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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1768 - דִּי

Word Origin
apparently from (01668)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) who, which, that (particle of relation)

2) that of, which belongs to, that (mark of genitive)

3) that, because (conjunction)

Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (19) NAS (139) HCS (210)
Ezra 11
Daniel 8
Ezra 33
Daniel 87
Ezra 57
Jeremiah 1
Daniel 152
P-r 17
P-r 16
P-r 16

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1143) ez (זה ZH) AC: Stand-out CO: ? AB: This: Something that stands out, is prominent or is pointed out. This root is related in meaning to fz. (eng: this; that; the; they)

A) ez (זה ZH) AC: ? CO: This AB: ?: Someone or something that is prominent.

Nm) ez (זה ZH) - This: [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: hg] KJV (191): this, as, but, now, then - Strongs: H1454 (גֵּה), H1668 (דָּא), H1768 (דִּי), H1791 (דָּךְ), H1797 (דִּכֵּן), H1836 (דְּנָה), H2063 (זֹאת), H2088 (זֶה), H2090 (זֹה)

C) eza (אזה AZH) AC: Kindle CO: Hot AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root;]

Nm) eza (אזה AZH) - Hot: [Aramaic only] KJV (3): headed, hot - Strongs: H228 (אֲזָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 דִּי particle of relation, who, which, that, used also as

mark of Genitive and

conjunction that, because (Aramaic of Nineveh, Babylonian, Zinjirli, Nerab, Cilicia, Têma, Egypt, ןי (Lzb267. 446 RES361 S-C Pap. A 2 +); Nabataean, Palmyrene די; ᵑ7דְּ (except in compounds, as דִּילִי mine, דִּילֵיהּ his); Samaritan ; Syriac ; Ethiopic za: of same origin as Arabic possessor of [compare below Biblical Hebrew זֶה]. Properly a demonstrative that [compare זֶה; in Ethiopic ze is 'this', za 'which']; but this being referred by usage to something preceding becomes equivalent to the relative who, which, used, however, more widely than Hebrew אֲשֶׁר); — 1 as rel. who, which (construed like אֲשֶׁר): a. Jeremiah 10:11; Daniel 2:11 דִּי מְדָֽרְהוֺן whose dwelling, Daniel 2:24 דִּי מַנִּי מַלְבָּא whom the king had appointed, Daniel 2:26 ׳דִּי שְׁמֵהּ בּ whose name was B., Daniel 4:5; Daniel 5:12,23, etc.; = that which Daniel 2:23; = him that Ezra 7:25; Ezra 6:15; Daniel 7:17 דִּת אִנוּן אַרְבַּע which are four (see אִנּוּן). Following pronoun of 2person (compare אֲשֶׁר 3), Daniel 2:37 thou, O king ..., דִּי ֗֗֗ יְהַב לָח to whom... hath given, Daniel 4:19; Daniel 4:6 as to whom I know, etc. (compare אֲשֶׁר 4 d end). Sq. תַּמָּה = where Ezra 6:1, so דִּי alone Ezra 6:3; Daniel 2:38; of time, בְּעִדָּנָא דִּי at the time when, etc., Daniel 3:5,15. With the predicate an infinitive with לְ, Daniel 6:9 כְּתָבָא דִּי לָא לְהַשְׁנָיָה which is not to be changed, Ezra 6:8; a place- or other determination, Daniel 3:20 valiant men בְחֵילֵהּ that were in his army, Daniel 5:2 הֵיכְלָא דִּי בִירוּשְׁלֵב, Daniel 7:20; Ezra 4:24; Ezra 5:6; Ezra 6:2,6; compare Daniel 2:25; Daniel 5:13; Daniel 7:7; Ezra 7:23. דִּי לָא = without, Ezra 6:9; Ezra 7:22 (so דְּלָאᵑ7 Genesis 15:2; Exodus 21:11); compare Daniel 2:34,45. b. מָן דִּי, מָה דִּי (compare in late Hebrew ׳מַהשֶּֿׁ, מַה 1 e b) whoever, whatever, so Daniel 3:6,11 יִמֵּל ָ(מןדִּֿילָֿא whoever does not fall down, Daniel 4:14 לְמָן דִּי יִצְבֵּא to whomsoever he willeth, Daniel 4:22; Daniel 4:29; Daniel 5:21; מָה דִי whatever (or simply what), Daniel 2:28 מָה דִּי לֶהֱוֵא what will be, Daniel 2:29; Daniel 2:29; Daniel 2:45; Ezra 6:8; Ezra 7:18. — compare K§ 103. 2 as

mark of the Genitive, Daniel 2:15 שׁליטא די מלכא properly the captain, that of the king = the king's captain (a Genuine Aramaic idiom: so ᵑ7דְּ, Syriac constantly), Daniel 2:19; Daniel 2:25; Daniel 2:49 #NAME? Ezra 4:15; Ezra 5:2, etc., or in the absolute state (undetermined), Daniel 5:5; Daniel 7:4,9,10 נְהַר דִּי נוּר; or it may have a pleonastic suffix, Daniel 2:20 שְׁמֵהּ דִּי אֱלָהָא literally his name, that of God = God's name, Daniel 2:44; Daniel 3:8,25,26; Daniel 4:23, etc. (so also ᵑ7 Syriac). To circumscribe an adjective, especially in specification of the material: Daniel 2:38 thou art רֵאשָׁה דִּי דַהֲבָא the head of gold, Daniel 2:39; Daniel 3:1; Daniel 5:7,16; Ezra 5:14; Ezra 6:4 +; as predicate Daniel 2:32 רֵאשֵׁהּ דִּידְֿהַב טָב his head (was) of fine gold, Daniel 2:33; Daniel 7:19; with a pronoun Daniel 2:20 wisdom and might דִּילֵֿהּ הִיא are his; compare Daniel 6:27 וּמַלְכוּתֵהּ דִּילָֿא תִתְחַבַּל his kingdom (is one) which shall not be destroyed, Daniel 7:14. — See further K§ 81. 3 as

conjunction (compare אֲשֶׁר 8):

a. that (quod), after verbs of knowing, Daniel 2:8,9, seeing Daniel 2:45; Daniel 3:27, hearing Daniel 5:14, etc.; introducing the subject of a sentence, יְדִיעַ ֗֗֗ דִּי ֗֗֗ Daniel 3:18; Ezra 4:13; Daniel 2:47 מִןקְֿשֹׁט דִּי ֗֗֗ True is it that . . . (compare אָמְנָם כִּי Job 12:2).

b. = in that, inasmuch as, whereas: Daniel 2:41 and whereas (דִּי) thou sawest, etc. . . . it shall be adivided kingdom, Daniel 2:43; Daniel 4:20; Daniel 4:23; as a connecting link$ = seeing that, because, for (compare אֲשֶׁר 8c) Daniel 2:9,20b; Daniel 2:23 b; Daniel 2:47b; Daniel 4:15; Daniel 6:24b.

c. that (ut), after verbs of asking Daniel 2:16, commanding Daniel 3:10,29, expressing a purpose Daniel 4:3; Daniel 5:15; Ezra 4:15; Ezra 6:10 +; דִּי לָא that not (ne) Daniel 2:18; Daniel 3:28; Daniel 6:18 (on דִּי לְמָה lest Ezra 7:23, see מה).

d. prefixed to direct narr. (like כִּי 1 b, and sometimes אֲשֶׁר 8a γ, and ὅτι recitativum), Daniel 2:25 and said thus unto him דִּיהַֿשְׁכַּחַת (that) I have found, etc., Daniel 5:7; Daniel 6:6; Daniel 6:14.

4 with prepositions and other prefixes:

a.כְּ דִי (like Hebrew כַּאֲשֶׁר; so Egyptian Aramaic כזי, Palmyrene, Nabataean כדי, Lzb293 SAC G1 62,63 Cooke369b RES:361; ᵑ7כַּד, Syriac ); a according as, Daniel 2:43; b. so soon as, when, Daniel 3:7; Daniel 5:20; Daniel 6:11; Daniel 6:15.

b. מִןדִּֿי: a. because that, Daniel 3:22; Ezra 5:12 (compare מֵאֲשֶׁר Isaiah 43:4); b. from (the time) that, after (ex quo), Daniel 4:23; Ezra 4:23.

c.עַד דִּי until, Daniel 2:9,34; Daniel 4:30; Daniel 7:22; = ere that Daniel 6:25.

d. עַל דִּי Daniel 3:19 is not a conjunction, but means above that which ...

e. for עַל דִּבְרַת דִּי and כָּלקֳֿבֵל דִּי see [ דִּבְרָה] and קֳבֵל.

כְּ particle like, as, about (Biblical Hebrew כְּ, q. v.); — like, as Daniel 2:40 תַּקִּיפָא כְּפַרְוְלָא, Daniel 4:5; Daniel 4:32; Daniel 5:1 +; according to Daniel 4:32 וּכְּ מִצְבְּיֵהּ עָכֵד and according to his will he doeth, Ezra 6:9,18 +; about (as Biblical Hebrew 1 a: compare Zinjirli Lzb444 [ן] כשלשן מלכ), Daniel 4:16 כְּשָׁעָה חֲדָה, Daniel 6:1; with infinitive (Biblical Hebrew 3 b), Daniel 6:21 וּכְ מִקְרְנֵהּ לִגֻבָּא and as he drew near, etc. Cpds.: — כְּ דִי and כִּדְנָה, see דִּי and דָּאנה; כַּחֲדָה; together, see חַד (sub אחד).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

דִּי Ch.

(A) relat. pronoun, qui, quœ, quod, who, which, that, i.q. Hebrew אֲשֶׁר. (This relative has sprung from the demonstrative זֶה, Arab. ذو, ذى, Which latter word is commonly rendered lord, master, e.g. ذو القرنين possessor of two horns, bicornis, but still it is nothing but a pronoun, and is also used in the Tayitic dialect for the relative الذى. So pl. اولو and اولى commonly lords, masters, but pr. i.q. اولا, אֵלֶּה who; comp. דִּי זָהָב and Schultens ad Florileg. Sentent. p. 182; ad Haririi Consessus, t. ii. p. 75. Hence in Syriac and Chaldee is formed the shortened prefix דְּ. See more under אֲשֶׁר page 88, A ). As to the use of the relative, it is to be observed

(1) it is often put for he who, that which, Daniel 2:23 more fully, מָה דִי Daniel 2:28, 43. In some places it is

(2) a mere mark of relation. דִּי תַמָּה where, Ezra 6:1. דִּי מְדָרְהוֹן whose habitation, Daniel 2:11. דִּי אִנֵּין who, Daniel 7:17.

(3) It is the mark of the genitive (compare אֲשֶׁר לְ), e.g. שַׁלִּיטָא דִי מַלְכָּא “the king’s captain,” prop. who was of the king, Daniel 2:15 in such a case the substantive is put in emphat. state, Dan. loc. cit., or in const. נְהַר דִּי נוּר Daniel 7:10 or with pleon. suff. שְׁמֵהּ דִּי אֱלָהָה the name of God (Germ. Gottes fein Rame), Daniel 2:20, קַרְצֵיהוֹן דִּי יְהוּדָיֵא accusations of the Jews, Daniel 3:8. A genitive of material is found, Daniel 2:32, רֵאשֵׁהּ דִּי דְהַב טָב “his head was of fine gold,” Ezra 6:4.

(4) Through the verbosity of the Chaldee, it is sometimes redundant before the prepositions בְּ, הֵיכְלָא דִּי בִירוּשְׁלֶם ;מִן “the temple (which is) at Jerusalem;” Daniel 5:2, בִּירְתָּא דִּי בְמָדַי “the palace (which is) in Media,” Ezra 6:2; Daniel 6:14 especially Daniel 2:34 compare Esther 1:12, with verse 15.

(B) It becomes a conjunction, like the Heb. אֲשֶׁר letter B, and denotes

(1) that, Daniel 2:23 in that, because that, because, Daniel 4:15.

(2) that, so that, Daniel 2:16, 47.

(3) It is prefixed to direct discourse, like כִּי, ὅτι, Daniel 2:25, “he said thus to him, דִּי הַשְׁכַּחַת גְּבַר a man is found,” etc.; verse 37 5:7 6:6, 14. דִּי הֵן Daniel 2:9 =Heb. כִּי אִם. Well rendered by Theod. ἐὰν οὖν.

It is compounded with prefixes

(1) כְּדִי i.q. כַּאֲשֶׁר when, Daniel 3:7, 5:20 6:11, 15.

(2) מִן־דִּי from what (time), Daniel 4:23; Ezra 5:12.

(3) בָּל־קֳבֵל־דִּי; see קֳבֵל.

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List of Word Forms
דִ֥י דִּ֖י דִּ֗י דִּ֚י דִּ֛י דִּ֞י דִּ֠י דִּ֡י דִּ֣י דִּ֣י ׀ דִּ֤י דִּ֥י דִּ֧י דִּ֨י דִּֽי־ דִּי֩ דִּי־ דִֽי־ דִי֩ דִי־ דֵּ֥י דֶּהָיֵ֖א דהיא די די־ וְדִ֛י וְדִ֣י וְדִ֧י וְדִֽי־ וְדִי֙ וּכְדִי֙ ודי ודי־ וכדי כְּדִ֣י כְּדִ֧י כְּדִ֨י כְדִ֣י כדי cheDi dê de·hā·yê dehaYe dehāyê dei di dî ḏî dî- ḏî- kə·ḏî ḵə·ḏî keDi kəḏî ḵəḏî ū·ḵə·ḏî ucheDi ūḵəḏî veDi wə·ḏî wə·ḏî- wəḏî wəḏî-
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