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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #758 - אֲרָם

Transliteration
'ărâm
Phonetics
arawm'  
Word Origin
from the same as (0759)
Parts of Speech
N/A
TWOT
163
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

Aram or Arameans = “exalted”

1) Aram or Syria the nation

2) the Syrian or Aramean people

3) fifth son of Shem

4) a grandson of Nahor

5) a descendant of Asher

Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (132) NAS (130) HCS (122)
Genesis 3
Numbers 1
Judges 1
2 Samuel 16
1 Kings 18
2 Kings 38
1 Chronicles 14
2 Chronicles 13
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
Hosea 1
Amos 2
Genesis 3
Judges 1
2 Samuel 16
1 Kings 18
2 Kings 38
1 Chronicles 14
2 Chronicles 13
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 1
Hosea 1
Amos 2
Genesis 3
Numbers 1
Judges 2
2 Samuel 14
1 Kings 19
2 Kings 42
1 Chronicles 14
2 Chronicles 14
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
Hosea 1
Amos 2
BYZ TIS TR
P-p 1
n-p 122
v-qPmpc 1
P-p 1
n-p 99
v-qPmpc 1
P-p 1
n-p 99
v-qPmpc 1
NA WH


Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 אֲרָם149 proper name, masculine Aram (Assyrian Aramu, etc., see Dl Pa 257; Thes and others propose √ ארם = רום but compare Nö as below) —

1 5th son of Shem Genesis 10:22,23; 1 Chronicles 1:17.

2 grandson of Nahor Genesis 22:21.

3 1 Chronicles 2:23.

4 a descendant of Asher 1 Chronicles 7:34. — Elsewhere only of AramÊan people & land (= 1 above), feminine 2 Samuel 8:5 masculine 2 Samuel 10:14.

a. people, singular collective = the Aramoeans, a leading branch of the Shemitic stock inhabiting Mesopotamia & northern Syria, in many tribes & settlements; 2 Samuel 8:5 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 8:6 + 1 Kings 20:20,21 + 1 Chronicles 19:10,12 + (64t. Samuel Kings Chronicles) Amos 9:7; Isaiah 7:2,4,5,8; Isaiah 9:11; Isaiah 17:3; Jeremiah 35:11; so Ezekiel 16:57; Ezekiel 27:16, but Co in both אדוםעַם אֲרָם Amos 1:5; of particular divisions of Aram, בית רְחוֺב׳א 2 Samuel 10:6, צוֺבָא׳א 2 Samuel 10:6,8; Psalm 60:2 (title), דַּמֶּשֶׂק׳א 2 Samuel 8:5 compare 1 Chronicles 18:5, even נַהֲרַיִם׳א Psalm 60:2 (title); (note that Assyrian never gives name Aramu to people west of Euphrates, but Chatti instead, with other particular names, COT Genesis 10:22, also Dl l.c.); on 2 Samuel 8:12,13; 1 Chronicles 18:11 see אֱדוֺם.

b. less often clearly of land, Aram Numbers 23:7; 2 Samuel 15:8 2 Chronicles 20:2 (read however here אדום Thes Add and others), ׳שְׂדֵה א Hosea 12:13; also of particular divisions of the territory נַהֲרַיִם׳א 'Mesopotamia,' i.e. probably land between Euphrates & Chaboras, so Di after Kiep, Genesis 24:10; Deuteronomy 23:5; Judges 3:8 (compare Psalm 60:2 above); compare ׳מַּדַּן א Paddan-Aram Genesis 25:20; Genesis 31:18; Genesis 33:18; Genesis 35:9,26; Genesis 46:15, ׳מַּדֶּ֫נָה א Genesis 28:2,5,6,7 see פדן; דַּמֶּשֶׂק׳א 2 Samuel 8:6 compare 1 Chronicles 18:6.

c. often indeterminate, especially in ׳מֶלֶךְ א etc., perhaps primarily land but often including people: so Judges 2:11; Judges 10:6 (׳אֱלֹהֵי א) 1 Kings 10:29 2 Chronicles 1:17 + (41t. Kings & Chronicles) Isaiah 7:1. — (compare especially Nö Sehenkel BL, ZMG 1871,113; Hermes see 3,443f. Dl Pa 257.)

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אֲרָם const. state אֲרַם [Aram, Mesopotamia, Syria], pr.n. (“height, high region” Hochland, opp. to בְּנַעַן Niederland).

(1) Aramœa, Aramœans, or Syria, Syrians, construed with a verb m. sing.; 2 Samuel 10:14, 15 2 Samuel 10:15, 18 2 Samuel 10:18; 1 Kings 20:26 pl. 2 Samuel 10:17, 19 2 Samuel 10:19; 1 Kings 20:20 more rarely with sing. f. Isaiah 7:2. This ancient and domestic name of Syria, was not altogether unknown to the Greeks, see Hom. Il. ii. 783; Hesiod. Theog. 304; Strabo xiii. 4, § 6; xvi. 4, § 27. The name of Aramœa however extends more widely than that of Syria, and also includes Mesopotamia, although Pliny (v. 15, § 12), and Mela (i. 11), give the same more extended limit to Syria. When it simply stands אֲרָם we should generally understand western Syria, or that properly so called; Judges 3:10; 1 Kings 10:29, 11:25 15:18 especially Syria of Damascus; Isaiah 7:1, Amos 1:5 more accurately called אֲרַם דַּמֶּשֶׂק, 2 Samuel 8:5. Where Mesopotamia is intended, it is called אֲרַם נַהֲרַיִם [Mesopotamia, Aram-naharaim] “Syria of the two rivers,” Genesis 24:10; Deuteronomy 23:5; Judges 3:8 or פַּדַּן אֲרָם; [Padan-aram] “the plain of Syria,” Genesis 25:20, 28:2, Genesis 28:5, Genesis 28:6, Genesis 28:7 and ellipt. פַּדָּן 48:7; rarely simply אֲרָם Numbers 23:7, when a more exact description has preceded (comp. אֲרַמִּי). In western Syria (not in Mesopotamia, as is commonly thought), there were besides in the time of David, certain other kingdoms, אֲרַם צוֹבָה [Aram-zobah]. (see צוֹבָה ), אֲרַם בֵּית רְחֹב [Aram-beth-rehob] (see רְחֹב בֵּית), אֲרַם מַעֲכָה[Arammaachah] (see מַעֲכָה ), חֲמָת, etc., which were however afterwards subject to the kings of Damascus (1 Kings 20:1). Comp. Gent. אֲרַמִּי אֲרָמִי.

(2) pr.n. m.

(a) Aram, the grandson of Nahor through Kemuel (Genesis 22:21), who seems to have given his name to the region of Syria. Comp. רַם.

(b) 1 Chronicles 7:34.

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List of Word Forms
אֲ֠רָם אֲרַ֣ם אֲרַ֤ם אֲרַ֨ם אֲרָ֑ם אֲרָ֔ם אֲרָ֖ם אֲרָ֗ם אֲרָ֛ם אֲרָ֜ם אֲרָ֡ם אֲרָ֣ם אֲרָ֤ם אֲרָ֥ם אֲרָֽם׃ אֲרָם֒ אֲרָם֙ אֲרָם֩ אֲרָם֮ ארם ארם׃ בַּֽאֲרָ֑ם בַּֽאֲרָ֔ם בַּאֲרַ֣ם בַּאֲרָ֔ם בַּאֲרָ֖ם בַֽאֲרָ֔ם בַאֲרָ֖ם בארם וַ֠אֲרָם וַֽאֲרָֽם׃ וַאֲרַ֨ם וַאֲרָ֑ם וַאֲרָ֖ם וַאֲרָ֥ם וַאֲרָֽם׃ וַאֲרָם֙ וארם וארם׃ לַֽאֲרָ֔ם לַאֲרָ֑ם לארם מֵאֲרָ֑ם מֵאֲרָ֗ם מֵאֲרָ֤ם מארם ’ă·ram ’ă·rām ’ăram ’ărām aRam Arom ba’ăram ba’ărām ḇa’ărām ba·’ă·ram ba·’ă·rām ḇa·’ă·rām baaRam la’ărām la·’ă·rām laaRam mê’ărām mê·’ă·rām meaRam VaaRam Vaarom wa’ăram wa’ărām wa·’ă·ram wa·’ă·rām
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