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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1939 - ἐπιθυμία

Transliteration
epithymía
Phonetics
ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah  
Word Origin
from (1937)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
3:168,339
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. desire, craving, longing, desire for what is forbidden, lust
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 183 ‑ אָוָה (aw‑vaw');  185 ‑ אַוָּה (av‑vaw');  827 ‑ אַשְׁפָּה (ash‑paw');  2530 ‑ חָמַד (khaw‑mad');  2531 ‑ חֶמֶד (kheh'‑med);  2837 ‑ חֵשֶׁק (khay'‑shek);  3700 ‑ כָּסַף (kaw‑saf');  3824 ‑ לֵבָב (lay‑bawb');  5716 ‑ עֲדִי (ad‑ee');  7522 ‑ רָצֹן (raw‑tsone', raw‑tsone');  8378 ‑ תַּאֲוָה (tah‑av‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (38) NAS (38) HCS (38)
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 1
Romans 5
Galatians 2
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 3
Titus 2
James 2
1 Peter 4
2 Peter 4
1 John 2
Jude 2
Revelation 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 1
Romans 5
Galatians 2
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 3
Titus 2
James 2
1 Peter 4
2 Peter 4
1 John 2
Jude 2
Revelation 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 1
Romans 5
Galatians 2
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 3
Titus 2
James 2
1 Peter 4
2 Peter 4
1 John 3
Jude 2
Revelation 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-APF 10
N-ASF 5
N-DPF 10
N-DSF 4
N-GPF 1
N-GSF 3
N-NPF 1
N-NSF 4
N-APF 10
N-ASF 5
N-DPF 10
N-DSF 4
N-GPF 1
N-GSF 3
N-NPF 1
N-NSF 4
N-APF 10
N-ASF 5
N-DPF 10
N-DSF 4
N-GPF 1
N-GSF 3
N-NPF 1
N-NSF 4
NA WH
N-APF 10
N-ASF 5
N-DPF 10
N-DSF 4
N-GPF 1
N-GSF 3
N-NPF 1
N-NSF 4
N-APF 11
N-ASF 5
N-DPF 10
N-DSF 4
N-GPF 1
N-GSF 3
N-NPF 1
N-NSF 4


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπιθῡμ-ία,

Ion. -ιη, ἡ,

I

1. desire, yearning, ἐ. ἐκτελέσαι Hdt. 1.32; ἐπιθυμίᾳ by passion, opp. προνοίᾳ, Th. 6.13: generally, appetite, Pl. Cra. 419d, etc.; αἱ κατὰ τὸ σῶμα ἐ. Id. Phd. 82c; esp. sexual desire, lust, Democr. 234 (pl.), Pl. Phdr. 232b, etc.; αἱ πρὸς τοὺς παῖδας ἐ. X. Lac. 2.14.

2.. c. gen., longing after a thing, desire of or for it, ὕδατος, τοῦ πιεῖν, Th. 2.52, 7.84, etc.; τοῦ πλέονος Democr. 224; τῆς τιμωρίας Antipho 2.1.7; τῆς μεθ' ὑμῶν πολιτείας And. 2.10; τῆς παρθενίας Pl. Cra. 406b; εἰς ἐ. τινὸς ἐλθεῖν Id. Criti. 113d; ἐν ἐ. τινὸς εἶναι Id. Prt. 318a, Tht. 143e; γεγονέναι Id. Lg. 841c; εἰς ἐ. τινὸς ἀφικέσθαι θεάσασθαι Id. Ti. 19b; ἐ. τινὸς ἐμβαλεῖν τινί X. Cyr. 1.1.5; ἐ. ἐμποιεῖν ἔς τινα an inclination towards.., Th. 4.81.

II. = ἐπιθύμημα, object of desire, ἐπιθυμίας τυχεῖν Thalesap. Stob. 3.1.172, cf. Lync. ap. Ath. 7.295a; ἀνδρὸς ἐ., of woman, Secund. Sent. 8; πενήτων ἐ., of sleep, prob. in ib. 13.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἐπιθυμία, ἐπιθυμίας, (ἐπιθυμέω) (from Herodotus on), the Sept. chiefly for תַּאֲוָה, אַוָּה, חֲמוּד; desire, craving, longing: Luke 22:15 (on which sevin ἐπιθυμέω, at the end); Revelation 18:14; τήν ἐπιθυμίαν ἔχειν εἰς τί, the desire directed toward, Philippians 1:23; ἐν πολλή ἐπιθυμία with great desire, 1 Thessalonians 2:17; plural αἱ περί τά λοιπά ἐπιθυμίαι, Mark 4:19 ( Winer s Grammar, § 30,3 N. 5); specifically, desire for what is forbidden, lust ( Vulg. concupiscentia): Romans 7:7; James 1:14; 2 Peter 1:4; πάθος ἐπιθυμίας, 1 Thessalonians 4:5; ἐπιθυμία κακῇ, Colossians 3:5 ( Proverbs 21:26; ( Proverbs 12:12); Plato, legg. 9, p. 854a.; πονηρά, Xenophon, mem. 1,2, 64; ἀγαθή, Sirach 14:14 where see Fritzsche (who cites also Proverbs 11:23; Proverbs 13:12)); plural, Galatians 5:24; 1 Timothy 6:9; 2 Timothy 2:22; 2 Timothy 4:3; 1 Peter 1:14; 1 Peter 4:2; with a genitive of the object, ἐπιθυμία μιασμοῦ, for unclean contact, 2 Peter 2:10 (others with Winer's Grammar, § 34,3b. take μιασμοῦ as the genitive of quality); with a genitive of the subject, αἱ ἐπιθυμίαι τῶν καρδιῶν, Romans 1:24; with a genitive of the thing by which the desire is excited, ἐπιθυμία τοῦ κόσμου, 1 John 2:17; τοῦ σώματος, Romans 6:12; τῆς ἀπάτης (see ἀπάτη), Ephesians 4:22; τῆς σαρκός, τῶν ὀφθαλμῶν, 1 John 2:16 (cf. Huther ad loc.); 2 Peter 2:18; τέλειν σαρκός, Galatians 5:16; αἱ σαρκικαι ἐπιθυμίαι, 1 Peter 2:11 (ψυχικαί, σωματικαί, 4 Maccabees 1:32); αἱ κοσμικαι ἐπιθυμίαι, Titus 2:12; εἰς ἐπιθυμίας to arouse lusts, Romans 13:14; ποιεῖν τάς ἐπιθυμίας, John 8:44; ὑπακούειν ταῖς ἐπιθυμίαις, Romans 6:12 ( L T Tr WH); δουλεύειν ἐπιθυμίαις (see δουλεύω, 2b.), Titus 3:3; ἄγεσθαι ἐπιθυμίαις, 2 Timothy 3:6; πορεύεσθαι ἐν ἐπιθυμίαις, 1 Peter 4:3; πορεύεσθαι κατά τάς ἐπιθυμίας, Jude 1:16,18; 2 Peter 3:3; ἀναστρέφεσθαι ἐν ταῖς ἐπιθυμίαις τῆς σαρκός, Ephesians 2:3. (Synonym: cf. πάθος, and see Trench, § lxxxvii.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπιθυμία , -ας ,

(< έπιθυμέω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H8378, H183; also for H2531, etc.;]

desire, longing: Luke 22:15 (see ἐπιθυμέω ), Philippians 1:23, 1 Thessalonians 2:17, Revelation 18:14; p1., Mark 4:19; esp. with ref. to forbidden things, desire, lust (Vg., concupiscentia): Romans 7:7-8, James 1:14-15, 2 Peter 1:4; pl., Galatians 5:24, 1 Timothy 6:9, 2 Timothy 2:22; 2 Timothy 4:3, 1 Peter 1:14; 1 Peter 4:2; πάθος ἐπιθυμίας , 1 Thessalonians 4:5; . κακή , Colossians 3:5; c. gen., μιασμοῦ , 2 Peter 2:10 (v. Mayor, in l); τ . καρδιῶν , Romans 1:24; τ . κόσμου (aroused by the world), 1 John 2:17; τ . σώματος , Romans 6:12; τ . ἀπάτης , Ephesians 4:22 (v. ICC, in l); τ . σαρκός , 1 John 2:16, 2 Peter 2:18 (without art.), Galatians 5:16; τ . ὀφθαλμῶν , 1 John 2:16; σαρκικαὶ ἐ ., 1 Peter 2:11 (cf. 4 Maccabees 1:32); κοσμικαί , Titus 2:12; εἰς ἐπιθυμίας , Romans 13:14; ποιεῖν τὰς ἐ ., John 8:44; ὑπακούειν ταῖς ἐ ., Romans 6:12; δουλεύειν , ἄγεσθαι , ἐπιθυμίαις , Titus 3:3, 2 Timothy 3:6; πορεύειθαι ἐν ἐ ., 1 Peter 4:3; κατά , Judges 1:16; Judges 1:18, 2 Peter 3:3; ἀναστρέφεσθαι ἐν ταῖς ἐ ., Ephesians 2:3.†

SYN.: πάθος G3806 (q.v.), ὄρεξις G3715.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐπιθυμία in the widest sense of ";desire,"; which Hort finds even in James 1:14, may be illustrated from P Giss I. 79 iii. 16 (c. A.D. 117) δι᾽ ἣν ἕξομεν εὐω [νεῖν κατ᾽ ἐπ ]ιθυμίαν σου, ";and then we shall be able to buy cheaply in accordance with your desire"; (ἀθυμέω = ";draw back,"; ";hesitate,"; occurs in the same document : see s.v.), BGU III. 970.25 (ii/A.D.) μεταδῶναί μοι ἀντίρρησιν. . . πρὸς τὴν ἰδίαν ἐπιθυμίαν, and Syll 366.12 (c. A.D. 38) (λ)είπτοις (";steadfast";) ἐκείνου τῆς ἐπιθυμίας βουλήμασιν. See also the iii/A.D. love-spell from Hadrumetum edited by Deissmann BS, p. 273 ff., where the forsaken husband is described as.7 f—ἐρῶντα μαινόμενον ἀγρυπνο [ῦν ]τα ἐπὶ τῇ φιλίᾳ αὐτῆς καὶ ἐπιθυμίᾳ, ";loving, frantic, sleepless with love and desire for her.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επέθυεν επιθυμια επιθυμία ἐπιθυμία Ἐπιθυμίᾳ επιθυμιαι επιθυμίαι ἐπιθυμίαι επιθυμιαις επιθυμίαις ἐπιθυμίαις επιθυμιαν επιθυμίαν ἐπιθυμίαν επιθυμιας επιθυμίας ἐπιθυμίας επιθυμιων επιθυμιών ἐπιθυμιῶν επιθύοντας επιθύσαι epithumia epithumiai epithumiais epithumian epithumias epithumion epithumiōn epithymia epithymía epithymiai epithymíai Epithymíāi epithymiais epithymíais epithymian epithymían epithymias epithymías epithymion epithymiôn epithymiōn epithymiō̂n

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