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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3516 - כָּבֵד

Word Origin
the same as (03515)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) the liver

1a) the liver (as the heaviest organ)

Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (14) NAS (14) HCS (14)
Exodus 2
Leviticus 9
Proverbs 1
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 1
Exodus 2
Leviticus 9
Proverbs 1
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 1
Exodus 2
Leviticus 9
Proverbs 1
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 1
n-cfs 12
n-cfs 11
n-cfs 11

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2246) dbk (כבד KBD) AC: Heavy CO: Liver AB: Honor: Someone or something that is heavy in weight, wealth, abundance, importance or respect. [from: bk- from the stars as abundant]

V) dbk (כבד KBD) - Heavy: To be heavy of weight, wealth or importance. KJV (116): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Pual, Piel) honour, glorify, heavy, harden, glorious, sore, great, many, promote - Strongs: H3513 (כָּבַד)

Nf) dbk (כבד KBD) - I. Liver:The heaviest of the organs. II. Heavy:KJV (52): great, grievous, heavy, sore, hard, much, slow, hardened, heavier, laden, thick - Strongs: H3515 (כָּבֵד), H3516 (כָּבֵד)

Nf3) tfdbk (כבדות KBDWT) - Heavily: KJV (1): heavily - Strongs: H3517 (כְּבֵדֻת)

cm) dfbk (כבוד KBWD) - Honor: To consider something as heavy in the sense of respect. KJV (200): glory, honour - Strongs: H3519 (כָּבֹד)

df1) edfbk (כבודה KBWDH) - Heaviness: KJV (3): carriage, glorious, stately - Strongs: H3520 (כְּבוּדָּה)

gm) dbfk (כובד KWBD) - Heavy: KJV (4): heavy, grievousness, great - Strongs: H3514 (כֹּבֶד)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 כָּבֵד noun masculine Lamentations 2:11 liver (explained by Thes (quoting Galen) as the heavy organ, par excellence, of the body; Late Hebrew כָּבֵד; Aramaic כַּבְדָא ; Arabic , compare (anything) large, thick in the middle; Ethiopic Assyrian kabittu Dl HWB temper, heart (figurative), Aramaic כְּבַד, be angry, because the liver was regarded as seat of emotions) — ׳כ Exodus 29:13 11t.; כְּבֵדוֺ Proverbs 7:23; כְּבֵדִי Lamentations 2:11; — liver of Prayer of Manasseh , as pierced by arrow Proverbs 7:23; poured out in sorrow Lamentations 2:11; of animals as consulted by divination ׳רָאָה בַּכּ Ezekiel 21:26; elsewhere in P, in phrases (ה)יֹתֶרֶת(עַלֿ) הַכָּבֵד Exodus 29:13,22; Leviticus 3:4,10,15; Leviticus 4:9; Leviticus 7:4; Leviticus 8:16,25; Leviticus 9:19; ׳הַיֹּתֶרֶת מִןהַֿכּ Leviticus 9:10, of the animals suited for sacrifice.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

כָּבֵד (Judges 20:34 ) fut. יִכְבַּד.

(1) to be heavy (Ethiop. ከበደ፡ id. In Arabic there is but one trace of this signification in كَبَدَ Conj. III. to bear up under any thing, to endure adversity [“and so in Syr. ܐܬܶܟܰܒܰܕ to be indignant, angry”]). Prop. used of weight, Job 6:3. Mostly used figuratively, thus

(2) to be heavy, to be honoured (Gr. βαρύς, Germ. gewichtig), Job 14:21; Ezekiel 27:25; Isaiah 66:5. Compare כָּבוֹד.

(3) i.q. to be great, vehement, plentiful, of enormity of wickedness, Genesis 18:20 of a battle becoming fierce, Judges 20:34; 1 Samuel 31:3 of a weight, i.e. a plenty of sand, Job loc. cit.

And in a bad sense

(4) to be troublesome, burdensome, followed by עַל Isaiah 24:20; Nehemiah 5:18; 2 Samuel 13:25, וְלֹא נִכְבַּד עָלֶיךָ “lest we should be burdensome to thee;” compare 14:26. כָּֽבְדָה יַד־יְהֹוָה עַל “the hand of God is heavy upon” any one, i.e. God afflicts some one heavily (compare βαρείας χεῖρας Hom.); 1 Samuel 5:11; Psalms 32:4. Followed by אֶל 1 Samuel 5:6. Job 23:2, יָדִי כָֽבְדָה עַל אַנְחָתִי “the hand of God which presseth on me is heavier than my sighing,” i.e. the calamities which oppress me are more weighty, or more vehement than my complainings; compare יָד letter f. (In Arabic also verbs of weight, such as كبر, ثقل followed by على denote trouble.) From heavy things not being easily moved, this verb is applied

(5) to indolence, dullness (Schwerfälligkeit), and to any hindrance of the use of the senses; hence to be dull, sluggish, of the eyes, Genesis 48:10 of the ears, Isaiah 59:1 fchwerhörig); also of the mind not easily moved, and therefore obdurate, Exodus 9:7 (compare קָשָׁה). In like manner verbs of fatness are applied to indolence; compare חֵלֶב, טָפַשׁ.

Piel כִּבֵּד

(1) causat. of Kal No. 2, to honour, to do honour to persons, Judges 13:17; 2 Samuel 10:3 God, Isaiah 29:13 followed by לְ of person, Psalms 86:9; Daniel 11:38 and (in the same manner as verbs of abundance) with the two accusatives. Isaiah 43:23, זְבָהֶיךָ לֹא כִבַּדְתָּנִי “thou hast not honoured me with thy sacrifices.”

(2) cansat. of Kal No. 5, to harden the heart, or mind, 1 Samuel 6:6.

Pual כֻּבַּד to be honoured, Proverbs 13:18, 27:18 Isaiah 58:13.


(1) to make heavy, e.g. a yoke, 1 Kings 12:10; Isaiah 47:6 a chain, Lamentations 3:7. Ellipt. Nehemiah 5:15, “the former governors הִכְבִּידוּ עַל הָעַם sc. עֹל, laid a heavy (yoke) upon the people,” greatly oppressed the people.

(2) causat. of Kal No. 2, to honour, to increase with honours, to render illustrious, Isa. 8:23 Jeremiah 30:19. Also, to acquire honour or glory (for oneself), 2 Chronicles 25:19.

(3) causat. of Kal No. 5, to make dull the ears, Isaiah 6:10; Zechariah 7:11 to harden the heart, Exodus 9:34.


(1) pass. of Piel No. 1, to be honoured, to be held in honour, Genesis 34:19; 1 Samuel 9:6; 2 Samuel 23:19, 23 2 Samuel 23:23. שֵׁם נִכְבָּד a glorious name, Deuteronomy 28:58. Pl. נִכְבָּדוֹת things done gloriously, Psalms 87:3.

(2) reflect. to shew oneself great or glorious, Haggai 1:8 followed by בְּ in any thing, Exodus 14:4 -1718 ; Leviticus 10:3; Ezekiel 39:13.

(3) to be heavy, i.e. abundant, to be rich, see Kal No. 3. Proverbs 8:24, מַעְיָנוֹת נִכְבַּדֵּי מַיִם “heavy (i.e. copious) fountains of water.” Isaiah 23:8, Isaiah 23:9, נִכְבַּדֵּי אֶרֶץ “the most wealthy of the earth.”


(1) to honour oneself, to boast oneself, Proverbs 12:9.

(2) to multiply oneself; hence to be numerous, many, Nahum 3:15.

The derived nouns follow, except כָּבוֹד.

כָּבֵד const. כְּבַד Exodus 4:10, and כֶּבֶד Isaiah 1:4.

(A) adj.

(1) heavy, 1 Samuel 4:18; Proverbs 27:3 also, laden (Isaiah 1:4). Mostly used figuratively, as

(2) abundant (Germ. eine fchwere Menge; Lat. graves pavonum greges. Varr.); חַיִל כָּבֵד a numerous army, 1 Kings 10:2; Isaiah 36:2 also, rich (وre gravis), Genesis 13:2. In a bad sense

(3) grievous, burdensome (drückend), of a heavy famine, Genesis 12:10, 41:31 of enormous sin, Psal. 38:5 (compare Isaiah 1:4, כֶּבֶד עָוֹן “(a people) laden with iniquity.”

(4) difficult, hard, of an affair or business, Exodus 18:18; Numbers 11:14 of a language hard to be understood, Ezekiel 3:5.

(5) not easily moved because of weight; slow, of the tongue, Exodus 4:10.

(B) subst. the liver (Arab. كَبْدُ, كِبْدُ, كَبِدُ), as being the heaviest of the viscera, both in weight and in importance, Exodus 29:13, 22 Exodus 29:22; Leviticus 3:4, 10. Lamentations 2:11, נִשְׁפַּךְ לָאָרֶץ כְּבֵדִי “my liver is poured out upon the earth;” hyperb. spoken of the most severe wounding of the liver, i.e. of the mind.

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List of Word Forms
בַּכָּבֵֽד׃ בכבד׃ הַכָּבֵ֔ד הַכָּבֵֽד׃ הַכָּבֵד֙ הכבד הכבד׃ כְּֽבֵד֗וֹ כְּבֵדִ֔י כבדו כבדי bak·kā·ḇêḏ bakkāḇêḏ bakkaVed hak·kā·ḇêḏ hakkāḇêḏ hakkaVed kə·ḇê·ḏî kə·ḇê·ḏōw kəḇêḏî kəḇêḏōw keveDi keveDo
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