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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2119 - זָחַל

Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to shrink back, crawl away

1a) (Qal) crawling, creeping (participle) (metonymy)

2) to fear, be afraid

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2270 ‑ ἡσυχάζω (hay‑soo‑khad'‑zo);  4951 ‑ σύρω (soo'‑ro);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (3) NAS (3) HCS (3)
Deuteronomy 1
Job 1
Micah 1
Deuteronomy 1
Job 1
Micah 1
Deuteronomy 1
Job 1
Micah 1
v-qPmpc 2
v-qp1cs 1
v-qPmpc 2
v-qp1cs 1
v-qPmpc 2
v-qp1cs 1

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2120) lhz (זההל ZHhL) AC: Fear CO: ? AB: ?

V) lhz (זההל ZHhL) - F KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Participle) serpent, worm, fear, dread, terrible, afraid - Strongs: H1763 (דְּחַל), H2119 (זָחַל)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [זָחַל] verb shrink back, crawl away (Aramaic זְחַל crawl (also drop, drip, of water: so Late Hebrew זָחַל), זָחֵיל worm; Syriac locust (as crawling); Arabic withdraw, retire to a distance (see Lane, Wetzst in De Hiob 2,428), and Sabean זחֿל withdraw, humble oneself DHM ZMG 1875,610) —

Qal only Participle plural construct זֹחֲלֵי Deuteronomy 32:24; Micah 7:17; — crawl, of reptiles (participle) זֹחֲלֵי עָפָר Deuteronomy 32:24i.e. serpents (as poisonous), instruments of Yahweh's judgment on Israel; ארץ׳ז Micah 7:17 id. (as crawling into the earth to hide), simile of nations in fear of ׳י.

II. [זָחַל] verb fear, be afraid (Aramaic דְּחַל, ; compare Arabic rancour, malevolence; Nö ZMG. 1886,741) — only

Qal Perfect 1 singular זָחַלְתִּי Job 32:6 therefore I feared ("" וָאִירָא); > most, who derive from I. זָחַל = shrink away in fear, hold back (RV), compare ᵑ7אִסְתְּמִּיתִי Fl ChWB ii. 571.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1)  to creep, to crawl. Part. זֹחֲלֵי־עָפָר “the creepers of the dust,” i.e. serpents; Deuteronomy 32:24; Micah 7:17. Hence

(2) to fear, to be afraid, properly to walk with faltering footsteps, see דְּחַל. Job 32:6, עַל־כֵּן זָחַלְתִּי וָאִירָא “therefore I was afraid and feared.”

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List of Word Forms
זָחַ֥לְתִּי זֹחֲלֵ֥י זחלי זחלתי כְּזֹחֲלֵ֣י כזחלי kə·zō·ḥă·lê kezochaLei kəzōḥălê zā·ḥal·tî zaChalti zāḥaltî zō·ḥă·lê zochaLei zōḥălê
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 24th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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