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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4598 - מְעִיל

Word Origin
from (04603) in the sense of covering
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) robe

1a) a garment worn over a tunic by men of rank

1b) a long garment worn by David’s daughters

1c) a garment of the high priest

1d) (figuratively) of attributes

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1903 ‑ ἐπενδύτης (ep‑en‑doo'‑tace);  2440 ‑ ἱμάτιον (him‑at'‑ee‑on);  4158 ‑ ποδήρης (pod‑ay'‑race);  4749 ‑ στολή (stol‑ay');  5509 ‑ χιτών (khee‑tone');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (28) NAS (26) HCS (27)
Exodus 9
Leviticus 1
1 Samuel 6
2 Samuel 1
1 Chronicles 1
Ezra 2
Job 3
Psalms 1
Isaiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Exodus 7
Leviticus 1
1 Samuel 6
2 Samuel 1
1 Chronicles 1
Ezra 2
Job 3
Psalms 1
Isaiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Exodus 9
Leviticus 1
1 Samuel 7
1 Chronicles 1
Ezra 2
Job 3
Psalms 1
Isaiah 2
Ezekiel 1
n-cmp 1
n-cms 14
n-cmsc 5
n-cmp 1
n-cms 13
n-cmsc 5
n-cmp 1
n-cms 13
n-cmsc 5

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1357) lo (אהל AhL) AC: Work CO: Yoke AB: ?: The pictograph o is a picture of they eye representing knowledge and experience, the l is a picture of a shepherd staff or yoke. Combined these mean "experience the staff". The yoke, a staff is lifted over the shoulder, is attached to the oxen for performing work. (eng: collar - with the exchange of the sound of the ayin with the c and the additional r)

A) lo (אהל AhL) AC: Raise CO: ? AB: ?

Nm ) lo (אהל AhL) - I. Above:[df: lwe]II. Upon:[Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (152): above, high, upon, in, on, over, by, for, both, beyond, through, throughout, against, beside, forth, off, from - Strongs: H5920 (עַל), H5921 (עַל), H5922 (עַל)

Nf1) elo (אהלה AhLH) - Rising: A rising of smoke from a burnt offering. [Aramaic only] KJV (1): burn offering - Strongs: H5928 (עֲלָוָה)

Nf3) tflc (גלות GLWT) - Captivity: A yoke was placed on captives to be taken back. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (19): captivity, captive - Strongs: H1546 (גָּלוּת), H1547 (גָּלוּ)

am) lom (מאהל MAhL) - Above: KJV (138): above, upward, high, exceeding, upon, forward - Strongs: H4605 (מַעַל)

af1) elom (מאהלה MAhLH) - Ascent: A place of straight or stepped incline. KJV (47): degree, steps, dial, by, come, story, up - Strongs: H4609 (מַעֲלָה)

fm) ilo (אהלי AhLY) - Pestle: As lifted up then down to smash what is in the mortar. KJV (1): pestle - Strongs: H5940 (עֱלִי)

if1) elot (תאהלה TAhLH) - Trench: A watercourse that rises in elevation to bring down water from a higher source. KJV (11): conduit, trench, watercourse, healing, cured, river - Strongs: H8585 (תְּעָלָה)

km) lom (מאהל MAhL) - Rising: [Aramaic only] KJV (1): down - Strongs: H4606 (מֶעָל)

pm) mlo (אהלמ AhLM) - Youth: A young male at the prime age for work. KJV (2): young, stripling - Strongs: H5958 (עֶלֶם)

pf1) emlo (אהלמה AhLMH) - Youth: A young female at the prime age for work. KJV (7): virgin, maid, damsel - Strongs: H5959 (עַלְמָה)

fjm) nfilo (אהליונ AhLYWN) - High: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (57): high, upper, higher, highest, above, uppermost - Strongs: H5945 (עֶלְיוֹן), H5946 (עֶלְיוֹן)

rpm) mflo (אהלומ AhLWM) - Youth: A young male at the prime age for work. KJV (4): youth - Strongs: H5934 (עֲלוּמִים)

B) llo (אהלל AhLL) AC: Work CO: ? AB: ?: The yoke was listed up onto the shoulder of the oxen to perform work.

V) llo (אהלל AhLL) - Work: To perform a work. To work over another as a mocking or abuse. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (23): (vf: Hitpael, Hophal) glean, done, abuse, mock, affect, children, do, defiled, practice, wrought, bring, come, went - Strongs: H5953 (עָלַל), H5954 (עֲלַל)

am) llom (מאהלל MAhLL) - Works: KJV (41): doings, works, inventions, endeavors - Strongs: H4611 (מַעֲלָל)

bm) lilo (אהליל AhLYL) - Furnace: Used for working metals. KJV (1): furnace - Strongs: H5948 (עֲלִיל)

bf1) elilo (אהלילה AhLYLH) - Works: KJV (24): doing, works, deeds, occasions, actions, actions, acts, inventions - Strongs: H5949 (עֲלִלָה)

bff1) eililo (אהליליה AhLYLYH) - Works: KJV (1): work - Strongs: H5950 (עֲלִילִיָּה)

idm) lflot (תאהלול TAhLWL) - Impulse: A work performed without consideration. KJV (2): babe, delusion - Strongs: H8586 (תַּעֲלוּלִים)

H) elo (אהלה AhLH) AC: Lift CO: ? AB: ?: The lifting of the yoke onto the shoulder. One taken into exile is placed in the yoke for transport and the yoke of bondage. It was a common practice to strip the clothes off of those taken into exile.

V) elo (אהלה AhLH) - I. Rise:To go, come or bring oneself or something up. [Hebrew and Aramaic; A generic verb with a wide application meaning to lift up] [df: hlg]II. Uncover:As a lifting off of the cover. To be exposed from the removal of clothing. Also to reveal something by exposing it. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: hlg alg]KJV (1087): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Pual, Piel) up, offer, come, bring, ascend, go, chew, offering, light, increase, burn, depart, put, spring, raise, break, exalt, uncover, discover, captive, carry away, reveal, open, captivity, show, remove, appear, brought, carry - Strongs: H1540 (גָּלָה), H1541 (גְּלָא), H5924 (עֵלָּא), H5927 (עָלָה)

Nm ) elo (אהלה AhLH) - Leaf: As high in the tree. KJV (18): leaf, branch - Strongs: H5929 (עָלֶה)

am) elom (מאהלה MAhLH) - Ascent: A place of straight or stepped incline. KJV (18): up, ascent, cheifest, cliff, hill, stairs - Strongs: H4608 (מַעֲלֶה)

ff1) eilo (אהליה AhLYH) - Loft: A room on top of the house used during hot days of summer. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (21): chamber, parlour, up, ascent, loft, chamber - Strongs: H5944 (עֲלִיָּה), H5952 (עִלִּי)

J) lfo (אהול AhWL) AC: Lift CO: Yoke AB: ?: The lifting up of the yoke upon the shoulders of the oxen.

Nm) lfo (אהול AhWL) - Yoke: [df: le] KJV (40): yoke - Strongs: H5923 (עוֹל)

Nf1 ) elfo (אהולה AhWLH) - I. Rising:A rising of smoke from a burnt offering. II. Captivity:In the sense of lifting a yoke on the shoulder. [df: hlwghlg] KJV (331): burn offering, ascent, go up, captivity, carry, captive, remove - Strongs: H1473 (גֹּלָה), H5930 (עוֹלָה)

L) loi (יאהל YAhL) AC: Lift CO: ? AB: ?

V) loi (יאהל YAhL) - Lift: KJV (23): (vf: Hiphil) profit, forward, good, profitable - Strongs: H3276 (יָעַל)

am) lofm (מואהל MWAhL) - Lift: KJV (1): lifting - Strongs: H4607 (מֹעַל)

M) lio (אהיל AhYL) AC: ? CO: Coat AB: ?: An upper garment lifted up onto the shoulders.

Nf1) elio (אהילה AhYLH) - Occasion: [Unknown connection to root; Aramaic only] KJV (3): occasion - Strongs: H5931 (עִלָּה)

fm) ilio (אהילי AhYLY) - High: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (12): upper, high - Strongs: H5942 (עִלִּי), H5943 (עִלָּי)

km) liom (מאהיל MAhYL) - Cloak: KJV (28): robe, mantle, cloke, coat - Strongs: H4598 (מְעִיל)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 מְעִיל noun masculine 1 Samuel 2:19 robe (Thes conjecture original meaning cover for √ מעל, compare בגד; Ba Esther 15 compare Arabic an outer garment, but against this Sta ThLz, Apr. 28,1894, 235); — ׳מ Exodus 28:31 18t.; suffix מְעִילוֺ 1 Samuel 15:27; מְעִלוֺ Job 1:20; Job 2:12 4t. singular; plural מְעִילִים 2 Samuel 13:18, (but strike out We Klo Kit Bu SS; original gloss מֵעוֺלָם We Kit Bu); מְעִילֵיהֶם Ezekiel 26:16; — exterior garment, robe, worn over the inner tunic ׃ כְּתֹנֶת

1 worn by men of rank: Saul and Jonathan 1 Samuel 18:4; 1 Samuel 24:5; 1 Samuel 24:12 (twice in verse); princes of the sea Ezekiel 26:16; Job Job 1:20; Job 2:12; Samuel 1 Samuel 15:27; 1 Samuel 28:14; Ezra Ezra 9:3,5; David clothed with בוץ׳מ 1 Chronicles 15:27 (in the procession of the ark); the child Samuel had קָטֹן׳מ 1 Samuel 2:19; — (it had a skirt כנף 1 Samuel 15:27; 1 Samuel 24:5; 1 Samuel 24:12 (twice in verse)).

2 worn by the daughters of David 2 Samuel 13:18 (but probably strike out, see above)

3 robe of high priest (only P): מְעִיל הָאֵפוֺד, made of purple stuff, Exodus 28:31; Exodus 29:5; Exodus 39:22; אפוד ומעיל Exodus 28:4; הַמְּעִיל Leviticus 8:7, having שׁוּלֵי הַמְּעִיל skirts Exodus 28:34; Exodus 39:24,25,26, around which were alternate coloured pomegranates and golden bells, and מִּי הַמְּעִיל, an opening or hole by which it might be drawn over the head Exodus 39:28.

4 figurative of attributes (of ׳י, and of men), קנאה Isaiah 59:17; צדקה Isaiah 61:10; משׁפט Job 29:14; בשׁת Psalm 109:29.

II. מַ֫עַל see below עלה. מֵעַל see עַל. p. 751,758f

[מֹ֫עַל], מַעֲלֶה, מַעֲלָה see below עלה.

[מַעֲלִיל, מַעֲלָל] see עלל.

[מַעֲמָד], מָעֳמָד see עמד. מַעֲמָסָה see עמס.

מַעֲמַקִּים see עמק. מַ֫עַן see מַעֲנֶה below I. עָנָה.

מַעֲנֶה, מַעֲנָה, מַעֲנִית see I. ענה.

מְעֹנָה see עון.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

מְעִיל m. an upper garment; an exterior tunic, wide and long, reaching to the ancles, but without sleeves; see 2 Samuel 13:18 compare Braun. De Vest. Sacerd. II. 5; Schrœder, De Vest. Mulierum, Hebr. p. 267; Hartmann’s Hebräerin, vol. iii., p. 512. It was worn by women (2 Sam. loc. cit.); by men of birth and rank, Job 1:20, 2:12 by kings, 1 Samuel 15:27, 18:4 24:5, 12 1 Samuel 24:12 by priests, 1 Samuel 28:14 specially by the high priest, with the ephod put over it, whence מְעִיל הָאֵפוֹד Exodus 28:31, 39:22. (The origin is not clear. It is not, however, improbable that the root מָעַל had the primary power of covering; hence of acting covertly, astutely, perfidiously; compare בָּגַד No. 1, and the remarks there made.)

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available
List of Word Forms
בִּמְעִ֣יל במעיל הַמְּעִ֔יל הַמְּעִ֖יל הַמְּעִ֥יל הַמְּעִיל֙ המעיל וּמְעִ֔יל וּמְעִ֤יל וּמְעִילִ֑י ומעיל ומעילי כִּמְעִ֥יל כַּמְעִ֖יל כַמְעִ֣יל כמעיל מְעִ֑יל מְעִ֣יל מְעִ֣ילֵיהֶ֔ם מְעִ֥יל מְעִֽילְךָ֜ מְעִיל֖וֹ מְעִילְךָ֖ מְעִילִ֑ים מְעִל֔וֹ מעיל מעילו מעיליהם מעילים מעילך מעלו bim‘îl bim·‘îl bimIl chamIl ham·mə·‘îl hammə‘îl hammeIl kam‘îl ḵam‘îl kam·‘îl ḵam·‘îl kamIl kim‘îl kim·‘îl kimIl mə‘îl mə‘îlêhem mə‘îləḵā mə‘îlîm mə‘ilōw mə‘îlōw mə·‘î·lê·hem mə·‘î·lə·ḵā mə·‘î·lîm mə·‘i·lōw mə·‘î·lōw mə·‘îl meIl meileCha meIleiHem meiLim meiLo ū·mə·‘î·lî ū·mə·‘îl ūmə‘îl ūmə‘îlî umeIl umeiLi
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 26th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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