshua 5:6; Judges 21:7; Ezekiel 20:15, agreeing 2 Kings 12:9, interceding Jeremiah 36:25. Once לְבִלְתִּי לְ 2 Kings 23:10 (compare לְמַעַן לְ Ezekiel 21:20, בַּעֲבוּר לְ 1 Chronicles 19:3). Twice as conjunction with the imperfect, Exodus 20:20; 2 Samuel 14:14 (compare בַּעֲבוּר, & מִן Deuteronomy 33:11). In Jeremiah 23:14; Jeremiah 27:18 followed by perfect, which is inconsistent with the nature of a final conjunction: read either יָשׁוּבוּ, יָבאֹוּ, or שׁוּב, בוֺא (compare Dr§ 41Obs.). On Ezekiel 13:3 see above

b.מִבִּלְתִּי an account of not... (negation of מִן followed by infinitive): followed by infinitive Numbers 14:16 ׳מִבִּלְתִּי יְכֹלֶת י; a verbal noun Ezekiel 16:28 מִבִּלְתִּי שָׂבְעָתֵךְ.

c.עַדבִּֿלְתִּי until not..., followed by a perf. (Ges; RS JPh xvi. 72), or an infinitive (Ew§ 238 d), in the phrase (לָהֶם) עַדבִּֿלְתִּי הִשְׁאִירלֿוֺשָׂרִיד until one left him (them) not a remnant, Numbers 21:35; Deuteronomy 3:3; Joshua 8:22; Joshua 10:33; Joshua 11:8; 2 Kings 10:11. — Job 14:12 עַדבִּֿלְתִּי שָׁמַיִם till there be no heaven (compare עַדבְּֿלִי Psalm 72:7).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1) adv. of negation i.q. לֹא 1 Samuel 20:26.

(2) Prep. for בְּבִלְתִּי (בְּלֹא) without, Isaiah 14:6 besides, except (when a negation has preceded), Genesis 21:26; Exodus 22:19; Numbers 11:6, 32:12 with suff. בִּלְתִּי “besides me,” Hosea 13:4; Isaiah 10:4 בִּלְתֶּךָ “beside thee,” 1 Samuel 2:2; Isaiah 1:1. translate “without me (i.e. forsaken of me) they shall go bowed down amongst the bound, and shall perish amongst the slain,” compare under תַּחַת. [“i.e. part of them as captives, exhausted with hunger, thirst, and toil, shall sink down under the feet of their fellows, (comp. בֵּין רַגְלֶיהָ Judges 5:27 ) and part of them slain in battle, shall be covered with the corpses of others.”]

(3) Conj. for בִּלְתִּי אֲשֶׁר besides that, Daniel 11:18 unless that, Genesis 43:3, “ye shall not see my face בִּלְתִּי אֲתִיכֶם אִתְּכֶם unless that your brother be with you.” Fully בִּלְתִּי אִם “unless that,” Amos 3:4, and simply unless, Judges 7:14; Genesis 47:18.

Comp. with prep.

(a) לְבִלְתִּי followed by an inf., pr. in that not, Judges 8:1. This particle is used in Hebrew wherever the gerund (לִקְטֹל) is to be expressed negatively (לְבִלְתִּי קְטֹל). It may be rendered in Latin, ita ut non (quominus), so as not, Exodus 8:25, 9:17 ex. gr. after verbs of resisting, Jeremiah 16:12 of forgetting, Deuteronomy 8:11 hindering, Numbers 9:7 ne, lest, Genesis 38:9 and acc. and inf. after verbs of commanding, Genesis 3:11 of consenting, 2 Kings 12:9. Once used pleonastically לְבִלְתִּי לְ 2 Kings 23:10, and thrice לְבִלְתִּי followed by a finite verb for לְבִלְתִּי אֲשֶׁר Jeremiah 23:14, 27:18 Ezekiel 13:3.

(b) םִבִּלְתִּי because not, followed by an inf., Numbers 14:16 by a verbal noun, Ezekiel 16:28.

(c) עַר בִּלְתִּי until not, followed by a pret., Numbers 21:35; Deuteronomy 3:3; Joshua 8:22, 10:33 also so long as, Job 14:12 compare עַד בְּלִי.

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List of Word Forms
בִּלְתִּ֖י בִּלְתִּ֗י בִּלְתִּ֞י בִּלְתִּ֣י בִּלְתִּ֤י בִּלְתִּ֥י בִּלְתִּֽי׃ בִּלְתֶּ֑ךָ בלתי בלתי׃ בלתך וּלְבִלְתִּ֖י וּלְבִלְתִּ֛י וּלְבִלְתִּ֣י ׀ וּלְבִלְתִּ֥י וּלְבִלְתִּי־ ולבלתי ולבלתי־ לְבִ֨לְתִּי־ לְבִלְתִּ֖י לְבִלְתִּ֗י לְבִלְתִּ֛י לְבִלְתִּ֞י לְבִלְתִּ֣י לְבִלְתִּ֣י ׀ לְבִלְתִּ֤י לְבִלְתִּ֥י לְבִלְתִּ֧י לְבִלְתִּ֨י לְבִלְתִּי֙ לְבִלְתִּי֩ לְבִלְתִּי־ לבלתי לבלתי־ מִבִּלְתִּ֖י מִבִּלְתִּ֞י מבלתי bil·te·ḵā bil·tî bilTecha bilteḵā bilTi biltî lə·ḇil·tî lə·ḇil·tî- ləḇiltî ləḇiltî- levilTi mib·bil·tî mibbilTi mibbiltî ū·lə·ḇil·tî ū·lə·ḇil·tî- ūləḇiltî ūləḇiltî- ulevilti
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, June 6th, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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