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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #1125 - γράφω

Transliteration:
gráphō
Phonetics:
graf'-o  
Word Origin:
a root word
Parts of Speech:
Verb
TDNT:
1:742,128
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to write, with reference to the form of the letters
    1. to delineate (or form) letters on a tablet, parchment, paper, or other material
  2. to write, with reference to the contents of the writing
    1. to express in written characters
    2. to commit to writing (things not to be forgotten), write down, record
    3. used of those things which stand written in the sacred books (of the OT)
    4. to write to one, i.e. by writing (in a written epistle) to give information, directions
  3. to fill with writing
  4. to draw up in writing, compose
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1881 ‑ דָּת (dawth);   2710 ‑ חָקַק (khaw‑kak');   3789 ‑ כָּתַב (kaw‑thab');   3789 ‑ כָּתַב (kaw‑thab');   5927 ‑ עָלָה (aw‑law');   7049 ‑ קָלַע (kaw‑lah');   7760 ‑ שִׂים (soom, seem);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

γράφω [],

fut. -ψω Hdt. 1.95, etc.: aor. ἔγραψα, γράψα Il. 17.599: pf. γέγραφα Cratin. 124, Th. 5.26, etc.; later γεγράφηκα PHib. 1.78.2 (iii B. C.): Med., fut. γράψομαι Ar. Pax 107, etc. (but in pass. sense, Gal. Protr. 13): aor. ἐγραψάμην Ar. V. 894, etc.: Pass., fut. γρᾰφήσομαι Hp. Acut. 26, Nicom.Com. 1.39, (μετεγ-) Ar. Eq. 1370; more freq. γεγράψομαι S. OT 411, Theoc. 18.47, etc.: aor. ἐγράφην [ ], Hdt. 4.91, Pl. Prm. 128c, etc.; ἐγράφθην SIG 57.5 (Milet., v B. C.), Archim. Fluit. 2.4: pf. γέγραμμαι (also in med. sense, v. fin.), 3 sg. ἔγραπται Opp. C. 3.274; part. ἐγραμμένος or ἠγρ- SIG 9 (Elis, dub.), Leg.Gort. 1.45, al.; later γεγράφημαι Ph. 2.637: 3 pl. γεγράφαται IG 12.57.10, Dor. γεγράβανται Schwyzer 90.12 (Argos): plpf. ἐγέγραπτο X. Mem. 1.2.64: 3 pl. ἐγεγράφατο D.C. 56.32. Used by Hom. only in aor. Act.:

I

1. scratch, graze, αἰχμὴ γράψεν οἱ ὀστέον ἄχρις Il. 17.599; γράψας ἐν πίνακι πτυκτῷ θυμοφθόρα πολλά having marked or drawn signs thereon, 6.169: hence, later, represent by lines, draw, paint, Hdt. 2.41, A. Eu. 50, Pl. R. 377e; γῆς περιόδους γ. draw maps, Hdt. 4.36; γ. Ἔρωθ' ὑπόπτερον Eub. 41.1; προσπεπατταλευμένον γ. τὸν Προμηθέα Men. 535.2; ἀνδριάντα γ. Pl. R. 420c; ζῷα γ., = ζωγραφεῖν (q. v.), Id. Grg. 453c: metaph., ὁπόσα τοὺς λειμῶνας αἱ ὧραι γράφουσι Philostr. Im.Praef.: Med., ζῷα γράφεσθαι Hdt. 4.88: Pass., εἰκὼν γεγραμμένη Ar. Ra. 537; πίνακες γεγραμμένοι τὰ Ἀλεξάνδρου ἔργα Philostr. VA 2.20.

2. Math., describe a figure, Euc. Post. 3, al., Archim. Sph.Cyl. 1.23, al., Gal. 1.47. of a point or line in motion, generate a figure, Arist. Mech. 848b10, al.; τὸ σαμεῖον ἕλικα γράψει Archim. Sph.Cyl. 1, cf. Apollon.Perg. Con. 1.2, Hero Aut. 8.1.

3. brand, mark, Opp. C. 1.326: Pass. in form γεγράφαται, ib. 322.

II

1. express by written characters, write, τι Hdt. 1.125, etc.; γ. διαθήκην Pl. Lg. 923c, cf. X. Cyr. 4.5.34 (Pass.); γ. τινὶ ὅτι.. Th. 7.14; γ. τινί, c. inf., SIG 552.13 (Abae, iii B. C.); γ. τι εἰς διφθέρας Hdt. 5.58: prov., ὅρκους.. γυναικὸς εἰς ὕδωρ γράφω S. Fr. 811, cf. Xenarch. 6; εἰς τέφραν γ. Philonid. 7; εἰς ὕδωρ, ἐν ὕδατι, Men. Mon. 25, Pl. Phdr. 276c; ἐν χρυσῷ πίνακι Id. Criti. 120c; ἐν φλοιῷ Theoc. 18.47; καθ' ὕδατος Luc. Cat. 21; εἰς πέλαγος γράμματα γράψαι Epigr.Gr. 1038.8 (Attalia): Pass., πόθι φρενὸς γέγραπται in what leaf of memory it is written, Pi. O. 10(11).3.

2. inscribe, γ. εἰς σκῦλα, εἰς στήλην, E. Ph. 574, D. 9.41: Pass., γράφεσθαί τι to be inscribed with a thing, S. Tr. 157; ὧδε γέγραμμαι have my name inscribed, IG 12(7).3 * (dub.); ἐν τῷ προσώπῳ γραφεὶς τὴν συμφοράν having it branded on his forehead, Pl. Lg. 854d; γεγραμμένα κωκύουσαν, of the hyacinth, Euph. 40.

3. write down, γ. τινὰ αἴτιον set him down as the cause, Hdt. 7.214; γ. τι ἱερόν τινι register as.., Pi. O. 3.30; in magic, invoke a curse upon, Tab.Defix.Aud. 14 A 1; γ. τινὰ κληρονόμον, ἐπίτροπον, institute by a written document, Pl. Lg. 923c, 924a; register, enrol, ἐμὲ γράφε τῶν ἱππεύειν ὑπερεπιθυμούντων X. Cyr. 4.3.21; οὐ Κρέοντος προστάτου γεγράψομαι, as a dependent of Cr., S. OT 411.

4. γ. τινί write a letter to one, γ. σοὶ ἵνα εἰδῇς PGrenf. 1.11 ii 21 (ii B. C.), etc.; εἴς τινα Luc. Syr.D. 23.

5. γ. περί τίνος write on a subject, X. Cyn. 13.2, etc.; ὑπέρ τινος Plb. 1.1.4, etc.; εἴς τινα against.., Longin. 4.3; πρός τινα address a work to.., Id. 1.3; describe, οἱ ὑφ' ἡμῶν γραφόμενοι καιροί Plb. 2.56.4; esp. of Prose, opp. ποιεῖν, Isoc. 2.48: c. dupl. acc., τί.. γράψειειν ἄν σε μουσοποιὸς ἐν τάφῳ; E. Tr. 1189.

6. write down a law to be proposed: hence, propose, move, γνώμην, νόμον, ψήφισμα, etc., X. HG 1.7.34, Ar. Nu. 1429, etc.: abs. (sc. νόμον), D. 18.179; γ. καὶ νομοθετεῖν περί τινος Id. 24.48; γ. πόλεμον, εἰρήνην, Id. 10.55, 19.55: c. inf., σὺ γράφεις ταῦτ' εἶναι στρατιωτικά Id. 1.19; ἔγραψα.. ἀποπλεῖν.. τοὺς πρέσβεις Id. 18.25; enact, νόμοι οὓς τὸ πλῆθος συνελθὸν ἔγραψε X. Mem. 1.2.42: Pass., παρὰ τὰ γραφέντα δρᾶν Pl. Plt. 295d; τὸ γεγραμμένον ὑπὸ σοῦ ψήφις μα Din. 1.70.

7. prescribe, ordain, πότμος ἔγραψε Pi. N. 6.7.

8. ὁ γράφων τὸν Ὀξυρυγχίτην (sc. νομόν) the secretary for the nome of Oxyrhynchus, POxy. 239.1 (i A. D.); τῷ ἰδίῳ λόγῳ γράφοντι τὸν νομόν PFlor. 358.5 (ii A. D.). Med., write for oneself or for one's own use, note down, Hdt. 2.82, IG 12.57.39, etc.; γ. τι ἐν φρεσίν A. Ch. 450 (lyr.); φρενῶν ἔσω S. Ph. 1325; ἐγραψάμην ὑπομνήματα I wrote me down some memoranda, Pl. Tht. 143a;

1. cause to be written, συγγραφήν D. 56.6, etc.; γ. πρόσοδον πρὸς τὴν βουλήν petition for a hearing before the Council, Id. 24.48.

2. enrol oneself, γράψασθαι φυλῆς καὶ δήμου καὶ φρατρίας IG 12.374.16, ib.2.115b21: abs., of colonists, Pl. Lg. 850b; but also (cf. A. 11.3), ἕνα τῶν μαθητῶν ἐμὲ γράφου enrol me as one of your disciples, Id. Cra. 428b.

3. as law-term, γ. τινά to indict one, τινός for some public offence, e.g. τῆς αἰσχροκερδείας, Pl. Lg. 754e; γ. [τινὰ] παρανόμων D. 18.13; in full, γραφὴν γράψασθαί τινα Ar. Nu. 1482 (but in Pass., εἴ σοι γράφοιτο δίκη ib. 758); γράψασθαι δίκας SIG 344.38 (Teos): c. acc. et inf., γ. τινὰ ἀδικεῖν Ar. V. 894, cf. Pax 107: abs., οἱ γραψάμενοι the prosecutors, Id. V. 881; ἑτέροις οὐκ ἦν γράψασθαι And. 1.75; also γράφεσθαί τι indict an act, i. e. the doer of it, as criminal, ἐγράψατο τὴν Χαβρίου δωρειάν he brought a γραφὴ παρανόμων against the person who proposed the grant to Chabrias, D. 20.146, cf. 95; τὸ χάριν τούτων ἀποδοῦναι παρανόμων γράφει (2 sg.) Id. 18.119. Pass., to be indicted, γραφεὶς ἀπέφυγον D. 18.103; τοῦτο τὸ ψήφισμα ἐγράφη παρανόμων was indicted as illegal, Aeschin. 3.62; ψηφίσματα ὑπὸ τούτου οὐδὲ γραφέντα not even indicted, D. 18.222 (but in 18.28, εἰ μὴ τοῦτ' ἐγράφη if this decree had not been proposed, as Pass. of A. 11.6); τὰ γεγραμμένα the articles of the indictment, Id. 18.56; τὸ γεγραμμένον the penalty named in the indiclment, Id. 24.83: but γέγραμμαι usu. takes the sense of the Med., indict, Id. 18.59, 119, cf. Pl. Euthphr. 2b, Tht. 210d.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 γράφω; (imperfect ἔγραφον); future γράψω; 1aorist ἔγραψα; perfect γέγραφα; passive (present γράφομαι); perfect γεγραμμαι; (pluperfect 3person singular ἐγέγραπτο, Revelation 17:8 Lachmann); 2aorist ἐγράφην; (properly, to grave, scrape, scratch, engrave; cf. German graben, eingraben; γραψεν δέ οἱ ὀστέον ἄχρις αἰχμή, Homer, Iliad 17,599; σηματα γράψας ἐν πίνακι, ibid. 6,169; hence, to draw letters), to write;

1. with reference to the form of the letters; to delineate (or form) letters on a tablet, parchment, paper, or other material: τῷ δακτύλῳ ἔγραφεν εἰς τήν γῆν made figures on the ground, John 8:6 Rec.; οὕτω γράφω so I am accustomed to form my letters, 2 Thessalonians 3:17; πηλίκοις γραμμασι ἔγραψα with how large (and Song of Solomon , ill-formed (?)) letters I have written, Galatians 6:11; cf. Winer, Rückert, Hilgenfeld at the passage (for the views of those who regard ἔγραψα as covering the close of the Epistle only, see Lightfoot and Meyer; cf. Winer s Grammar, 278 (261); Buttmann, 198 (171 f)).

2. with reference to the contents of the writing;

a. to express in written characters, followed by the words expressed: ἔγραψε λέγων. Ἰωάννης ἐστι τό ὄνομα αὐτοῦ, Luke 1:63; μή γράφε. βασιλεύς τῶν Ἰουδαίων κτλ., John 19:21; γράψον μακάριοι κτλ., Revelation 14:13. γράφω τί, John 19:22; passive Revelation 1:3; ἐπί τί, Revelation 2:17; Revelation 19:16; τί ἐπί τινα, Revelation 3:12; ἐπί τίνος, Revelation 14:1.

b. to commit to writing (things not to be forgotten), write dozen, record: Revelation 1:19 (γράψον εἶδες); Revelation 10:4; γράφειν εἰς βιβλίον, Revelation 1:11; ἐπί τό βιβλίον τῆς ζωῆς, Revelation 17:8; γεγραμμένων ἐν τῷ βιβλίῳ (or τῇ βίβλῳ), ἐν τοῖς βιβλίοις, Revelation 13:8; Revelation 20:12,15; Revelation 21:27; Revelation 22:18,19; τά ὀνόματα ὑμῶν ἐγράφη (ἐγγραφή (ἐγγραφή Tr see Nu) γεγραμμένον T Tr WH) ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς, i. e. that ye have been enrolled with those for whom eternal blessedness has been prepared, Luke 10:20; γράφειν τί τίνι, to record something for someone's use, Luke 1:3.

c. ἐγράφη and γέγραπται (in the Synoptists and Paul), and γεγραμμένον ἐστι (in John), are used of those things which stand written in the sacred books (of the O. T.); absolutely γέγραπται, followed by the quotation from the sacred vol.: Matthew 4:4,6f, 10; Matthew 21:13; Mark 7:6; Mark 11:17; Mark 14:27; Luke 4:8; Luke 19:46; καθώς γέγραπται, Acts 15:15, very often in Paul, as Romans 1:17; Romans 2:24; Romans 3:4 (see below); 1 Corinthians 1:31; 1 Corinthians 2:9; 2 Corinthians 8:15; 2 Corinthians 9:9; καθάπερ γεγραμμένον, Romans 11:8 T Tr WH; ( Romans 3:4 T Tr WH); γέγραπται γάρ, Matthew 26:31; Luke 4:10; Acts 23:5; Romans 12:19; Romans 14:11; 1 Corinthians 3:19; Galatians 3:10,13 Rec.; Galatians 4:22,27>; λόγος γεγραμμένος, 1 Corinthians 15:54; κατά τό γεγραμμένον, 2 Corinthians 4:13; γεγραμμένον ἐστι, John 2:17; John 6:31; John 12:14; ἐγράφη δέ πρός νουθεσίαν ἡμῶν, 1 Corinthians 10:11; ἐγράφη δἰ ἡμᾶς for our sake, Romans 4:24; 1 Corinthians 9:10; with the name of the author of the written words or of the books in which they are found: γέγραπται ἐν βίβλῳ ψαλμῶν, Acts 1:20; ἐν βίβλῳ τῶν προφητῶν, Acts 7:42; ἐν τῷ πρώτῳ ( R WH δευτέρῳ) ψαλμῷ, Acts 13:33; ἐν Ἠσαΐᾳ, Mark 1:2 (not Rec.), etc. τινα or τί to write of, i. e. in writing to mention or refer to a person or a thing: ὅν ἔγραψε Μωϋσῆς whom Moses had in mind in writing of the Messiah, or whose likeness Moses delineated, John 1:45 (46); Μωϋσῆς γράφει τήν δικαιοσύνην τήν ἐκ νόμου, Moses, writing the words ὅτι ποιήσας αὐτά κτλ., points out the righteousness which is of the law, Romans 10:5. γέγραπται, γράφειν, etc. περί τίνος, concerning one: Matthew 26:24; Mark 14:21; John 5:46; Acts 13:29; ἐπί τόν υἱόν τοῦ ἀνθρώπου, that it should find fulfilment in him, Mark 9:12 f (cf. ἵνα, II:2b.); ἐπ' αὐτῷ, on him i. e. of him (cf. Winer's Grammar, 393 (368) (and ἐπί, Buttmann, 2f. β.)), John 12:16; τά γεγραμμένα τῷ υἱῷ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου written for him, allotted to him in Scripture, i. e. to be accomplished in his career, Luke 18:31; cf. Winer s Grammar, § 31,4; (yet cf. Buttmann, 178 (154)); Μωϋσῆς ἔγραψεν ὑμῖν ἵνα etc. Moses in the Scripture commanded us that etc. (cf. Buttmann, 237 (204)), Mark 12:19; Luke 20:28.

d. γράφειν τίνι to write to one, i. e. by writing (in a written epistle) to give information, directions, etc. to one: Romans 15:15; 2 Corinthians 2:4,9 (dative implied); 2 Corinthians 7:12>; Philemon 1:21; 2 Peter 3:15; 1 John 2:12 ff; δἰ ὀλίγων, 1 Peter 5:12; διά μέλανος καί καλάμου, 3 John 1:13; followed by the words written or to be written in the letter: Acts 15:23; Revelation 2:1,8, 12,18; Revelation 3:1,7, 14; γράφειν τίνι τί, 1 Corinthians 14:37; 2 Corinthians 1:13; 2 Corinthians 2:3 ( L T Tr WH omit the dative); Galatians 1:20; 1 Timothy 3:14; 1 John 1:4 ( R G L); 1 John 2:1>; περί τίνος, 1 John 2:26; Acts 25:23; 2 Corinthians 9:1; 1 Thessalonians 4:9; 1 Thessalonians 5:1; Jude 1:3; διά χειρός τίνος, to send a letter by one, Acts 15:23 (see χείρ); γράφειν τίνι, followed by an infinitive, by letter to bid one do a thing, Acts 18:27; followed by μή with an infinitive (to forbid, write one not to etc.), 1 Corinthians 5:9,11.

3. to fill with writing (German beschreiben): βιβλίον γεγραμμένον ἔσωθεν καί ὄπισθεν a volume written within and behind, on the back, hence, on both sides, Revelation 5:1 ( Ezekiel 2:10); cf. Düsterdieck (Alford, others) at the passage

4. to draw up in writing, compose: βιβλίον, Mark 10:4; John 21:25 ( Tdf. omit the verse; see WH's Appendix at the passage); τίτλον, John 19:19; ἐπιστολήν, Acts 23:25; 2 Peter 3:1; ἐντολήν τίνι to write a commandment to one, Mark 10:5; 1 John 2:7; 2 John 1:5. (Compare: ἀπογράφω, ἐγγράφω, ἐπιγράφω, καταγράφω, προ(γράφω.)

καταγράφω: imperfect 3person singular κατέγραφεν; to draw (forms or figures), to delineate: John 8:6 manuscript D etc. which T Tr WH (txt.) would substitute for R G ἔγραφεν. ( Pausanias 1,28, 2. Differently in other Greek writings) (Perhaps it may be taken in John , the passage cited in a more general sense: to mark (cf. Pollux 9,7, 104, etc.).)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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List of Word Forms
γέγρααπται γεγραμμενα γεγραμμένα γεγραμμέναι γεγραμμενας γεγραμμένας γεγραμμένη γεγραμμενην γεγραμμένην γεγραμμενοι γεγραμμένοι γεγραμμενοις γεγραμμένοις γεγραμμενον γεγραμμένον γεγραμμενος γεγραμμένος γεγραμμένους γεγραμμενων γεγραμμένων γεγραπται γέγραπται γεγραφα γέγραφα γραφε γράφε γραφει γράφει γραφειν γράφειν γραφέντα γραφέντες γραφεσθαι γράφεσθαι γράφεται γραφήναι γραφήσονται γραφηται γράφηται γραφήτω γραφήτωσαν γραφομεν γράφομεν γραφομενα γραφόμενα γράφοντες γραφόντων γραφούσης γράφουσι γράφουσιν γραφω γράφω γραφων γράφων γραψαι γράψαι γραψαντες γράψαντες γραψας γράψας γράψατε γράψει γράψεις γράψετε γράψη γραψης γράψῃς γραψον γράψον γραψω γράψω εγέγραπτο εγραφεν έγραφεν ἔγραφεν εγραφη εγράφη έγραφη ἐγράφη έγραφον εγραψα έγραψα έγραψά ἔγραψα ἔγραψά εγραψαν έγραψαν ἔγραψαν έγραψας εγραψατε εγράψατέ ἐγράψατε έγραψε εγραψεν έγραψεν ἔγραψεν κατεγραφεν κατέγραφεν egraphe egraphē egráphe egráphē egraphen égraphen egrapsa égrapsa égrapsá egrapsan égrapsan egrapsate egrápsate egrapsen égrapsen gegrammena gegramména gegrammenas gegramménas gegrammenen gegrammenēn gegramménen gegramménēn gegrammenoi gegramménoi gegrammenois gegramménois gegrammenon gegrammenōn gegramménon gegramménōn gegrammenos gegramménos gegrapha gégrapha gegraptai gégraptai graphe gráphe graphei gráphei graphein gráphein graphesthai gráphesthai graphetai graphētai gráphetai gráphētai grapho graphō grápho gráphō graphomen gráphomen graphomena graphómena graphon graphōn gráphon gráphōn grapsai grápsai grapsantes grápsantes grapsas grápsas grápseis grápsēis grapses grapsēs grapso grapsō grápso grápsō grapson grápson kategraphen katégraphen
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