corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4609 - מַעֲלָה

Word Origin
from (04608)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) what comes up, thoughts

2) step, stair

2a) step, stair

2b) steps (of sundial)

2c) stories (of heaven)

2d) ascent

2e) song of ascent

2e1) to the three great pilgrim feasts (Psalm titles)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 304 ‑ ἀναβαθμός (an‑ab‑ath‑mos');  898 ‑ βαθμός (bath‑mos');  1883 ‑ ἐπάνω (ep‑an'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (47) NAS (32) HCS (44)
Exodus 1
1 Kings 2
2 Kings 4
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 2
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Psalms 15
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 9
Amos 1
Exodus 1
1 Kings 2
2 Kings 4
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 2
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 9
Amos 1
Exodus 1
1 Kings 2
2 Kings 7
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 2
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Psalms 15
Isaiah 3
Ezekiel 9
Amos 1
n-cfp 36
n-cfs 2
n-cfp 36
n-cfs 2
n-cfp 36
n-cfs 2

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1357) lo (אהל AhL) AC: Work CO: Yoke AB: ?: The pictograph o is a picture of they eye representing knowledge and experience, the l is a picture of a shepherd staff or yoke. Combined these mean "experience the staff". The yoke, a staff is lifted over the shoulder, is attached to the oxen for performing work. (eng: collar - with the exchange of the sound of the ayin with the c and the additional r)

A) lo (אהל AhL) AC: Raise CO: ? AB: ?

Nm ) lo (אהל AhL) - I. Above:[df: lwe]II. Upon:[Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (152): above, high, upon, in, on, over, by, for, both, beyond, through, throughout, against, beside, forth, off, from - Strongs: H5920 (עַל), H5921 (עַל), H5922 (עַל)

Nf1) elo (אהלה AhLH) - Rising: A rising of smoke from a burnt offering. [Aramaic only] KJV (1): burn offering - Strongs: H5928 (עֲלָוָה)

Nf3) tflc (גלות GLWT) - Captivity: A yoke was placed on captives to be taken back. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (19): captivity, captive - Strongs: H1546 (גָּלוּת), H1547 (גָּלוּ)

am) lom (מאהל MAhL) - Above: KJV (138): above, upward, high, exceeding, upon, forward - Strongs: H4605 (מַעַל)

af1) elom (מאהלה MAhLH) - Ascent: A place of straight or stepped incline. KJV (47): degree, steps, dial, by, come, story, up - Strongs: H4609 (מַעֲלָה)

fm) ilo (אהלי AhLY) - Pestle: As lifted up then down to smash what is in the mortar. KJV (1): pestle - Strongs: H5940 (עֱלִי)

if1) elot (תאהלה TAhLH) - Trench: A watercourse that rises in elevation to bring down water from a higher source. KJV (11): conduit, trench, watercourse, healing, cured, river - Strongs: H8585 (תְּעָלָה)

km) lom (מאהל MAhL) - Rising: [Aramaic only] KJV (1): down - Strongs: H4606 (מֶעָל)

pm) mlo (אהלמ AhLM) - Youth: A young male at the prime age for work. KJV (2): young, stripling - Strongs: H5958 (עֶלֶם)

pf1) emlo (אהלמה AhLMH) - Youth: A young female at the prime age for work. KJV (7): virgin, maid, damsel - Strongs: H5959 (עַלְמָה)

fjm) nfilo (אהליונ AhLYWN) - High: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (57): high, upper, higher, highest, above, uppermost - Strongs: H5945 (עֶלְיוֹן), H5946 (עֶלְיוֹן)

rpm) mflo (אהלומ AhLWM) - Youth: A young male at the prime age for work. KJV (4): youth - Strongs: H5934 (עֲלוּמִים)

B) llo (אהלל AhLL) AC: Work CO: ? AB: ?: The yoke was listed up onto the shoulder of the oxen to perform work.

V) llo (אהלל AhLL) - Work: To perform a work. To work over another as a mocking or abuse. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (23): (vf: Hitpael, Hophal) glean, done, abuse, mock, affect, children, do, defiled, practice, wrought, bring, come, went - Strongs: H5953 (עָלַל), H5954 (עֲלַל)

am) llom (מאהלל MAhLL) - Works: KJV (41): doings, works, inventions, endeavors - Strongs: H4611 (מַעֲלָל)

bm) lilo (אהליל AhLYL) - Furnace: Used for working metals. KJV (1): furnace - Strongs: H5948 (עֲלִיל)

bf1) elilo (אהלילה AhLYLH) - Works: KJV (24): doing, works, deeds, occasions, actions, actions, acts, inventions - Strongs: H5949 (עֲלִלָה)

bff1) eililo (אהליליה AhLYLYH) - Works: KJV (1): work - Strongs: H5950 (עֲלִילִיָּה)

idm) lflot (תאהלול TAhLWL) - Impulse: A work performed without consideration. KJV (2): babe, delusion - Strongs: H8586 (תַּעֲלוּלִים)

H) elo (אהלה AhLH) AC: Lift CO: ? AB: ?: The lifting of the yoke onto the shoulder. One taken into exile is placed in the yoke for transport and the yoke of bondage. It was a common practice to strip the clothes off of those taken into exile.

V) elo (אהלה AhLH) - I. Rise:To go, come or bring oneself or something up. [Hebrew and Aramaic; A generic verb with a wide application meaning to lift up] [df: hlg]II. Uncover:As a lifting off of the cover. To be exposed from the removal of clothing. Also to reveal something by exposing it. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: hlg alg]KJV (1087): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Pual, Piel) up, offer, come, bring, ascend, go, chew, offering, light, increase, burn, depart, put, spring, raise, break, exalt, uncover, discover, captive, carry away, reveal, open, captivity, show, remove, appear, brought, carry - Strongs: H1540 (גָּלָה), H1541 (גְּלָא), H5924 (עֵלָּא), H5927 (עָלָה)

Nm ) elo (אהלה AhLH) - Leaf: As high in the tree. KJV (18): leaf, branch - Strongs: H5929 (עָלֶה)

am) elom (מאהלה MAhLH) - Ascent: A place of straight or stepped incline. KJV (18): up, ascent, cheifest, cliff, hill, stairs - Strongs: H4608 (מַעֲלֶה)

ff1) eilo (אהליה AhLYH) - Loft: A room on top of the house used during hot days of summer. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (21): chamber, parlour, up, ascent, loft, chamber - Strongs: H5944 (עֲלִיָּה), H5952 (עִלִּי)

J) lfo (אהול AhWL) AC: Lift CO: Yoke AB: ?: The lifting up of the yoke upon the shoulders of the oxen.

Nm) lfo (אהול AhWL) - Yoke: [df: le] KJV (40): yoke - Strongs: H5923 (עוֹל)

Nf1 ) elfo (אהולה AhWLH) - I. Rising:A rising of smoke from a burnt offering. II. Captivity:In the sense of lifting a yoke on the shoulder. [df: hlwghlg] KJV (331): burn offering, ascent, go up, captivity, carry, captive, remove - Strongs: H1473 (גֹּלָה), H5930 (עוֹלָה)

L) loi (יאהל YAhL) AC: Lift CO: ? AB: ?

V) loi (יאהל YAhL) - Lift: KJV (23): (vf: Hiphil) profit, forward, good, profitable - Strongs: H3276 (יָעַל)

am) lofm (מואהל MWAhL) - Lift: KJV (1): lifting - Strongs: H4607 (מֹעַל)

M) lio (אהיל AhYL) AC: ? CO: Coat AB: ?: An upper garment lifted up onto the shoulders.

Nf1) elio (אהילה AhYLH) - Occasion: [Unknown connection to root; Aramaic only] KJV (3): occasion - Strongs: H5931 (עִלָּה)

fm) ilio (אהילי AhYLY) - High: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (12): upper, high - Strongs: H5942 (עִלִּי), H5943 (עִלָּי)

km) liom (מאהיל MAhYL) - Cloak: KJV (28): robe, mantle, cloke, coat - Strongs: H4598 (מְעִיל)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [מַעֲלָה] noun feminine what comes up; — plural construct מַעֲלוֺת רוּחֲכֶם Ezekiel 11:5, i.e. your thoughts.

II. מַעֲלָה46 noun feminine step, stair; — ׳מ Ezra 7:9; 1 Chronicles 17:17; plural מַעֲלוֺת Isaiah 38:8 +, suffix מַעֲלֹתָו֯ Amos 9:6, etc.; —

1 step, stair of temple Ezekiel 40:6 5t. 40, and temple porch Ezekiel 40:49; of altar Exodus 20:26 (E) (forbidden, compare RS OTJC xii, n. l; 2nd ed. 358) Ezekiel 43:17 (prescribed); of house 2 Kings 9:13, of throne 1 Kings 10:19,20; 2 Chronicles 9:18,19; to the city of David Nehemiah 3:15; Nehemiah 12:37.

2 steps (forming sun-dial, compare Di Is) 2 Kings 20:9 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 20:10 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 20:11 (3t. in verse) = Isaiah 38:8 (5t. in verse)

3 stories of heaven Amos 9:6.

4 ascent, מִבָּבֶל Ezra 7:9.

5. (ל)הַמַּעֲלוֺתשִׁיר song of ascents, to the three great pilgrim feasts, i.e. to be sung on way up to Jerusalem, titles of Psalm 120-134 + Psalm 84:6 We and others — כְּתוֺר האדם המעלה 1 Chronicles 17:17 is corrupt, see Commentaries on the passage (and on "" 2 Samuel 7:19).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

מַעֲלָה fem.

(1)  ascent, going up, to a higher region, Ezra 7:9. Metaph. מַעֲלוֹת רוּחֲכֶם the things which rise up in your mind, i.e. thoughts which pass through your mind, Ezekiel 11:5 compare the phrase עָלָה אֶלּ־לֵב 38:10.

(2) a step, by which any one goes up. שֵׁשׁ מַעֲלוֹת six steps, 1 Kings 10:19; Ezekiel 40:26, 31 Ezekiel 40:31, 34 Ezekiel 40:34. Figuratively

(a) the steps of a gnomon, whence הַמַּעֲלוֹת is used of the gnomon or dial itself, divided into steps, 2 Kings 20:9, 10 2 Kings 20:10, 11 2 Kings 20:11; Isaiah 38:8, according to the Targum, Symm., Jerome, and the Rabbins; where, others, following the LXX., Syr., and Jos. Antt. x. 11, § 1, understand steps of a flight.

(b) שִׁיר הַמַּעֲלוֹת a song of steps, in the heading of fifteen psalms, -Ps. 120134 ; which, as I judge, are so called because of the metre and rhythm found in most of them; the sense, as it were, goes on progressively; thus the first or last words of a preceding sentence are often repeated at the beginning of those that follow; e.g. Psa 121:1-8, 1 אֶשָּׂא עֵינַי אֶל־הֶהָרִים מֵאַיִן יָבוֹאעֶזְרִי 2 עֶזְרִי מֵעִם יְיָ … 3 … אַל־יָנוּם שֹׁמְרֶֽךָ 4 הִנֵּה לֹא יָנוּם וְלֹא יִישָׁן שֹׁמֵד יִשְׂרָאֵל 5 יְהֹוָה שֹׁמְרֶךָ … 7 יְחוָֹה יִשְׁמָרְךָ מִכָּל־רָע וגו׳ לוּלֵי יְיָ שֶׁהָיָה לָנוּ יאֹמַר־נָא יִשְׂרָאֵל 2 לוּלֵי יְיָ שֶׁהָיָה לָנוּ … 3 ־אֲזַי חַיִים בְּלָעוּנוּ … 4 אֲזַי הַמַּיִם שְׁטָפוּנוּ 5 אֲזַי עָבַר עַל נַפְשֵׁנוּ הַמַּיִם הַזֵּידֹנִים (Psalms 124:1) Compare 122:2, Psalms 122:3, Psalms 122:4, 123:3, Psalms 123:4, 126:2, Psalms 126:3, 29:1, Psalms 29:2. The song of Deborah may be reckoned as one of the same kind; see Judges 5:3, Judges 5:5, Judges 5:6, Judges 5:9, 12 Judges 5:12, 19 Judges 5:19, 20 Judges 5:20, 21 Judges 5:21, 23 Judges 5:23, 24 Judges 5:24, 27 Judges 5:27, 30 Judges 5:30. I have discussed this kind of rhythm at greater length in Ephemerid. Hal. 1812, No. 205; which has been approved of by De Wette, Einl. in das A. T., p. 289; Winer, in Lex., etc. Bellermann considered these to be trochaic songs (Metrik der Hebräer, 1813, page 199, sqq.), against whom, I have discussed the question, Ephemerid. Hal. 1815, No.11; denying, altogether, that the Hebrews had any metrical prosody. Those are still farther from the truth who apply the title שִׁיר הַמַּעֲלוֹת to the subject matter of those Psalms, and render it songs of going up (see No. 1), and suppose them to have been sung by the Israelites returning from their exile (compare Ezra 7:9), or by those who went up to Jerusalem; for this subject is treated in only two of them (Psa 122:1-9, and 126 ), and other subjects in all the rest.

(3) a lofty place, 1 Chronicles 17:17 specially an upper room, i.q. עֲלִיָּה Amos 9:6.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available
List of Word Forms
בְּמַעֲל֥וֹת בְמַעֲל֨וֹת בְמַעֲלֹ֖ת בַּֽמַּעֲל֖וֹת בְּמַֽעֲלֹותָ֑יו במעלות במעלותיו במעלת הַֽמַּ֫עֲל֥וֹת הַֽמַּֽעֲל֗וֹת הַֽמַּעֲל֑וֹת הַֽמַּעֲל֔וֹת הַֽמַּעֲל֖וֹת הַֽמַּעֲל֗וֹת הַֽמַּעֲל֡וֹת הַֽמַּעֲלָ֖ה המעלה המעלות וּבְמַעֲל֥וֹת וּבַֽמַּעֲל֔וֹת וּמַעֲל֤וֹת וּמַעֲל֥וֹת וּמַעֲלֹתֵ֖הוּ ובמעלות ומעלות ומעלתהו לַֽמַּ֫עֲל֥וֹת למעלות מַֽעֲל֔וֹת מַעֲל֑וֹת מַעֲל֔וֹת מַעֲל֖וֹת מַעֲל֣וֹת מַעֲלֵ֣ה מַעֲלֹותָ֔יו מַעֲלֽוֹת׃ מַעֲלוֹת֙ מעלה מעלות מעלות׃ מעלותיו bam·ma·‘ă·lō·wṯ bamma‘ălōwṯ bammaaLot bə·ma·‘ă·lō·w·ṯāw bə·ma·‘ă·lō·wṯ ḇə·ma·‘ă·lō·wṯ ḇə·ma·‘ă·lōṯ ḇəma‘ălōṯ bəma‘ălōwṯ ḇəma‘ălōwṯ bəma‘ălōwṯāw bemaaLot bemaaloTav ham·ma·‘ă·lāh ham·ma·‘ă·lō·wṯ hamma‘ălāh hamma‘ălōwṯ hammaaLah hammaaLot lam·ma·‘ă·lō·wṯ lamma‘ălōwṯ lamMaaLot ma‘ălêh ma‘ălōwṯ ma‘ălōwṯāw ma·‘ă·lêh ma·‘ă·lō·w·ṯāw ma·‘ă·lō·wṯ maaLeh maaLot maaloTav ū·ḇam·ma·‘ă·lō·wṯ ū·ḇə·ma·‘ă·lō·wṯ ū·ma·‘ă·lō·ṯê·hū ū·ma·‘ă·lō·wṯ ūḇamma‘ălōwṯ ūḇəma‘ălōwṯ ūma‘ălōṯêhū ūma‘ălōwṯ umaaLot umaaloTehu uvammaaLot uvemaaLot vemaaLot
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, December 1st, 2020
the First Week of Advent
Search for…
Choose a letter to browse:
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology