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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #7997 - שָׁלַל

Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) (Qal) to draw out

2) to spoil, plunder, take spoil

2a) (Qal) to spoil, plunder

2b) (Hithpolel) to be spoiled, be plundered

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3846 ‑ παραβάλλω (par‑ab‑al'‑lo);  4160 ‑ ποιέω (poy‑eh'‑o);  5015 ‑ ταράσσω (tar‑as'‑so);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (16) NAS (15) HCS (15)
Ruth 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 5
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
Ruth 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 5
Habakkuk 1
Zechariah 1
Ruth 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 7
Habakkuk 2
Zechariah 1
v-qPmp 1
v-qp3cp 3
v-vPms 1
v-qPmp 1
v-qp3cp 3
v-vPms 1
v-vp3cp 1
v-qPmp 1
v-qp3cp 3
v-vPms 1
v-vp3cp 1

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1472) ls (סהל ShL) AC: Draw out CO: ? AB: ?

A) ls (סהל ShL) AC: ? CO: Quiet AB: ?: In the sense of quietness from prosperity.

Nm) ls (סהל ShL) - I. Of:In the sense of something being drawn out of something else. II. Neglect:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (4): though, cause, for - Strongs: H7944 (שַׁל), H7945 (שֶׁל)

fm) ils (סהלי ShLY) - Quietly: In the sense of prosperity. KJV (1): quietly - Strongs: H7987 (שְׁלִי)

rf) fls (סהלו ShLW) - Neglect: [Unknown connection to root; Aramaic only] KJV (5): amiss, fail, error - Strongs: H7955 (שִׂלָּה), H7960 (שָׁלוּת)

B) lls (סהלל ShLL) AC: Spoil CO: ? AB: ?: The spoils drawn out after battle.

V) lls (סהלל ShLL) - Spoil: KJV (16): (vf: Paal) spoil, take, fall, prey, purpose - Strongs: H7997 (שָׁלַל)

Nm) lls (סהלל ShLL) - Spoil: KJV (73): spoil, prey - Strongs: H7998 (שָׁלָל)

gm) llfs (סהולל ShWLL) - Spoiled: What is taken as spoil. KJV (4): spoil, strip - Strongs: H7758 (שֵׁילָל)

C) lsa (אסהל AShL) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown meaning]

Nm) lsa (אסהל AShL) - Tamarisk: The tree or a grove. KJV (3): grove, tree - Strongs: H815 (אֵשֶׁל)

D) las (סהאל ShAL) AC: Request CO: ? AB: ?: To draw out something that is not known.

V) las (סהאל ShAL) - Ask: To seek to understand what is not known. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (179): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) ask, enquire, desire, require, borrow, salute, demand, lent, request, beg - Strongs: H7592 (שָׁאֵל), H7593 (שְׁאֵל)

Nf1) elas (סהאלה ShALH) - Request: A seeking for what is not known. KJV (15): petition, demand, loan - Strongs: H7595 (שְׁאֵלָה), H7596 (שֵׁלָה)

hf1) elasm (מסהאלה MShALH) - Request: A seeking for what is not known. KJV (2): petition, desire - Strongs: H4862 (מִשְׁאָלָה)

cf) lfas (סהאול ShAWL) - Grave: The place of the dead as an unknown place. KJV (65): grave, hell, pit - Strongs: H7585 (שְׁאֹל)

H) els (סהלה ShLH) AC: Draw out CO: ? AB: ?

V) els (סהלה ShLH) - I. Mislead:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Rest:[Aramaic only] KJV (4): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) negligent, deceive, take, rest - Strongs: H7952 (שָׁלָה), H7953 (שָׁלָה), H7954 (שְׁלֵה)

J) lfs (סהול ShWL) AC: ? CO: Robe AB: ?: As long and drawn out.

Nm) lfs (סהול ShWL) - Robe: KJV (11): hem, skirt, train - Strongs: H7757 (שׁוּל)

K) fls (סהלו ShLW) AC: Prosper CO: ? AB: ?: A drawing out of what is needed.

V) fls (סהלו ShLW) - Prosper: KJV (5): (vf: Paal) prosper, safety, happy - Strongs: H7951 (שָׁלַו)

Nf1) efls (סהלוה ShLWH) - Prosperity: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (10): prosperity, peaceably, quietness, abundance, peace, tranquility - Strongs: H7959 (שָׁלוּ), H7962 (שַׁלְוָה), H7963 (שְׁלֵוָה)

bm) fils (סהליו ShLYW) - Prosperity: KJV (8): ease, peaceable, quietness, prosperity, quiet, prosper, wealthy - Strongs: H7961 (שְׁלֵוָה)

M) lis (סהיל ShYL) AC: Draw out CO: Infant AB: ?

ff1 ) eilis (סהיליה ShYLYH) - Infant: As drawn out of the mother. KJV (1): young - Strongs: H7988 (שִׁלְיָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [שָׁלַל] verb draw out (Arabic draw, especially sword from scabbard, drawn sword, new-born child (compare Frä75, but also Schulth Hom. Wurz. 80f.); Talmud שָׁלִיל, ᵑ7שְׁלִילָא embryo or abortion); — Imperfect 2 masculine plural + Infinitive absolute שֹׁלתָּֿשֹׁלוּ׳לָהּ מִן וגו Ruth 2:16 ye shall by all means draw out for her from the sheaves.

II. שָׁלַל verb spoil, plunder (usually identification with I. ׳שׁ; Late Hebrew id. (Jastr, compare Dalm); Assyrian šalâ Luke , id.; Hom Chr 33 compare Sabean תַלל plunder, connecting this with Arabic a flock of sheep (or goats); then ᵑ7שְׁלָלָא booty, and (rare) Syriac are loan-words); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular consecutive ׳וְשׁ Ezekiel 26:12; 2 masculine singular שַׁלּוֺתָ Habakkuk 2:8, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine plural suffix יְשָׁלּוּךָ Habakkuk 2:8; construct לִשְׁלֹ Isaiah 10:6 +; Participle plural שֹׁלְלִים Zechariah 2:12, etc.; — spoil, plunder (usually "" בָּזַז), with accusative of congnate meaning with verb שָׁלָל Isaiah 10:6; Ezekiel 29:19; Ezekiel 38:12,13 (twice in verse), accusative חַיִל wealth Ezekiel 26:12; accusative of person, שֹׁלְלִים Jeremiah 50:10; Habakkuk 2:8; Ezekiel 39:10, גּוֺיִם רַבּים Habakkuk 2:8, compare Zechariah 2:12.

Hithpo`el Perfect 3 plural אֶשְׁתּוֺלְלוּאַבִּירֵי לֵב (א in ׳אֶשְׁתּ is Aramaic, or scribal error: Ges§ 54 a n., compare 58 k) Psalm 76:6 the stout of heart are spoiled; Participle מִשְׁתּוֺלֵל Isaiah 59:15 he that departs from evil is one despoiled.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1) i.q. Arab. سَلَّ to draw, to draw out, Ruth 2:16 compare נָשַׁל and שָׁלָה No. III.

(2) to strip off, to spoil. (To this answer σῦλον, σκῦλον, σκύλον spolium, and συλάω, συλεύω, σκυλεύω, spolior, also σκύλλω to draw off the skin, σίλλον ap. Hesych. funis). Constr. followed by an acc. of the thing, Ezekiel 26:12 and of the person spoiled, Ezekiel 39:10; Habakkuk 2:8; Zechariah 2:12 שָׁלַל שָׁלָל to take prey, Isaiah 10:6; Ezekiel 29:19. It sometimes follows the analogy of a regular verb, sometimes that of verbs ע֞ע, as שָׁלַל, שָֽׁלְלוּ, שַׁלּוֹתִי; inf. שְׁלֹל and שֹׁל, fut. יָשֹׁל.

Hithpoel, אֶשְׁתּוֹלְל (an Aram. form) for הִשְׁתּוֹלֵל to be spoiled, Psalms 76:6; Isaiah 59:15. Hence שׁוֹלָל and

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available
List of Word Forms
אֶשְׁתּוֹלְל֨וּ ׀ אשתוללו הֲלִשְׁלֹ֤ל הַשֹּׁלְלִ֣ים הלשלל השללים וְשָׁלְל֣וּ וְשָׁלַ֤ל ושלל ושללו יְשָׁלּ֖וּךָ ישלוך לִשְׁלֹ֖ל לִשְׁלֹ֤ל לִשְׁלֹ֥ל לשלל מִשְׁתּוֹלֵ֑ל משתולל שַׁלּ֙וֹתָ֙ שֹׁלְלֵיהֶ֗ם שֹׁלְלֶ֥יהָ שֹׁל־ של־ שלות שלליה שלליהם תָּשֹׁ֥לּוּ תשלו ’eš·tō·wl·lū ’eštōwllū eshtolLu hă·liš·lōl halishLol hălišlōl haš·šō·lə·lîm hashsholeLim haššōləlîm liš·lōl lishLol lišlōl miš·tō·w·lêl mishtoLel mištōwlêl šal·lō·w·ṯā šallōwṯā shalLota shol sholeLeiha sholeleiHem šō·lə·le·hā šō·lə·lê·hem šōl- šōləlehā šōləlêhem tā·šōl·lū taShollu tāšōllū veshaLal veshalLu wə·šā·lal wə·šā·lə·lū wəšālal wəšāləlū yə·šāl·lū·ḵā yəšāllūḵā yeshalLucha
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