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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5301 - נָפַח

Transliteration
nâphach
Phonetics
naw-fakh'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1390
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to breathe, blow, sniff at, seethe, give up or lose (life)

1a) (Qal) to breathe, blow

1b) (Pual) to be blown

1c) (Hiphil) to cause to breathe out

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1720 ‑ ἐμφυσάω (em‑foo‑sah'‑o);  2545 ‑ καίω (kah'‑yo);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (12) NAS (12) HCS (12)
Genesis 1
Job 3
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 3
Haggai 1
Malachi 1
Genesis 1
Job 3
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 3
Haggai 1
Malachi 1
Genesis 1
Job 3
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 3
Haggai 1
Malachi 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-Pp3ms 1
v-qPms 1
v-qp1cs 2
v-qp3fs 1
v-qsms 2
v-Pp3ms 1
v-qPms 1
v-qp1cs 2
v-qp3fs 1
v-qsms 2
v-Pp3ms 1
v-qPms 1
v-qp1cs 2
v-qp3fs 1
v-qsms 2
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2419) hpn (נפהה NPHh) AC: Blow CO: ? AB: ?: [from: hp]

V) hpn (נפהה NPHh) - Blow: KJV (12): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Pual) blow, breathe, seethe, lose, snuff, give up - Strongs: H5301 (נָפַח)

am) hpnm (מנפהה MNPHh) - Blowing: [df: xpm] KJV (1): giving up - Strongs: H4646 (מַפָּח)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [נָפַח] verb breathe, blow (כור נפוח Sirach 43:4 a furnace blown upon (heated hot); Late Hebrew נָפַח id., ᵑ7נְפַח, Syriac ; Assyrian napâ—u, inflame, nappa—u, smith Dl HWB 474; Arabic ( and) blow; Ethiopic or Di712); —

Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular נָָֽפְחָה Jeremiah 15:9; וְנָפַ֫חְתִּי Haggai 1:9; וְנָפַחְתִּ֫י Ezekiel 22:21; Imperfect וַיִּמַּח Genesis 2:7; Imperative feminine singular מְּחִי Ezekiel 37:9; Infinitive (לָ)פַ֫חַת Ezekiel 22:20; Perfect active נֹפֵחַ Isaiah 54:16; passive נָפוּחַ Jeremiah 1:13; Job 41:12; — breathe, blow, וַיִּמַּח בְּאַמּוֺ נִשְׁמַתחַיִּים Genesis 2:7 (J); followed by ב also Ezekiel 37:9; Isaiah 54:16 and Haggai 1:9 blow into it (to scatter it); followed by עַלֿ: לָפַחַתעָלָיו אֵשׁ Ezekiel 22:20 to blow fire upon it (ore, for melting), so figurative Ezekiel 22:21 and I will blow upon you with (ב) the fire of my wrath; נַפְשָׁהּ׳נ Jeremiah 15:9 she hath breathed out her life (of a mother, compare

Hiph`il); absolute סִיר נָפוּחַ Jeremiah 1:13 a blown (i.e. well-heated, boiling) pot, compare ׳דּוּד נ Job 41:12 (simile).

Pu`al Perfect אֵשׁ לֹא נֻמָּ֑ח Job 20:26 a fire not blown (by any human breath). So perhaps also Numbers 21:30 (reading ׳עַדנֻֿמַּח אֵשׁ וגו until fire was blown [hot] as far as Medeba), compare Di.

Hiph`il Perfect 1 singular נֶפֶשׁ בְּעָלֶיהָ חִמָּ֑חְתִּי Job 31:39 (or if) the life of its (the land's) owners I have caused them to breathe out; וְהִמַּחְתֶּם אוֺתוֺ Malachi 1:13 and ye have sniffed at it (in contempt).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

נָפַח i.q. פּוּחַ to blow, to breathe (an onomatop. root. Compare Germ. fachen, anfachen. Arabic نفح and نفخ to blow; فحَّ and فخ express a harsher snorting sound). Specially

(1) to blow upon any one, followed by בְּ, Ezekiel 37:9.

(2) נָפַה בְּאֵשׁ to blow the fire, Ezekiel 22:21 without בְּ, Ezekiel 22:20, and Isaiah 54:16 דּוּד נָפוּחַ a pot blown upon, i.e. boiling upon a blown fire, Job 41:12; Jeremiah 1:13.

(3) to disperse, or cast away by blowing, followed by בְּ Haggai 1:9.

(4) to breathe out (the soul, the life), Jeremiah 15:9.

Pual to be blown, used of a fire, Job 20:26.

Hiphil

(1) with the addition of נֶפֶשׁ to cause to breathe out the soul, Job 31:39 a hyperbolical expression for to extort sighs, to torment miserably.

(2) to blow away, metaph. i.q. to value lightly, to despise, Malachi 1:13.

Derived nouns, מַפָּח, מַפּוּחַ, תַּפּוּחַ, and

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List of Word Forms
הִפָּֽחְתִּי׃ הפחתי׃ וְהִפַּחְתֶּ֣ם וְנָפַ֣חְתִּי וְנָפַחְתִּ֥י וַיִּפַּ֥ח וּפְחִ֛י והפחתם ויפח ונפחתי ופחי לָפַֽחַת־ לפחת־ נָפ֙וּחַ֙ נָפ֣וּחַ נָפְחָ֥ה נֹפֵ֙חַ֙ נֻפָּ֑ח נפוח נפח נפחה hip·pā·ḥə·tî hipPacheti hippāḥətî lā·p̄a·ḥaṯ- lafachat lāp̄aḥaṯ- nā·p̄ə·ḥāh nā·p̄ū·aḥ nafeChah naFuach nāp̄əḥāh nāp̄ūaḥ nō·p̄ê·aḥ noFeach nōp̄êaḥ nup·pāḥ nupPach nuppāḥ ū·p̄ə·ḥî ufeChi ūp̄əḥî vaiyipPach vehippachTem venafachTi way·yip·paḥ wayyippaḥ wə·hip·paḥ·tem wə·nā·p̄aḥ·tî wəhippaḥtem wənāp̄aḥtî
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, December 8th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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