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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #12 - ἄβυσσος

Word Origin:
from (1) (as a negative particle) and a variation of (1037)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
Word Definition  [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. bottomless
  2. unbounded
  3. the abyss
    1. the pit
    2. the immeasurable depth
    3. of Orcus, a very deep gulf or chasm in the lowest parts of the earth used as the common receptacle of the dead and especially as the abode of demons
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4688 ‑ מְצוּלָה ((1,2) mets‑o‑law', (3,4) mets‑oo‑law');   6683 ‑ צוּלָה (tsoo‑law');   7338 ‑ רַחַב (rakh'‑ab);   8415 ‑ תְּהֹם (teh‑home', teh‑home');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄβυσσος, ον,

I bottomless, unfathomed, πηγαί Hdt. 2.28; ἄτης ἄβυσσον πέλαγος A. Supp. 470; χάσματα E. Ph. 1605; λίμνη Ar. Ra. 137: generally, unfathomable, boundless, πλοῦτος A. Th. 948; ἀργύριον Ar. Lys. 174; φρένα Δίαν καθορᾶν, ὄψιν ἄβυσσον A. Supp. 1058.

II ἡ ἄ. the great deep, LXX Genesis 1:2, etc.: the abyss, underworld, Luke 8:31, Romans 10:7, Revelation 9:1, etc.; the infinite void, PMag.Par. 1.1120, cf. PMag.Lond. 121.261.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἄβυσσος, in classic Greek an adjective, (ος, (from βύσσος equivalent to βυθός), bottomless (so perhaps in Wisdom of Solomon 10:19), unbounded (πλοῦτος ἄβυσσος, Aeschylus, the Sept. (931) 950). in the Scriptures ἄβυσσος (the Sept. for תְּהום) namely, χώρα, the pit, the immeasurable depth, the abyss. Hence, of 'the deep' sea: Genesis 1:2; Genesis 7:11; Deuteronomy 8:7; Sirach 1:3 Sirach 16:18, etc.; of Orcus (a very deep gulf or chasm in the lowest parts of the earth: Psalm 70:20 (Psalm 71:20>) ἐκ τῶν ἀβύσσων τῆς γῆς, Euripides, Phoen. 1632 (1605) ταρτάρου ἄβυσσα χάσματα, Clement of Rome, 1 Corinthians 20,5 [ET] ἀβύσσων ἀνεξιχνίαστα κλίματα, ibid. 59,3 [ET] ἐπιβλέπων ἐν ταῖς ἀβύσσοις, of God; ( Act. Thom.32 τήν ἄβυσσον τοῦ ταρτάρου οἴκων, of the dragon)), both as the common receptacle of the dead, Romans 10:7, and especially as the abode of demons, Luke 8:31; Revelation 9:1; Revelation 9:11; Revelation 11:7; Revelation 17:8; Revelation 20:1,3. Among secular authors used as a substantive only by Diogenes Laërtius 4 (5) 27 κατῆλθες εἰς μέλαιναν Πλουτέως ἄβυσσον. Cf. Knapp, Scripta var. Arg., p. 554 f; (J. G. Müller, Philo's Lehre von der Weltschöpfung, p. 173 f; B. D. American edition under the word ).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

-βυσσος , -ον

(<Ion. βυσσός = βυθός ),

1. in cl., boundless, bottomless (e.g. . πέλαγος , . πλοῦτος , Æsch.).

2. [In LXX (for H8415, Genesis 1:2, al.; exc. Isaiah 44:27, Job 41:22 for H6683, H4688, Job 36:16 for H7338) and] NT, as subst. (MM, VGT, s.v.), ἡ ἄ . (sc. χώρα ), the abyss;

(a) of the sea (Genesis 1:2);

(b) of the underworld, as the abode of the dead: Romans 10:7 (a paraphrase of Deuteronomy 30:13 LXX); as the abode of demons, Luke 8:31 Revelation 9:1-2; Revelation 9:11 Revelation 11:7 Revelation 17:8; Revelation 20:1-3 (Cremer, 2).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

As a substantive (Romans 10:7, Revelation 9:1 etc.) . is common in the magic papyri, e.g. P Lond 121.261 (iii/A.D.) ( = I. p. 93) ἐπὶ τῆς ἀβύσσου, ib..517 ( = I. p. 100) τῇ καλουμένῃ ἀβύσσῳ. See also Nägeli, p. 46.

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (9)NAS (9)HCS (9)
List of Word Forms
άβυσσοι αβύσσοις αβυσσον άβυσσον ἄβυσσον άβυσσος αβυσσου αβύσσου ἀβύσσου αβύσσους αβύσσω αβύσσων abusson abussou abysson ábysson abyssou abýssou

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