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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #316 - ἀναγκαῖος

Transliteration
anankaîos
Phonetics
an-ang-kah'-yos  
Word Origin
from (318)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
1:344,55
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. necessary
    1. what one can not do without, indispensable
    2. connected by bonds of nature or friendship
    3. what ought according to the law of duty be done, what is required by the circumstances
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (8) NAS (8) HCS (8)
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 2
Titus 1
Hebrews 1
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 2
Titus 1
Hebrews 1
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 2
Titus 1
Hebrews 1
BYZ TIS TR
A-APF 1
A-APM 1
A-ASN 2
A-NPN 1
A-NSN 2
A-NSN-C 1
A-APF 1
A-APM 1
A-NPN 1
A-NSN 2
A-NSN-C 1
A-APF 1
A-APM 1
A-ASN 2
A-NPN 1
A-NSN 2
A-NSN-C 1
NA WH
A-APF 1
A-APM 1
A-NPN 1
A-NSN 2
A-NSNC 1
A-APF 1
A-APM 1
A-ASN 4
A-NPN 1
A-NSN 2
A-NSN-C 2


Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἀναγκαῖος, , (ἀνάγκη) (from Homer down (in various senses)), necessary;

a. what one cannot do without, indispensable: 1 Corinthians 12:22 (τά μέλη); Titus 3:14b. connected by the bonds of nature or of friendship: Acts 10:24 (ἀναγκαῖοι ( A. V. near) φίλοι).

c. what ought according to the law of duty to be done, what is required by the condition of things: Philippians 1:24. ἀναγκαῖον ἐστι followed by accusative with the infinitive, Acts 13:46; Hebrews 8:3. ἀναγκαῖον ἡγεῖσθαι to deem necessary, followed by an infinitive, Philippians 2:25; 2 Corinthians 9:5.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἀναγκαῖος , -αῖα , -αῖον

(< ἀνάγκη ),

[in LXX: Ezra 8:13, Wisdom of Solomon 16:3, Sir prol.22, 2 Maccabees 4:23; 2 Maccabees 9:21, 4 Maccabees 1:2*;]

1. necessary: Acts 13:46, 1 Corinthians 12:22, 2 Corinthians 9:5, Philippians 2:25, Titus 3:14, Hebrews 8:3; comp. -αιότερον , Philippians 1:24.

2. Of persons connected by bonds of nature or friendship, near, intimate (Field, Notes, 118; ΜΜ , VGT, s.v.): . φίλοι , Acts 10:24.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Fay 109.1 (early i/A.D.) πρὸς ἀναγκαῖν ( = -αῖον). Ordinary uses may be seen in P Tor I. 1iii. 6 (B.C. 116) κατὰ τὸ ἀναγκαῖον ";necessitate coactus,"; P Leid Bii. 3 (ii/B.C.) εἰς τὸ μηθὲν τῶν ἀναγκαίων ήμᾶς ὑστερεῖν, P Flor II. 132.11 (A.D. 257) ὅπερ ἀναγκαῖόν σε ην γνῶναι (as Acts 13:46), ib. 170.8 (A.D. 255) εἰ περὶ τῶν οὐθαμινῶν ἀμελεῖτε, πόσῳ μ ̣α ̣̑λλον τῶν ἀναγκαιοτέρων. In combination with φίλος, meaning ";intimate,"; as in Acts 10:24, we have P Flor II. 142.8 (A.D. 264) ἐπειδήπερ ἐντολικὸν ἔχω ἀναγκαίου φίλου : cf. Syll 737.51 (ii/A.D.) (εἰ) σφόδρα ἀναγκαῖός τις ἦν. For the Pauline phrase ἀναγκαῖον ἡγεῖσθαι, as 2 Corinthians 9:5, Philippians 2:25, cf. P Fay 111.19 (A.D. 95–6) (= Selections, p. 67) [ ]νανκαῖν ἡγήσα [ς ], ";considering that it is essential,"; Syll 656.9 (ii/A.D.) ὅθεν ἀναγκαῖον ἡγησάμην (c. inf.) : cf. ὑπολαμβάνομεν ἀ. εἶναι, ib. 790.74. The RV margin at Titus 3:14 εἰς τὰς ἀναγκαίας χρείας, ";for necessary wants,"; that is ";for the necessities of life,"; is supported by P Oxy VII. 1068.16 (iii/A.D.) χάριν ἀναγκέας χρίας, and by Priene 108.80 (c. B.C. 129), where Moschion is thanked for having given a certain sum εἰς χρείας ἀναγκαίας. Cf. P Grenf II. 14 (c).1 f. (iii/B.C.) χρείαν ἔχομεν ἀναγκαίαν Τιμοξένου ὥστε ἀποστεῖλαι αὐτὸν εἰς τὴν πόλιν. The superlative is found P Par 46.7 (B.C. 153) ἐν τοῖς ἀναγκαιοτάτοις καιροῖς, and P Giss I. 23.5 (ii/A.D.) πάντων τῶν εὐχῶν μου ἀναγκαιοτάτην ἔχω τὴν τῆς ὑγείας σου, al. Cf. the elative in P Lond 42.31 (B.C. 168) (= I. p. 30) εἴπερ μὴ ἀναγκαιότερόν σ [ε ] περισπᾶι, ";unless urgent business detains you,"; P Flor I. 61.15 (A.D. 86–8) ἐντυγχάνει σοι τὸ πρῶτον κ [α ]ὶ ἀναγκαιότατον. For the adverb, cf. P Flor II. 138.5 (A.D. 264) ἐπεὶ ἀναγκαίως σου χρη ̣ζω, OGIS 669.8 (i/A.D.) προέγραψα ἀναγ ̣καίως περὶ ἑκάστου τῶν ἐπιζητουμένων, P Giss I. 68.8 (early ii/A.D.) ἀναγ ̣κα ̣ίως γράφω σοί · οὐδένα ᾽χω (l. ἔχω) [μ ]ετ ̣ ̣ τὸν θε ̣ ̣ν ̣ ε ̣ἰ μ ̣ή σε, etc.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αναγκαια αναγκαίά ἀναγκαῖά αναγκαιας αναγκαίας ἀναγκαίας αναγκαιον αναγκαίον ἀναγκαῖον αναγκαιοτερον αναγκαιότερον ἀναγκαιότερον αναγκαιους αναγκαίους ἀναγκαίους anankaia anankaîá anankaias anankaías anankaion anankaîon anankaioteron anankaióteron anankaious anankaíous

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