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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2553 - חַמָּן

Word Origin
from (02535)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) incense altar, sun-pillar, idol, image

1a) used in idolatrous worship

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 946 ‑ βδέλυγμα (bdel'‑oog‑mah);  1497 ‑ εἴδωλον (i'‑do‑lon);  3585 ‑ ξύλινος (xoo'‑lin‑os);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (8) NAS (8) HCS (8)
Leviticus 1
2 Chronicles 3
Isaiah 2
Ezekiel 2
Leviticus 1
2 Chronicles 3
Isaiah 2
Ezekiel 2
Leviticus 1
2 Chronicles 3
Isaiah 2
Ezekiel 2
n-cmp 5
n-cmp 5
n-cmp 5

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1174) mh (ההמ HhM) AC: Heat CO: Cheese AB: ?: The pictograph h is a picture of a wall meaning "to separate". The m is a picture of water. Combined these mean "separate water". Cheese was made by placing milk in a bag made out of an animal skin. The bag was hung out in the sun and pushed back and forth. The skin of the bag contained an enzyme that when heated and shaken caused the milk to sour and separate into its two parts, fat (curds or cheese) and water (whey) . The whey could be drunk and the curds eaten or stored for future consumption.

A) mh (ההמ HhM) AC: Heat CO: Sun AB: ?: The heat from the sun heats the contents of the bag.

Nm) mh (ההמ HhM) - I. Hot: II. Father-In-Law:One who is hot. KJV (20): hot, warm, heat, father-in-law, husbands father - Strongs: H2524 (חָם), H2525 (חָם), H2527 (חֹם)

Nf1) emh (ההמה HhMH) - I. Sun:The source of heat. II. Fury:An intense heat from anger. KJV (132): sun, heat, fury, wrath, poison, displeasure, rage, anger, bottle - Strongs: H2528 (חֱמָא), H2534 (חֵמָה), H2535 (חַמָּה)

Nf2) tmh (ההמת HhMT) - Skin bag: Used for holding the cheese. Also used for water or any other liquid. KJV (4): bottle - Strongs: H2573 (חֵמֶת)

Nf3) tfmh (ההמות HhMWT) - Mother-In-Law: KJV (11): mother-in-law - Strongs: H2545 (הֲמֹת)

mm) nmh (ההמנ HhMN) - Sun idol: An object of worship representing the sun god. KJV (8): image, idol - Strongs: H2553 (חַמָּן)

B) mmh (ההממ HhMM) AC: Warm CO: ? AB: ?: The heat from the sun warms the contents of the bag.

V) mmh (ההממ HhMM) - Warm: The warmth of the sun or from passion. KJV (13): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Piel) hot, heat, warm, enflame - Strongs: H2552 (חָמַם)

E) amh (ההמא HhMA) AC: ? CO: Cheese AB: ?: The curds produced from the skin bottle. This cheese has a buttery texture and flavor.

Nf1) eamh (ההמאה HhMAH) - Cheese: [df: hmx] KJV (10): butter - Strongs: H2529 (חֵמָה)

af1 ) eamhm (מההמאה MHhMAH) - Cheese: KJV (1): butter - Strongs: H4260 (מַחְמָאוֹת)

J) mfh (ההומ HhWM) AC: ? CO: Black AB: ?: The color of wood when burned.

Nm) mfh (ההומ HhWM) - Black: KJV (4): brown - Strongs: H2345 (חוּם)

Nf1) emfh (ההומה HhWMH) - Wall: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (133): wall, walled - Strongs: H2346 (חוֹמָה)

L) mhi (יההמ YHhM) AC: Heat CO: ? AB: ?: The heat from the sun warms the contents of the bag.

V) mhi (יההמ YHhM) - Heat: Natural body heat as well as the time of heat when animals mate. Conception from an animals heat or through the heat of passion. KJV (10): (vf: Paal, Piel) conceive, warm, hot, heat - Strongs: H3179 (יָחַם)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [חַמָּן] noun masculine sun-pillar, used in idolatrous worship (see Thes489ff. RS Semitic i, 469, Lag M i, 228 Now Archaeology ii, 302; = Palmyrene חמנא Vog No. 123 a; **#NAME? N. Semitic Inscr., No. 136; Lzb Ephem. ii {1906}, 280; Phoenician לבעל חמן often as epithet of solar Baal); — only plural absolute חַמָּנִים Isaiah 27:9 4t.; suffix חַמָּנֵיכֶם Leviticus 26:30 2t.; "" בָּמוֺת Leviticus 26:30 (H), 2 Chronicles 14:4, compare Ezekiel 6:4,6; "" מזבחותהבעלים 2 Chronicles 34:4; "" אשׁרים Isaiah 17:8; Isaiah 27:9; "" אשׁרים and מְּסִלִים 2 Chronicles 34:7.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חַמָּן plur. only חַמָּנִיס a certain kind of images, Leviticus 26:30; Isaiah 17:8, 27:9 Ezekiel 6:4; 2 Chronicles 14:4, 34:7 in these passages it is several times connected with the statues of Astarte (אֲשֵׁרִים); from 2 Chronicles 34:4, it appears that חַמָּנִיס stood upon the altar of Baal. Jarchi [and Erp. Ar.] explained it to mean statues of the sun; and now some Phœnician inscriptions illustrate exceedingly well both this interpretation and the thing itself; in these inscriptions בעלחמן (read בַּעַל חַמָּן) is the name of a deity to whom votive stones were inscribed. Amongst these were

(1) Humbert’s four stones preserved at Leyden, published and deciphered by Hamaker (in Diatribe Philol. Crit. aliquot Monumentorum Punicorum nuper in Africa, repertorum interpretationem exhibente, Lugd. Bat., 1822, 4to). My interpretation of these inscriptions in Ephemerid. Hal. (1826, No. 111) mostly agrees with that of Etienne Quatremère (Nouveau Journal Asiatique, 1828, p. 15 seq. against the publisher of them, who had read בעל חמלא, and has since made an unsatisfactory defence of his opinion (see Miscellanea Phœnicia, Lugd. 1828, p. 106 seq.);

(2) of a Maltese stone (see Hamakeri Misc., tab. 3, No. 1), in which, with very little doubt even on the part of the editor, there stands לבעל חמן (לְבַעַל חַמָּן), although he thus connects the separate words לַבַּעַל חַמָּן אֶבֶן to Baal a pillar of stone. Also

(3) Inscr. Palmyr. iii. Lin. 2, where there is written in Aramean words (ע) בדווקרבו לשמש חמנא דנה ועלתה ד (נה) “this (statue) of the sun and this altar they made and consecrated to the sun,” etc. See Kopp, Bilder und Schriften der Vorzeit, ii. p. 133.

As to the grammatical interpretations, I do not hesitate to explain בַּעַל חַמָּן the sun Baal, or the sun Lord (from חַמָּה sun, with an adjectivial termination, compare רַחְמָן, נְחֻשְׁתָּן), and חַמָּן I consider to be an epithet of Baal, as bearing rule over the sun (comp. as to his other epithets p. 131. A ); and because allusion is perhaps made in the sound to אָמוֹן Ἀμμῶν of the Egyptians. The plural חַמָּנִים is in Scripture concisely used for בְּעָלִים חַמָּנִים, and occurs in the same connection as elsewhere בְּעָלִים is found. A similar grammatical view is taken also by Hamaker in his learned dissertation on this word (Miscell. Phœn. p. 50, seq.); in this, however, he differs from me, in that he considers פֶּסֶל to be supplied, explaining the expression a Sun-image, such as are related to have been of a conical or pyramidal form, and to have stood in the most sacred parts of temples. Compare also Bochart, Geogr. S. ii. 17.

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List of Word Forms
הַֽחַמָּנִ֑ים הַֽחַמָּנִ֥ים החמנים וְהַֽחַמָּנִ֛ים וְהָחַמָּנִֽים׃ וְחַמָּנִֽים׃ והחמנים והחמנים׃ וחמנים׃ חַמָּ֣נֵיכֶ֔ם חַמָּֽנֵיכֶ֑ם חמניכם chamManeiChem ha·ḥam·mā·nîm hachammaNim haḥammānîm ḥam·mā·nê·ḵem ḥammānêḵem vechammaNim vehachammaNim wə·ha·ḥam·mā·nîm wə·hā·ḥam·mā·nîm wə·ḥam·mā·nîm wəhaḥammānîm wəhāḥammānîm wəḥammānîm
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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