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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #7326 - רוּשׁ

Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to be poor, be in want, lack

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to be poor

1a2) to be in want or hunger

1a3) poor man (substantive)

1b) (Hithpolel) one impoverishing himself (participle)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4433 ‑ πτωχεύω (pto‑khyoo'‑o);  4434 ‑ πτωχός (pto‑khos');  5011 ‑ ταπεινός (tap‑i‑nos');  5013 ‑ ταπεινόω (tap‑i‑no'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (24) NAS (24) HCS (24)
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 3
Psalms 2
Proverbs 16
Ecclesiastes 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 3
Psalms 2
Proverbs 16
Ecclesiastes 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 3
Psalms 2
Proverbs 16
Ecclesiastes 2
v-vPms 1
v-vPms 1
v-vPms 1

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1458) sr (רסה RSh) AC: Inherit CO: Head AB: ?: The pictograph r is a picture of the head. The head of the tribe (chief) or family (father) is passed from generation to generation. The head grants permission for the betrothal of his daughters and determines the inheritor of the tribe or family. The head of a person, place, thing or time. (eng: raise - with the exchange of the s and sh)

A) sr (רסה RSh) AC: ? CO: Head AB: ?

Nf2 ) tsr (רסהת RShT) - Net: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (21): net - Strongs: H7568 (רֶשֶׁת)

fjm) nfisr (רסהיונ RShYWN) - Permission: KJV (1): grant - Strongs: H7558 (רִשְׁיוֹן)

B) ssr (רסהסה RShSh) AC: ? CO: Head AB: ?

ibm ) sisrt (תרסהיסה TRShYSh) - Tarshish: An unknown precious stone. A chief of trade goods. KJV (7): beryle - Strongs: H8658 (תַּרְשִׁישׁ)

C) sra (ארסה ARSh) AC: Request CO: ? AB: ?: A granting permission to marry.

V) sra (ארסה ARSh) - Betroth: To request a woman for marriage. [df: Vra] KJV (11): (vf: Pual, Piel) betroth, espouse - Strongs: H781 (אָרַשׂ)

Nf2 ) tsra (ארסהת ARShT) - Request: KJV (1): request - Strongs: H782 (אֲרֶשֶׁת)

D) sar (ראסה RASh) AC: ? CO: Head AB: ?

Nm ) sar (ראסה RASh) - Head: The top of the body. A person in authority or role of leader. The top, beginning or first of something. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: syr] KJV (619): head, chief, top, beginning, company, captain, sum, first, principal, chapiters, rulers - Strongs: H7217 (רֵאשׁ), H7218 (רֹאשׁ), H7389 (רִישׁ)

Nf3 ) tfsar (ראסהות RAShWT) - Headrest: A place where the head is laid. KJV (1): bolster - Strongs: H7226 (רַאֲשׁוֹת)

Nf4) tisar (ראסהית RAShYT) - Beginning: The head of a space such as the head of a river or time such as an event. KJV (51): beginning, firstfruits, first, chief - Strongs: H7225 (רֵאשִׁית)

af1) esarm (מראסהה MRAShH) - Head: As a leader. KJV (1): principality - Strongs: H4761 (מְרַאֲשׁוֹת)

ef1) esair (ריאסהה RYAShH) - Beginning: The head of a space such as the head of a river or time such as an event. KJV (185): first, former, beginning, chief, before, old, foremost, aforetime - Strongs: H7223 (רִאשֹׁן)

ejm) nfsair (ריאסהונ RYAShWN) - First: The head of a time or position. KJV (185): first, former, beginning, chief, before, old, foremost, aforetime - Strongs: H7223 (רִאשֹׁן)

gm) safr (רואסה RWASh) - Venom: The poison of serpents that comes sacks located in the head. Also by extension any type of poison. KJV (12): gall, venom, poison, hemlock - Strongs: H7219 (רוֹשׁ)

gf1) esafr (רואסהה RWAShH) - Head: KJV (1): beginnings - Strongs: H7222 (רֹאשָׁה)

kf1) esarm (מראסהה MRAShH) - Headrest: A place where the head is laid. KJV (8): bolster, pillow, head - Strongs: H4763 (מְרַאֲשׁוֹת)

emfm) insair (ריאסהני RYAShNY) - First: The head of a time or position. KJV (1): first - Strongs: H7224 (רִאשׁוֹנִי)

J) sfr (רוסה RWSh) AC: ? CO: Poor AB: ?: One who hangs down the head and is in need.

Nm) sfr (רוסה RWSh) - Poor: KJV (24): poor, lack, needy - Strongs: H7326 (רוּשׁ)

L) sri (ירסה YRSh) AC: Inherit CO: ? AB: Inheritance: The inheritor becomes the head of the family. [See also src]

V) sri (ירסה YRSh) - Inherit: KJV (232): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) possession, out, inherit, heir, possession, succeed, dispossess, poverty, drive, enjoy, poor, expel - Strongs: H3423 (יָרֵשׁ)

Nf1) esri (ירסהה YRShH) - Inheritance: KJV (2): possession - Strongs: H3424 (יְרֵשָׁה)

am) srfm (מורסה MWRSh) - Inheritance: KJV (3): possession, thought - Strongs: H4180 (מוֹרָשׁ)

af1) esrfm (מורסהה MWRShH) - Inheritance: KJV (9): possession, inheritance, heritage - Strongs: H4181 (מוֹרָשָׁה)

df1) esfri (ירוסהה YRWShH) - Inheritance: KJV (14): possession, heritage, inheritance - Strongs: H3425 (יְרֻשָּׁה)

icm) sfrit (תירוסה TYRWSh) - Wine: A freshly pressed wine. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (38): wine - Strongs: H8492 (תִּירֹשׁ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 רָאשׁ poor, רֵאשׁ poverty, see רושׁ.

[רוּשׁ or רִישׁ]24

verb be in want, poor (related to ירשׁ [compare Qal 3, Niph`al Hiph`il 3]? so Thes); —

Qal Perfect 3 plural כְּפִירִים רָשׁוּ וְרָעֵ֑בוּ Psalm 34:11 young lions are in want and hunger; elsewhere Participle רָשׁ 1 Samuel 18:23 16t., רָאשׁ 2 Samuel 12:1 2t.; plural רָשִׁים Proverbs 22:7, רָאשִׁים Proverbs 13:23; — (often opposed to עָשִׁיר): as adjective 1 Samuel 18:23; 2 Samuel 12:1,4; Proverbs 28:3; Ecclesiastes 4:14; as substantive = poor man ( men), 2 Samuel 12:3; Psalm 82:3; Ecclesiastes 5:7, especially Proverbs 10:4; Proverbs 13:8,23 12t. Proverbs.

Hithpo`lel Participle מִתְרוֺשֵׁשׁ Proverbs 13:7 one impoverishing himself (opposed to מִתְעַשֵּׁר; compare Pô'l. רושׁשׁ Sirach 11:12; Sirach 13:5). — Jeremiah 5:17; Malachi 1:4 see רשׁשׁ. p. 439f

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

רוּשׁ to be needy, to suffer want, Psalms 34:11. Compare יָרַשׁ in Niphal.-Part. רָשׁ poor, needy, Proverbs 14:20, 18:23 sometimes רָאשׁ Proverbs 10:4 pl. רָאשִׁים Proverbs 13:23, and רָשִׁים Proverbs 22:7.

Hithpalel, to feign oneself poor, Proverbs 13:7. See another under the root רָשַׁשׁ.

Derivatives, רִישׁ, רֵישׁ [רֵאשׁ].

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List of Word Forms
בְּרָשִׁ֣ים ברשים הָרָ֔אשׁ הראש וְ֝רָ֗שׁ וְלָרָ֣שׁ וָרָ֣שׁ ולרש ורש לָ֭רָשׁ לרש מִ֝תְרוֹשֵׁ֗שׁ מתרושש רָ֑שׁ רָ֗אשׁ רָ֝שׁ רָ֠שׁ רָ֤שׁ רָ֥שׁ רָ֨שׁ ׀ רָ֭שׁ רָֽאשׁ׃ רָֽשׁ׃ רָאשִׁ֑ים רָשׁ֣וּ ראש ראש׃ ראשים רש רש׃ רשו bə·rā·šîm beraShim bərāšîm hā·rāš hārāš haRash lā·rāš lārāš Larosh miṯ·rō·wō·šêš mitroShesh miṯrōwōšêš rā·šîm rā·šū rāš rash raShim raShu rāšîm rāšū vaRash velaRash veRash wā·rāš wārāš wə·lā·rāš wə·rāš wəlārāš wərāš
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