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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #7533 - רָצַץ

Transliteration
râtsats
Phonetics
raw-tsats'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2212
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to crush, oppress

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to crush, get crushed, be crushed

1a2) to crush, oppress (figuratively)

1a3) crushed (participle passive)

1b) (Niphal) to be crushed, be broken

1c) (Piel)

1c1) to crush in pieces

1c2) to grievously oppress (figuratively)

1d) (Poel) to oppress (figuratively)

1e) (Hiphil) to crush

1f) (Hithpoel) to crush each other

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2352 ‑ θραύω (throw'‑o);  2616 ‑ καταδυναστεύω (kat‑ad‑oo‑nas‑tyoo'‑o);  2662 ‑ καταπατέω (kat‑ap‑at‑eh'‑o);  2806 ‑ κλάω (klah'‑o);  4918 ‑ συνθλίβω (soon‑thlee'‑bo);  4640 ‑ σκιρτάω (skeer‑tah'‑o);  3075 ‑ λυμαίνω (loo‑mah'ee‑nom‑ahee);  4937 ‑ συντρίβω (soon‑tree'‑bo);  4917 ‑ συνθλάω (soon‑thlah'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (19) NAS (19) HCS (19)
Genesis 1
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 2
1 Samuel 2
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 4
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Genesis 1
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 2
1 Samuel 2
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 4
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Genesis 1
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 2
1 Samuel 2
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Ecclesiastes 2
Isaiah 4
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
Amos 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-kw3mp 1
v-pp2ms 1
v-pw3ms 1
v-qPfp 1
v-qsmp 1
v-qsms 4
v-qsmsc 1
v-vw3mp 1
v-kw3mp 1
v-pp2ms 1
v-pp3ms 1
v-pw3ms 1
v-qPfp 1
v-qsmp 1
v-qsms 4
v-qsmsc 1
v-vw3mp 1
v-kw3mp 1
v-pp2ms 1
v-pp3ms 1
v-pw3ms 1
v-qPfp 1
v-qsmp 1
v-qsms 4
v-qsmsc 1
v-vw3mp 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1455) yr (רתס RTs) AC: Crush CO: Potsherd AB: Desire: Broken pieces of pottery were commonly used as writing tablets as they were inexpensive and durable. These potsherds were commonly used to send messages from one person to another, usually carried by runners. (eng: earth; terra - with a reversal of letters; terrain)

A) yr (רתס RTs) AC: ? CO: Potsherd AB: ?: Broken fragments of a pot which were commonly used as writing surfaces for messages.

Nm) yr (רתס RTs) - Fragment: KJV (1): piece - Strongs: H7518 (רַץ)

B) yyr (רתסתס RTsTs) AC: Crush CO: ? AB: Violence

V) yyr (רתסתס RTsTs) - Crush: To crush something to pieces. Also an oppression or struggle as crushing. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: ssr] KJV (22): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) oppress, break, bruise, crush, discourage, struggle - Strongs: H7465 (רֹעָה), H7533 (רָצַץ), H7567 (רָשַׁשׁ)

kof1 ) eyyfrm (מרותסתסה MRWTsTsH) - Violence: In the sense of chattering. [df: hurm] KJV (1): violence - Strongs: H4835 (מְרוּצָה)

C) yra (ארתס ARTs) AC: ? CO: Land AB: ?: Land is divided up into fragments by tribe or nations.

Nf) yra (ארתס ARTs) - Land: The whole of the earth or a region. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: qra] KJV (2526): earth, land, country, ground, world, way, common, field, nations, inferior - Strongs: H772 (אֲרַע), H776 (אֶרֶץ), H778 (אֲרַק)

Nf1 ) eyra (ארתסה ARTsH) - Bottom: [Unknown connection to root; Aramaic only] KJV (1): bottom - Strongs: H773 (אַרְעִי)

E) ayr (רתסא RTsA) AC: Run CO: ? AB: ?: Messengers ran messages written on potsherds.

V) ayr (רתסא RTsA) - Run: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) run - Strongs: H7519 (רָצָא)

H) eyr (רתסה RTsH) AC: ? CO: Message AB: Desire: Ones will and desires are written on potsherds as messages to another.

V) eyr (רתסה RTsH) - Desire: KJV (57): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) accept, please, pleasure, delight, enjoy, favourable, acceptable, accomplish, affection, approve - Strongs: H7521 (רָצָה)

jm) nfyr (רתסונ RTsWN) - Will: Ones desire. From instructions that are written on potsherds. KJV (56): favour, will, acceptable, delight, pleasure, accepted, desire, acceptance, selfwill - Strongs: H7522 (רָצֹן)

J) yfr (רותס RWTs) AC: Run CO: Course AB: ?: Messengers ran messages written on potsherds.

V) yfr (רותס RWTs) - Run: KJV (104): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) run, guard, post, speedily - Strongs: H7323 (רוּץ)

km) yfrm (מרותס MRWTs) - Course: The path of the runner. KJV (1): race - Strongs: H4793 (מֵרוֹץ)

kf1) eyfrm (מרותסה MRWTsH) - Course: The path of the runner. KJV (4): running - Strongs: H4794 (מְרֻצָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [רָצַץ] verb crush (Late Hebrew = Biblical Hebrew; Arabic bruise, bray, crush; Aramaic רְעַ, crush, shatter); —

Qal Perfect 2 masculine singular suffix רַצּוֺתָנוּ 1 Samuel 12:4; 1 singular רַצּוֺתִי 1 Samuel 12:3; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יָּרוּץ (Ges§ 67q) Isaiah 42:4 (Babylonian Manuscript יֵרוֺץ, Niph`al, so SS here and Ecclesiastes 12:6a), 3 feminine singular תָּרוּץ Ecclesiastes 12:6a, 1 singular אָרֻץ Psalm 18:30 = אָרוּץ 2 Samuel 22:30 (see below); Participle active feminine plural רֹצְצוֺת Amos 4:1; passive רָצוּץ Isaiah 42:3 +, construct רְצוּץ Hosea 5:11; plural רְצוּצִים Isaiah 58:6; — crush: 1 literal,

a. passive participle in (הַ)קָּנֶה (הָ)רָצוּץ 2 Kings 18:21 = Isaiah 36:6; Isaiah 42:3 (all metaphor of weak person).

b. imperfect intransitive get crushed (read תֵּרוֺץ?), of bowl Ecclesiastes 12:6a (in metaphor).

2 figurative crush, oppress, accusative of person 1 Samuel 12:3,4; Amos 4:1; passive participle Deuteronomy 28:33, as substantive the oppressed Isaiah 58:6; רְצוּץ מִשְׁמָּט Hosea 5:11 (We Now רֹצֵץ, i.e. perverting judgment, but dubious); intransitive get crushed (read יֵרוֺץ?), of servant of ׳י, under figure of wick, Isaiah 42:4 (+ יִכְהֶה) he shall not grow dim or be crushed out.

Niph`al be crushed, broken: Perfect 3 masculine singular consecutive נְרֹץ (Ges§ 67t) Ecclesiastes 12:6b (of wheel at cistern); Imperfect 2 masculine singular תֵּרוֺץ Ezekiel 29:7 (of Pharaoh as reed, compare Qal 1 a); Job 20:10 read perhaps יֵרֹצּוּ (for יְרַצּוּ, see רצה Pi`el), are crushed (as) poor men, Bu, compare Hoffm SS Gerber. — Isaiah 42:2; Ecclesiastes 12:6 a see

Qal. Pi`el crush in pieces:

1 literal (in metaphor) Perfect 2 masculine singular רִצַּצְתָּ Psalm 74:14 with accusative of thing.

2 figurative = grievously oppress, 3 masculine singular רִצַּץ Job 20:19; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיְרַצֵּץ מִן הָעָם 2 Chronicles 16:10.

Po`el Imperfect 3 masculine plural וַיְרֹצְצוּ Judges 10:8, accusative of person (= Pi`el 2; "" רעץ; רצץ here perhaps doublet, so GFM Hpt, compare Bu Now).

Hiph`il Imperfect 3 feminine singular וַתָּ֫רִץ (Kö i. 352; Ba ZMG xliii (1889), 181 thinks

Qal) Judges 9:53 she crushed his skull.

Hithpo`el reciprocal, Imperfect 3 masculine plural וִיִּתְרֹצְצוּ הַבָּנִים בְּקִרְבָּהּ Genesis 25:22 (J) the children crushed (thurst, struck) one another within her.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

רָצַץ fut. יָרוּץ, תָּרֻץ (for יָרֹץ), Isaiah 42:4; Ecclesiastes 12:6, compare אֲרוּצֵם Jeremiah 50:44 כתיב (Arab. رَضَّ) cogn. to רָעַע and רָעַץ.

(1) to break, to break in or down. Isaiah 42:3, קָנֶה רָצוּץ “a crushed reed,” das eingeknickte Rohr (Vulg. quassata). Isaiah 36:6; 2 Kings 18:21. It differs from שָׁבַר to break off, see Isaiah 42:3.-Intrans. to be broken, Ecc. loc. cit.

(2) figuratively, to oppress, to treat violently, often joined with עָשַׁק 1 Samuel 12:3, 1 Samuel 12:4; Amos 4:1; Isaiah 58:6; Deuteronomy 28:33.

Niphal נָרוֹץ pass. of Kal No. 1, Ecclesiastes 12:6; Ezekiel 29:7.

Piel רִצַּץ

(1) i.q. Kal No. 1, but more forcible, to break in pieces, Psalms 74:14.

(2) i.q. Kal No. 2, Job 20:19; 2 Chronicles 16:10.

Poel רוֹצֵץ i.q. Kal and Piel No. 2, Judges 10:8. But רוֹצֵץ Nahum 2:5, belongs to the root רוּץ to run.

Hiphil, fut. conv. וַתָּרִץ (so as to differ from וַתָּרֶץ to make to run), Judges 9:53, to break in pieces.

Hithpolel, to dash one another, to struggle together, Genesis 25:22.

Derivatives, רַץ, compare מְרוּצָה No. II.

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List of Word Forms
הָרָצ֤וּץ הָרֹצְצ֖וֹת הרצוץ הרצצות וְנָרֹ֥ץ וְרָצ֖וּץ וְתָרֻ֖ץ וַיְרַצֵּ֥ץ וַיְרֹֽצְצוּ֙ וַיִּתְרֹֽצֲצ֤וּ וַתָּ֖רִץ וירצץ וירצצו ויתרצצו ונרץ ורצוץ ותרץ יָר֔וּץ ירוץ רְצ֣וּץ רְצוּצִים֙ רִ֭צַּץ רִ֭צַּצְתָּ רַצּ֔וֹתִי רַצּוֹתָ֑נוּ רָצוּץ֙ רצוץ רצוצים רצותי רצותנו רצץ רצצת תֵּר֔וֹץ תרוץ hā·rā·ṣūṣ hā·rō·ṣə·ṣō·wṯ hārāṣūṣ haraTzutz hārōṣəṣōwṯ harotzeTzot rā·ṣūṣ raṣ·ṣō·w·ṯā·nū raṣ·ṣō·w·ṯî raṣṣōwṯānū raṣṣōwṯî rāṣūṣ ratztzoTanu ratzTzoti raTzutz rə·ṣū·ṣîm rə·ṣūṣ rəṣūṣ rəṣūṣîm reTzutz retzuTzim riṣ·ṣaṣ riṣ·ṣaṣ·tā riṣṣaṣ riṣṣaṣtā Ritztzatz Ritztzatzta tê·rō·wṣ teRotz têrōwṣ vaiyitrotzaTzu vatTaritz vayratzTzetz vayrotzeTzu venaRotz veraTzutz vetaRutz wat·tā·riṣ wattāriṣ way·raṣ·ṣêṣ way·rō·ṣə·ṣū way·yiṯ·rō·ṣă·ṣū wayraṣṣêṣ wayrōṣəṣū wayyiṯrōṣăṣū wə·nā·rōṣ wə·rā·ṣūṣ wə·ṯā·ruṣ wənārōṣ wərāṣūṣ wəṯāruṣ yā·rūṣ yārūṣ yaRutz
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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