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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2556 - κακός

Transliteration
kakós
Phonetics
kak-os'  
Word Origin
apparently a primary word
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
3:469,391
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. of a bad nature
    1. not such as it ought to be
  2. of a mode of thinking, feeling, acting
    1. base, wrong, wicked
  3. troublesome, injurious, pernicious, destructive, baneful
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 200 ‑ אִוֶּלֶת (iv‑veh'‑leth);  205 ‑ אָוֶן (aw'‑ven);  457 ‑ אֱלִיל (el‑eel');  1980 ‑ הָלַךְ (haw‑lak');  2154 ‑ זַמָּה (zim‑maw', zam‑maw');  3887 ‑ לִיץ (loots);  4066 ‑ מָדוֹן (maw‑dohn');  4639 ‑ מַעֲשֶׂה (mah‑as‑eh');  4682 ‑ מַצָּה (mats‑tsaw');  4846 ‑ מְרוֹרָה (mer‑o‑raw', mer‑o‑raw');  5766 ‑ עֹלָה (eh'‑vel, aw'‑vel, av‑law', o‑law', o‑law');  5999 ‑ עָמָל (aw‑mawl');  6862 ‑ צָר (tsar, tsawr);  7379 ‑ רִב (reeb, reeb);  7451 ‑ רַע (rah, raw‑aw');  7489 ‑ רָעַע (raw‑ah');  7562 ‑ רֶשַׁע (reh'‑shah);  7701 ‑ שׁוֹד (shode, shode);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (51) NAS (48) HCS (50)
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 2
John 1
Acts 4
Romans 13
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 2
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
Hebrews 1
James 2
1 Peter 4
3 John 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 2
John 2
Acts 4
Romans 12
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
Hebrews 1
James 2
1 Peter 4
3 John 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 2
John 2
Acts 4
Romans 15
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
Hebrews 1
James 2
1 Peter 5
3 John 1
Revelation 2
BYZ TIS TR
A-APM 3
A-APN 5
A-ASF 1
A-ASN 21
A-GPN 5
A-GSN 8
A-NPF 1
A-NPM 1
A-NPN 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 4
A-APM 3
A-APN 5
A-ASF 1
A-ASN 20
A-DSN 1
A-GPN 4
A-GSN 8
A-NPF 1
A-NPM 1
A-NPN 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 4
A-APM 3
A-APN 5
A-ASF 1
A-ASN 21
A-GPN 5
A-GSN 8
A-NPF 1
A-NPM 1
A-NPN 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 4
NA WH
A-APM 3
A-APN 4
A-ASF 1
A-ASN 21
A-DSN 1
A-GPN 4
A-GSN 8
A-NPF 1
A-NPM 1
A-NPN 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 3
A-APM 3
A-APN 5
A-ASF 1
A-ASN 22
A-DSN 1
A-GPN 4
A-GSN 8
A-NPF 1
A-NPM 1
A-NPN 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 4


Thayer's Expanded Definition
 κακός, κακῇ, κακόν, the Sept. for רָע (from Homer down), bad ( A. V. (almost uniformly) evil);

1. universally, of a bad nature; not such as it ought to be.

2. (morally, i. e.) of a mode of thinking, feeling, acting; base, wrong, wicked: of persons, Matthew 21:41 (cf. Winer s Grammar, 637 (592); also Buttmann, 143 (126)); Matthew 24:48>; Philippians 3:2; Revelation 2:2. διαλογισμοί;, Mark 7:21; ὁμιλίαι, 1 Corinthians 15:33; ἐπιθυμία, Colossians 3:5 ( Proverbs 12:12); ἔργα (better ἔργον), Romans 13:3. neuter κακόν, τό κακόν, evil i. e. what is contrary to law, either divine or human, wrong, crime: ( John 18:23); Acts 23:9; Romans 7:21; Romans 14:20; Romans 16:19; 1 Corinthians 13:5; Hebrews 5:14; 1 Peter 3:10; 3 John 1:11; plural ( evil things): Romans 1:30; 1 Corinthians 10:6; 1 Timothy 6:10 (πάντα τά κακά all kinds of evil); James 1:13 ( Winer s Grammar, § 30,4; Buttmann, § 132,24); κακόν ποιεῖν, to do, commit evil: Matthew 27:23; Mark 15:14; Luke 23:22; 2 Corinthians 13:7; 1 Peter 3:12; τό κακόν, Romans 13:4; τά κακά, Romans 3:8>; κακόν, τό κακόν πράσσειν, Romans 7:19; Romans 9:11. ( Rec.); Romans 13:4>; ( 2 Corinthians 5:10 R G L Tr marginal reading); τό κακόν κατεργάζεσθαι, Romans 2:9. specifically of wrongs inflicted: Romans 12:21; κακόν ἐργάζομαι τίνι ( to work ill to one), Romans 13:10; ἐνδείκνυμι, 2 Timothy 4:14; ποιῶ, Acts 9:13; ἀποδίδωμι κακόν ἀντί κακοῦ, Romans 12:17; 1 Thessalonians 5:15; 1 Peter 3:9.

3. troublesome, injurious, pernicious, destructive, baneful: neuter κακόν, an evil, that which injures, James 3:8 ( Winer s Grammar, § 59,8b.; Buttmann, 79 (69)); with the suggestion of wildness and ferocity, θηρία, Titus 1:12; substantially equivalent to bad, i. e. distressing, whether to mind or to body: ἕλκος κακόν καί πονηρόν ( A. V. a noisome and grievous sore), Revelation 16:2; κακόν πράσσω ἐμαυτῷ, Latin vim mihi infero, to do harm to oneself, Acts 16:28; κακόν τί πάσχω, to suffer some harm, Acts 28:5; τά κακά, evil things, the discomforts which plague one, Luke 16:25 (opposed to τά ἀγαθά, the good things, from which pleasure is derived). (Synonym: cf. κακία.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κακός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7451;]

1. in general, opp. to ἀγαθός , καλός , in various senses, bad, mean, base, worthless (cl.).

2. In ethical sense, base, evil, wicked: of persons, Matthew 21:41; Matthew 24:48, Philippians 3:2, Revelation 2:2; διαλογισμοί , Mark 7:21; ὁμιλίαι , 1 Corinthians 15:33; ἐπιθυμία (Proverbs 12:12), Colossians 3:5; ἔργον , Romans 13:3; neut., κακόν , τὸ κ ., evil: John 18:23, Acts 23:9, Romans 7:21; Romans 14:20; Romans 16:19, 1 Corinthians 13:5, Hebrews 5:14, 1 Peter 3:10-11, 3 John 1:11; pl., Romans 1:30, 1 Corinthians 10:6, 1 Timothy 6:10, James 1:13; κ . (τὸ , τὰ κ .) ποιεῖν (πράσσειν ), Matthew 27:23, Mark 15:14, Luke 23:22, John 18:30, Romans 3:8; Romans 7:19; Romans 13:4, 2 Corinthians 13:7, 1 Peter 3:12; κατεργάζεσθαι , Romans 2:9; of wrongs inflicted, Acts 9:13, Romans 12:17; Romans 12:21; Romans 13:10, 1 Thessalonians 5:15, 2 Timothy 4:14, 1 Peter 3:9.

3. pernicious, harmful, evil: Luke 16:25, Acts 16:28; Acts 28:5, Titus 1:12, James 3:8, Revelation 16:2 (Cremer, 325, 741).†

SYN.: see (ἄθεσμος G113).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This familiar adj. is by no means so common in our sources as we might have expected, but the following may serve as exx. of its varied uses—PSI IV. 340.4 (B.C. 257–6) ἐστὶ δέ σοι πάντων μὲν τῶν κακῶν αἴτιος Μητρόδωρος, P Oxy III. 532.22 (ii/A.D.) οὐκ ἀνέμεινας ὑπὸ κακοῦ συνειδότος κατεχόμενος, ";you would not stay, being oppressed by an evil conscience"; (Edd.), ib. 488.40 (ii/iii A.D.) κακῆς παραγραφῆς, ";a false entry,"; ib. VII. 1060.7 (a Gnostic amulet—vi/A.D.) ἀπάλλαξον τὸν οἶκον τοῦτον ἀπὸ παντὸς κακοῦ ἑρπετοῦ <καὶ > πράγματος, ";free this house from every evil reptile and thing,"; and, by way of contrast, the imprecatory tablet Michel 1322 Α Ἀνδροκλείδη καταδῶ καὶ τὴν γλῶτ (τ)αν τὴν κακὴν καὶ τὸν θυμὸν τὸν κακὸν καὶ τὴν ψυχὴν τὴν κακὴν καὶ τὸ ἐργαστήριον καταδῶ καὶ τοὺς παῖδας. For the neut. τὸ κακόν cf. P Amh II. 77.31 (A.D. 139) Ἁρπα [γάθην τὸ ]ν ̣ κ ̣ρ ̣α ̣τ ̣ι ̣σ ̣τον τοῦ κακοῦ καὶ προσεπίτροπο [ν, ";Harpagathes, the chief cause and prime mover in the mischief"; (Edd.). The word in its wide sense of ";trouble some,"; ";distressing,"; to mind or body, is seen in P Oxy IX. 1215.6 (ii/iii A.D.) μὴ ἀπέλθῃς εἰς τὸ Σατύρου, αἰπεὶ (l. ἐπεὶ) γὰρ ἀκούομεν ὅτι κακὰ μέλλι πράσι (l. πράσσειν), ";do not go to the house of Satyrus, for we hear that he is going to get into trouble"; (Edd.), and P Lond 653.12 (early iv/A.D.) (= III. p. 241) ἐν κακοῖς εἰμι. For the collocation κακὸς κακῶς see s.v. κακῶς.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κακα κακά κακὰ κακαι κακαί κακάς κακή κακην κακήν κακής κακοι κακοί κακοὶ κακοίς κακον κακόν κακὸν κακος κακός κακὸς κακου κακού κακοῦ κακουργίας κακους κακούς Κακοὺς κακω κακώ κακῷ κακων κακών κακῶν kaka kaká kakà kakai kakaí kaken kakēn kakḗn kako kakō kakoi kakoì kakôi kakō̂i kakon kakón kakòn kakôn kakōn kakō̂n kakos kakòs kakou kakoû kakous kakoús Kakoùs

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