corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #8033 - שָׁם

Word Origin
a primitive particle [rather from the relative pronoun, (0834)]
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) there, thither

1a) there

1b) thither (after verbs of motion)

1c) from there, thence

1d) then (as an adverb of time)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1563 ‑ ἐκεῖ (ek‑i');  1564 ‑ ἐκεῖθεν (ek‑i'‑then);  1566 ‑ ἐκεῖσε (ek‑i'‑seh);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (10) NAS (152) HCS (581)
Genesis 3
Exodus 1
Leviticus 1
Deuteronomy 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Psalms 1
Genesis 83
Exodus 23
Leviticus 3
Numbers 32
Deuteronomy 63
Joshua 25
Judges 37
Ruth 6
1 Samuel 40
2 Samuel 35
1 Kings 37
2 Kings 41
1 Chronicles 15
2 Chronicles 22
Ezra 4
Nehemiah 8
Job 9
Psalms 22
Proverbs 3
Ecclesiastes 6
Song of Solomon 2
Isaiah 24
Jeremiah 62
Ezekiel 51
Daniel 1
Hosea 7
Joel 4
Amos 5
Obadiah 1
Jonah 1
Micah 1
Nahum 2
Habakkuk 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 78
Exodus 19
Leviticus 2
Numbers 28
Deuteronomy 40
Joshua 23
Judges 31
Ruth 4
1 Samuel 33
2 Samuel 29
1 Kings 33
2 Kings 37
1 Chronicles 15
2 Chronicles 20
Ezra 4
Nehemiah 7
Job 9
Psalms 21
Proverbs 3
Ecclesiastes 3
Song of Solomon 3
Isaiah 28
Jeremiah 46
Ezekiel 37
Daniel 1
Hosea 8
Joel 3
Amos 7
Obadiah 1
Jonah 1
Micah 2
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 1
P-d 9
P-d 9
P-d 9

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1473) ms (סהמ ShM) AC: Breathe CO: Breath AB: Desolate: The wind, or breath, of someone or something is its character.

A) ms (סהמ ShM) AC: ? CO: Breath AB: Desolate: Hebrew names are words given to describe character.

Nm) ms (סהמ ShM) - I. Breath:The breath of a man is character, what makes one what he is. The name of an individual is more than an identifier but descriptive of his character or breath. II. There:Used to identify another place. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Sky:The place of the winds. [Hebrew and Aramaic; Only used in the masculine plural form, mimsor nimsin Aramaic] IV. Aroma: A sweet aroma that is carried on the wind or breath. [df: Mo] KJV (1365): name, renown, fame, famous, heaven, air, sweet, there - Strongs: H5561 (סַם), H8033 (שָׁם), H8034 (שֵׁם), H8036 (שֻׁם), H8064 (שָׁמֶה), H8065 (שְׁמַיִן), H8536 (תַּמָּה)

Nf1 ) ems (סהמה ShMH) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (39): astonishment, desolation, desolate, waste, wonderful - Strongs: H8047 (שַׁמָּה)

kf1) emsm (מסהמה MShMH) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (7): desolate, astonishment - Strongs: H4923 (מְשַׁמָּה)

nmm) nmsa (אסהמנ AShMN) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (1): desolate - Strongs: H820 (אַשְׁמָן)

B) mms (סהממ ShMM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. One in horror or in astonishment is one dried up in the inside.

V) mms (סהממ ShMM) - Desolate: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (93): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Piel) desolate, astonish, waste, destroy, wonder, amaze - Strongs: H8074 (שָׁמֵם), H8075 (שְׁמַם)

Nf1) emms (סהממה ShMMH) - Desolate: KJV (58): desolate, waste - Strongs: H8077 (שִׁמָמָה)

ejm) nfmmis (סהיממונ ShYMMWN) - Desolation: KJV (2): astonishment - Strongs: H8078 (שִׁמָּמוֹן)

C) msa (אסהמ AShM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Guilt: One with a character of wrongdoing.

V) msa (אסהמ AShM) - Guilt: KJV (35): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) guilty, desolate, offend, trespass, destroy, faulty, offence - Strongs: H816 (אָשֵׁם)

Nm) msa (אסהמ AShM) - Guilt: KJV (49): trespass, sin, guiltiness - Strongs: H817 (אָשָׁם), H818 (אָשֵׁם)

Nf1) emsa (אסהמה AShMH) - Guilt: KJV (19): trespass, sin, offend - Strongs: H819 (אַשְׁמָה)

G) mes (סההמ ShHM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown meaning;]

Nm) mes (סההמ ShHM) - Shoham: An unknown stone. KJV (11): onyx - Strongs: H7718 (שֹׁהַם)

J) mfs (סהומ ShWM) AC: Smell CO: Garlic AB: ?: A sense of smell from breathing.

Nm) mfs (סהומ ShWM) - Garlic: From its strong odor. KJV (1): garlick - Strongs: H7762 (שׁוּמִים)

L) msi (יסהמ YShM) AC: ? CO: Desert AB: Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert.

V) msi (יסהמ YShM) - Desolate: KJV (4): (vf: Paal) desolate - Strongs: H3456 (יָשַׁם)

bf1) emisi (יסהימה YShYMH) - Desolate: KJV (1): seize - Strongs: H3451 (יְשִׁימָה)

bjm) nfmisi (יסהימונ YShYMWN) - Desert: A desolate place. KJV (13): desert, wilderness, solitary - Strongs: H3452 (יְשִׁימוֹן)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 שָׁם adverb there, thither (Arabic there, compare then; Biblical Aramaic תַּמָּה, Egyptian Aramaic תמה S-C Pap. A 4, J 6, ᵑ7תַּמָּן (with demonstrative n, compare אֱדַיִן beside אֲזַי), Syriac ; Zenj Had. 8 (Cooke159) שם); —

1. a. there Genesis 2:8,12; Genesis 11:2,7,31 + often; placed early in sentence for emphasis, Micah 4:10 שָׁם תִּנָּצֵ֑לִי, Nahum 3:15; Ezekiel 32:22,24; Psalm 104:26 +, וְשָׁם ֗֗֗ Genesis 41:12; Exodus 15:27; Numbers 13:22,33 +, שָׁם ֗֗֗ וְשָׁם Exodus 15:25; Deuteronomy 12:14; Isaiah 27:10; Job 3:17 +, וְהִנֵּה שָׁם ֗֗֗ Genesis 29:2, כִּי שָׁם ֗֗֗ Genesis 11:9; Genesis 21:31; Genesis 35:7; 2 Samuel 1:21; 2 Samuel 15:21 +, אַךְ שָׁם ֗֗֗ Isaiah 34:14,15, גַּם שָׁם ֗֗֗ Isaiah 23:12; Isaiah 57:7; Psalm 139:10; resuming a preceding 'where,' Job 39:30 בַּאֲשֶׁר חֲלָלִים שָׁם הוּא, Judges 5:27; Jeremiah 22:12; Ecclesiastes 11:3, compare Ecclesiastes 1:7. Repeated, שָׁם ֗֗֗ שָׁם here ... there Isaiah 28:10,13. In poetry, pointing to a spot in which a scene is localized vividly in the imagination, Psalm 14:5 שׁם פחדו פחד there feared they a fear! Psalm 36:13, compare Psalm 48:7; Psalm 66:6; Psalm 132:17; Hosea 6:7; Zephaniah 1:14. — Habakkuk 3:4 read probably (We Now) שָׂם the flashes at his side made he the hiding of his power; Ecclesiastes 3:17 שָׁם = with God, in the Divine plan or scheme: but read perhaps שָׂם Hi De and others

b. preceded by the rel., אֲשֶׁר שָׁם where, Genesis 2:11; Exodus 20:21; 1 Samuel 9:10 +, usually with one or more words between, Genesis 13:3,14; Genesis 19:27; Exodus 29:42; 2 Samuel 11:16; 2 Kings 23:27 + often; after בַּאֲשֶׁר, בַּאֲשֶׁר הוּא שָׁם Genesis 21:17. With אשׁר omitted (the relative being indicated by construct, Ges§ 130c, d) Ezekiel 39:11 מְקוֺם שָׁם קֶבֶר׳בְּיִשְׂר a place where a grave (may be) in Israel, but ᵐ5ᵑ7 Co Or and others read שֵׁם a place of renown.

2 thither, after verbs of motion ( = שָׁ֫מָּה, see

3), Deuteronomy 1:37 לֹא תָבאֹ שָׁם, Judges 19:15; Judges 21:10; 1 Samuel 2:14; 1 Samuel 9:6 and elsewhere; אֲשֶׁר ֗֗֗ שָׁם whither, 1 Kings 18:10; 1 Kings 21:18; 2 Kings 1:4,6,16; Isaiah 20:6, more often in Jeremiah , Ezekiel , as Jeremiah 8:3; Jeremiah 22:27; Jeremiah 23:3,8; Jeremiah 45:5 +, Ezekiel 4:13; Ezekiel 12:16; Ezekiel 36:20,22 +; so שֶׁשָּׁם Psalm 122:4.

3 withה locative, שָׁ֫מָּה ( sh¹mm¹h):

a. after verbs of motion, thither, Genesis 19:20 לָנוּס שָׁ֫מָּה to flee thither, Genesis 19:22; Genesis 20:13; Genesis 24:6; Genesis 29:3; Deuteronomy 1:38 + often; = into it, therein (of a basket, pit, etc.), Exodus 16:33 וְתֶןשָֿׁ֫מָּה מְלֹא הָעֹמֶר, Exodus 21:33 וְנָפַלשָׁמָּה, Exodus 30:18; Judges 8:25; 2 Kings 12:10; pregnantly, after a verb implying motion, as to bury, Genesis 23:13 וְאֶקְבְּרָה אֶתמֵֿתִי שָׁ֫מָּה, Genesis 25:10; Genesis 49:31; Genesis 50:5 (all P), נוֺעַד to meet Exodus 29:42,43; Exodus 30:6,36; Numbers 17:19 (all P), Joshua 2:16; Joshua 7:3; Jeremiah 13:7; Joel 4:7, perhaps Song of Solomon 8:5 (? c).

b.אֲשֶׁר ֗֗֗ שָׁ֫מָּה whither Genesis 20:13; Numbers 33:54; Deuteronomy 4:5,14 + often; where 2 Kings 23:8; 1 Chronicles 4:41.

c. more rarely, i. q. שָׁם there, Genesis 43:30 וַיֵּבְךְ שָׁ֫מָּה, Joshua 2:1; Judges 16:27; 2 Kings 4:11; 2 Kings 9:16; Hosea 2:17; Isaiah 22:18; Isaiah 34:15; Isaiah 65:9; Jeremiah 18:2; Jeremiah 27:22; Ezekiel 23:3; Ezekiel 32:29,30 ( Ezekiel 32:22; Ezekiel 32:24; Ezekiel 32:26 שָׁם), Ezekiel 48:35 שָׁ֫מָּה׳י, Psalm 76:4; Psalm 122:5; Ecclesiastes 3:16.

4 מִשָּׁם from there, thence:

a. often after verbs of departing, taking, etc., Genesis 2:10; Genesis 11:8,9; Genesis 12:8; Genesis 18:16; Genesis 24:7; Genesis 42:2, etc., Numbers 13:23; Numbers 21:12; Numbers 22:41 וַיַּרְא מִשָּׁם, Deuteronomy 4:29 וּבִקַּשְׁתֶּם מִשָּׁם, Deuteronomy 30:4; Jeremiah 37:12; Hosea 2:17; Amos 9:2,3,4; Job 39:29 +. Peculiarly, Genesis 49:24 ׳מִשָּׁם רֹעֶה אֶבֶן יִשְׂר Ges De RVm from there [from heaven], (from) the Shepherd (׳י), the Stone (Rock) of Israel, Ew Di Sta from there (where is) the Shepherd of (רֹעֵה) the (Bethel-)stone of Israel; but both forced: text dubious; Gunk by the name (מִשֵּׁם; so ᵑ6) of the Shepherd, etc. (as Ew Di).

b.אֲשֶׁר ֗֗֗ מִשָּׁם whence Genesis 24:5; Numbers 23:13 +.

c. expressing origin, Genesis 3:23 the ground אֲשֶׁר לֻקַּחמִשָּׁם, Genesis 10:14 whence (= from whom) came forth the Philistines, Judges 19:18 מִשָּׁם אָנֹכִי, 1 Samuel 10:12 אִישׁ מִשָּׁם, Isaiah 65:20.

d. of the mass, from which something is taken or made, Genesis 27:9; Genesis 30:32 (of צאֹן), Leviticus 2:2 ׳וְקָמַץ מִשָּׁם זגו (from the meal, etc., of a מנחה), 1 Kings 17:13 אַךְ עֲשִׁי לִי מִשָּׁם עֻגָה קְטַנָּה i.e. from the meal and oil, 2 Kings 7:2,19 וּמִשָּׁם לֹא תאֵֹ˜כל׃, Ezekiel 5:3.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁם adv., there (Arab. ثَمَّ and of time ثُمَّ; Chald. תָּם; Syriac ܬܳܡܰܢ. A trace of another form שֹׁם = ثُمَّ is found in the pr.n. גֵּרְשֹׁם Exodus 2:22, as to which see p. 182, A. In the Indo-Germanic languages there answer to this, Gr. τῆμος, tunc; Lat. tum (tunc; compare num, nunc); Anglosax. thoeœnne; whence the English then; Germ. dann; all of which are applied to time; see No. 2). It is used

(1) pr. of place,

(a) i.q. eo loco, ἐκεῖ. Genesis 2:8, 12 11:2, 31 Genesis 11:31, 12:7, Genesis 12:8, 10 Genesis 12:10, 13:4, 18 Genesis 13:18 and so very often. When preceded by a relative, אֲשֶׁר שָׁם where, Exodus 20:18 commonly with one or more words between, שָׁם-אֲשֶׁר Genesis 13:3; 2 Samuel 15:21. שָׁם-שָׁם here, there, Isaiah 28:10.

(b) after verbs of motion, i.q. שָׁמָּה thither (like ἐκεῖ for ἐκεῖσε), 1 Samuel 2:14; 2 Kings 19:32 whence שָׁם-אֲשֶׁר whither, 1 Kings 18:10; Jeremiah 19:14.

(2) used of time, at that time, then (like the Gr. ἐκεῖ, Lat. ibi, illico, compare the above remarks on the traces of this word in other languages), Psalms 14:5, 132:17 Judges 5:11.

(3) i.q. therein, in that thing, Hosea 6:7, “they have transgressed the covenant, שָׁם בָּֽגְדוּ בִי therein (darin, in diefem Stücke) they have rebelled against me.”

With ה parag. שָׁ֫מָּה (read shammah)

(a) thither, Genesis 19:20, 23:13 Isaiah 34:15 (where we must render, “thither shall she place her nest,” etc., comp. Psalms 122:5; Exodus 29:42).

(b) i.q. שָׁם there (so that -ָה has a mere demonstrative power), Jeremiah 18:2. After a relative, אֲשֶׁר שָׁ֫מָּה whither, Genesis 20:13 rarely where, 2 Kings 23:8.

With pref. מִשָּׁם thence

(1) of place, Genesis 2:10, 11:8, Genesis 11:9; 1 Samuel 4:4. מִשָּׁם-אֲשֶׁר whence, Deuteronomy 9:28.

(2) used of time, Hosea 2:17.

(3) i.q. from that thing, whence, like the Lat. inde (unde), Genesis 3:23, “that he might till the ground אֲשֶׁר לֻקַּה מִשָּׁם whence (out of which) he had been taken;” 1 Kings 17:13, עֲשִׂי לִי מִשָּׁם עֻגָּה “make me thence (out of that meal) a cake;” Ezra 5:3. Pleonastically, Genesis 49:24. מִשָּׁם רֹעֶה אֶבֶן יִשְׂרָאֵל “from thence (dorther), from the shepherd, the stone of Israel (comes),” etc.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available
List of Word Forms
וְ֠שָׁם וְשָׁ֕מָּה וְשָׁ֖ם וְשָׁ֖מָּה וְשָׁ֗ם וְשָׁ֙מָּה֙ וְשָׁ֞ם וְשָׁ֡ם וְשָׁ֣ם וְשָׁ֣מָּה וְשָׁ֤ם וְשָׁ֥ם וְשָׁ֥מָּה וְשָׁ֨ם וְשָׁם֙ וּמִשָּׁ֖ם וּמִשָּׁ֤ם וּמִשָּׁם֙ ומשם ושם ושמה ם מִ֠שָּׁם מִשָּֽׁם׃ מִשָּׁ֑ם מִשָּׁ֔ם מִשָּׁ֔ם֙ מִשָּׁ֖ם מִשָּׁ֗ם מִשָּׁ֛ם מִשָּׁ֜ם מִשָּׁ֡ם מִשָּׁ֣ם מִשָּׁ֤ם מִשָּׁ֥ם מִשָּׁ֨ם מִשָּׁם֒ מִשָּׁם֙ מִשָּׁם֩ מִשָּׁם֮ מה משם משם׃ שֶׁשָּׁ֨ם שָּׁ֑ם שָּׁ֔ם שָּׁ֖ם שָּׁ֗ם שָּׁ֙מָּה֙ שָּׁ֛ם שָּׁ֜ם שָּׁ֣ם שָּׁ֣ם ׀ שָּׁ֥ם ׀ שָּׁ֨ם שָּׁם֙ שָֽׁם־ שָֽׁם׃ שָֽׁמָּה׃ שָׁ֑ם שָׁ֑מָּה שָׁ֔ם שָׁ֔מָּה שָׁ֔מָה שָׁ֕ם שָׁ֕מָּה שָׁ֖ם שָׁ֖מָּה שָׁ֗ם שָׁ֗מָּה שָׁ֙מָּה֙ שָׁ֚ם שָׁ֚מָּה שָׁ֛ם שָׁ֛מָּה שָׁ֜ם שָׁ֜מָּה שָׁ֝֗ם שָׁ֞ם שָׁ֠ם שָׁ֣ם שָׁ֣מָּה שָׁ֤ם שָׁ֤ם ׀ שָׁ֤מָּה שָׁ֥ם שָׁ֥מָּה שָׁ֧ם שָׁ֨ם שָׁ֨ם ׀ שָׁ֨מָּה שָׁ֨מָּה ׀ שָׁ֭ם שָׁ֭מָּה שָׁם֒ שָׁם֙ שָׁ֙מָּה֙ שם שם־ שם׃ שמה שמה׃ ששם m mah māh miš·šām mishSham Mishshom miššām šā·māh šām šām- šām·māh šāmāh šāmmāh šeš·šām šeššām Sham Shamah Shammah sheshSham ū·miš·šām umishSham ūmiššām veSham veShammah Veshom wə·šām wə·šām·māh wəšām wəšāmmāh
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, March 31st, 2020
the Fifth Week of Lent
There are 12 days til Easter!
Search for…
Choose a letter to browse:
Prev Entry
Next Entry
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology