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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5590 - ψυχή

Transliteration
psychḗ
Phonetics
psoo-khay'  
Word Origin
from (5594)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
9:608,1342
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. breath
    1. the breath of life
      1. the vital force which animates the body and shows itself in breathing 1a
    2. of animals 1a
  2. of men
    1. life
    2. that in which there is life
      1. a living being, a living soul
  3. the soul
    1. the seat of the feelings, desires, affections, aversions (our heart, soul etc.)
    2. the (human) soul in so far as it is constituted that by the right use of the aids offered it by God it can attain its highest end and secure eternal blessedness, the soul regarded as a moral being designed for everlasting life
    3. the soul as an essence which differs from the body and is not dissolved by death (distinguished from other parts of the body)
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 376 ‑ אִישׁ (eesh);  2416 ‑ חַי (khah'ee);  3820 ‑ לֵב (labe);  3824 ‑ לֵבָב (lay‑bawb');  5315 ‑ נֶפֶשׁ (neh'‑fesh);  7307 ‑ רוּחַ (roo'‑akh);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (105) NAS (101) HCS (89)
Matthew 11
Mark 8
Luke 13
John 9
Acts 16
Romans 4
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
Philippians 2
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 6
James 2
1 Peter 6
2 Peter 2
1 John 1
3 John 1
Revelation 7
Matthew 11
Mark 7
Luke 13
John 9
Acts 14
Romans 4
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
Philippians 2
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 6
James 2
1 Peter 6
2 Peter 2
1 John 1
3 John 1
Revelation 6
Matthew 16
Mark 8
Luke 13
John 9
Acts 12
Romans 4
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
Philippians 2
1 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 4
James 1
1 Peter 5
2 Peter 1
1 John 2
3 John 1
Revelation 6
BYZ TIS TR
N-APF 17
N-ASF 40
N-DPF 3
N-DSF 7
N-GPF 5
N-GSF 14
N-NPF 3
N-NSF 16
N-VSF 1
N-APF 15
N-ASF 40
N-DPF 3
N-DSF 8
N-GPF 5
N-GSF 12
N-NPF 3
N-NSF 15
N-VSF 1
N-APF 16
N-ASF 40
N-DPF 3
N-DSF 7
N-GPF 5
N-GSF 14
N-NPF 3
N-NSF 16
N-VSF 1
NA WH
N-APF 15
N-ASF 41
N-DPF 3
N-DSF 8
N-GPF 5
N-GSF 12
N-NPF 3
N-NSF 15
N-VSF 1
N-APF 16
N-ASF 43
N-DPF 4
N-DSF 9
N-GPF 6
N-GSF 13
N-NPF 3
N-NSF 16
N-VSF 1


Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ψυχή, ψυχῆς, (ψύχω, to breathe, blow), from Homer down, the Sept. times too many to count for נֶפֶשׁ, occasionally also for לֵב and לֵבָב;

1. breath (Latin anima), i. e.

a. the breath of life; the vital force which animates the body and shows itself in breathing: Acts 20:10; of animals, Revelation 8:9 ( Genesis 9:4; Genesis 35:18; ἐπιστραφήτω ψυχή τοῦ παιδαρίου, 1 Kings 17:21); so also in those passages where, in accordance with the trichotomy or threefold division of human nature by the Greeks, ψυχή; is distinguished from τό πνεῦμα (see πνευαμ, 2, p. 520a (and references under the word πνεῦμα 5)), 1 Thessalonians 5:23; Hebrews 4:12.

b. life: μέριμναν τῇ ψυχή, Matthew 6:25; Luke 12:22; τήν ψυχήν ἀγαπᾶν, Revelation 12:11; (μισεῖν, Luke 14:26); τιθέναι, John 10:11,15, 17; John 13:37; John 15:13; 1 John 3:16; παραδιδόναι, Acts 15:26; διδόναι (λύτρον, which see), Matthew 20:28; Mark 10:45; ζητεῖν τήν ψυχήν τίνος (see ζητέω, 1a.), Matthew 2:20; Romans 11:3; add, Matthew 6:25; Mark 3:4; Luke 6:9; Luke 12:20,23; Acts 20:24; Acts 27:10,22; Romans 16:4; 2 Corinthians 1:23; Philippians 2:30; 1 Thessalonians 2:8; in the pointed aphorisms of Christ, intended to fix themselves in the minds of his hearers, the phrases εὑρίσκειν, σῴζειν, ἀπολλύναι τήν ψυχήν αὐτοῦ, etc., designate as ψυχή in one of the antithetic members the life which is lived on earth, in the other, the (blessed) life in the eternal kingdom of God: Matthew 10:39; Matthew 16:25; Mark 8:35-37; Luke 9:24,56 Rec.; Luke 17:33>; John 12:25; the life destined to enjoy the Messianic salvation is meant also in the following phrases ((where R. V. soul)): περιποίησις ψυχῆς, Hebrews 10:39; κτᾶσθαι τάς ψυχάς, Luke 21:19; ὑπέρ τῶν ψυχῶν (here A. V. (not R. V.) for you; cf.

c. below), 2 Corinthians 12:15.

c. that in which there is life; a living being: ψυχή ζῶσα, a living soul, 1 Corinthians 15:45; ( Revelation 16:3 R Tr marginal reading) ( Genesis 2:7; plural Genesis 1:20>); πᾶσα ψυχή ζωῆς, Revelation 16:3 ( G L T Tr text WH) ( Leviticus 11:10); πᾶσα ψυχή, every soul, i. e. everyone, Acts 2:43; Acts 3:23; Romans 13:1 (so כָּל־נֶפֶשׁ, Leviticus 7:17 (27); Leviticus 17:12>); with ἀνθρώπου added, every soul of man (אָדָם נֶפֶשׁ, Numbers 31:40,46 (cf. 1 Maccabees 2:38)), Romans 2:9. ψυχαί, souls (like the Latin capita) i. e. persons (in enumerations; cf. German Seelenzahl): Acts 2:41; Acts 7:14; Acts 27:37; 1 Peter 3:20 ( Genesis 46:15,18, 22,26, 27; Exodus 1:5; Exodus 12:4; Leviticus 2:1; Numbers 19:11,13, 18; ( Deuteronomy 10:22); the examples from Greek authors (cf. Passow, under the word, 2, vol. ii, p. 2590b) are of a different sort (yet cf. Liddell and Scott, under the word, II:2)); ψυχαί ἀνθρώπων of slaves ( A. V. souls of men ( R. V. with marginal reading 'Or lives')), Revelation 18:13 (so ( Numbers 31:35); Ezekiel 27:13; see σῶμα, 1c. (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 22,7 N. 3)).

2. the soul (Latin animus), a. the seat of the feelings, desires, affections, aversions (our soul, heart, etc. ( R. V. almost uniformly soul); for examples from Greek writings see Passow, under the word, 2, vol. ii., p. 2589b; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, II:3); Hebrew נֶפֶשׁ, cf. Gesenius, Thesaurus ii, p. 901in 3): Luke 1:46; Luke 2:35; John 10:24 (cf. αἴρω, 1b.); Acts 14:2,22; Acts 15:24; Hebrews 6:19; 2 Peter 2:8,14; ἐπιθυμία τῆς ψυχῆς, Revelation 18:14; ἀνάπαυσιν ταῖς ψυχαῖς εὑρίσκειν, Matthew 11:29; ψυχή, ... ἀναπαύου, φάγε, πίε ( WH brackets these three imperatives), εὐφραίνου (personification and direct address), Luke 12:19, cf. Luke 12:18 ( ψυχή ἀναπαύσεται, Xenophon, Cyril 6,2, 28; ἐυφραίνειν τήν ψυχήν, Aelian v. h. 1,32); εὐδοκεῖ ψυχή μου (anthropopathically, of God), Matthew 12:18; Hebrews 10:38; περίλυπος ἐστιν ψυχή μου, Matthew 26:38; Mark 14:34; ψυχή μου τετάρακται, John 12:27; ταῖς ψυχαῖς ὑμῶν ἀκλυόμενοι ( fainting in your souls (cf. ἐκλύω, 2b.)), Hebrews 12:3; ἐν ὅλῃ τῇ ψυχή σου, with all thy soul, Matthew 22:37; ( Luke 10:27 L text T Tr WH); ἐξ ὅλης τῆς ψυχῆς σου (Latin ex toto animo), with (literally, from (cf. ἐκ, II:12b.)) all thy soul, Mark 12:30,33 (here T WH omit; L Tr marginal reading brackets the phrase); Luke 10:27 ( R G) ( Deuteronomy 6:5; ( Epictetus diss. 3,22, 18 (cf. Xenophon, anab. 7,7, 43)); Antoninus 3,4; (especially 4,31; 12,29); ὅλῃ τῇ ψυχή φροντίζειν τίνος (rather, with κεχαρισθαι), Xenophon, mem. 3,11, 10); μία ψυχή, with one soul (cf. πνεῦμα, 2, p. 520a bottom), Philippians 1:27; τοῦ πλήθους ... ἦν καρδία καί ψυχή μία, Acts 4:32 (ἐρωτηθεις τί ἐστι φίλος, ἔφη. μία ψυχή δύο σώμασιν ἐνοικουσα, ( Diogenes Laërtius 5,20 (cf. Aristotle, eth. Nic. 9,8, 2, p. 1168b, 7; on the elliptical ἀπό μιᾶς (namely, ψυχῆς?), see ἀπό, III.)); ἐκ ψυχῆς, from the heart, heartily ( Ephesians 6:6 ( Tr WH with Ephesians 6:7)); Colossians 3:23 (ἐκ τῆς ψυχῆς often in Xenophon; τό ἐκ ψυχῆς πένθος, Josephus, Antiquities 17,6, 5).

b. "the (human) soul in so far as it is so constituted that by the right use of the aids offered it by God it can attain its highest end and secure eternal blessedness, the soul regarded as a moral being designed for everlasting life": 3 John 1:2; ἀγρύπνειν ὑπέρ τῶν ψυχῶν, Hebrews 13:17; ἐπιθυμίαι, αἵτινες στρατεύονται κατά τῆς ψυχῆς, 1 Peter 2:11; ἐπίσκοπος τῶν ψυχῶν, 1 Peter 2:25; σῴζειν τάς ψυχάς, James 1:21; ψυχήν ἐκ θανάτου, from eternal death, James 5:20; σωτηρία ψυχῶν, 1 Peter 1:9; ἁγνίζειν τάς ψυχάς ἑαυτῶν, 1 Peter 1:22; (τάς ψυχάς πιστῷ κτίστῃ παρατίθεσθαι, 1 Peter 4:19).

c. the soul as an essence which differs from the body and is not dissolved by death (distinguished from τό σῶμα, as the other part of human nature (so in Greek writings from Isocrates and Xenophon down; cf. examples in Passow, under the word, p. 2589{a} bottom; Liddell and Scott, under the word, II:2)): Matthew 10:28, cf. 4 Maccabees 13:14 (it is called ἀθάνατος, Herodotus 2,123; Plato Phaedr., p. 245c., 246a., others; ἄφθαρτος, Josephus, b. j. 2,8, 14; διαλυθῆναι τήν ψυχήν ἀπό τοῦ σώματος, Epictetus diss. 3,10, 14); the soul freed from the body, a disembodied soul, Acts 2:27,31 Rec.; Revelation 6:9; Revelation 20:4 ( Wisdom of Solomon 3:1; (on the Homeric use of the word, see Ebeling, Lex. Homer, under the word, 3, and references at the end, also Proudfit in Bib. Sacr. for 1858, pp. 753-805)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ψυχή , -ῆς , ,

[in LXX very freq. for H5315 sometimes for H3820, H3824, etc.;]

1. breath (Lt. anima), breath of life, life (Hom., al.; in Arist., of the vital principle): , ; , , , ; , , , , al.

2. the soul,

(a) as the seat of the will, desires and affections: , (LXX) , , , , , al.; ἐκ ψυχῆς , from the heart, heartily: , ;

(b) as a periphrasis for person or self (freq. in translation from Semitic originals, v. M, Pr., 87; Robinson, Gospels, 113 ff.; but also freq. in cl., v. LS, s.v. II, 2; Edwards, Lex., App. A.) , , , , , al.; πᾶσα ψ ., ; (LXX), ; ψ . ζῶσα (ζωῆς ), , ;

(c) as the object of divine grace and eternal salvation: , ; , ; ; ; , .

SYN.: see νοῦς G3563, πνεῦμα G4151, ψυχικός G5591, and cf. ICC on , Lft., Notes, 88 f.

 

 

 

 


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
ψηχή ψυήν ψυχαι ψυχαί ψυχαὶ ψυχάι ψυχαις ψυχαίς ψυχαῖς ψυχας ψυχάς ψυχὰς ψυχη ψυχή ψυχὴ ψυχῇ ψυχηήν ψυχην ψυχήν ψυχὴν ψυχης ψυχής ψυχῆς ψυχων ψυχών ψυχῶν psuchai psuchais psuchas psuche psuchē psuchen psuchēn psuches psuchēs psuchon psuchōn psychai psychaí psychaì psychais psychaîs psychas psychás psychàs psyche psychē psychḗ psychḕ psychêi psychē̂i psychen psychēn psychḗn psychḕn psyches psychês psychēs psychē̂s psychon psychôn psychōn psychō̂n

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