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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5445 - סָבַל

Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to bear, bear a load, drag oneself along

1a) (Qal) to bear (a load)

1b) (Pual) laden (participle)

1c) (Hithpael) to make oneself a burden, drag oneself along

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 430 ‑ ἀνέχω (an‑ekh'‑om‑ahee);  353 ‑ ἀναλαμβάνω (an‑al‑am‑ban'‑o);  399 ‑ ἀναφέρω (an‑af‑er'‑o);  5254 ‑ ὑπέχω (hoop‑ekh'‑o);  3975 ‑ παχύνω (pakh‑oo'‑no);  1679 ‑ ἐλπίζω (el‑pid'‑zo);  4327 ‑ προσδέχομαι (pros‑dekh'‑om‑ahee);  4328 ‑ προσδοκάω (pros‑dok‑ah'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (9) NAS (9) HCS (8)
Genesis 1
Psalms 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 4
Lamentations 1
Genesis 1
Psalms 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 4
Lamentations 1
Genesis 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 5
Lamentations 1

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2460) lbx (סבל SBL) AC: Carry CO: Burden AB: ?: [from: lx- raising]

V) lbx (סבל SBL) - Carry: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (10): (vf: Paal, Hitpael, Pual, Participle) carry, bear, labour, burden - Strongs: H5445 (סָבַל), H5446 (סְבַל)

Nm) lbx (סבל SBL) - Burden: KJV (8): burden, charge - Strongs: H5447 (סֵבֶל), H5449 (סַבָּל)

Nf1) elbx (סבלה SBLH) - Burden: KJV (6): burden - Strongs: H5450 (סִבְלוֹת)

gm) lbfx (סובל SWBL) - Burden: KJV (3): burden - Strongs: H5448 (סֻבָּל)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [סָבַל] verb bear a heavy load (Late Hebrew id.; Arabic סְבַל id.; compare also below זבל above); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular suffix סְבָלָם Isaiah 53:4; 1 plural סָבָ֑לְנוּ Lamentations 5:7; — Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִסְבֹּל Isaiah 53:11; 1 singular אֶסְבֹּל Isaiah 46:4; 3 masculine plural suffix יִסְבְּלֻהוּ Isaiah 46:7; Infinitive construct לִסְבֹּל Genesis 49:15; — bear a load, וַיֵּט שִׁכְמוֺ לִסְבֹּל Genesis 49:15 (poem in J; of Issachar under figure of ass); of carrying an idol Isaiah 46:7; of ׳י carrying Israel Isaiah 46:4; Isaiah 46:4; servant of ׳י carrying load of pain Isaiah 53:4 and guilt Isaiah 53:11; Israel bearing iniquities of fathers Lamentations 5:7.

Pu`al Participle plural מְסֻבָּלִים laden, Psalm 144:14 (i.e. pregnant Ges Hi Ew Hup-Now Che and others; perhaps better, token of abundant harvest, so many, see especially Bae).

Hithpa`el Imperfect וְיִסְתַּכֵּל הֶחָגָב Ecclesiastes 12:5 drag oneself along, as a burden (see חָגָב).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

סָבַל fut. יִסְבֹּל to bear, to carry, a heavy burden. (Syr., Ch., id.) Isaiah 46:4, Isaiah 46:7; Genesis 49:15. Used figuratively to bear griefs, sins, etc. i.e. to receive the penalties which another has deserved, Isaiah 53:4, 11 Isaiah 53:11; Lamentations 5:7. [It must not be forgotten that when the vicarious sufferings of Christ are spoken of, every figure falls very far short of the full truth; he actually bore our sins.]

Pual, part. laden sc. with young, hence pregnant, gravid, used of cattle, Psalms 144:14. Compare Arab. حَامِلُ carrying, bearing in the womb, ثَقُلَ, to be pregnant, to bear in the womb. Syr. ܛܥܝܺܢܐܳ laden, gravid.

Hithpael הִסְתַּבֵּל to become burdensome, Ecclesiastes 12:5. Hence the four following nouns.

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List of Word Forms
אֶסְבֹּ֑ל אֶסְבֹּ֖ל אסבל וְיִסְתַּבֵּ֣ל ויסתבל יִסְבְּלֻ֜הוּ יִסְבֹּֽל׃ יסבל׃ יסבלהו לִסְבֹּ֔ל לסבל מְֽסֻבָּ֫לִ֥ים מסבלים סְבָלָ֑ם סָבָֽלְנוּ׃ סבלם סבלנו׃ ’es·bōl ’esbōl esBol lis·bōl lisBol lisbōl mə·sub·bā·lîm mesubBaLim məsubbālîm sā·ḇā·lə·nū sāḇālənū saValnu sə·ḇā·lām səḇālām sevaLam veyistabBel wə·yis·tab·bêl wəyistabbêl yis·bə·lu·hū yis·bōl yisbeLuhu yisbəluhū yisBol yisbōl
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 24th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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