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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #6999 - קָטַר
1) to sacrifice, burn incense, burn sacrifices, make sacrifices smoke (verb)
1a1) to make sacrifices smoke
1a2) to sacrifice
1b) (Pual) to smoke a sacrifice
1c1) to make sacrifices smoke
1c2) to cause incense to smoke, offer incense
1c3) to make smoke upon
1d) (Hophal) to be made to smoke
2) incense (noun masculine)
3) incense-altar (noun feminine)
V) ruq (קתהר QThR) - I. Burn:To burn a sacrifice or incense. II. Join:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (118): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal, Piel, Pual) incense, burn, offer, kindle, offering - Strongs: H6999 (קָטַר), H7000 (קָטַר)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
קָטַר not used in Kal; Arab. قتر to give ascent, to be fragrant. Kindred עָטַר.
Piel קִטֵּר to offer odours, to burn incense in honour of a deity; followed לְ of the deity, the acc. of the incense being omitted, Jeremiah 1:16, 7:9 11:13 19:4 always [almost] used of idolatrous worship [see on the other hand, 1 Samuel 2:16, inf.] Part. f. מְקַטְּרוֹת altars on which incense was burned; prop. giving an odour, 2 Chronicles 30:14.
Pual, part. מְקֻטֶּרֶת incense, Song of Solomon 3:6.
Hiphil, to burn incense, used of sacrifices both lawful, 1 Chronicles 6:34, and unlawful, 1 Kings 3:3 followed by לְ of the deity, 1 Kings 11:8 often also followed by an acc. of the incense or victim burned, Exodus 29:18; Leviticus 1:9, 17 2:2, 16.
Hophal הָקְטַר pass. Leviticus 6:15. Part. Hoph. מֻקְטָר incense, Malachi 1:11.
Derivatives, קְטוֹרָה, קְטֹרֶת [קִטֵּר], קִיטֹר, מִקְטָר, מִקְטֶרֶת, and pr.n. קְטוּרָה.
קָטַר i.q. Ch. קְטַר, Hebr. קָשַׁר. Part. pass. Ezekiel 46:22, חֲצֵערוֹת קְטֻרוֹת “bound courts,” i.e. prob. vaulted, roofed.
the Sixth Week after Easter