ver. 2.0.15.07.30
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #1342 - δίκαιος

Transliteration:
díkaios
Phonetics:
dik'-ah-yos  
Word Origin:
from (1349)
Parts of Speech:
Adjective
TDNT:
2:182,168
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. righteous, observing divine laws
    1. in a wide sense, upright, righteous, virtuous, keeping the commands of God
      1. of those who seem to themselves to be righteous, who pride themselves to be righteous, who pride themselves in their virtues, whether real or imagined
      2. innocent, faultless, guiltless
      3. used of him whose way of thinking, feeling, and acting is wholly conformed to the will of God, and who therefore needs no rectification in the heart or life
        1. only Christ truly
      4. approved of or acceptable of God
    2. in a narrower sense, rendering to each his due and that in a judicial sense, passing just judgment on others, whether expressed in words or shown by the manner of dealing with them
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 57 ‑ אָבֵל (aw‑bale');   571 ‑ אֱמֶת (eh'‑meth);   1779 ‑ דּוּן (deen, doon);   2617 ‑ חֶסֶד (kheh'‑sed);   2889 ‑ טָהֹר (haw‑hore', taw‑hore');   3474 ‑ יָשַׁר (yaw‑shar');   3477 ‑ יָשָׁר (yaw‑shawr');   4941 ‑ מִשְׁפָּט (mish‑pawt');   5081 ‑ נָדִיב (naw‑deeb');   5355 ‑ נָקִי (naw‑kee', naw‑kee');   5359 ‑ נָקָם (naw‑kawm');   6662 ‑ צַדִּיק (tsad‑deek');   6663 ‑ צָדַק (tsaw‑dak');   6663 ‑ צָדַק (tsaw‑dak');   6663 ‑ צָדַק (tsaw‑dak');   8003 ‑ שָׁלֵם (shaw‑lame');   8549 ‑ תָּמִים (taw‑meem');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

δίκαιος [ ], α, ον, also ος, ον

E. Heracl. 901 (lyr.), IT 1202, D.S. 5.72: (δίκη):

I

1. in Hom. and all writers, of persons, observant of custom or rule, Od. 3.52; esp. of social rule, well-ordered, civilized, ὑβρισταί τε καὶ ἄγριοι οὐδὲ δ. 9.175, cf. 8.575; [ Γαλακτοφάγοι] δικαιότατοι Il. 13.6; [ Χείρων] δικαιότατος Κενταύρων 11.832, cf. Thgn. 314, 794; δ. πολίτης a good citizen, D. 3.21, etc.: metaph. of the sea, Sol. 12.2 (Sup.); δικαίη ζόη a civilized way of living, Hdt. 2.177. Adv. δικαίως, μνᾶσθαι woo in due form, decently, Od. 14.90; ὑπὸ ζυγῷ λόφον δ. εἶχον loyally, S. Ant. 292.

2. observant of duty to gods and men, righteous, Od. 13.209, etc.; δ. πρὸς πᾶσαν ὁμιλίην Hp. Medic. 2; ἰθὺς καὶ δ. Hdt. 1.96; opp. δυσσεβής, A. Th. 598, cf. 610; δ. καὶ ὅσιος Pl. Grg. 507b; δικαίων ἀδίκους φρένας παρασπᾷς S. Ant. 791 (lyr.); also of actions, etc., righteous, ἐπὶ ῥηθέντι δικαίῳ a thing rightly said, Od. 18.414, etc.

3. ὁ δίκαιος, euphem. of a sacred snake, GDI 5056 (Crete). later: I equal, even, well-balanced, ἅρμα δίκαιον evengo

II of persons and things,

1. meet and right, fitting, δ. τοῦδε τοῦ φόνου ῥαφεύς A. Ag. 1604; κόσμος οὐ φέρειν δ. Id. Eu. 55; ἵππον δ. ποιεῖσθαί τινι make a horse fit for another's use, X. Mem. 4.4.5, cf. Cyn. 7.4 (ἵππος δ. τὴν σιαγόνα having a good mouth, Poll. 1.196). normal, σχήματα Hp. Art. 69; φύσις Id. Fract. 1 (Sup.).

2. real, genuine, γόνος S. Fr. [1119]; ποιῶν τὰ ἐν τῇ τέχνῃ δ. Supp.Epigr. 2.184.7 (Tanagra, ii B. C.). Adv., εἴπερ δικαίως ἐστ' ἐμός really and truly mine, S. Aj. 547, cf. Pl. Cra. 418e.

3. ὁ δ. λόγος the plea of equity, Th. 1.76. Adv. -αίως with reason, Id. 6.34, cf. S. OT 675: Comp. -ότερον Ar. V. 1149, etc.; also -οτέρως Isoc. 15.170: Sup. -ότατα Ar. Av. 1222; Aeol. δικαίτατα IG 12(2).526c17 (Eresus).

III ψυχὴ ἐς τὸ δ. ἔβη 'the land of the leal', IG 7.2543.3 (Thebes). in Prose, δίκαιός εἰμι, c. inf., δίκαιοί ἐστε ἰέναι you are bound to come, Hdt. 9.60, cf. 8.137; δ. εἰμεν ἔχειν Id. 9.27; δ. εἰμι κολάζειν I have a right to punish, Ar. Nu. 1434, cf. S. Ant. 400; δ. ἐστι περιπεσεῖν κακοῖς Antipho 3.3.7; δ. εἰσι ἀπιστότατοι εἶναι they have most reason to distrust, Th. 4.17; δ. βλάπτεσθαι Lys. 20.12; δ. ἐστιν ἀπολωλέναι dignus est qui pereat, D. 6.37; ὁ σπουδαῖος ἄρχειν δ. has a right to.., Arist. Pol. 1287b12; with a non-personal subject, ἔλεος δ. ἀντιδίδοσθαι Th. 3.40: less freq. in Comp. and Sup., δικαιότεροι χαρίσασθαι Lys. 20.34; δικαιότατος εἶ ἀπαγγέλλειν Pl. Smp. 172b; but δίκαιόν ἐστι is also found, Hdt. 1.39, A. Pr. 611, etc.: pl., δίκαια γὰρ τόνδ' εὐτυχεῖν S. Aj. 1126, cf. Tr. 495, 1116; δικαίως ἄν, c. opt., Pl. Phdr. 276a. [ δικαίων with penult. short in Orph. Fr. 247.2; cf. οὐ δίκαον· οὐ δίκαιον, Hsch. ]

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 δίκαιος, δίκαια, δίκαιον (from δίκη right) (fr. Homer down), properly, the Hebrew צַדִּיק, "observant of δίκη, righteous, observing divine and human laws; one who is such as he ought to be; (German rechtbeschaffen; in the earlier language, whence appropriated by Luther, gerecht in a broad sense; in Greek writings used even of physical things, as ἵππος, Xenophon, mem. 4,4, 5; γήδιον δικαιοτατον, most fertile, Xenophon, Cyril 8,3, 38; (ἅρμα δίκαιον, ibid. 2,2, 26));

1. in a wide sense, upright, righteous, virtuous, keeping the commands of God;

a. universally: Matthew 1:19 (the meaning Isaiah , it was not consistent with his uprightness to expose his betrothed to public reproach); Matthew 10:41; Matthew 13:43,49; Matthew 23:28; Matthew 25:37,46; Luke 1:6,17; Luke 14:14; Luke 18:9; Luke 20:20; Romans 5:7 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 117 (111)); 1 Timothy 1:9; James 5:6,16; 1 Peter 3:12; 1 John 3:7 (10 Lachmann); Revelation 22:11; opposed to ἁμαρτωλοί καί ἀσεβεῖς, 1 Peter 4:18; δίκαιοι καί ἄδικοι, Matthew 5:45; Acts 24:15; used of O. T. characters noted for piety and probity: Matthew 13:17; ( Matthew 23:29); Hebrews 12:23; thus of Abel, Matthew 23:35; Hebrews 11:4; of Lot, 2 Peter 2:7f. ( Wisdom of Solomon 10:4 f); of those who seem to themselves to be righteous, who pride themselves on their virtues, whether real or imaginary: Matthew 9:13; Mark 2:17; Luke 5:32; Luke 15:7 ( Ecclesiastes 7:17 (16)). Joined with εὐλαβής, Luke 2:25 (ἤθη ἐυλαβαη καί δίκαια, τό δίκαιον καί ἐυλαβες, Plato, polit., p. 311a. b.); with ἅγιος, Mark 6:20; with ἀγαθός, Luke 23:50; with φοβούμενος τόν Θεόν, Acts 10:22; ἔργα δίκαια, opposite πονηρά, 1 John 3:12. Neuter τό δίκαιον, that which regard for duty demands, what is right: 2 Peter 1:13; plural Philippians 4:8; δίκαιον ἐστι, Ephesians 6:1; Philippians 1:7; with the addition of ἐνώπιον τοῦ Θεοῦ, God being Judges , Acts 4:19.

b. the negative idea predominating: innocent, faultless, guiltless, (for נָקִי, Proverbs 1:11; Job 9:23, etc.); thus used of Christ in the speech of Gentiles: Matthew 27:19,24 R G L brackets Tr brackets WH marginal reading; Luke 23:47; αἷμα δίκαιον, ( Proverbs 6:17; Joel 3:19 (Joel 3:24>); Jonah 1:14), Matthew 23:35; (Matthew 27:4> Tr marginal reading WH text); ἐντολή ἅγια καί δίκαια (having no fellowship with sin (others besides, see the commentaries at the passage)) καί ἀγαθή, Romans 7:12.

c. preeminently, of him whose way of thinking, feeling, and acting is wholly conformed to the will of God, and who therefore needs no rectification in heart or life; in this sense Christ alone can be called δίκαιος: Acts 7:52; Acts 22:14; 1 Peter 3:18; 1 John 2:1; ἅγιος καί δίκαιος, Acts 3:14; among the rest of mankind it is rightly denied that one δίκαιος can be found, Romans 3:10 ( Ecclesiastes 7:21-20ἄνθρωπος οὐκ ἐστι δίκαιος ἐν τῇ γῆ, ὅς ποιήσει ἀγαθόν καί οὐχ ἁμαρτήσεται). of God: holy, Romans 3:26 (where it is to be closely rendered just or righteous, on account of the following καί τόν δικαιοῦντα, and the justifier or who pronounces righteous, but the substantial meaning is holy, that quality by virtue of which he hates and punishes sin); 1 John 2:29.

d. contextually, approved God, acceptable to God, (German gottwohlgefallig): Romans 5:19; with the addition ἐκ πίστεως, acceptable to God by faith ( Winer's Grammar, 136 (129)): Romans 1:17; Galatians 3:11; Hebrews 10:38; δίκαιος παρά τῷ Θεῷ, Romans 2:13.

2. In a narrower sense, rendering to each his due; and that in a judicial sense, passing just judgment on others, whether expressed in words or shown by the manner of dealing with them: Titus 1:8; so of God recompensing men impartially according to their deeds, Revelation 16:5; in the same sense also in John 17:25 (who does not award the same fate to the loving and faithful disciples of Christ and to 'the world'); 1 John 1:9 (who executes the laws of his government, and therefore also the law concerning the pardon of sins); δίκαιος κριτής, of Christ, 2 Timothy 4:8; κρίσις δίκαια, John 5:30; John 7:24; 2 Thessalonians 1:5; plural, Revelation 16:7; Revelation 19:2; αἱ ὁδοί τοῦ Θεοῦ δίκαια καί ἀληθιναί, Revelation 15:3; neuter τό δίκαιον, what is due to others, Colossians 4:1; what is agreeable to justice and law, Luke 12:51; δίκαιον namely, ἐστιν, it is agreeable to justice, 2 Thessalonians 1:6; accordant with deserts, Matthew 20:4, and Matthew 20:7> Rec. (See references under the word δικαιόω, at the end; cf. ἀγαθός, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (81)NAS (79)HCS (78)
Matthew16
Mark2
Luke11
John3
Acts6
Romans7
Galatians1
Ephesians1
Philippians2
Colossians1
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy1
2 Timothy1
Titus1
Hebrews3
James2
1 Peter3
2 Peter3
1 John5
Revelation5
Matthew14
Mark2
Luke11
John3
Acts6
Romans7
Galatians1
Ephesians1
Philippians2
Colossians1
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy1
2 Timothy1
Titus1
Hebrews3
James2
1 Peter3
2 Peter3
1 John5
Revelation5
Matthew17
Mark2
Luke11
John3
Acts6
Romans7
Galatians1
Ephesians1
Philippians2
Colossians1
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy1
2 Timothy1
Titus1
Hebrews3
James2
1 Peter3
2 Peter3
1 John6
Revelation5
List of Word Forms
ἀθῷον δικαια δικαία δίκαια δικαιαι δίκαιαι δικαιαν δικαίαν δικαιας δικαίας δικαιε δίκαιε δικαιοι δίκαιοι δικαιοις δικαίοις δικαιον δίκαιον δίκαιόν δικαιος δίκαιος δίκαιός δικαιοσύνη δικαιου δικαίου δικαιους δικαίους δικαιω δικαίω δικαίῳ δικαιων δικαίων athôion athō̂ion athoon athōon dikaia dikaía díkaia dikaiai díkaiai dikaian dikaían dikaias dikaías dikaie díkaie dikaio dikaiō dikaioi dikaíoi dikaíōi díkaioi dikaiois dikaíois dikaion dikaiōn dikaíon dikaíōn díkaion díkaión dikaios díkaios díkaiós dikaiou dikaíou dikaious dikaíous
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