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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1988 - ἐπιστάτης

Word Origin
from (1909) and a presumed derivative of (2476)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. any sort of superintendent or overseer
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5057 ‑ נַגִד (naw‑gheed', naw‑gheed');  5065 ‑ נָגַשׂ (naw‑gas');  5329 ‑ נָצַח (naw‑tsakh');  6496 ‑ פָּקִיד (paw‑keed');  7287 ‑ רָדָה (raw‑daw');  8269 ‑ שַׂר (sar);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (7) NAS (7) HCS (7)
Luke 6
Luke 6
Luke 7

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἐπιστάτης, ἐπιστατου, (ἐφίστημι), any sort of a superintendent or overseer (often so in secular writings, and several times in the Sept., as Exodus 1:11; Exodus 5:14; 1 Kings 5:16; 2 Kings 25:19; Jeremiah 36:26 (Jeremiah 29:26>); 2 Chronicles 2:2; 2 Chronicles 31:12); a master, used in this sense for רַבִּי by the disciples (cf. Luke 17:13) when addressing Jesus, who called him thus not from the fact that he was a teacher, but because of his authority (Bretschneider); found only in Luke 5:5; Luke 8:24,45; Luke 9:33,49; Luke 17:13.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπιστάτης , -ου , ό

(< ἐφίστημι ),

[in LXX: 2 Kings 25:19, Jeremiah 29:26; Jeremiah 52:25 (H6496), 2 Chronicles 31:12 (H5057), 2 Maccabees 5:22, etc.;]

a chief, commander, master: Luke 5:5; Luke 8:24; Luke 8:45; Luke 9:33; Luke 9:49; Luke 17:13 (cf. Dalman, Words, 336 ff.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐπιστάτης in its original sense of ";superintendent,"; ";overseer,"; is found in a number of different connexions, e.g. . εἰρήνης κώμης (P Oxy I. 64.2—iii/iv A.D.), . τοῦ ἱεροῦ (P Par 26.22—B.C. 163) and τῶν ἱερῶν (P Leid G.4—end of ii/B.C.), . τῆς πόλεως (BGU III. 1006.6—iii/B.C.), . τῶν φυλακιτῶν (P Tebt I. 5.159—B.C. 118). For further particulars regarding . τῆς κώμης, a local justice, see Archiv iv. p. 35 ff., and for . τοῦ ἱεροῦ Preisigke Prinz-Joachim-Ostr p. 60 ff., and for the word generally Preisigke Fachwörter, p. 89 f. The verb ἐπιστατέω is found in P Oxy XII. 1413.20 (A.D. 270–5). In connexion with the Lukan use of the subst. applied to Jesus instead of the Hebrew Ῥαββί in the sense of ";Master,"; Rouffiac (Recherches, p. 56f.) refers to an ἐπιστάταν τῶν παίδων (IG XII. 1, 43), apparently a sort of headmaster, and to τὸν ἐπιστά [την τὸ ]ν ̣ τῶν ̣ ἐφήβω ̣ν ̣, whose duty it was τ [ὰς ψυχ ]ὰς πρὸς ἀρετὴν καὶ πάθος ἀνθρώπινον προάγεσθαι (Priene 112.73 ff.—after B.C. 84). He adds that the vocative was often used in the Greek gymnasia when the ephebi addressed their masters. See also Dalman Words of Jesus, p. 336.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
Επιστατα επιστάτα Ἐπιστάτα επιστάται επιστάτας επιστάτην επιστάτης επιστατών Epistata Epistáta

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