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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3521 - νηστεία

Transliteration
nēsteía
Phonetics
nace-ti'-ah  
Word Origin
from (3522)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
4:924,632
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a fasting, fast
    1. a voluntary, as a religious exercise
      1. of private fasting
      2. the public fast as prescribed by the Mosaic Law and kept yearly on the great day of atonement, the tenth of the month of Tisri (the month Tisri comprises a part of our September and October); the fast accordingly, occurred in the autumn when navigation was usually dangerous on account of storms
    2. a fasting caused by want or poverty
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6685 ‑ צֹם (tsome, tsome);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (8) NAS (6) HCS (5)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 2
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Acts 2
2 Corinthians 2
Luke 1
Acts 2
2 Corinthians 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASF 1
N-DPF 3
N-DSF 3
N-GPF 1
N-ASF 1
N-DPF 3
N-GPF 1
N-ASF 1
N-DPF 3
N-DSF 3
N-GPF 1
NA WH
N-ASF 1
N-DPF 3
N-GPF 1
N-ASF 1
N-DPF 3
N-GPF 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

νηστ-εία, ἡ,

fast, νηστεῖαι καὶ ὁρταί Hdt. 4.186, cf. LXX Isaiah 1:13, Str. 16.2.40, Acts 27:9; νηστείην φέρειν Hp. Aph. 1.13; νηστείας ὄζειν (cf. νῆστις 1.2) Arist. Pr. 908b12; at Athens, name for the third day of the Thesmophoria, Ath. 7.307f, Alciphr. 3.39, cf. PCair.Zen. 350.5 (iii B.C.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 νηστεία, νηστείας, (νηστεύω, which see), a fasting, fast, i. e. abstinence from food, and a. voluntary, as a religious exercise: of private fasting, Matthew 17:21 ( T WH omit; Tr brackets the verse); Mark 9:29 ( T WH omit; Tr marginal reading brackets); Luke 2:37; Acts 14:23; 1 Corinthians 7:5 Rec. of the public fast prescribed by the Mosaic Law ( Leviticus 16:29 ff; 23:27 ff ( BB. DD. under the word , and for references to Strabo, Philo, Josephus, Plutarch, see Sophocles' Lexicon, under the word, 1)) and kept yearly on the great day of atonement, the tenth of the month Tisri: Acts 27:9 (the month Tisri comprises a part of our September and October (cf. B. D. under the word (at end)); the fast, accordingly, occurred in the autumn, χειμέριος ὥρα, when navigation was usually dangerous on account of storms, as was the case with the voyage referred to).

b. a fasting to which one is driven by want: 2 Corinthians 6:5; 2 Corinthians 11:27; ( Hippocrates, Aristotle, Philo, Josephus, Plutarch, Aelian, Athen., others; the Sept. for צום).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

νηστεία , -ας ,

(< νηστεύω ),

[in LXX for H6685;]

fasting, a fast;

(a) of voluntary abstinence from food: (WH, R, txt., om.), (WH, txt., R, txt., om.), , ; of the Day of Atonement, ;

(b) of involuntary abstinence: ; .

SYN.: ἀσιτία G776, q.v.

 

 

 

 


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The wide sense attaching to this verb with its corresponding subst. in late Greek is fully illustrated from Polybius by Dean Armitage Robinson on Ephesians 1:10. We may add a few citations from the papyri. In PSI VI. 584.17 (iii/B.C.) Agesilaus writes to Zeno asking him to ";make arrangements";for the transport of certain quantities of barley and wheat in order that he may receive them—εἰ δύνη <ι > οὖν μοι αὐτὰς οἰκονομήσασθ ̣α ̣ι ἵν [α ] α ̣ὐτὰς ἀπεν ̣ένκωμαι : cf. ib. 597.8 (iii/B.C.) καλῶς ποιήσεις. . . οἰκονομησάμενος περὶ τῆς εἰσόδου, and BGU IV. 1209.19 (B.C. 23) τοῖς ὑφ᾽ ἡμῶν οἰκονομηθησομένοις. In P Eleph 9.5 (B.C. 223–22) an official summons a subordinate to appear before him bringing with him all his writings and official documents—κομίζων [π ]α ̣ντα τὰ γράμματα καὶ [εἴ τι ἄλ ]λ ̣ο ̣ ὠικονόμηκ [ας ] κ ̣αὶ ὧν ̣ πεποίησαι δ ̣ι ̣αγραφῶν τὰ ἀντίγραφα, and in P Oxy IX. 1203.27 (late i/A.D.) certain petitioners ask that their positions should be communicated to the collector of external debts in order that he ";may take no step against us . . before the trial of the case"; (Ed.)—μηδὲν καθ᾽ ἡμῶν οἰκονομήσῃ μέχρι κρίσεως. In P Petr II. 11 (2).2 (mid. iii/B.C.) (= Witkowski.2, p. 6) the verb is used for the administration of a sacred office or priesthood, γίνωσκέ με τὴν ἱεροποΐαν ὠικονομημέ [νον, and in ib. 38 (c).60 (iii/B.C.) of the management of the details in some matter relating apparently to cowherds—περὶ βούτων ὃν ἂν [τρό ]πον οἰκονομήθ [ηι. See also Preisigke 3925.5 (ii/B.C.) τὰ πρὸς τ [ὴν ] κατάστασιν δικαιώματα καὶ ὃ [ν ] ἂν τρόπον οἰκονομήσαμεν.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
νηστεια νηστεία νηστείᾳ νηστειαις νηστείαις νηστειαν νηστείαν νηστείας νηστειων νηστειών νηστειῶν nesteia nēsteia nesteíāi nēsteíāi nesteiais nesteíais nēsteiais nēsteíais nesteian nesteían nēsteian nēsteían nesteion nesteiôn nēsteiōn nēsteiō̂n

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, June 28th, 2017
the Week of Proper 7 / Ordinary 12
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