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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5043 - τέκνον

Transliteration
téknon
Phonetics
tek'-non  
Word Origin
from the base of (5098)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
5:636,759
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. offspring, children
    1. child
    2. a male child, a son
    3. metaph.
      1. the name transferred to that intimate and reciprocal relationship formed between men by the bonds of love, friendship, trust, just as between parents and children
      2. in affectionate address, such as patrons, helpers, teachers and the like employ: my child
      3. in the NT, pupils or disciples are called children of their teachers, because the latter by their instruction nourish the minds of their pupils and mould their characters
      4. children of God: in the OT of "the people of Israel" as especially dear to God, in the NT, in Paul's writings, all who are led by the Spirit of God and thus closely related to God
      5. children of the devil: those who in thought and action are prompted by the devil, and so reflect his character
    4. metaph.
      1. of anything who depends upon it, is possessed by a desire or affection for it, is addicted to it
      2. one who is liable to any fate 1c
    5. thus children of a city: it citizens and inhabitants
      1. the votaries of wisdom, those souls who have, as it were, been nurtured and moulded by wisdom
      2. cursed children, exposed to a curse and doomed to God's wrath or penalty
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 319 ‑ אַחֲרִית (akh‑ar‑eeth');  1004 ‑ בַּיִת (bah'‑yith);  1121 ‑ בֵּן (bane);  1248 ‑ בַּר (bar);  1755 ‑ דֹּר (dore, dore);  2945 ‑ טַף (taf);  3205 ‑ יָלַד (yaw‑lad');  3206 ‑ יֶלֶד (yeh'‑led);  5768 ‑ עֹלָל (o‑lale', o‑lawl');  6529 ‑ פְּרִי (per‑ee');  6631 ‑ צֶאֱצָאִים (tseh‑ets‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (99) NAS (100) HCS (99)
Matthew 13
Mark 7
Luke 14
John 3
Acts 5
Romans 5
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 4
Ephesians 5
Philippians 2
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 5
2 Timothy 2
Titus 2
Philemon 1
1 Peter 2
2 Peter 1
1 John 4
2 John 3
3 John 1
Revelation 3
Matthew 12
Mark 7
Luke 14
John 3
Acts 5
Romans 5
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 5
Ephesians 5
Philippians 2
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 5
2 Timothy 2
Titus 2
Philemon 1
1 Peter 2
2 Peter 1
1 John 4
2 John 3
3 John 1
Revelation 3
Matthew 14
Mark 9
Luke 14
John 3
Acts 5
Romans 7
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 5
Ephesians 5
Philippians 2
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 5
2 Timothy 2
Titus 2
Philemon 1
1 Peter 2
2 Peter 1
1 John 5
2 John 3
3 John 1
Revelation 3
BYZ TIS TR
N-APN 35
N-ASN 3
N-DPN 8
N-DSN 3
N-GPN 8
N-GSN 2
N-NPN 27
N-NSN 4
N-VPN 1
N-VSN 8
N-APN 34
N-ASN 4
N-DPN 8
N-DSN 3
N-GPN 7
N-GSN 2
N-NPN 27
N-NSN 4
N-VPN 1
N-VSN 8
N-APN 35
N-ASN 3
N-DPN 8
N-DSN 3
N-GPN 8
N-GSN 2
N-NPN 27
N-NSN 4
N-VPN 1
N-VSN 8
NA WH
N-APN 32
N-ASN 4
N-DPN 8
N-DSN 3
N-GPN 7
N-GSF 1
N-GSN 2
N-NPN 24
N-NSN 4
N-VPN 3
N-VSN 8
T-APN 1
T-NPN 1
N-APN 36
N-ASN 4
N-DPN 10
N-DSN 3
N-GPN 7
N-GSN 2
N-NPN 28
N-NSN 5
N-VPN 2
N-VSN 8


Thayer's Expanded Definition
 τέκνον, τέκνου, τό (τίκτω, τεκεῖν), from Homer down, the Sept. chiefly for בֵּן, sometimes for יֶלֶד, offspring; plural children;

a. properly, α. universally and without regard to sex, child: Mark 13:12; Luke 1:7; Acts 7:5; Revelation 12:4; plural, Matthew 7:11; Matthew 10:21; Matthew 15:26; Mark 7:27; Mark 12:19; Luke 1:17; Luke 14:26; Acts 21:5; 2 Corinthians 12:14; Ephesians 6:1; Colossians 3:20; 1 Thessalonians 2:7,11; 1 Timothy 3:4; Titus 1:6; 2 John 1:1,4, 13, and often; with emphasis: to be regarded as true, genuine children, Romans 9:7; τέκνα ἐπαγγελίας, children begotten by virtue of the divine promise, Romans 9:8; accounted as children begotten by virtue of God's promise, Galatians 4:28; τά τέκνα τῆς σαρκός, children by natural descent, Romans 9:8. in a broader sense (like the Hebrew בָּנִים), posterity: Matthew 2:18; Matthew 3:9; Luke 3:8; Acts 2:39; Acts 13:33(32). with emphasis: genuine posterity, true offspring, John 8:39; (of women) to be regarded as children, 1 Peter 3:6. β. specifically, a male child, a son: Matthew 21:28; Acts 21:21; Revelation 12:5; in the vocative, in kindly address, Matthew 21:28; Luke 2:48; Luke 15:31.

b. metaphorically, the name is transferred to that intimate and reciprocal relationship formed between men by the bonds of love, friendship, trust, just as between parents and children; α. in affectionate address, such as patrons, helpers, teachers, and the like, employ; vocative child (son), my child, children. (Latin fili, mi fili, etc., for carissime, etc.): Matthew 9:2; Mark 2:5; Mark 10:24 (here Lachmann τεκνία, which see). β. just as in Hebrew, Syriac, Arabic, Persian, so in the N. T., pupils or disciples are called children of their teachers, because the latter by their instruction nourish the minds of their pupils and mould their characters (see γεννάω, 2b.): Philemon 1:10; 2 Timothy 1:2; 3 John 1:4; in affectionate address, Galatians 4:19 L text T Tr WH marginal reading; 1 Timothy 1:18; 2 Timothy 2:1; with ἐν κυρίῳ added, 1 Corinthians 4:17; ἐν πίστει, 1 Timothy 1:2; κατά κοινήν πίστιν, Titus 1:4 (הַגְּבִיאִים בְּנֵי, sons i. e. disciples of the prophets, 1 Kings 21:35 (1 Kings 20:35>); 2 Kings 2:3,5, 7; among the Persians, 'sons of the Magi,' i. e. their pupils). γ. τέκνα τοῦ Θεοῦ, children of God —in the O. T. of 'the people of Israel' as especially dear to God: Isaiah 30:1; Wisdom of Solomon 16:21; — in the N. T., in Paul's writings, all who are animated by the Spirit of God ( Romans 8:14) and thus are closely related to God: Romans 8:16f, 21; Ephesians 5:1; Philippians 2:15; those to whom, as dearly beloved of God, he has appointed salvation by Christ, Romans 9:8; in the writings of John , all who ἐκ Θεοῦ ἐγεννήθησαν ( have been begotten of God, see γεννάω, 2d.): John 1:12; 1 John 3:1f, 10; 1 John 5:2; those whom God knows to be qualified to obtain the nature and dignity of his children, John 11:52. (Cf. Westcott on the Epistles of St. John , pp. 94,120; "In St. Paul the expressions 'sons of God', 'children of God', mostly convey the idea of liberty (see however Philippians 2:15), in St. John of guilelessness and love; in accordance with this distinction St. Paul uses υἱοί as well as τέκνα, St. John τέκνα only" ( Lightfoot); cf. υἱός τοῦ Θεοῦ, 4.) δ. τέκνα τοῦ διαβόλου, those who in thought and action are prompted by the devil, and so reflect his character: 1 John 3:10.

c. metaphorically, and Hebraistically, one is called τέκνον, of anything "who depends upon it, is possessed by a desire or affection for it, is addicted to it; or who is liable to any fate"; thus in the N. T. we find α. children of a city, i. e. its citizens, inhabitants ( Jeremiah 2:30; Joel 2:23; 1 Maccabees 1:38; υἱοί Σιών, Psalm 149:2): Matthew 23:37; Luke 13:34; Luke 19:44; Galatians 4:25. β. τέκνα τῆς σοφίας, the votaries of Wisdom of Solomon , those whose souls have, as it were, been nurtured and moulded by wisdom: Matthew 11:19 (where T Tr text WH have hastily adopted ἔργων for τέκνων; cf. Keim, ii, p. 369 (English translation, iv., p. 43 f; per contra, see Tdf. s note and WH's Appendix at the passage)); Luke 7:35; τέκνα ὑπακοῆς, those actuated by a desire to obey, obedient, 1 Peter 1:14; τοῦ φωτός, both illumined by the light and loving the light, Ephesians 5:8. γ. κατάρας τέκνα, exposed to cursing, 2 Peter 2:14; τῆς ὀργῆς, doomed to God's wrath or penalty, Ephesians 2:3; cf. Steiger on 1 Peter 1:14; Winer s Grammar, 238 (223); (Buttmann, 161 (141)). In the same way ἔκγονος is used sometimes in Greek writings; as, ἔκγονος ἀδικίας, δειλίας, Plato, legg. 3, p. 691c.; 10, p. 901e. [ SYNONYMS: τέκνον, υἱός: τέκνον and υἱός while concurring in pointing to parentage, differ in that τέκνον gives prominence to the physical and outward aspects, υἱός to the inward, ethical, legal. Cf.

b. γ. above; υἱός τοῦ Θεοῦ, at the end; παῖς, at the end and references (especially that to Höhne).]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

τέκνον , -ου , τό

(<τίκτω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H1121, also for H3206 etc.;]

that which is begotten, born (cf. Scottish bairn), a child of either sex: , , ; pl., , , , , al.; τέκνα ἐπαγγελίας , ; τ . τῆς σαρκός , ib.; in a wider sense (as Heb. H1121), of posterity, , , al.; specif., of a male child, , , al.; in voc. as a form of kindly address from an elder to a junior or from a teacher to a disciple, ; , , ; τ . μου (= cl. τ . μοι ; v. Bl., § 37, 5), (τεκνία , WH, txt.), . Metaph.,

(a) of disciples (apart from direct address, v. supr.): , , , ;

(b) with reference to the Fatherhood of God (see πατήρ , γεννάω ), τέκνα τ . θεοῦ (cf. , ): , , ; and esp. in Johannine bks. (cf. Westc., Epp. Jo., 94, 120), , , al.;

(c) of those who imitate others and are therefore regarded as the spiritual offspring of their exemplars: , , , ; τ . διαβόλου , ;

(d) as in Heb. (LXX, , , ), of the inhabitants of a city: , ; , ;

(e) with an, adjectival gen., freq. rendering a Heb. expression, adopted from LXX or formed on the analogy of its language, but sometimes with parallels in Gk. writers (v. Deiss., BS, 161 ff.): τέκνα φωτός , ; τ . ὑπακοῆς , ; κατάρας , ; ὀργῆς , .

SYN.: see παῖς G3816.

 

 

 

 


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

τρέχω in the lit, sense ";run"; occurs in a criminal process of an Alexandrian gymnasiarch before the Emperor Commodus, P Oxy I. 33 versosiii. 12 (= Chrest. I. p. 35) ὁ ἠβό [κατο ]ς εὐθὺς δρ ̣α ̣μὼν παρέθετο [τῷ ] κυρίῳ λέγων, ";κύριε, κάθῃ, Ῥωμαῖοι γονγύζο [υσ ]ι,"; ";the veteran forthwith ran and told his lord, saying, ‘Lord, while you are sitting in judgment, the Romans are murmuring.’"; The same document shows τρέχω in its derived sense ";strive";—i. 11 τρέχε, τέκνον, τελεύτα. κλέος σοί ἐστιν ὑπὲρ τῆς γλυκυτάτης σου πατρίδος τελευτῆσαι, ";onward, my son, to death, it is a glory for you to die for your beloved country"; (Edd.), See also P Lond 130.77 (horoscope—i/ii A.D.) (= I. p. 135) μοίρας ἔτρεχε δεκατρεῖς, and Menandrea p. 73.167 ἵν᾽ ἀναπηδήσας τρέχῃ, ";that he might jump up and come at a run."; We may add a wooden tablet, apparently for school use, published in Mél. Nicole p. 181 (= Kaibel Praef. p. xxiii, 1117 (b) in which the lines occur (with added accents)—

ᾧ μὴ δέδωκεν ἡ τύχη κοιμωμένῳ,

μάτην δραμεῖται, κἂν ὑπὲρ Λάδαν δράμῃ.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ετεκνοποίει ετεκνοποίησαν τεκνα τέκνα τεκνοις τέκνοις τεκνον τέκνον τεκνοποιήσατε τεκνοποιήσει τεκνοποίησομαι τεκνοποιήσουσιν τεκνοποιήσωμαι τεκνου τέκνου τεκνω τέκνω τέκνῳ τεκνων τεκνών τέκνων tekna tékna tekno teknō téknoi téknōi teknois téknois teknon teknōn téknon téknōn teknou téknou

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