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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4900 - מָשַׁךְ

Transliteration
mâshak
Phonetics
maw-shak'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1257
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to draw, drag, seize

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to draw (and lift out), drag along, lead along, drag or lead off, draw down

1a2) to draw (the bow)

1a3) to proceed, march

1a4) to draw out or give (a sound)

1a5) to draw out, prolong, continue

1a6) to trail (seed in sowing)

1a7) to cheer, draw, attract, gratify

1b) (Niphal) to be drawn out

1c) (Pual)

1c1) to be drawn out, be postponed, be deferred

1c2) to be tall

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1986 ‑ ἐπισπάομαι (ep‑ee‑spah'‑om‑ahee);  520 ‑ ἀπάγω (ap‑ag'‑o);  565 ‑ ἀπέρχομαι (ap‑erkh'‑om‑ahee);  1614 ‑ ἐκτείνω (ek‑ti'‑no);  1632 ‑ ἐκχέω (ek‑kheh'‑o, ek‑khoo'‑no);  1670 ‑ ἑλκύω (hel‑koo'‑o, hel'‑ko);  1765 ‑ ἐνισχύω (en‑is‑khoo'‑o);  1828 ‑ ἐξέλκω (ex‑el'‑ko);  1863 ‑ ἐπάγω (ep‑ag'‑o);  2690 ‑ καταστρέφω (kat‑as‑tref'‑o);  3905 ‑ παρατείνω (par‑at‑i'‑no);  3373 ‑ μηκύνω (may‑koo'‑no);  5549 ‑ χρονίζω (khron‑id'‑zo);  2346 ‑ θλίβω (thlee'‑bo);  71 ‑ ἄγω (ag'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (36) NAS (38) HCS (33)
Genesis 1
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 1
Judges 4
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Nehemiah 1
Job 3
Psalms 5
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 3
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Genesis 1
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 1
Judges 4
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Nehemiah 1
Job 3
Psalms 5
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 3
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Genesis 1
Exodus 1
Joshua 1
Judges 4
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Nehemiah 1
Job 3
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 3
Hosea 2
Amos 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-PPfs 1
v-PPms 2
v-ni3fs 2
v-ni3mp 1
v-qPmp 1
v-qPmpc 2
v-qPms 2
v-qc 3
v-qi2ms 2
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp1cs 1
v-qp2ms 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 3
v-qvmp 1
v-qw2ms 1
v-qw3mp 2
v-qw3ms 1
v-PPfs 1
v-PPms 2
v-ni3fs 2
v-ni3mp 1
v-qPmp 1
v-qPmpc 2
v-qPms 2
v-qc 3
v-qi2ms 2
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp1cs 1
v-qp2ms 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 4
v-qvmp 1
v-qvms 1
v-qw2ms 1
v-qw3mp 2
v-qw3ms 1
v-PPfs 1
v-PPms 2
v-ni3fs 2
v-ni3mp 1
v-qPmp 1
v-qPmpc 2
v-qPms 2
v-qc 3
v-qi2ms 2
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp1cs 1
v-qp2ms 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3ms 4
v-qvmp 1
v-qvms 1
v-qw2ms 1
v-qw3mp 2
v-qw3ms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2358) ksm (מסהכ MShK) AC: Draw CO: ? AB: Acquire: A drawing out of something such as a hand, bow, sound (as from a horn) or time. [from: sm- as a drawing out]

V) ksm (מסהכ MShK) - Draw: To draw or pull something or out of something. To prolong in the sense of drawing out time. To draw out a sound from a horn. KJV (36): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual) draw, prolong, scatter, continue, defer - Strongs: H4900 (מָשַׁךְ)

Nm) ksm (מסהכ MShK) - Acquiring: In the sense of drawing something out. KJV (2): price, precious - Strongs: H4901 (מֶשֶׁךְ)

gf1) eksfm (מוסהכה MWShKH) - Bow: In the sense of being drawn to shoot. KJV (1): band - Strongs: H4189 (מֹשְׁכוֹת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 מָשַׁךְ verb draw, drag (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic מְשַׁח (rare) be extended, also conduct, take, Syriac is be dry, shrivelled (of fruit., etc.); Ethiopic bend (the bow); Arabic grasp and hold I. Frey; IV. Frey Lane; compare also Assyrian mašku, skin (perhaps also march Dl HWB 431), Arabic id., Aramaic , מַשְׁכָּא id.); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳מ 1 Kings 22:34 2t., וּמָשַׁךְ consecutive Job 24:22; 3 feminine singular מָֽשְׁכָה Deuteronomy 21:3, etc.; Imperfect יִמְשׁוֺךְ Job 21:33; וַיִּמְשֹׁךְ Judges 20:37; 2 masculine singular suffix תִּמְשְׁכֵנִי Psalm 28:3; 1 singular suffix אֶמְשְׁכֵם Hosea 11:4, etc.; Imperative מְשֹׁךְ Psalm 36:11, suffix מָשְׁכֵנִי Song of Solomon 1:4; masculine plural מִשְׁכוּ Exodus 12:21, מָשְׁכוּ Ezekiel 32:20; Infinitive construct מְשֹׁךְ Exodus 19:13; Joshua 6:5, לִמְשׁוֺךְ Ecclesiastes 2:3; Participle משֵׁךְ Amos 9:13; Psalm 109:12; plural משְׁכִים Judges 5:14; construct משְׁכֵי Isaiah 5:18; Isaiah 66:19; —

1 draw and lift out of (מִן), with accusative of person, וַיִּמְשְׁכוּ וַיַּעֲלוּ אֶתיֿוֺסֵף מִן הַבּוֺר Genesis 37:28 (E), so Jeremiah (+ בַּחֲבָלִים, ב instrumental) Jeremiah 38:13; compare תִּמְשֹׁךְ לִוְיָתָן בְּחַכָּה Job 40:25; draw, drag along משְׁכֵי עָוֺן בְּחַבְלֵי הֵשָּׁוְא Isaiah 5:18 (figurative); בְּמָשְׁכוֺבְּרִשְׁתּוֺ Psalm 10:9 (figurative of wicked catching and dragging the poor); draw, lead along (with hostile purpose) with accusative of person Judges 4:7 (subject ׳י; + אֶלֿ person and thing); lead or drag off (to doom, subject ׳י) Psalm 28:3 (compare Psalm 26:9); similarly, or = draw down to death, ׳מָשְׁכוּ אוֺתָהּ וגו Ezekiel 32:20 (si vera lectio; reference to fall of Egypt), but read perhaps a form of שׁכב for משׁכו, ᵐ5 Co Berthol, compare Sm.; absolute, subject heifer, מָֽשְׁכָה בְּעוֺל Deuteronomy 21:3 (ב instrumental); draw, lead (in love), (figurative, subject ׳י) בְּחַבְלֵי אָדָם אֶמְשְׁכֵם Hosea 11:4, compare Jeremiah 31:3 (al. as

5 below)

2 draw the bow, בַּקֶּשֶׁת׳מ 1 Kings 22:34 2 Chronicles 18:33, but ׳משְׁכֵי ק Isaiah 66:19 (where text dubious, ᵐ5 Μοσοχ καὶ εἰς(θΩβελ), so Lo Sta Javan 8 Du Che Hpt, — not Gr Che Comm Di).

3 proceed, march (compare German ziehen) וּמָשַׁכְתָָּ֫בְּהַר תָּבוֺר Judges 4:6; compare Judges 20:37 (absolute), Job 21:33 (אַחֲרָיו); so also (perhaps) Exodus 12:21 proceed (i.e. forthwith), and take you a sheep; and probably משְׁכִים בְּשֵׁבֶט Judges 5:14 those marching with the staff, etc. (most under

2 drawing with, i.e. wielding).

4 draw out a sound, give a sound, בִּמְשֹׁךְ הַיֹּבֵל Exodus 19:13 (E) when the ram ('s horn) sounds, בְּקֶרֶן׳הַיֹּבֵל בִּמ Joshua 6:5 (JE).

5 draw out, prolong, continue, מְשֹׁח חַסְדְּךָ לְֹידְעֶיךָ Psalm 36:10 prolong, continue thy kindness to them that know thee; אַליְֿהִי לוֺ משֵׁךְ חֶסֶד Psalm 109:12; (so possibly מְשַׁכְתִּיךָ חָ֑סֶד Jeremiah 31:3 I have prolonged kindness to thee, compare Ryle Nehemiah 9:30; and elsewhere as

1 above); compare עֲלֶיהֶם שָׁנִים׳וַתִּמ רַבּוֺת Nehemiah 9:30 (חֶסֶד omitted); אַמְּךָ לְדֹר וָדֹר׳תִּמ Nehemiah 85:6 ("" הַלְעוֺלָם תֶּאֱנַף בָּנוּ); אַבִּירִים בְּכֹחוֺ׳וּמ Job 24:22i.e. he (God) prolongeth the life of the mighty (Du draggeth them off, as Psalm 28:3

1 above, — reading also אֹבְּדִים for ׳אַבּ with ᵐ5 Bi); compare

Niph`al 6. trail seed (draw along in sowing) Amos 9:13 (opposed to דָֹּרֵךְ עֲנָבִים; compare מֶשֶׁךְ below)

7 (late) cheer (draw, attract, gratify) בַּיַּיִן׳מ אֶתבְּֿשָׂרִי Ecclesiastes 2:3, — so De (who cites Late Hebrew, Chag14 a) Now Wild. — מָשַׁךְ יָדוֺ אֶתלֹּֿצֲצִים Hosea 7:5 is difficult, ᵐ5 AV RV he stretcheth out his hand with, maketh common cause with, is hardly possibly, text probably corrupt We Now.

Niph`al Imperfect 3 masculine plural לֹא יִמָּשֵׁ֑כוּ Isaiah 13:22 they shall not be prolonged (days of Babylon); 3 feminine singular לֹא תִּמָּשֵׁךְ Ezekiel 12:25,28 it shall not be postponed.

Pu`al Participle long drawn out: מְמֻשָּׁךְ Isaiah 18:2,7 of persons, = tall; תֹּחֶלֶת מְמֻשָּׁכָה Proverbs 13:12 hope postponed, deferred.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

מָשַׁךְ fut. יִמְשֹׁךְ.

(1)  to draw. (Arab. مَسَكَ id., see Lette ad Cant. Deb., page 96; for this signification is not found in Golius. Kindred is מָשָׁה.) Constr. absol. Deuteronomy 21:3, “which has not drawn (a cart) in a yoke;” with acc. of pers. to draw some one anywhere, followed by בְּ, אֶל of place, Judges 4:7; Psalms 10:9 compare Song of Solomon 1:4 to draw out from a pit, from water, followed by מִן Genesis 37:28 Job 40:25 Jeremiah 38:13 to draw to one, Isaiah 5:18. From the idea of drawing have arisen these phrases

(a) מָשַׁךְ הַקֶּשֶׁת to bend a bow, 1 Kings 22:34; Isaiah 66:19 (Eth. መሰከ፡ id.).

(b) מָשַׁךְ הַוֶּרַע “to draw out seed,” i.e. to scatter it in order along the furrows, Amos 9:13 compare Psalms 126:6.

(c). מָשַׁךְ הַיּוֹבֵל Exodus 19:13, and מָשַׁךְ בְּקֶרֶן הַיּוֹבֵל Joshua 6:5, “to make a long blast with a trumpet,” i.q. תָּקַע בַּשּׁוֹפָרוֹת, see Joshua 6:4, Joshua 6:8, Joshua 6:9, 13 Joshua 6:13, 16 Joshua 6:16, 20 Joshua 6:20, compare verse Joshua 6:5. Prop. to blow with a great blast into the horn of jubilee (compare Germ. heftig losziehn), and in both places it is used of the signal which was given with the trumpet (vom Termblafen mit dem Lermhorn), see page 340, A. To this answers the Arabic جلب to draw; also Conj. I. II. IV. to raise a cry, to cry out.

(d) Hosea 7:5, מָשַׁךְ יָדוֹ אֶת־לֹצְצִים “to draw out one’s hand with scoffers,” contemptuously used of intercourse with wicked men; (compare the common fich mit jem. herumziehn).

(e) to protract, i.e. to prolong, to continue, Nehemiah 9:30; Psalms 36:11, מִשֹׁךְ חַסְדְּךָ לְיֹדְעֶיךָ “draw out,” i,e. “continue thy loving kindness towards those that know thee;” Psalms 85:6, 109:12 Jeremiah 31:3, מְשַׁכְתִּיךָ חֶסֶד “I have continued loving kindness to thee.” (Compare Syr. ܢܓܪܰ to draw; whence subst. ܢܘܽܓܪܐܳ long continuance.)

(f) to make durable, i.e. strong, firm, to make firm, Ecclesiastes 2:3, לִמְשׁוֹךְ בַּיַּיִן אֶת־בְּשָׁרִי “to make my body strong with wine.” (Syr. ܡܫܟ to harden.) Comp. Pual No. 2.

(g) to draw out, to draw asunder, to spread oneself out, Judges 4:6, מָשַׁבְתַּ בְּהַר תָּבוֹר “spread thyself out on Mount Tabor;” Judges 20:37, וַיִּמְשֹׁךְ הָאֹרֵב “the soldiers in ambush spread themselves out” (see the Targ. in both places).

(2) to take hold, to take (Arab. مَسَكَ id.), with an acc. Exodus 12:21, to hold, followed by בְּ Judges 5:14 to seize, to take away, Job 24:22; Psalms 28:3; Ezekiel 32:20.

Niphal, to be protracted, delayed, Isaiah 13:22; Ezekiel 12:25, 28 Ezekiel 12:28.

Pual

(1) i.q. Niphal (of hope), Proverbs 13:12.

(2) pass. of Kal No. 1, letter f. Part. made hard, strong, Isaiah 18:2, Isaiah 18:7, גּוֹי מְמֻשָּׁךְ “a strong people” [“drawn out; hence tall”]. Arab. مسك Conj. X. to be firm, strong, see Vit. Tim. t.i. p.432 (this signification is omitted in Golius).

Hence מוֹשְׁכוֹת, and

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List of Word Forms
אֶמְשְׁכֵם֙ אמשכם בְּמָשְׁכ֥וֹ בְּמֹשֵׁ֣ךְ בִּמְשֹׁ֣ךְ ׀ בִּמְשֹׁךְ֙ במשך במשכו וַֽיִּמְשְׁכוּ֙ וַיִּמְשְׁכ֤וּ וַיִּמְשֹׁךְ֙ וַתִּמְשֹׁ֤ךְ וּמָֽשַׁכְתָּ֙ וּמָשַׁ֣ךְ וּמָשַׁכְתִּ֨י וימשך וימשכו ומשך ומשכת ומשכתי ותמשך יִמְשׁ֑וֹךְ יִמָּשֵֽׁכוּ׃ ימשוך ימשכו׃ לִמְשׁ֥וֹךְ למשוך מְ֭מֻשָּׁכָה מְמֻשָּׁ֣ךְ מְשַׁכְתִּ֥יךְ מְשֹׁ֣ךְ מִֽשְׁכ֗וּ מָשְׁכ֥וּ מָשְׁכֵ֖נִי מָשְׁכָ֖ה מָשַׁ֤ךְ מָשַׁ֥ךְ מֹ֥שְׁכֵי מֹשְׁכִ֖ים מֹשְׁכֵ֥י מֹשֵׁ֣ךְ ממשך ממשכה משך משכה משכו משכי משכים משכני משכתיך תִּמְשְׁכֵ֣נִי תִּמְשֹׁ֣ךְ תִּמְשֹׁ֥ךְ תִמָּשֵׁ֖ךְ תִמָּשֵׁ֥ךְ תמשך תמשכני ’em·šə·ḵêm ’emšəḵêm bə·mā·šə·ḵōw bə·mō·šêḵ bəmāšəḵōw bemasheCho bəmōšêḵ bemoShech bim·šōḵ bimshoCh bimšōḵ emsheChem lim·šō·wḵ limShoch limšōwḵ mā·šaḵ mā·šə·ḵāh mā·šə·ḵê·nî mā·šə·ḵū māšaḵ māšəḵāh māšəḵênî māšəḵū maShach masheChah masheCheni masheChu mə·muš·šā·ḵāh mə·muš·šāḵ mə·šaḵ·tîḵ mə·šōḵ memushShach Memushshachah məmuššāḵ məmuššāḵāh məšaḵtîḵ meshachTich meShoch məšōḵ miš·ḵū mishChu mišḵū mō·šə·ḵê mō·šə·ḵîm mō·šêḵ mōšêḵ mōšəḵê mōšəḵîm moShech mosheChei mosheChim ṯim·mā·šêḵ tim·šə·ḵê·nî tim·šōḵ ṯimmāšêḵ timmaShech timšəḵênî timsheCheni timShoch timšōḵ ū·mā·šaḵ ū·mā·šaḵ·tā ū·mā·šaḵ·tî ūmāšaḵ ūmāšaḵtā ūmāšaḵtî umaShach umashachTa umashachTi vaiyimsheChu vaiyimshoCh vattimShoch wat·tim·šōḵ wattimšōḵ way·yim·šə·ḵū way·yim·šōḵ wayyimšəḵū wayyimšōḵ yim·mā·šê·ḵū yim·šō·wḵ yimmāšêḵū yimmaShechu yimShoch yimšōwḵ
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