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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1624 - גָּרָה
1) to cause strife, stir up, contend, meddle, strive, be stirred up
1a) (Piel) to stir up strife, excite strife
1b1) to excite oneself against, engage in strife
1b2) to excite oneself (against foe), wage war
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
גָּרָה not used in Kal, pr. to be rough (from the idea of scraping, comp. the roots beginning with גר), specially of roughness of the throat, i.q. גָּרַר No. 3 (whence גָּרוֹן throat); it is then applied to moroseness, austerity, proneness to anger; Arab. غرى to give way to anger, IV. to provoke, e. g. a dog (Aram. גָּרֵי, ܓܰܪܝܺ, ܓܰܪܶܓ to irritate; comp. Germ. kraßig, griesgramig, used of a morose person).
Piel, גֵּרָה to stir up, excite strife. Proverbs 15:18, אִישׁ חֵמָה יְגָרֶה מָדוֹן “an angry man stirreth up strife.” Proverbs 28:25, 29:22.
Hithpael, pr. to excite, stir up oneself to anger, to strife, or to battle. Hence
(1) to be irritated, angry, Proverbs 28:4, שֹׁמְרֵי תוֹרָה יִתְגָּרוּ בָם “those who keep the law are irritated against them.” Daniel 11:10, init.
(2) to make war with any one, followed by בְּ. Deuteronomy 2:5, 19, אַל־תִּתְגָּר בָּם. “wage no war with them;” in verses and 24 there is also added הִתְגָרָה מִלְחָמָה בַיְהֹוָה “to wage war with Jehovah,” Jeremiah 50:24. 2 Kings 14:10, לָמָּה תִתְגָּרֶה בְּרָעָה “why shouldst thou contend with (excite to battle) misfortune?” Absol. Daniel 11:10, יִתְגָּרֶה עַד־מָעֻזֹּה “he shall make war (shall penetrate) as far as his fortress.” Daniel 11:25, יִתְגָּרֶה לַמִּלְחָמָה “he shall stir himself up (shall arise) to war.”
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