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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #6845 - צָפַן

Transliteration
tsâphan
Phonetics
tsaw-fan'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1953
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to hide, treasure, treasure or store up

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to hide, treasure, treasure up

1a2) to lie hidden, lurk

1b) (Niphal) to be hidden, be stored up

1c) (Hiphil) to hide, hide from discovery

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 39 ‑ ἅγιον (hag'‑ee‑on);  578 ‑ ἀποβλέπω (ap‑ob‑lep'‑o);  1470 ‑ ἐγκρύπτω (eng‑kroop'‑to);  1587 ‑ ἐκλείπω (ek‑li'‑po);  1984 ‑ ἐπισκοπή (ep‑is‑kop‑ay');  2192 ‑ ἔχω (ekh'‑o);  2343 ‑ θησαυρίζω (thay‑sow‑rid'‑zo);  5083 ‑ τηρέω (tay‑reh'‑o);  1325 ‑ δίδωμι (did'‑o‑mee);  2928 ‑ κρύπτω (kroop'‑to);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (33) NAS (31) HCS (32)
Exodus 2
Joshua 1
Job 8
Psalms 7
Proverbs 8
Song of Solomon 1
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
Exodus 2
Joshua 1
Job 9
Psalms 7
Proverbs 8
Song of Solomon 1
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
Exodus 2
Joshua 1
Job 8
Psalms 8
Proverbs 9
Song of Solomon 1
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-np3cp 2
v-np3ms 1
v-qi1cp 1
v-qi2ms 2
v-qi3mp 4
v-qi3ms 2
v-qp1cs 3
v-qp2ms 3
v-qsfs 1
v-qsms 1
v-np3cp 2
v-np3ms 1
v-qi1cp 1
v-qi2ms 2
v-qi3mp 5
v-qi3ms 3
v-qp1cs 3
v-qp2ms 3
v-qp3ms 2
v-qsfs 1
v-qsms 1
v-np3cp 2
v-np3ms 1
v-qi1cp 1
v-qi2ms 2
v-qi3mp 4
v-qi3ms 2
v-qp1cs 3
v-qp2ms 3
v-qp3ms 2
v-qsfs 1
v-qsms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2683) npy (תספנ TsPN) AC: Hide CO: Treasure AB: ?: A storing up or hiding of something to prevent discovery. [from: py- as something watched or covered]

V) npy (תספנ TsPN) - Hide: To hide something to prevent discovery. KJV (33): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) hide, lay up, esteem, lurk, privily, secret - Strongs: H6845 (צָפַן)

bm) nipy (תספינ TsPYN) - Treasure: What is hidden. KJV (1): hid - Strongs: H6840 (צָפִין)

jm) nfpym (מתספונ MTsPWN) - Treasure: What is hidden. KJV (1): hidden - Strongs: H4710 (מַצְפּוֹן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 צָפַן verb hide, treasure up (Late Hebrew id.; Tel Amarna ƒapânu; set, of sun); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳צ Proverbs 27:16: 2 masculine singular צָפַנְתָּ Job 10:13 +, etc.; Imperfect יִצְמֹּן Job 21:19 + Proverbs 2:7 Qr (Kt רצפן), suffix יִצְמְּנֵנִי Psalm 27:5, etc.; Participle active plural suffix צֹפְנֶיהָ Proverbs 27:16; passive צָפוֺן Proverbs 13:22 +, Psalm 17:14 Kt; feminine צְפוּנָךְ Hosea 13:12, etc.; —

1 transitive hide, with accusative of person Exodus 2:2 (E), Joshua 2:4 (JE), of hiding a quarrelsome woman, like hiding wind Proverbs 27:16 (twice in verse) (si vera 1.; compare Toy); of ׳י's hiding his servants (from evil) Psalm 27:5; Psalm 31:21: = treasure up a thing, Proverbs 10:14, + אִתְּךָ with thyself, in thine own keeping Proverbs 2:1 = Proverbs 7:1, in (ב) the heart Job 10:13 (subject ׳י; of secret purposes), Psalm 119:11, compare Job 23:12; + ל person Proverbs 13:22; Song of Solomon 7:14, subject ׳י 21:19 reserve penalty; blessings Psalm 31:20; Proverbs 2:7 + מִן Job 17:4 thou [God] hast treasured up their heart away from understanding, kept it therefrom; passive, of sin Hosea 13:12 (absolute; "" צָרוּר); read possibly צָפוּן for צָפוּ Job 15:22 treasured up for (אֱלֵי) the sword (see I. צפה); צָפוּן = treasured, cherished place (i.e.Jerusalem) Ezekiel 7:22; = treasure Psalm 17:14 Qr (Kt צפינך, see צפין), Job 20:26 (on dubious text see Bu); plural of ׳י's treasured ones, his saints Psalm 83:4.

2 intransitive lie hid, lurk, absolute Psalm 56:7, with ל person Proverbs 1:11,18 and (of eyes of wicked) Psalm 10:8.

Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נִצְמֵּן Jeremiah 16:17 be hidden from before (מִנֶּנֶד) ׳י s eyes ("" נִסְתְּרוּ); 3 plural נִצְמְּנוּ Job 24:1 + מִשַׁדַּי stored up on the part of shadday; stored up for (ל) one Job 15:20.

Hiph`il hide, =

Qal: Imperfect 2 masculine singular suffix תַּצְמִּנֵנִי Job 14:18, with ב location; 3 masculine plural יצפינו Psalm 56:7 Kt (but < Qr see

Qal); Infinitive construct suffix הַצְּפִינוֺ (Ges§ 20h) Exodus 2:3 to hide him.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

צָפַן fut. יִצְפֹּן (cogn. טָמַן)

(1)  to hide, to conceal, Exodus 2:2; Joshua 2:4. Part. pass. צָפוּן hidden, i.e. secret, inaccessible, Ezekiel 7:22. Especially to guard and defend any one, Psalms 27:5, 83:4, צְפוּנֵי יְהֹוָה those protected by Jehovah. Intrans. to hide oneself (or ellipt. to hide nets, snares), to lie in wait, followed by לְ Proverbs 1:11, 18 Psalms 10:8 absol. 56:7 קרי.

(2) to lay up, to store up. Part. צְפוּנִים riches, treasures, Job 20:26; Psalms 17:4 קרי. Followed by לְ to lay up for any one, Job 21:19; Psalms 31:20. Job 20:26, כָּל־חשֶׁךְ טָמוּן לִצְפוּנָיו “every misfortune is laid up for his treasures.” צָפַן בְּלֵב to hide with one’s self (lay up in one’s heart), Job 10:13 צ׳ אִתּוֹ id. Proverbs 2:1, 7:1.

(3) to restrain, Proverbs 27:16 followed by מִן to deny to any one, Job 17:4.

Niphal, to be hidden from any one, i.e. to be unknown to him, followed by מִן Job 24:1; Jeremiah 16:17.

(2) to be laid up, i.e. to be destined for any one, followed by לְ Job 15:20.

Hiphil, i.q. Kal No. 1, to hide, Exodus 2:3; Job 14:13 to lie in wait Psalms 56:7 כתיב.

Derivatives, צָפוֹן (צְפוֹנִי), מַצְפֻּנִים, and pr.n. צְפוֹן, and

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List of Word Forms
הַצְּפִינוֹ֒ הצפינו וְצָפ֥וּן וַֽתִּצְפְּנ֑וֹ וַֽתִּצְפְּנֵ֖הוּ וצפון ותצפנהו ותצפנו יִ֝צְפְּנ֗וּ יִצְפְּנֵ֨נִי ׀ יִצְפְּנוּ־ יִצְפֹּֽנוּ׃ יִצְפֹּן־ יִצְפֹּ֗ונוּ יִצְפֹּ֣ן יצפונו יצפן יצפן־ יצפנו יצפנו־ יצפנו׃ יצפנני לִצְפּ֫וּנָ֥יו לצפוניו נִצְפְּנ֣וּ נִצְפְּנ֥וּ נִצְפְּנָ֖ה נִצְפַּ֥ן נצפן נצפנה נצפנו צְפוּנִ֑י צְפוּנֶֽיךָ׃ צְפוּנָ֖ה צָֽפַן־ צָפַ֣נְתִּי צָפַ֣נְתָּ צָפַ֥נְתִּי צָפַ֪נְתָּ צֹפְנֶ֥יהָ צפונה צפוני צפוניך׃ צפן־ צפניה צפנת צפנתי תִּצְפְּנֵ֥ם תִּצְפֹּ֥ן תַּצְפִּנֵ֗נִי תצפן תצפנם תצפנני haṣ·ṣə·p̄î·nōw haṣṣəp̄înōw hatztzefiNo liṣ·pū·nāw liṣpūnāw litzPuNav niṣ·pan niṣ·pə·nāh niṣ·pə·nū niṣpan niṣpənāh niṣpənū nitzPan nitzpeNah nitzpeNu ṣā·p̄an- ṣā·p̄an·tā ṣā·p̄an·tî ṣāp̄an- ṣāp̄antā ṣāp̄antî ṣə·p̄ū·nāh ṣə·p̄ū·ne·ḵā ṣə·p̄ū·nî ṣəp̄ūnāh ṣəp̄ūneḵā ṣəp̄ūnî ṣō·p̄ə·ne·hā ṣōp̄ənehā taṣ·pi·nê·nî taṣpinênî tatzpiNeni tiṣ·pə·nêm tiṣ·pōn tiṣpənêm tiṣpōn titzpeNem titzPon tzafan tzaFanta tzaFanti tzefuNah tzefuNeicha tzefuNi tzofeNeiha vattitzpeNehu vattitzpeNo vetzaFun wat·tiṣ·pə·nê·hū wat·tiṣ·pə·nōw wattiṣpənêhū wattiṣpənōw wə·ṣā·p̄ūn wəṣāp̄ūn yiṣ·pə·nê·nî yiṣ·pə·nū yiṣ·pə·nū- yiṣ·pō·nū yiṣ·pō·w·nū yiṣ·pōn yiṣ·pōn- yiṣpənênî yiṣpənū yiṣpənū- yiṣpōn yiṣpōn- yiṣpōnū yiṣpōwnū yitzpeNeni yitzpeNu yitzpon yitzPonu
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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