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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #8138 - שָׁנָה

Transliteration
shânâh
Phonetics
shaw-naw'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2421
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to repeat, do again, change, alter

1a) (Qal) to change

1b) (Niphal) to be repeated

1c) (Piel) to change, alter

1d) (Hithpael) to disguise oneself

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 390 ‑ ἀναστρέφω (an‑as‑tref'‑o);  4369 ‑ προστίθημι (pros‑tith'‑ay‑mee);  114 ‑ ἀθετέω (ath‑et‑eh'‑o);  2186 ‑ ἐφίστημι (ef‑is'‑tay‑mee);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (22) NAS (11) HCS (22)
Genesis 1
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 2
Nehemiah 1
Esther 3
Job 2
Psalms 2
Proverbs 4
Jeremiah 2
Malachi 1
Genesis 1
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
Nehemiah 1
Job 1
Proverbs 2
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 3
Nehemiah 1
Esther 3
Job 2
Psalms 3
Proverbs 4
Jeremiah 2
Malachi 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-nc 1
v-pPms 1
v-pc 1
v-pi1cs 1
v-pi3ms 1
v-pp3ms 1
v-qPms 2
v-qi1cs 1
v-qp1cs 1
v-qp3ms 1
v-tp2fs 1
v-nc 1
v-pPms 1
v-pc 1
v-pi1cs 1
v-pi3ms 1
v-pp3ms 1
v-qPfp 1
v-qPms 2
v-qi1cs 1
v-qp1cs 1
v-qp3ms 1
v-tp2fs 1
v-nc 1
v-pPms 1
v-pc 1
v-pi1cs 1
v-pi3ms 1
v-pp3ms 1
v-qPms 2
v-qi1cs 1
v-qp1cs 1
v-qp3ms 1
v-tp2fs 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1474) ns (סהנ ShN) AC: Sharp CO: Teeth AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth, the n is a picture of a seed representing continuance. Combined these mean "teeth continue". The two front teeth are sharp and used for cutting foods by pressing down. (eng: shine - from the whiteness of the teeth)

A) ns (סהנ ShN) AC: ? CO: Teeth AB: ?

Nm/f ) ns (סהנ ShN) - Teeth: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (58): teeth, tooth, ivory, sharp, crag, forefront - Strongs: H8127 (שֵׁן), H8128 (שֵׁן)

Nf1) ens (סהנה ShNH) - I. Y [df: ans] II. Sleep:[Unknown connection to rootHebrew and Aramaic] KJV (906): year, sleep - Strongs: H8141 (שָׁנָה), H8142 (שֵׁנָא), H8139 (שְׁנָה), H8140 (שְׁנָה)

fm) ins (סהני ShNY) - Scarlet: The color of the gums. KJV (42): scarlet, crimson - Strongs: H8144 (שָׁנִי)

B) nns (סהננ ShNN) AC: Sharp CO: ? AB: ?: From the sharpness of the front teeth.

V) nns (סהננ ShNN) - Sharpen: KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Piel) sharp, whet, sharpen, prick, teach - Strongs: H8150 (שָׁנַן)

bf1) enins (סהנינה ShNYNH) - Piercing: KJV (4): byword, taunt - Strongs: H8148 (שְׁנִינָה)

D) nas (סהאנ ShAN) AC: Rest CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root;]

V) nas (סהאנ ShAN) - Rest: To be in a state of rest. KJV (5): (vf: Piel) ease, quiet, rest - Strongs: H7599 (שָׁאַן)

mm) nnas (סהאננ ShANN) - Rest: KJV (10): ease, quiet, tumult - Strongs: H7600 (שַׁאֲנָן)

E) ans (סהנא ShNA) AC: ? CO: Two AB: ?: As a second thing.

V) ans (סהנא ShNA) - Change: To exchange one thing for another. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (24): (vf: Paal, Pual, Piel, Participle) change, diverse, alter - Strongs: H8132 (שָׁנָא), H8133 (שְׁנָה)

emm) nanis (סהינאנ ShYNAN) - Twice: KJV (1): angel - Strongs: H8136 (שִׁנְאָן)

H) ens (סהנה ShNH) AC: ? CO: Two AB: ?: A repeating of the first or what was before.

V) ens (סהנה ShNH) - I. Change:To exchange one thing for another. II. Repeat:To do something a second time. KJV (23): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Piel) change, second, again, diverse, alter, disguise, double, pervert, prefer, repeat - Strongs: H8138 (שָׁנָה)

Nm/f) ens (סהנה ShNH) - I. Two:In the sense of the changing seasons. [Hebrew and Aramaic; Written in the plural form mitsor nintin the Aramaic] [df: Myts]II. Sleep:[Unknown connection to rootHebrew and Aramaic] KJV (772): two, both, second, twain, twice, double - Strongs: H8147 (שְׁתַּיִם), H8578 (תִּנְיָן), H8648 (תַּרְתֵּין)

fm/f) ins (סהני ShNY) - Second: KJV (156): second, other, time, again, another, more, either - Strongs: H8145 (שֵׁנִי)

hm) ensm (מסהנה MShNH) - I. Double: II. Second:KJV (35): second, double, next, college, copy, twice, fatling - Strongs: H4932 (מִשְׁנֶה)

sf3) tfnins (סהנינות ShNYNWT) - Again: A second time. [Aramaic only] KJV (1): again - Strongs: H8579 (תִּנְיָנוּת)

L) nsi (יסהנ YShN) AC: ? CO: Previous AB: ?: What was before the second.

V) nsi (יסהנ YShN) - Sleep: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (19): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) sleep, remain, old - Strongs: H3462 (יָשֵׁן)

Nm) nsi (יסהנ YShN) - I. Previous: II. Sleep:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (16): old, sleep - Strongs: H3463 (יָשֵׁן), H3465 (יָשָׁן)

Nf2) tnsi (יסהנת YShNT) - Sleep: [Unknown connection to root;] [df: tns] KJV (1): sleep - Strongs: H8153 (שְׁנָת)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [שָׁנָה] verb change (Late Hebrew Pi`el, etc.; Sirach 42:24; etc.; Assyrian šanû, change, Aramaic שְׁנָא, Nabataean Ethpa`al Lzb379; Syriac , especially mentally = grow insane; compare (probably) Late Hebrew שָׁנָה year, = Phoenician שנת, שת; MI2,8 שת; Assyrian šattu (compare Muss-Arn JBL xi (1892), 73 n.); Arabic ; Aramaic שְׁנַא, שַׁתָּא, , ; Old Aramaic, Nabataean, Palmyrene שנתא, שנת, שת, שנן Lzb379f.; on year from changing seasons, see Philippi ZMG xxxii (1878), 79f. Ba ZMG xll (1887), 612,621, 636 (especially against DHM VIme Orient. Congr. ii. 1,452 who proposes biliteral √), compare Thes; a daring suggestion by Jen ZA vii (1892), 177); —

Qal Perfect 1 singular לאֹ שָׁנִיתִי Malachi 3:6 I am ׳׳י, I do not change: Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִשְׁנֶא (Ges§ 75rr) Lamentations 4:1 how is the fine gold changed (si vera lectio; Löhr Now יִשָּׁנֵא; gloss on יוּעַס Bu Löhr); Infinitive construct שְׁנוֺת יְמִין עֶלְיוֺן Psalm 77:11 the right hand of the Highest is changed (ᵑ6ᵑ9 ᵑ7 Aq Symm Theod Hup-Now RVm Bae Du We Buhl; AV RV Ew De Che and others years, usually insert I will remember); Participle שׁוֺנִים Esther 1:7 differing, different, with מִן, compare Esther 3:8 (so Sirach 42:24); Proverbs 24:21 those who change (but dubious, see Toy).

Pi`el transitive, change, alter: Perfect 3 masculine singular שִׁנָּה Jeremiah 52:33 with accusative garments, = שִׁנָּא (Ges l.c.) 2 Kings 25:29; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְשַׁנֶּה דִּין Proverbs 31:5 lest he pervert the judgment; וַיְשַׁנּוֺ 1 Samuel 21:14 (read וַיְשַׁן Ges§ 75bb, וַיְשַׁנֶּה We Dr (and references), compare Bu HPS Now), with accusative טַעְמוֺ (see טַעַם, and Assyrian šanê ‰êmi, madness); וַיְשַׁנֶּהָ Esther 2:9, i.e. changed her place לְטוֺב בֵּית הַנָּשִׁים; 1 singular Psalm 89:35 the utterance of my lips I will not change ("" לֹא אֲחַלֵּל בְּרִיתִי); Infinitive construct לְשַׁנּוֺת אֶתדַּֿרְכֵךְ Jeremiah 2:36i.e. change thy political course; בְּשַׁנּוֺתוֺ אֶתֿ טַעְמוֺ Psalm 34:1 (title; compare 1 Samuel 21:14 above); Participle מְשַׁנֶּה פָנָיו Job 14:20 altering his face, i.e. in death (subject God).

Pu`al Imperfect 3 masculine singular וְעֹז מָּנָיו יְשֻׁנֶּא (Ges§ 75rr) Ecclesiastes 8:1, usually is changed, mollified, Siegf יִשָּׂנֵא is hated (on ׳עֹז פ see עֹז

4, √עזז).

Hithpa`el Perfect 2 feminine singular consecutive קוּמִי וְהִשְׁתַּנִּית 1 Kings 14:2 arise, pray, and disguise thyself.

III. שָׁנָה verb repeat, do again (Late Hebrew id.; Sirach 42:1; Arabic bend, fold, double; Aramaic תְּנָא repeat, also teach, ; Assyrian šanû, especially Pi`el repeat, relate, compare Scheil ZA v (1890), 409 (Dl thinks denominative); on ׳שׁ as √of שְׁנַיִם two, see Philippi ZMG xxxii (1878), 77 Ba ib. xli (1887), 603); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳שׁ 2 Samuel 20:10; Imperfect 1 singular אֶשְׁנֶה 1 Samuel 26:8, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שְׁנוּ 1 Kings 18:34; Participle שֹׁנֶה Proverbs 17:9; Proverbs 26:11; — do again: לוֺ׳וַיַּכֵּהוּוְ֗֗֗לֹא שׁ 2 Samuel 20:10, compare 1 Samuel 26:8; absolute 1 Kings 18:34 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 13:21; = speak again Job 29:22 + Job 40:5 according to many moderns (אשׁנה for ᵑ0אענה); בְּדָבָר׳שׁ Proverbs 17:9 repeat with a thing, keep talking about it (שנות דבר Sirach 42:1); Proverbs 26:11 a dullard repeats with (ב) his folly, does it over again (learns nothing by experience).

Niph`al Infinitive construct וְעַל הִשָּׁנוֺת הַחֲלוֺם אֶלמַּֿרְעֹה מַּעֲמָ֑יִם Genesis 41:32 (E) concerning the dream's being repeated, etc.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁנָה fut. יִשְׁנֶה (once יִשְׁנֶא Lamentations 4:1).

(1) to repeat, to do the second time; Arab. ثنى; Syr. ܬܢܳܐ (comp. שְׁנַיִם two; שֵׁנִי second). Nehemiah 13:21, אִם תִּשְׁנוּ “if ye do (this) again;” 1 Kings 18:34. Followed by לְ 1 Samuel 26:8, “I will strike him once וְלֹא אֶשְׁנֶה לוֹ and I will not repeat to him,” sc. the blow, i.e. there shall be no need of another stroke. 2 Samuel 20:10 followed by בְּ Proverbs 26:11, “a fool שֹׁנֶה בְאִוַּלְתּוֹ who repeats (or goes on acting) in his folly.” Proverbs 17:9, שֹׁנֶה בְדָבָר “he who repeats in a matter,” i.e. who revives unpleasant things which should be forgotten.

(2) intrans., to be other, diverse from any thing; followed by מִן Esther 1:7, 3:8.

(3) to be changed; especially for the worse, Lam. loc. cit.; used of the mind. Malachi 3:6, “I, Jehovah, do not change.” Part. שֹׁנִים those who change opinion, changeable; used of unfaithful subjects, rebels, who sometimes take one side, sometimes another (compare Jeremiah 2:36), Proverbs 24:21.

Niphal, to be repeated (a dream), Genesis 41:32.

Piel, שִׁנָּה (once שִׁנָּא in the Chaldee form, 2 Kings 25:29).

(1) to change; garments, 2 Kings 25:29; Jeremiah 52:33 a promise, Psalms 89:35 justice (i.e. to violate), Proverbs 31:5 also to vary, i.e. often to change (a way), Jeremiah 2:36 to disfigure (the face), Job 14:20.

(2) to transfer to another place, Esther 2:9.

(3) שִׁנָה אֶת־טַעֲמוֹ to deform, i.e. to dissimulate his reason (er verleugnete feinen Verftand), i.e. to feign oneself mad, 1 Samuel 21:14; Psalms 34:1. Syr. ܫܰܢܺܝ ܛܥܡܐ and ellipt. ܫܢܐܳ is, to be mad.

Pual, to be changed (in a good sense), Ecclesiastes 8:1 where יְשֻׁנֶּא is for יְשֻׁנֶּה.

Hithpael, to change oneself, i.e. to change one’s garments, 1 Kings 14:2.

Derivatives, שִׁנְאָן, שָׁנָה, שְׁנַיִם, שֵׁנִי, מִשְׁנֶה.

II.

שָׁנָה i.q. Arab. سنى to shine, to be bright, whence שָׁנִי.

שָׁנָה pl. שָׁנִים const. שְׁנֵי, poet. שָׁנוֹת const. שְׁנוֹת f. a year (pr. an iteration, sc. of the course of the sun, or of the changes of seasons, as spring, summer, autumn, winter; compare the Lat. annus, which pr. denotes a circle, Gr. ἐνιαυτός, Arab. حَوْلُ a circle, a year). שָׁנָה שָׁנָה Deuteronomy 14:22 שָׁנָה בְשָׁנָה Deuteronomy 15:20 מִדֵּי שָׁנָה בְשָׁנָה 1 Samuel 7:16, yearly. שְׁנַת שְׁתַּיִם the second year, 2 Kings 14:1 שְׁנַת אַרְבַּע לאח׳ the fourth year of Ahab, 1 Kings 22:41. Sometimes שָׁנָה is repeated, as בִּשְׁנַת שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה in the six hundredth year, Genesis 7:11, pr. in the (last) year of six hundred years. Plur. שָׁנִים also denotes some years indefinitely, 2 Chronicles 18:2, compare יָמִים, some days. Trop. year is used or annual produce, Joel 2:25.

Dual שְׁנָתַיִם two years, Genesis 11:10 sometimes שְׁנָתַיִם יָמִים pr. two years of time, see יָמִים No. 2,, p. 342, A.

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List of Word Forms
אֲשַׁנֶּֽה׃ אֶשְׁנֶ֖ה אשנה אשנה׃ בְּשַׁנּוֹת֣וֹ בשנותו הִשָּׁנ֧וֹת השנות וְהִשְׁתַּנִּ֔ית וְשִׁנָּ֕ה וְשֹׁנֶ֥ה וִֽ֝ישַׁנֶּה וַיְשַׁנֶּ֧הָ וַיְשַׁנּ֤וֹ וַיִּשְׁנ֔וּ והשתנית וישנה וישנו ונים ושנה יִשְׁנ֑וּ ישנו לְשַׁנּ֣וֹת לשנות מְשַׁנֶּ֥ה משנה שְׁנוּ֙ שָׁ֥נָה שָׁנִ֑יתִי שֹׁנ֣וֹת שׁ֝וֹנִ֗ים שׁוֹנִ֑ים שׁוֹנֶ֥ה שונה שונים שנה שנו שנות שניתי תִּשְׁנ֕וּ תשנו ’ă·šan·neh ’ăšanneh ’eš·neh ’ešneh ashanNeh bə·šan·nō·w·ṯōw bəšannōwṯōw beshannoTo eshNeh hiš·šā·nō·wṯ hishshaNot hiššānōwṯ lə·šan·nō·wṯ ləšannōwṯ leshanNot mə·šan·neh məšanneh meshanNeh šā·nāh šā·nî·ṯî šānāh šānîṯî šə·nū šənū Shanah shaNiti sheNu shoNeh shoNim shoNot šō·nō·wṯ šō·w·neh šō·w·nîm šōnōwṯ šōwneh šōwnîm tiš·nū tishNu tišnū vaiyishNu vayshanNeha vayshanNo vehishtanNit veshinNah veshoNeh Vishanneh vNim w·nîm way·šan·ne·hā way·šan·nōw way·yiš·nū wayšannehā wayšannōw wayyišnū wə·hiš·tan·nîṯ wə·šin·nāh wə·šō·neh wəhištannîṯ wəšinnāh wəšōneh wî·šan·neh wîšanneh wnîm yiš·nū yishNu yišnū
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