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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #7718 - שֹׁהַם

Transliteration
shôham
Phonetics
sho'-ham  
Word Origin
from an unused root probably mean to blanch
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
2337
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) a precious stone or gem

1a) probably onyx, chrysoprasus, beryl, malachite

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4556 ‑ σάρδιον (sar'‑dee‑os);  4665 ‑ σμάραγδος (smar'‑ag‑dos);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (11) NAS (11) HCS (11)
Genesis 1
Exodus 7
1 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Ezekiel 1
Genesis 1
Exodus 7
1 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Ezekiel 1
Genesis 1
Exodus 7
1 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Ezekiel 1
BYZ TIS TR
n-cms 11
n-cms 7
n-cms 7
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1473) ms (סהמ ShM) AC: Breathe CO: Breath AB: Desolate: The wind, or breath, of someone or something is its character.

A) ms (סהמ ShM) AC: ? CO: Breath AB: Desolate: Hebrew names are words given to describe character.

Nm) ms (סהמ ShM) - I. Breath:The breath of a man is character, what makes one what he is. The name of an individual is more than an identifier but descriptive of his character or breath. II. There:Used to identify another place. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Sky:The place of the winds. [Hebrew and Aramaic; Only used in the masculine plural form, mimsor nimsin Aramaic] IV. Aroma: A sweet aroma that is carried on the wind or breath. [df: Mo] KJV (1365): name, renown, fame, famous, heaven, air, sweet, there - Strongs: H5561 (סַם), H8033 (שָׁם), H8034 (שֵׁם), H8036 (שֻׁם), H8064 (שָׁמֶה), H8065 (שְׁמַיִן), H8536 (תַּמָּה)

Nf1 ) ems (סהמה ShMH) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (39): astonishment, desolation, desolate, waste, wonderful - Strongs: H8047 (שַׁמָּה)

kf1) emsm (מסהמה MShMH) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (7): desolate, astonishment - Strongs: H4923 (מְשַׁמָּה)

nmm) nmsa (אסהמנ AShMN) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (1): desolate - Strongs: H820 (אַשְׁמָן)

B) mms (סהממ ShMM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. One in horror or in astonishment is one dried up in the inside.

V) mms (סהממ ShMM) - Desolate: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (93): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Piel) desolate, astonish, waste, destroy, wonder, amaze - Strongs: H8074 (שָׁמֵם), H8075 (שְׁמַם)

Nf1) emms (סהממה ShMMH) - Desolate: KJV (58): desolate, waste - Strongs: H8077 (שִׁמָמָה)

ejm) nfmmis (סהיממונ ShYMMWN) - Desolation: KJV (2): astonishment - Strongs: H8078 (שִׁמָּמוֹן)

C) msa (אסהמ AShM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Guilt: One with a character of wrongdoing.

V) msa (אסהמ AShM) - Guilt: KJV (35): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) guilty, desolate, offend, trespass, destroy, faulty, offence - Strongs: H816 (אָשֵׁם)

Nm) msa (אסהמ AShM) - Guilt: KJV (49): trespass, sin, guiltiness - Strongs: H817 (אָשָׁם), H818 (אָשֵׁם)

Nf1) emsa (אסהמה AShMH) - Guilt: KJV (19): trespass, sin, offend - Strongs: H819 (אַשְׁמָה)

G) mes (סההמ ShHM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown meaning;]

Nm) mes (סההמ ShHM) - Shoham: An unknown stone. KJV (11): onyx - Strongs: H7718 (שֹׁהַם)

J) mfs (סהומ ShWM) AC: Smell CO: Garlic AB: ?: A sense of smell from breathing.

Nm) mfs (סהומ ShWM) - Garlic: From its strong odor. KJV (1): garlick - Strongs: H7762 (שׁוּמִים)

L) msi (יסהמ YShM) AC: ? CO: Desert AB: Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert.

V) msi (יסהמ YShM) - Desolate: KJV (4): (vf: Paal) desolate - Strongs: H3456 (יָשַׁם)

bf1) emisi (יסהימה YShYMH) - Desolate: KJV (1): seize - Strongs: H3451 (יְשִׁימָה)

bjm) nfmisi (יסהימונ YShYMWN) - Desert: A desolate place. KJV (13): desert, wilderness, solitary - Strongs: H3452 (יְשִׁימוֹן)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. שֹׁ֫הַם noun masculine Job 28:16 a gem, identification dubious, Vrss vary; onyx or chrysoprasus Ri HWB 2,336f., onyx Taylor Hast. DB iii. 624, beryl Ridgeway Ency. Bib. 545, malachite Myres ib. 4808, etc.; compare also Dr Genesis 2:12 (√ unknown; perhaps loan-word, compare Assyrian sâmtu Dl WB 488); — ׳אֶבֶן הַשּׁ Genesis 2:12 (J; +הַבְּדֹלַח), in land „avilah; ׳אַבְנֵי שׁ Exodus 25:7; Exodus 28:9; Exodus 35:9,27; Exodus 39:6 (all P), 1 Chronicles 29:2; אֶבֶן omitted Ezekiel 28:13; Exodus 28:20; Exodus 39:13 (both P; all in lists of gems); יָקָר וְסַמִּיר׳שׁ Job 28:16.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שֹׁהַם m.

(1) a species of gem; according to many sardonyx or onyx, so called from its resemblance to a human nail, Genesis 2:12; Exodus 28:9, 20 Exodus 28:20, 35:9, 27 Exodus 35:27; Job 28:16; Ezekiel 28:13. See Braun, De Vestitu Sacerd. Hebr. ii. 18. J. D. Michaëlis (Supplemm. p. 2289) supposes it to be the onyx with whitish lines, comparing the Arab. مُسَهَّمُ a striped garment.

(2) [Shoham], pr.n. m. 1 Chronicles 24:27.

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List of Word Forms
בְּשֹׁ֖הַם בשהם הַשֹּֽׁהַם׃ הַשֹּׁ֔הַם השהם השהם׃ וְשֹׁ֖הַם ושהם שֹׁ֑הַם שֹׁ֔הַם שֹׁ֕הַם שֹׁ֖הַם שֹׁ֙הַם֙ שֹׁ֨הַם שהם bə·šō·ham beShoham bəšōham haš·šō·ham hashShoham haššōham Shoham šō·ham šōham veShoham wə·šō·ham wəšōham
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, July 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 10 / Ordinary 15
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