Entry for Strong's #3551 - νόμος
from a primary nemo (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1697
‑ דָּבָר (daw‑bawr')
‑ דָּת (dawth)
‑ חֲצַר עֵינוֹן (khats‑ar' ay‑none')
‑ חֹק (khoke)
‑ מִצְוָה (mits‑vaw')
‑ מִשְׁפָּט (mish‑pawt')
‑ פִּתְגָם (pith‑gawm')
‑ תּוֹרָה (to‑raw')
Frequency Lists [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Thayer's Expanded Definition
, , ( to divide, distribute, apportion), in secular authors from Hesiod
down, anything established, anything received by usage, a custom, usage, law
; in the Sept.
very often for תּורָה
, also for חֻקָּה
, etc. In the N. T. a command, law
1. of any law whatsoever: ; Romans 3:27; , a law or rule producing a state approved of God, i. e. by the observance of which we are approved of God, Romans 9:31, cf. Meyer (see Weiss edition), Fritzsche, Philippi at the passage; a precept or injunction: , Hebrews 7:16; plural of the things prescribed by the divine will, Hebrews 8:10; Hebrews 10:16; , the rule of action prescribed by reason, Romans 7:23; the mention of the divine law causes those things even which in opposition to this law impel to action, and therefore seem to have the force of a law, to be designated by the term , as , a different law from that which God has given, i. e. the impulse to sin inherent in human nature, or (genitive of author), Romans 7:23,25; Romans 8:2, also , emanating from the power of death, Romans 8:2; with which is contrasted , the impulse to (right) action emanating from the Spirit, ibid.
2. of the Mosaic law, and referring, according to the context, either to the volume of the law or to its contents: with the article, Matthew 5:18; Matthew 12:5; Matthew 22:36; Luke 2:27; Luke 10:26; Luke 16:17; John 1:17,45 (John 1:46>); John 7:51; 8:17; 10:34; 15:25>; Acts 6:13; Acts 7:53; Acts 18:13,15; Acts 21:20; Acts 23:3; Romans 2:13 ((bis) here L T Tr WH omit the article (also G in Romans 2:13 b)), Romans 2:15,18, 20,23b, 26; Romans 4:15a; Romans 7:1b, 5,14, 21 (on the right interpretation of this difficult passage cf. Knapp, Scripta varii Argumenti, ii., p. 385ff and Fritzsche, Commentary to Romans , ii., p. 57; (others take here generally, equivalent to controlling principle; see 1above under the end and cf. Winer s Grammar, 557 (578); Buttmann, § 151,15)); Romans 8:3; 1 Corinthians 9:8; 1 Corinthians 15:56; Galatians 3:13,24; Ephesians 2:15 (on which passage see , 2); 1 Timothy 1:8; Hebrews 7:19,28; Hebrews 10:1, etc.; with the addition of , Luke 2:22; John 7:23; John 8:5; Acts 13:38(Acts 13:39>) (here L T Tr WH omit the article); Acts 15:5; Acts 28:23; 1 Corinthians 9:9; of , Luke 2:39; of , ( Matthew 15:6 T WH marginal reading); Romans 7:22; Romans 8:7. , according to the (standard or requirement of the) law, Acts 22:12; Hebrews 7:5; Hebrews 9:22. without the article (in the Epistles of Paul and James and the Epistle to the Hebrews; cf. Winer s Grammar, p. 123 (117); Buttmann, 89 (78); (some interpreters contend that without the article denotes not the law of Moses but law viewed as 'a principle', 'abstract and universal'; cf. Lightfoot on Galatians 2:19; also Fresh Revision, etc., p. 99; Vaughan on Romans 2:23; especially Van Hengel on Romans 2:12; Gifford in the Speaker's Commentary on Romans , pp. 41ff. (cf. Cremer, under the word). This distinction is contrary to usage (as exhibited e. g. in Wisdom of Solomon 18:4; Sirach 19:17 Sirach 21:11 Sirach 31:8 Sirach 32:1 Sirach 35:15,24 (32); Sirach 36:2,3>,(33); 1 Maccabees 2:21; 4 Maccabees 7:7, and many other examples in the Apocrypha; see Wahl, Clavis Apocrr. under the word, p. 343), and to the context in such Pauline passages as the following: Romans 2:17,25, 27; Romans 7:1(Romans 7:7>); Romans 13:8,10>; Galatians 3:17,18, 23,24 (cf. Romans 2:12 and Romans 3:19; Romans 5:13 and Romans 5:14); etc. It should be added, perhaps, that neither the list of passages with the article nor of those without it, as given by Prof. Grimm, claims to be complete)): Romans 2:23a, 25; Romans 3:31; Romans 4:15b; Romans 5:13; Romans 7:1a, 2 a; Romans 10:4; Romans 13:10; Galatians 3:; Galatians 5:23; 1 Timothy 1:9; Hebrews 7:12, etc.; with the addition of , Luke 2:23 (here L has the article), Luke 2:24> ( L T Tr WH add the article); of , Romans 7:25; of , Hebrews 10:28; especially after prepositions, as , Romans 2:12; Romans 3:20; Galatians 2:21; , without the cooperation of the law, Romans 3:21; destitute or ignorant of the law, Romans 7:9; where no law has been promulged, Romans 7:8; , those who rule their life by the law, Jews, Romans 4:14,16 (here all editions have the article); , who are in the power of the law, i. e. bound to it, Romans 3:19 (but all texts here ); , under dominion of the law, Romans 6:14; Galatians 3:23; Galatians 4:4,21; Galatians 5:18; , 1 Corinthians 9:20; , Galatians 5:4; (see , under the end); , under law, i. e. with knowledge of the law, Romans 2:12 (equivalent to , cf. Romans 2:14); they to whom the Mosaic law has not been made known are said , ibid. 14; , their natural knowledge of right takes the place of the Mosaic law, ibid.; , the law demanding works, Romans 3:27; , by the law itself (when I became convinced that by keeping it I could not attain to salvation, cf. Romans 7:9-24) I became utterly estranged from the law, Galatians 2:19 (cf. Winer s Grammar, 210 (197); Buttmann, § 133,12). , as respects the interpretation and observance of the law, Philippians 3:5. The observance of the law is designated by the following phrases: , Romans 13:8; Galatians 5:14; , Romans 8:4; () , Acts 21:24; Galatians 6:13; , Romans 2:26; , Romans 2:25; , John 7:19; Galatians 5:3; , Acts 15:5,24 ( Rec.); James 2:10; , Romans 2:27 (cf. James 2:8); (on the other hand, Matthew 15:6 T WH marginal reading). is used of some particular ordinance of the Mosaic law in John 19:7; James 2:8; with a genitive of the object added, , the law enacted respecting the husband, i. e. binding the wife to her husband, Romans 7:2 where Rec.elz omit (so , Numbers 9:12; , Leviticus 14:2; other examples are given in Fritzsche, Ep. ad Romans , ii., p. 9; cf. Winer's Grammar, § 30,2 .). Although the Jews did not make a distinction as we do between the moral, the ceremonial; the civil, precepts of the law, but thought that all should be honored and kept with the same conscientious and pious regard, yet in the N. T. not infrequently the law is so referred to as to show that the speaker or writer has his eye on the ethical part of it alone, as of primary importance and among Christians also of perpetual validity, but does not care for the ceremonial and civil portions, as being written for Jews alone: thus in Galatians 5:14; Romans 13:8,10; Romans 2:26; Romans 7:21,25; Matthew 5:18, and often; , the precepts, moral requirements, of the law, Romans 2:14. In the Epistle of James (without the article) designates only the ethical portion of the Mosaic law, confirmed by the authority of the Christian religion: Romans 2:9-11; Romans 4:11; in the Epistle to the Hebrew, on the other hand, the ceremonial part of the law is the prominent idea.
3. of the Christian religion: , the law demanding faith, Romans 3:27; , the moral instruction given by Christ, especially the precept concerning love, Galatians 6:2; (see , a.), James 1:25; James 2:12; cf. , , the Epistle of Barnabas 2,6 [ET] (see Harnack's note, in the place cited).
4. by metonymy , the name of the more important part (i. e. the Pentateuch), is put for the entire collection of the sacred books of the O. T.: John 7:49; John 10:34 ( Psalm 81:6<10> (Psalm 82:6>)); John 12:34 ( Psalm 109:4<10> (Psalm 110:4>); ( Theod.) Daniel 2:44; Daniel 7:14); John 15:25 ( Psalm 34:19<10> (Psalm 35:19>); Psalm 68:15> (Psalm 69:15>)); Romans 3:19; 1 Corinthians 14:21 ( Isaiah 28:11 f; Song of Solomon 2Macc. 2:18, where cf. Grimm); , Matthew 11:13; John 1:46; Acts 13:15; Acts 24:14; Acts 28:23; Romans 3:21 ( 2 Maccabees 15:9); equivalent to the system of morals taught in the O. T., Matthew 5:17; Matthew 7:12; Matthew 22:40; () , the religious dispensation contained in the O. T., Luke 24:44 ( , , proleg. to Sir.). Paul's doctrine concerning is exhibited by (besides others) Weiss, Biblical Theol. §§ 71,72; Pfleiderer, Paulinismus, pp. 69f. (English translation, i., p. 68f; A. Zahn, Das Gesetz Gottes nach d. Lehre u. Erfahrung d. Apestel Paulus, Halle 1876; R. Tiling, Die Paulinische Lehre vom nach d. vier Hauptbriefen, as above with Dorpat, 1878). does not occur in the following N. T. books: 2 Corinthians , Colossians , Thessalonians, 2 Timothy , Peter, Jude , John , and Revelation. 10>10>10>
Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament
νόμος , -ου , ὁ
(<νέμω , to deal out, distribute),
[in LXX chiefly for H8452, also for H2706, etc.;]
that which is assigned, hence, usage, custom, then law; in NT (only in Mt, Jo, Ja, and the Lucan and Pauline bks.);
1. of law in general: ; b; pl., of divine laws, ; : ὁ ν . τ . Χριστοῦ , ; (τ .) ἐλευθερίας , ; ; βασιλικός (Hort., in l; Deiss., LAE, 3673), .
2. Of a force or influence impelling to action: ; a, ; .
3. Of the Mosaic law: , , , , , , , , al.; τ . Μωυσέως , , , , al.; κυρίου , ; κατὰ τὸν ν ., , ; . Anarthrous (Bl., § 46, 8; ICC on ) νόμος ,
(a) of law in general : ; b ; , al.;
(b) of the Mosaic law in its quality as law: a ; , , al.; οἱ ἐκ ν ., ; ὑπὸ νόμον , , ; ν . πράσσειν (πληροῦν ), ; .
4. Of Christian teaching: ν . πίστεως , ; τ . Χριστοῦ , .
5. By meton., of the books which contain the law;
(a) of the Pentateuch: , , al.; ὁ ν . καὶ οἱ προφῆται , , , al.; ὁ ν . καὶ προφῆται κ . ψαλμοί , ;
(b) of the OT Scriptures in general (as Heb. H8452): ; ; , , al.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT
For this adj. = ";perfect,"; ";complete,"; which in the NT is confined to 1 Thessalonians 5:23 (but cf. Arist. Plant, i. 2. 20, Plut. ii. 909 B). we can now cite the decree of Epaminondas attached to Nero’s pompous declaration of the freedom of all Greeks at the Isthmian games of A.D. 67, Syll 376 (= .3814).45 ἀνεισφορίαν, ἣν οὐδεὶς τῶν πρότερον Σεβαστῶν ὁλοτελῆ ἔδωκεν, where the adj. has the same adverbial force as in 1 Thess l.c. For the adv. ὁλοτελῶς, by which Suidas defines the common ὁλοσχερῶς, cf. Aq. Deuteronomy 13:16 (17).
The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder
List of Word Forms
νόμοι νόμοις νομον νόμον νομος νόμος νομου νόμου νομους νόμους νομω νόμω νόμῳ νόμων νοσερώ όμον nomo nomō nómoi nómōi nomon nómon nomos nómos nomou nómou nomous nómous
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